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What is CyanogenMod?
What is CyanogenMod?
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: Android Authority
What Happened To CyanogenMod? (LineageOS)
What Happened To CyanogenMod? (LineageOS)
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: FailTech
CYANOGENMOD IS DEAD 😧 !! R.I.P. CYANOGEN MOD 2008-2016 | Welcome Lineage Os
CYANOGENMOD IS DEAD 😧 !! R.I.P. CYANOGEN MOD 2008-2016 | Welcome Lineage Os
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Tech Burner
CyanogenMod 14.1 full review (Should you install it?)
CyanogenMod 14.1 full review (Should you install it?)
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Simple Alpaca
Goodbye Cyanogenmod, LG Floating Speaker, Samsung’s Bixby Voice Assistant
Goodbye Cyanogenmod, LG Floating Speaker, Samsung’s Bixby Voice Assistant
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: NCIX Tech Tips
CyanogenMod 13 CM13 Android 6.0 Full Review and How To Install Any Android
CyanogenMod 13 CM13 Android 6.0 Full Review and How To Install Any Android
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: DroidModderX ROOT Master
The New Cyanogenmod!
The New Cyanogenmod!
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Marques Brownlee
Custom ROM Vs. Stock ROM - CyanogenMod 14.1 Vs LG Stock Marshmallow - LG G3 - Speed Test
Custom ROM Vs. Stock ROM - CyanogenMod 14.1 Vs LG Stock Marshmallow - LG G3 - Speed Test
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Techious
5 Reasons Why CyanogenMod Is Better Than Stock ROM!
5 Reasons Why CyanogenMod Is Better Than Stock ROM!
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Waqar Khan
How To Install CyanogenMod ROM Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow ROM on Galaxy S3 GT-I9300
How To Install CyanogenMod ROM Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow ROM on Galaxy S3 GT-I9300
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: NaldoTech
Tutorial - Como instalar a ROM Cyanogenmod EM QUALQUER CELULAR!
Tutorial - Como instalar a ROM Cyanogenmod EM QUALQUER CELULAR!
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Geek Antenado
Install CyanogenMod on your Android Device with the CyanogenMod Installer
Install CyanogenMod on your Android Device with the CyanogenMod Installer
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: Tim Schofield
Qué es CYANOGENMOD y COMO INSTALAR en Tu Android
Qué es CYANOGENMOD y COMO INSTALAR en Tu Android
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: Pro Android
ТОП 5 фишек Cyanogenmod за которые я его люблю и ненавижу.
ТОП 5 фишек Cyanogenmod за которые я его люблю и ненавижу.
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: stupidmadworld
How to install Lineage OS on any Android phone? Why CyanogenMod shutdown? Advantages of Custom ROM!
How to install Lineage OS on any Android phone? Why CyanogenMod shutdown? Advantages of Custom ROM!
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Parameswaran B
Cyanogenmod REJECTED Nintendo
Cyanogenmod REJECTED Nintendo's Request for Help for the Switch OS IN A SAVAGE A*S WAY.
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: EWNetwork
RIP CyanogenMod - Ahora será Lineage OS!
RIP CyanogenMod - Ahora será Lineage OS!
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Pro Android
Official Lineage OS- Features & How to Install Guide! Same as CyanogenMod 14.1?
Official Lineage OS- Features & How to Install Guide! Same as CyanogenMod 14.1?
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Dhananjay Bhosale
Lineage OS: все что нужно знать о новом CyanogenMod. На примере OnePlus 3T
