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Wonder Woman and Feminism: The Cultural Impact of Comic Books - That Sci-fi Show
Wonder Woman and Feminism: The Cultural Impact of Comic Books - That Sci-fi Show
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Fancy Teeth
Gal Gadot speak on U.N. Honorary Ambassador "Wonder Woman"
Gal Gadot speak on U.N. Honorary Ambassador "Wonder Woman"
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: MyEleDayEverLove
Lauren Cohan Raves About Wonder Woman
Lauren Cohan Raves About Wonder Woman
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Wochit Entertainment
A wonderful interview
A wonderful interview
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: ABC10
Film Philes Podcast: Wonder Woman Review (Part 1/3)
Film Philes Podcast: Wonder Woman Review (Part 1/3)
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Film Philes
The hidden meanings in kids
The hidden meanings in kids' movies | Colin Stokes | TEDxBeaconStreet
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: TEDx Talks
The Weird Origins of Wonder Woman [Wonder Woman Explained] - That Sci-fi Show
The Weird Origins of Wonder Woman [Wonder Woman Explained] - That Sci-fi Show
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Fancy Teeth
Collider Mail Bag - Why There Aren
Collider Mail Bag - Why There Aren't More Female Superhero Films, Is Star Wars Rogue One A Cast In?
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: ColliderVideos
Debora L. Spar "Wonder Women"
Debora L. Spar "Wonder Women"
Published: 2013/09/26
Channel: Politics and Prose
Batman | A History (Character Biography, Comic Book History, & More)
Batman | A History (Character Biography, Comic Book History, & More)
Published: 2015/04/04
Channel: TheJFKGamer
What Are Samuel L. Jackson
What Are Samuel L. Jackson's Thoughts On Marvel Vs. DC?
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Wochit Entertainment
Benjamin Sisko: #1 Space Dad (Reply to Trekspertise) [Star Trek: Deep Space Nine] - That Sci-Fi Show
Benjamin Sisko: #1 Space Dad (Reply to Trekspertise) [Star Trek: Deep Space Nine] - That Sci-Fi Show
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Fancy Teeth
Feminist Tea Party: Kim Kardashian Nudes, Matt McGorry, Cultural Appropriation, Queen Sugar
Feminist Tea Party: Kim Kardashian Nudes, Matt McGorry, Cultural Appropriation, Queen Sugar
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: The Feminist Tea Party
WONDER WOMAN Comic-Con Trailer
WONDER WOMAN Comic-Con Trailer
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: Warner Bros. Pictures
Whoopi Goldberg Would Do A Third Sister Act
Whoopi Goldberg Would Do A Third Sister Act
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Wochit Entertainment
How Order 66 Nearly Never Happened Featuring LoreReloaded [Star Wars] - That Sci-Fi Show
How Order 66 Nearly Never Happened Featuring LoreReloaded [Star Wars] - That Sci-Fi Show
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Fancy Teeth
Transformers Theory: Optimus Prime is the Villain [Transformers: The Last Knight]
Transformers Theory: Optimus Prime is the Villain [Transformers: The Last Knight]
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Fancy Teeth
The Ugly Truth About Cultural Marxism | Faith Goldy and Stefan Molyneux
The Ugly Truth About Cultural Marxism | Faith Goldy and Stefan Molyneux
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
Wonder Woman Unmasked/ African Origins
Wonder Woman Unmasked/ African Origins
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: INFO DEN
BREAKING STEREOTYPES – AIDA AL BUSAIDY
BREAKING STEREOTYPES – AIDA AL BUSAIDY
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: The Uma Show Digital
More Than a Woman: Panel Discussion + Catalog Release
More Than a Woman: Panel Discussion + Catalog Release
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: The Urban Institute for Contemporary Arts
The Upside to Cultural Appropriation -- Colin
The Upside to Cultural Appropriation -- Colin's Last Stand (Episode 8)
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Colin's Last Stand
Star Trek: Discovery and CBS All Access Explained - That Sci-Fi Show
Star Trek: Discovery and CBS All Access Explained - That Sci-Fi Show
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Fancy Teeth
What If Disney Owned Superman? Epic Discussion!! (Retro Tuesday)
What If Disney Owned Superman? Epic Discussion!! (Retro Tuesday)
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Jody's Corner
My Hero Academia and Western Comics | The Mighty Otaku
