A currency sign is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency signs for most official purposes, though currency signs may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no shorthand symbol at all.
Although many former currency signs were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency sign — implementation of which requires the adoption of new unicode and type formats — has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers part of the success of the euro was the global recognition of the euro sign €. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries. It finalized its new currency symbol, ₹ () on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "र" (ra).
When writing currency amounts the location of the sign varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in Latin America and the English-speaking world, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 S₣); and the Cape Verdean escudo, like the former Portuguese escudo and French franc, placed its sign in the decimal position (i.e., 20$00).
The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g., 5,00 €) or decimal points (e.g., $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.
Older currency signs have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso signs originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira signs evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new signs have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability. The new Indian rupee symbol, , is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.
There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community and how the sign is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro sign would need to be customized to work in different fonts. The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.
|¤||Generic currency sign||Used when the correct sign is not available|
|Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.|
|Bs.F.||Venezuelan bolívar variant||Usually Bs.|
|¢||cent, centavo, &c.||A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)
See also c
|c||cent &c. variant||Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.
See also ¢
|ct||Lithuanian centas||A centesimal division of the litas|
|Ch.||Bhutanese chhertum||A centesimal division of the ngultrum.|
|₡||Costa Rican colón||Also used for the former Salvadoran colón, which was discontinued in 2001 in favor of the US dollar, but remains accepted as legal tender.|
|ден||Macedonian denar||Latin form: DEN|
|دج||Algerian dinar||Latin form: DA|
|.د.ب||Bahraini dinar||Latin form: BD|
|د.ك||Kuwaiti dinar||Latin form: K.D.|
|ل.د||Libyan dinar||Latin form: LD|
|ДИН||Serbian dinar||Latin form: din.|
|د.ت||Tunisian dinar||Latin form: DT|
|د.م.||Moroccan dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|د.إ||United Arab Emirates dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|Db||São Tomé and Príncipe dobra|
|$||Australian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (CA$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$), Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, United States (US$), and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars
Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos
Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)
Brazilian real (R$)
|May appear with either one or two bars, both of which currently share the same unicode space.
Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.
Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.
See also MOP$ and WS$
|Esc||Cape Verdean escudo||Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):|
|€||European euro||In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.|
|ƒ||Aruban florin (Afl.)
Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
|FCFA||Central African CFA franc||Also CFA
Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
|₣||Comorian (CF), Congolese (CF), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/G₣) and Swiss (S₣) francs||Also F and Fr.|
|FRw||Rwandan franc||Possibly also RF and R₣|
|CFA||West African CFA franc||Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc|
|gr||Polish grosz||A centesimal division of the złoty|
|h||Czech haléř||A centesimal division of the koruna|
|₭||Lao kip||Or ₭N|
|kr||Danish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones
Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
|Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone,
":-" is used as an alternative sign for the Swedish krona
Papua New Guinean kina
|Also used as the currency sign for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note
Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
|Le||Sierra Leonean leone|
|E||Swazi lilangeni||Sign based on the plural form "emalangeni.
" The one-lilageni note employs the currency sign L
|lp||Croatian lipa||A centesimal division of the kuna.|
|M||Lesotho loti||Sign based on plural form "maloti.
" The one-loti note employs the currency sign L
|Azerbaijani manat||Also m. and man.|
|КМ||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark||Latin form: KM|
|MT||Mozambican metical||Also MTn|
|₥||Mill, mil, &.c||An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)|
|Nfk||Eritrean nakfa||Also Nfa|
|MOP$||Macanese pataca||Also 圓 and 元|
|₱||Philippine peso||Also P, PhP, and P|
|£||British, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Lebanese (LL), Manx, St. Helena, Sudanese and Syrian (LS) pounds||Also ₤ and L|
|ج.م.||Egyptian pound||Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or E£|
|q||Albanian qindarkë||A centesimal division of the lek.|
|Pt.||Egyptian qirsh||A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.|
|R||South African rand||Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles|
|R$||Brazilian real||Also the double-barred dollar sign:|
|ريال||Iranian rial||Script for "rial," a currency name also used by other nations.|
|ر.ق||Qatari riyal||Latin: QR|
|ر.س||Saudi riyal||Latin: SR. Also: ریال|
|р.||British &c. pennies
|The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.|
|Rf.||Maldivian rufiyaa||Also MRf., MVR and .ރ|
|₹()||Indian rupee||Unicode: ₹|
|₨||Mauritian, Nepalese (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees|
|SRe||Seychellois rupee||Also SR|
|s||Latvian santīms||A centesimal division of the lats.|
|₪||Israeli new shekel|
|Ksh||Kenyan shilling||Also KSh|
|S/.||Peruvian nuevo sol|
|SDR||Special drawing rights|
|৳||Bangladeshi Taka||Also Tk|
|WS$||Samoan tālā||Sign based on previous name "West Samoan tala."
Also T and ST.
See also $
|Kazakhstani tenge||Unicode: ₸|
|₩||North Korean and South Korean won|
|¥||Japanese yen (円/圓)
Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
|Used with one and two crossbars.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
There are 118 currencies in total. Only 48 currently circulate the world. (2013)
Here you can share your comments or contribute with more information, content, resources or links about this topic.