Lineage OS: все что нужно знать о новом CyanogenMod. На примере OnePlus 3T
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Andro-news.com
O que é o cyanogenmod? | Série Cyanogen #1
O que é o cyanogenmod? | Série Cyanogen #1
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: TukEmperial
Tutorial: Install CyanogenMod with One Simple Installer
Tutorial: Install CyanogenMod with One Simple Installer
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: Dan Flynn
Cara Instal Cyanogenmod 13 Official di Xiaomi Mi5 Bahasa Indonesia
Cara Instal Cyanogenmod 13 Official di Xiaomi Mi5 Bahasa Indonesia
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Miuitutorial Indonesia
ROM ▶︎CyanogenMod 14.1 OFICIAL - Android 7.1 Nougat Para Moto E2, G1, G2, G3, LG G3, X2 & Outros
ROM ▶︎CyanogenMod 14.1 OFICIAL - Android 7.1 Nougat Para Moto E2, G1, G2, G3, LG G3, X2 & Outros
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: JonathanDroid
Os 5 melhores TEMAS para Cyanogenmod #1 - Nova série de personalização no canal!
Os 5 melhores TEMAS para Cyanogenmod #1 - Nova série de personalização no canal!
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: Geek Antenado
Как ведет себя Xiaomi Mi5 на Cyanogenmod 13. Стоит ли ставить? Обзор.
Как ведет себя Xiaomi Mi5 на Cyanogenmod 13. Стоит ли ставить? Обзор.
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: stupidmadworld
8 причин установить CyanogenMod | База Знаний
8 причин установить CyanogenMod | База Знаний
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: RevolverLab
Como Instalar Cyanogenmod 14 en casi cualquier Android - FACIL
Como Instalar Cyanogenmod 14 en casi cualquier Android - FACIL
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Espcializados
تحميل رومات سيانوجين مود لكل هواتف الاندرويد cyanogenmod
تحميل رومات سيانوجين مود لكل هواتف الاندرويد cyanogenmod
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: The Breaking Wolf
How to Install Official CyanogenMod 14.1 on Nexus 5! (+ Fix Error 7!)
How to Install Official CyanogenMod 14.1 on Nexus 5! (+ Fix Error 7!)
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: KDCloudy
CyanogenMod 11 (CM11) on the Samsung Galaxy S4! (Install, Setup, First Look, and etc)
CyanogenMod 11 (CM11) on the Samsung Galaxy S4! (Install, Setup, First Look, and etc)
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: wwjoshdew
Обзор прошивки CyanogenMod 14.1
Обзор прошивки CyanogenMod 14.1
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: CustterTV
Установка CyanogenMod при помощи официального приложения Installer - Keddr.com
Установка CyanogenMod при помощи официального приложения Installer - Keddr.com
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: Keddr.com
✹O FIM DA ROM CUSTOMIZADA CYANOGENMOD NO ANDROID
✹O FIM DA ROM CUSTOMIZADA CYANOGENMOD NO ANDROID
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Young Rock Tech
Análise da ROM CyanogenMod 11 | TudoCelular.com
Análise da ROM CyanogenMod 11 | TudoCelular.com
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: TudoCelular
Instalare Cyanogenmod, cel mai bun rom pentru Android
Instalare Cyanogenmod, cel mai bun rom pentru Android
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: Videotutorial.ro
La muerte de CyanogenMOD y el Sucesor Lineage OS | 2017
La muerte de CyanogenMOD y el Sucesor Lineage OS | 2017
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Gaming Crack
HTC M8: How to Install any Official Version of CyanogenMod
HTC M8: How to Install any Official Version of CyanogenMod
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: Babbling Boolean
Xiaomi Mi5 на Android 7.1.1 с Cyanogenmod 14.1 – МОНСТР! Рецепт в видео!