My Hero Academia and Western Comics | The Mighty Otaku
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Popcorn Talk
ROBODOC: THE CREATION OF ROBOCOP Official Trailer (2017) Paul Verhoeven Documentary Movie HD
ROBODOC: THE CREATION OF ROBOCOP Official Trailer (2017) Paul Verhoeven Documentary Movie HD
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: JoBlo Movie Trailers
Wonder Woman Rebirth #4 Frank Cho Variant: Analysis #11
Wonder Woman Rebirth #4 Frank Cho Variant: Analysis #11
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Professor Geek
Issue #39 - Wonder Buffy of the Wild
Issue #39 - Wonder Buffy of the Wild
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Geek Media Corps
ICP Asks UN Why It Named Wonder Woman An Ambassador, Not Only Ban But Gallach Must Go
ICP Asks UN Why It Named Wonder Woman An Ambassador, Not Only Ban But Gallach Must Go
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: InnerCity Press
Spider-Man and Philosophy: Utilitarianism vs Deontology Featuring 3DIY [Spider-Man: Homecoming]
Spider-Man and Philosophy: Utilitarianism vs Deontology Featuring 3DIY [Spider-Man: Homecoming]
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Fancy Teeth
The Impact of Social Media on Politics, Culture, and Scholarly Communication
The Impact of Social Media on Politics, Culture, and Scholarly Communication
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Brown University
Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle (coming to PBS Oct. 15, 2013)
Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle (coming to PBS Oct. 15, 2013)
Published: 2013/10/14
Channel: PBS
Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle
Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle
Published: 2013/10/04
Channel: Twin Cities PBS
Kopernik
Kopernik's Wonder Women: Western Indonesia
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Kopernik
Donald Glover: Bridging the Gap
Donald Glover: Bridging the Gap
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Jump Shark Productions
WHYY - Superheroes sponsored locally by Brave New Worlds
WHYY - Superheroes sponsored locally by Brave New Worlds
Published: 2013/10/07
Channel: WHYYUnderwriting
Women Disrupting Politics, with Time Magazine’s Jay Newton-Small
Women Disrupting Politics, with Time Magazine’s Jay Newton-Small
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Commonwealth Club
Chris Taylor: "How Star Wars Conquered the Universe" | Talks at Google
Chris Taylor: "How Star Wars Conquered the Universe" | Talks at Google
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Talks at Google
ZAP!POW!BAM! (Exhibition Skirball Cultural Center)
ZAP!POW!BAM! (Exhibition Skirball Cultural Center)
Published: 2009/02/21
Channel: ComicImpact
It’s time to give Adam West’s Batman his due
It’s time to give Adam West’s Batman his due
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: USA news & more
Is
Is 'Black American' An Ethnicity?
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Sensei Aishitemasu
Cars 3 (2017) - Film Stripped Review
Cars 3 (2017) - Film Stripped Review
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Film Stripped
Collections as Data: Impact
Collections as Data: Impact
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
DR. YOSEF BEN JOCHANNAN: THE BLACK WOMAN IZ GOD
DR. YOSEF BEN JOCHANNAN: THE BLACK WOMAN IZ GOD
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: Shen Pe Uts Taa-Neter
Hero
Hero
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Regina Spektor - Topic
UNIVERSE Project is back, and is calling for Volunteer!
UNIVERSE Project is back, and is calling for Volunteer!
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: AIESEC Undip
Sustaining Total War - Women in World War One I THE GREAT WAR
Sustaining Total War - Women in World War One I THE GREAT WAR
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: The Great War
Gardening as Cultural Renewal - the Gila Crossing School Program
Gardening as Cultural Renewal - the Gila Crossing School Program
Published: 2008/07/03
Channel: unnaturalcausesdoc
superman death forever
superman death forever
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: doraemon
Comic Book Documentary - The Impact of Comics in today
Comic Book Documentary - The Impact of Comics in today's society - March 2011
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Poole Vines
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Wonder Woman depicted as stricken by AIDS, in an awareness campaign

