Medel (Lucmagn)  



Coordinates: 46°38′N 8°50′E / 46.633°N 8.833°ECoordinates: 46°38′N 8°50′E / 46.633°N 8.833°E  
Country  Switzerland  
Canton  Graubünden  
District  Surselva  
Area^{[1]}  
• Total  136.22 km^{2} (52.59 sq mi)  
Elevation  1,332 m (4,370 ft)  
Population (Dec 2013^{[2]})  
• Total  408  
• Density  3.0/km^{2} (7.8/sq mi)  
Postal code  7184  
SFOS number  3983  
Localities  Curaglia, Platta  
Surrounded by  Blenio (TI), Disentis/Mustér, Quinto (TI), Sumvitg, Tujetsch, Vrin  
Website  www SFSO statistics 
Medel is a municipality in the district of Surselva in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.
Medel (Lucmagn) is first mentioned in 1315 as de valle Mederis.^{[3]}
Medel (Lucmagn) has an area, as of 2006^{[update]}, of 136.2 km^{2} (52.6 sq mi). Of this area, 17.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 14.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (66.8%) is nonproductive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).^{[4]}
The municipality is located in the Disentis subdistrict of the Surselva district. It is located in the Medelserrhein river basin. It includes the 16 km (9.9 mi) long Medel Valley, which connects Upper Graubünden with the canton of Ticino. It consists of a number of settlements at an elevation of 1,332–1,621 meters (4,370–5,318 ft). These include: Curaglia (main village), Soliva, Mutschnengia, Platta, Drual/Matergia, Pardé, Fuorns and S. Gions. The municipality also includes about 50 abandoned farm houses and summer herding camps, including Pali, Biscuolm and Casura. Until 1943 Medel (Lucmagn) was known as Medels im Oberland.^{[5]}
Medel (Lucmagn) has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 408.^{[2]} As of 2008^{[update]}, 1.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.^{[6]} Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of 10.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000^{[update]}) speaks Romansh(92.8%), with German being second most common ( 5.7%) and Italian being third ( 0.4%).^{[4]}
As of 2000^{[update]}, the gender distribution of the population was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.^{[7]} The age distribution, as of 2000^{[update]}, in Medel (Lucmagn) is; 74 children or 15.7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 47 teenagers or 10.0% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 21 people or 4.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 79 people or 16.8% are between 30 and 39, 52 people or 11.1% are between 40 and 49, and 31 people or 6.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 58 people or 12.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 69 people or 14.7% are between 70 and 79, there are 33 people or 7.0% who are between 80 and 89 there are 6 people or 1.3% who are between 90 and 99.^{[6]}
In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 67% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (19.4%), the SP (10%) and the FDP (3.6%).^{[4]}
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Medel (Lucmagn) about 53.7% of the population (between age 2564) have completed either nonmandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).^{[4]}
Medel (Lucmagn) has an unemployment rate of 0.7%. As of 2005^{[update]}, there were 85 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 37 businesses involved in this sector. 13 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 5 businesses in this sector. 57 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 16 businesses in this sector.^{[4]}
The historical population is given in the following table:^{[3]}
year  population 

1850  609 
1900  536 
1950  614 
1960  835 
2000  470 
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