Xiaomi Mi5 на Android 7.1.1 с Cyanogenmod 14.1 – МОНСТР! Рецепт в видео!
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: Andro-news.com
Dale Vida a tu Android | Instala Android Puro Lollipop 5.1.1 (CyanogenMod 12)
Dale Vida a tu Android | Instala Android Puro Lollipop 5.1.1 (CyanogenMod 12)
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: AndroTube
CyanogenMod 14.1 for Nexus 7 (2013) flo!
CyanogenMod 14.1 for Nexus 7 (2013) flo!
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Imma Wake
Tutorial: Rooting and Installing CyanogenMod with Odin on the Samsung Galaxy S2 i9100
Tutorial: Rooting and Installing CyanogenMod with Odin on the Samsung Galaxy S2 i9100
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: Mobile Network Comparison
PROBAMOS EL NUEVO LINEAGE OS  - EL NUEVO CYANOGENMOD - 2017 - ELOYGOMEZTV
PROBAMOS EL NUEVO LINEAGE OS - EL NUEVO CYANOGENMOD - 2017 - ELOYGOMEZTV
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: EloYGomeZTv
Optimizar ROM´s CyanogenMod//Root, mayor rendimiento y estabilidad en tú  Android 2016
Optimizar ROM´s CyanogenMod//Root, mayor rendimiento y estabilidad en tú Android 2016
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: TuAndroid Channel
CyanogenMod - Давай, до свидания!
CyanogenMod - Давай, до свидания!
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: CustterTV
Обзор прошивки CyanogenMod 12.1 | Xiaomi Mi4
Обзор прошивки CyanogenMod 12.1 | Xiaomi Mi4
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: CustterTV
How to Install Cyanogenmod 12.1 on Moto G 1st Gen/2nd Gen
How to Install Cyanogenmod 12.1 on Moto G 1st Gen/2nd Gen
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Samanyou Garg
CyanogenMod Installer ausprobiert deutsch | CHIP
CyanogenMod Installer ausprobiert deutsch | CHIP
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: CHIP
Como ativar root na Cyanogenmod 13 Cm14.1 qualquer aparelho
Como ativar root na Cyanogenmod 13 Cm14.1 qualquer aparelho
Published: 2015/12/06
Channel: Bruno Android Gameplays Tutoriais
Xiaomi Mi 4c - Unboxing & TUTORIAL Flashing CyanogenMod 13.1
Xiaomi Mi 4c - Unboxing & TUTORIAL Flashing CyanogenMod 13.1
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: GontaGantiHape HD
La Pause Tech : présentation CyanogenMod 13 sur OnePlus X
La Pause Tech : présentation CyanogenMod 13 sur OnePlus X
Published: 2016/02/03
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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CyanogenMod
CyanogenMod logo.svg
CyanogenMod 13 homescreen english.png
The default CyanogenMod 13 homescreen, based on Android 6.0 "Marshmallow"
Developer CyanogenMod open-source community[1]
Written in C (core), C++ (some third-party libraries), Java (UI)
OS family Unix-like
Working state Discontinued[2]
Source model Open source
Initial release 3.1 (Dream & Magic) 1 July 2009; 8 years ago (2009-07-01)
Final release 13.0 ZNH5YAO (from Android 6.0.1 r61) / 20 December 2016; 7 months ago (2016-12-20)[3]
Final preview 14.1 nightly build / 25 December 2016; 7 months ago (2016-12-25)[4]
Marketing target Firmware replacement for Android mobile devices
Available in 27 languages[citation needed]
Update method Over-the-air (OTA), ROM flashing
Package manager APK or Google Play Store (if installed)
Platforms ARM, x86
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Default user interface Android Launcher (3, 4)
ADW Launcher (5, 6, 7)
Trebuchet Launcher (9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14)
License Apache License 2 and GNU GPL v2,[5] with some proprietary libraries[6][7]
Succeeded by LineageOS
Official website cyanogenmod.org (defunct)
(archive.org)