Wonder Woman is a character initially created for comic books in 1941, the medium in which she is still most prominently found to this day. As befitting an icon of her status, she has made appearances in other forms of media and has been referenced and meta-referenced beyond the scope of traditional superhero entertainment. For several years in the 1950s, the only three superheroes to have their own comic book were Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman.

The cultural impact of the character, once derided by psychologists and anti-comic book crusaders as an anti-male lesbian, has steadily increased over the years, having served as an iconic exemplar of the feminist movement[1] and a continuing symbol of female empowerment.

As such, she appears in numerous media, from cereal box covers and popular magazines to being referenced both directly and indirectly in film, animation and television programming. As a cultural icon, she is the subject of several homages and parodies in many forms of media.

In media[edit]

Wonder Woman's viewpoints and characteristics reflect those of her creator, William Moulton Marston, who was a strong supporter of feminist ideals and female empowerment:

In art[edit]

Wonder Woman is the subject of a 1978 - 1979 video art piece by Dara Birnbaum, Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman. In this work she uses appropriated images of Wonder Woman to subvert the ideology and meaning embedded in the television series.[3] Author T.J. Demos writes, "(the) opening with a prolonged salvo of fiery explosions accompanied by the warning cry of a siren, Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman is supercharged, action-packed, and visually riveting... throughout its nearly six minutes we see several scenes featuring the main character Diana Prince... in which she transforms into the famed superhero.".[4] The exhibit currently resides in New York's Museum of Modern Art.[5]

In theatre[edit]

Wonder Woman's origin, the invention of the lie detector and the unconventional troika marriage between Dr. Marston, Elizabeth Holloway Marston and Olive Byrne are interwoven in a 2014 production, Lasso of Truth.[6] The last act engages two current-day characters discussing what Wonder Woman means to them individually, reflecting on her influence on society in general.[7]

In film[edit]

Images and references of Wonder Woman abound in film. The apparent first appearance of the character was in the 1969 film Midnight Cowboy wherein a little girl covers her face with a copy of DC Comics' Wonder Woman #178.[8] Later appearances have female (and male) characters of all ages appearing in Wonder Woman's costume or T-shirt representations of said costume. Wonder Woman enters the cultural lexicon, as characters are compared to Wonder Woman due to their athletic prowess, beauty and/or height.

In literature and comics[edit]

In his book, Seduction of the Innocent, psychiatrist and anti-comic book crusader Fredric Wertham wrote that Wonder Woman had a bondage subtext to her character, a claim somewhat strengthened by the character's creator, William Moulton Marston having admitted as much. As well, Wertham also claimed Wonder Woman's strength and independence made her a lesbian, calling the "homosexual connotation of the Wonder Woman type of story is psychologically unmistakable",[9] and considered Wonder Woman to be "Lesbian counterpart of Batman" [9] Wertham notes in the Chapter "Those Wicked Men" in that Wonder Woman's sidekicks, students at the fictional, all-woman Holliday College are the 'Holliday girls,' i.e. the holiday girls, the gay party girls, the gay girls." The chapter title references a comic book story wherein another princess talks about "those wicked men".[9] "For boys", writes Wertham, "Wonder Woman is a frightening image. For girls she is a morbid ideal. Where Batman is anti-feminine, the attractive Wonder Woman and her counterparts are definitely anti-masculine."

This sentiment would be later echoed by other critics. Short story author and cultural historian Jim Harmon describes in his 1970 book, All in Color For a Dime how Wonder Woman would "exchange hugs and kisses of delight with the readily available Holliday Girls." Harmon adds, "It was a very sick scene."[10] This recollection by Harmon is disputed by comic book artist and writer, Trina Robbins. She notes that "although Wonder Woman is indeed seen hugging her friends and her mother in the pages of these comics (women do hug!), she doesn't kiss them. She's never even depicted kissing her "boyfriend," Steve Trevor!"

Robert Kanigher, who took over writing the comic in 1948 after the death of creator William Moulton Marston as well as later creating other female superheroines such as Black Canary, Lady Cop, Rose and Thorn and The Harlequin confided to Robbins in a telephone interview that the Amazons from her home, Paradise Island (where no men are permitted) were all lesbians.[10]

In periodicals[edit]

Wonder Woman featured on the first cover of Ms. magazine, July, 1972
Magazine covers form a collage of Wonder Woman on the 35th anniversary issue of Ms. magazine.

Gloria Steinem chose an image of Wonder Woman for the first cover of Ms. magazine in July, 1972, and again in the July–August 1997 issue. In the latter example, the retrospective issue depicts an illustrated version of the modernized version of Wonder Woman is reading a copy of the original Ms. magazine, its cover showing the Golden Age representation of the character.

In television[edit]

Wonder Woman iconic nature has filtered into American television, references appearing in the form of impersonations, costume and character references. These abound in live programming such as The Big Bang Theory, Charmed, Frasier, Friends, and 30 Rock. As well, she is referred to often in animated programming, such as The Simpsons, Family Guy and Robot Chicken.

Prior to the more widely known Lynda Carter Wonder Woman series, a made-for-TV movie was broadcast in 1974, starring Cathy Lee Crosby as Wonder Woman, playing the character as a blond in a star-spangled red & blue costume which featured a skirt & tights rather than the comic costume. In the film, she uses her powers to thwart an international spy ring headed by Ricardo Montalban. Her invisible plane is mentioned in passing.

Lynda Carter, the actress who portrayed Wonder Woman in the series of the same name from 1975-1979, appeared on a 1976 televised Olivia Newton-John Special as the character wherein she deflects a bullet meant for Olivia. In 1980, Carter appeared in an episode of Jim Henson's television series The Muppet Show. Her performances were singing The Rubberband Man and Orange Colored Sky. During a skit, Miss Piggy becomes "Wonder Pig" in order to rescue her family from a giant-sized chicken. Carter continues to be identified with the character thirty years after the portrayals.