CyanogenMod (/s.ˈæn..ˌɛn.mɒd/; sigh-AH-no-GEN-mod) (CM) is a discontinued popular[8] open-source operating system for smartphones and tablet computers, based on the Android mobile platform. Although the CyanogenMod name has been discontinued,[9][10] rebranded development continues under the LineageOS name. It was developed as free and open-source software based on the official releases of Android by Google, with added original and third-party code, and based on a rolling release development model. Although only a subset of total CyanogenMod users elect to report their use of the firmware,[11] as of March 23, 2015, some reports indicate that over 50 million people run CyanogenMod on their phones.[8][12] It was also frequently used as a starting point by developers of other ROMs.

In 2013, the founder, Steve Kondik, obtained venture funding under the name Cyanogen Inc. to allow commercialization of the project,[1][13][13] however the company did not, in his view, capitalize on the project's success, and in 2016 he left or was forced out[14] as part of a corporate restructure, which involved a change of CEO, closure of offices and projects, cessation of services,[9] and therefore left uncertainty over the future of the company. The code itself, being open source, has been forked under the name LineageOS, and community efforts are in progress to resume development as a community project.[15]

CyanogenMod offers features and options not found in the official firmware distributed by mobile device vendors. Features supported by CyanogenMod include native theme support,[16] FLAC audio codec support, a large Access Point Name list, Privacy Guard (per-application permission management application), support for tethering over common interfaces, CPU overclocking and other performance enhancements, unlockable bootloader and root access, soft buttons, status bar customisation and other "tablet tweaks", toggles in the notification pull-down (such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and GPS), and other interface enhancements. CyanogenMod does not contain spyware or bloatware, according to its developers.[17][18] CyanogenMod is also said to increase performance and reliability compared with official firmware releases.[19]

The name CyanogenMod derives from cyanogen (the name of a chemical compound adopted as a nickname by Kondik) + Mod (a term for user-developed modifications, known as modding).

History and development[edit]

Soon after the introduction of HTC Dream (named the "T-Mobile G1" in the United States) mobile phone in September 2008, a method was discovered to attain privileged control (termed "root access") within Android's Linux-based subsystem.[20] Having root access, combined with the open-source nature of the Android operating system, allowed the phone's stock firmware to be modified and re-installed onto the phone.

In the following year, modified firmware for the Dream was developed and distributed by Android enthusiasts. One, maintained by a developer named JesusFreke, became popular among Dream owners. In August 2009, JesusFreke stopped work on his firmware and suggested users to switch to a version of his ROM that had been further enhanced by developer Cyanogen (the online name used by Steve Kondik, a Samsung software engineer[21]) called "CyanogenMod" (user adaptations being often known as modding).[22]

CyanogenMod grew in popularity, and a community of developers, called the CyanogenMod Team (and informally "Team Douche"[23]) made contributions. Within a few months, the number of devices and features supported by CyanogenMod blossomed, and CyanogenMod became one of the popular Android firmware distributions.

Similar to many open-source projects, CyanogenMod was developed using a distributed revision control system with the official repositories being hosted on GitHub.[24] Contributors submit new features or bugfix changes using Gerrit.[25] Contributions may be tested by anyone, voted up or down by registered users, and ultimately accepted into the code by one of a handful of CyanogenMod developers.

A version of ADW.Launcher, an alternative launcher (home screen) for the Android operating system, became the default launcher on CyanogenMod 5.0.8. The launcher provides additional features not provided by the default Android launcher, including more customization abilities (including icon themes, effects, and behavior), the ability to backup and restore configuration settings, and other features.[26][27] As of version 9, CyanogenMod's own launcher, Trebuchet, is included with the firmware.

Initially, CyanogenMod releases were provided on a nightly, milestone, and "stable version" schedule; as of CyanogenMod 11 M6, the "stable" label will no longer be used, having been supplanted by "milestone" M-builds that are part of the CyanogenMod's rolling release development model.[28]

Some unofficial builds for supported devices were listed in the CyanogenMod Wiki.[29]

Current CyanogenMod version list:

CyanogenMod 7[edit]

CyanogenMod 7 firmware is based on Android 2.3 Gingerbread with additional custom code contributed by the CyanogenMod Team. The custom portions of CyanogenMod are primarily written by Cyanogen (Steve Kondik) but include contributions from the xda-developers community (such as an improved launcher tray, dialer, and browser) and code from established open-source projects (such as BusyBox in the shell).[30]

CyanogenMod 7 development began when Google released Android 2.3's source code.[31] On February 15, 2011, the first release candidates of CyanogenMod 7 were rolled out on several of the supported devices.[32][33] The fourth release candidate was released on March 30, 2011 and brought increased support for the Nook Color and similar devices, as well as many bug fixes.[34] On April 11, 2011, the public version of CyanogenMod 7.0 was released, based on Android 2.3.3.[35] CyanogenMod 7.1 was released on October 10, 2011, based on Android 2.3.4.[36] The latest stable version, CyanogenMod 7.2 was released on June 16, 2012, based on Android 2.3.7,[37] bringing a predictive phone dialer, lock-screen updates, ICS animation backports and many bug fixes.[38]

A Motorola Flipout displaying the CyanogenMod 7.2 (Android 2.3) boot animation

CyanogenMod 8[edit]

CyanogenMod version 8 was planned to be based on Android 3.x Honeycomb. However, as the source code for Honeycomb wasn't provided by Google until it appeared in the source tree history of its successor, Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, the release schedule advanced from CyanogenMod 7 (Gingerbread) directly to CyanogenMod 9 (Ice Cream Sandwich).[citation needed]

CyanogenMod 9[edit]

CyanogenMod 9 is based on Google's Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich and is the first version of CyanogenMod to use the Trebuchet launcher.[39] Steve Kondik and his team have announced that they had begun work on the new release after Google released the source code of Android 4.0.1.[40] Development on this release took longer than with previous releases due to the significance of the changes between Android 2.3 "Gingerbread" and 4.0 "Ice Cream Sandwich", and the team took this opportunity to clarify their vision for the ROM and rethink any modifications which were no longer necessary due to improvements within Android.[41]

By the last days of November 2011, some alpha versions had been distributed, in particular for the Samsung mobile phones Nexus S and Galaxy S. On August 9, 2012, after various betas and release candidates, CyanogenMod released the finished version of CyanogenMod 9.[42] Given that the next version of Android, 4.1 "Jelly Bean", had already been released by that point, development moved swiftly on to CyanogenMod 10. On August 29, 2012, CyanogenMod released a minor update, version 9.1.0, bringing bugfixes and an app called SimplyTapp for NFC payments.[43]

On April 4, 2012, during development, CyanogenMod unveiled "Cid" (pronounced /sɪd/), the new CyanogenMod mascot, which replaced the previous mascot, Andy the skateboarding "bugdroid". Designed by user Ciao, Cid (C.I.D.) is an abbreviation of "Cyanogenmod ID".[44]

CyanogenMod 10[edit]

CyanogenMod 10.0
In early July 2012, the CyanogenMod team announced, via its Google+ account, that CyanogenMod 10 would be based on Android 4.1 Jelly Bean.[45] Nightly builds of CyanogenMod 10 were made available for many devices supported by CyanogenMod 9.[46][47] Starting with the September 2012 M1 build, the CyanogenMod team began monthly "M-series" releases. At the beginning of each month, a soft freeze of the CyanogenMod codebase is put into effect; once the team deems a build stable enough for daily use, it is released under the milestone or "M" series.[48]
On November 13, 2012, final stable builds were released for several devices.[49]
CyanogenMod 10.1
CyanogenMod 10.1 is based on Android 4.2 Jelly Bean.[50] Nightly versions are currently being released for an array of devices, along with M Snapshots (Monthly Snapshots) which are being released for select devices.
On June 24, 2013, the CyanogenMod 10.1.0 codebase (based on Android version 4.2.2) was moved to "stable" status, with a majority of currently-supported devices receiving stable builds on the same day.[51][52] CyanogenMod's developers have indicated that they will continue the Monthly Snapshot schedule to incorporate new features until the next Cyanogenmod release. Unfortunately, many devices utilizing Samsung Exynos and Nvidia Tegra 2 SoC's were not part of the initial release.
CyanogenMod 10.2
The first nightly release of CyanogenMod 10.2, which is based on Android 4.3 Jelly Bean, began rolling out for a selected number of devices on August 14, 2013.[53] It brings in some new enhancements to the system, such as Bluetooth Low Energy and OpenGL ES 3.0 support, a renewed Phone app, 4K resolution support, as well as many security and stability improvements.