The Wendy Williams Show's host Wendy Williams often drinks from various Wonder Woman coffee mugs throughout the series (having the same initials of 'WW'). In 2010, when DC Comics revamped the character with a new costume, Wendy had a 10-minute segment discussing the change and explained why she didn't care for it.

At Backlash, in 2016 Nikki Bella was dressed like Wonder Woman.[11]

In activism[edit]

In women's culture and feminism[edit]

Gloria Steinem once wrote:

"Wonder Woman's family of Amazons on Paradise Island, her band of college girls in America, and her efforts to save individual women are all welcome examples of women working together and caring about each other's welfare. The idea of such cooperation may not seem particularly revolutionary to the male reader. Men are routinely depicted as working well together, but women know how rare and therefore exhilarating the idea of sisterhood really is. Wonder Woman's mother, Queen Hippolyte, offers yet another welcome example to young girls in search of a strong identity. Queen Hippolyte founds nations, wages war to protect Paradise Island, and sends her daughter off to fight the forces of evil in the world... Wonder Woman symbolizes many of the values of the women's culture that feminists are now trying to introduce into the mainstream: strength and self-reliance for women; sisterhood and mutual support among women; peacefulness and esteem for human life; a diminishment both of "masculine" aggression and of the belief that violence is the only way of solving conflicts."[12]

On October 21, 2016, the United Nations named Wonder Woman a UN Honorary Ambassador for the Empowerment of Women and Girls in a ceremony attended by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, Lynda Carter, and Gal Gadot.[13]

In health awareness campaigns[edit]

Wonder Woman's image—along with that of Superman—was used in an AIDS awareness campaign by French organization AIDES. Posters depicting Wonder Woman wasting away in a hospital bed and attached to an intravenous drip were exhibited on billboards and in French subways, demonstrating that no-one is beyond the reach of the disease. Concerned that the images could have an adverse impact on the public perception of the two superheroes, DC Comics demanded that AIDES withdraw the campaign.[14]

In academics[edit]

Scholarship[edit]

  • Sociologist Susan Hopkins in her text Girl Heroes, juxtaposes the image of Lynda Carter as Wonder Woman with Girl Power action heroines of the late 1990s.
  • Academic Angelo Iannella (Course Coordinator and Lecturer) began a research paper entitled "From Wonder Woman to Xena: Reframing Greek Mythology", which reveals the development and significance of the superheroine in speculative fiction. The article was first published in The Advertiser in South Australia on December 7, 2001. The research paper attracted interviews on radio as well as interstate conferences at Universities in Australia. This event was timed with Wonder Woman's 60th Anniversary who first appeared in 1941.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crawford, Philip Charles. "An Enlightening Look at the Feminist Ideals that Informed This American Icon". School Library Journal. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Ley, PhD, David J. "Wonder Woman: Top or Bottom". Psychology Today. Women Who Stray: Notes on the History and Current Practice of Female Infidelity. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  3. ^ Margot Lovejoy, Digital Currents: Art in the Electronic Age, Routledge, 2004, p108. ISBN 0-415-30780-5
  4. ^ T.J. Demos, Dara Birnbaum, Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman, MIT/Afterall Books, 2010, p1. ISBN 1-84638-066-9
  5. ^ moma.org.uk
  6. ^ "Lasso of Truth". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "'Lasso of Truth': The curious tale of Wonder Woman's creator". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "1969". Comics Sightings in TV and Film. Marvel Masterworks.com. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c Wertham, Frederic (1954). Seduction of the Innocent. New York: Rinehart & Company. pp. 192, 234–235. ISBN 1-59683-000-X. 
  10. ^ a b Robbins, Trina. "Wonder Woman: Lesbian or Dyke: Paradise as a Woman's Community". Papers. Girl-wonder.org. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Owens, Luke (September 12, 2016). "Nikki Bella and Alexa Bliss cosplay as Wonder Woman and Harley Quinn at WWE Backlash". Flickering Myth. 
  12. ^ Feitler, Introd. by Gloria Steinem. Interpretive essay by Phyllis Chesler. Designed by Bea (1972). Wonder Woman. ([1st ed.] ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 9780030131813. 
  13. ^ Cave, Rob (October 10, 2016). "UNITED NATIONS TO NAME WONDER WOMAN HONORARY AMBASSADOR". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved October 21, 2016. 
  14. ^ DiPaolo, Marc (2011). War, Politics and Superheroes: Ethics and Propaganda In Comics and Film. McFarland & Company. p. 14. ISBN 9780786485796. 

External links[edit]

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