CyanogenMod 11[edit]

CyanogenMod 11

On November 6, 2013 the CyanogenMod team started pushing the code of CyanogenMod 11, based on Android 4.4 KitKat, to GitHub.[54] The first nightly release of CyanogenMod 11.0 began rolling out for a selected number of devices on December 5, 2013.[55] Since then, M-builds have been released every month for supported devices, offering a more stable experience than nightlies. With build M6 it was clarified that CyanogenMod would no longer be releasing final builds specially tagged "stable", but instead would utilize the rolling release model with M-builds representing a stable channel.[28]

The global OnePlus One is shipped with a variant of CyanogenMod 11 M9 known as "CyanogenMod 11S". The latest version of CyanogenMod 11S for the One is 11.0-XNPH05Q, based on CyanogenMod 11 M11 and Android 4.4.4 "KitKat", and was released as an over-the-air (OTA) update in February 2015.[56]

CyanogenMod 12[edit]

The first nightly release of CyanogenMod 12, based on Android 5.0 Lollipop, began rolling out for a selected number of devices on January 6, 2015. A stable snapshot was released on June 25, 2015, and a security patch snapshot was released on September 1, 2015.[57]

Cyanogen OS 12, a variant of CyanogenMod 12 for the OnePlus One and Yu Yureka was released in April 2015. Yu Yuphoria got Cyanogen OS 12 out-of-the-box when it was launched in May 2015.[58]

CyanogenMod 12.1

The first nightly release of CyanogenMod 12.1, based on Android 5.1, was announced on 16 April 2015.[59] A stable snapshot build was released on September 1, 2015, but nightly builds continue to roll out every day.

Lenovo ZUK Z1, Wileyfox Swift and Storm got Cyanogen OS 12.1 out-of-the-box when it was launched in September 2015.[60][61] YU's Yureka, Yureka Plus, and Yuphoria got a Cyanogen OS 12.1 OTA update.[62]

CyanogenMod 13[edit]

The first nightly release of CyanogenMod 13.0, based on Android 6.0, was released on 23 November 2015 for a small number of devices, but was gradually developed for other devices.[63] A few weeks after the first nightly release of CyanogenMod 13.0 for Android 6.0, CyanogenMod was given a minor update and was based on Android 6.0.1. First stable builds were released on 2016-03-15.[64]

CyanogenMod 14.0[edit]

Due to the early release of Android 7.1, CyanogenMod have skipped producing nightly builds for CyanogenMod 14.0.[65] Code initially written for CyanogenMod 14 is now being cherry-picked into the cm-14.1 branch.

CyanogenMod 14.1[edit]

The first experimental build of Cyanogenmod 14.1 based on Android 7.1 was released for Oneplus 3 devices[66] on November 4, 2016. On November 8, 2016, official nightlies began[67] for angler (Huawei Nexus 6P), bullhead (LG Nexus 5X), cancro (Xiaomi Mi3w/Mi4), d855 (LG G3), falcon/peregrine/thea/titan/osprey (Moto G variants), h811/h815 (LG G4), klte/kltedv/kltespr/klteusc/kltevzw (Samsung Galaxy S5), oneplus3 (OnePlus 3), Z00L/Z00T (Zenphone 2). It is missing some of the signature features of CyanogenMod, however, and was considered a "work in progress".[67] This version will add multi-window support.[68]

This was the final release to use the name "CyanogenMod".

Fork to LineageOS[edit]

In December 2016 Cyanogen Inc. and CyanogenMod developer group came to an agreement about forking and re-branding the CyanogenMod code into a new project named LineageOS, which is built on top of CyanogenMod versions 13 and 14.1[69] and uses the name LineageOS for subsequent releases.[70] This project is supported by the community-operated LineageOS Project.[71]

Cyanogen Inc.[edit]

Cyanogen logo from April 2014
Cyanogen logo from March 2015

Cyanogen Inc. was a venture-funded company with offices in Seattle and Palo Alto, California, announced officially in September 2013, which aimed to commercialize CyanogenMod.[1][72] The funding was led by Mitch Lasky of Benchmark and raised $7 million.[73] It began when Kirt McMaster approached Steve Kondik on LinkedIn in 2013, to discuss possible commercialization of the project.[21]

Commercialization controversy[edit]

Rumors of plans to commercialize CyanogenMod, as well as the subsequent announcement of Cyanogen Inc., led to a certain level of discord within the CyanogenMod community. Several CyanogenMod developers raised concerns that developers who had provided their work in the past were not being appropriately acknowledged or compensated for their free work on what was now a commercial project, further that the original ethos of the community project was being undermined and that these concerns were not being adequately addressed by Cyanogen Inc.[74] Examples include the "Focal" camera app developer Guillaume Lesniak ("'xplodwild') whose app was withdrawn from CyanogenMod allegedly following demands by the new company to adopt closed-source modifications and licensing.[74][75][76]

In response, Steve Kondik affirmed commitment to the community, stating that the majority of CyanogenMod historically did not use GPL but the Apache licence (the same license used by Google for Android), and dual licensing was being proposed in order to offer "a stronger degree of protection for contributors... while still offering CM some of the freedoms that the Apache license offers":[77]

Developer Entropy512 also observed that CyanogenMod was legally bound by its position to make some of the firmware changes, because of the Android license and marketing conditions ("CTS terms"), which specify what apps may and may not do, and these were raised in part by Android developers at Google informally speculatively as a result of perceptions of CyanogenMod's high profile in the market.[78]

In his 2013 blog post on Cyanogen's funding, venture funder Mitch Lasky stated:[73]

In January 2015, it was reported that Microsoft had invested in Cyanogen, and that this might be part of a strategy to create an Android version that worked well with Microsoft platforms.[79][80] In April 2015, Cyanogen announced a strategic partnership with Microsoft, to integrate Microsoft apps and services into Cyanogen OS.[81] In January 2016, Cyanogen rolled out an update that started presenting Microsoft applications when a user attempts to open certain file types on Cyanogen OS phones.[82]

Restructure and cessation of services[edit]

Despite the popularity of CyanogenMod as a custom ROM, Cyanogen Inc. failed to persuade phone companies to use its version of Android. In July 2016 it fired around 30 of its 136 staff and management, including its product head, and closed their Seattle office (other offices were described as "gutted"), as part of a strategic change by the newly employed Chief Operating Officer Lior Tal.[83][84] CEO Kirt McMaster also stepped down from his role in October 2016 with Tal becoming CEO at that point,[85] and CyanogenMod founder Steve Kondik was believed to have been removed from the board and left a month later in November 2016.[14][86]

Media analysis focused on dubious management decisions at Cyanogen Inc. as part of the reason for the failure. In 2014 the company abruptly notified its existing partner OnePlus – who used CyanogenMod for its phones and had just launched models in India – that it had reached an exclusive agreement covering India with another supplier, leading to an acrimonious breakup of their relationship, which was described in the media as "practically screwing over" and "betraying" OnePlus and a "surprisingly childish" move; OnePlus was banned from selling in India as a result.[87][88][89] Subsequently, Cyanogen's CEO boasted of their intention to displace Google in controlling the Android operating system.[87] Unable to gain sufficient uptake of its operating system, it then shifted focus and fired its core team and replaced its CEO, before shutting down its core operating system development operations.

A day after leaving, Steve Kondik wrote a blog post in which he stated that in hindsight, he had trusted and hired "the wrong people", who had not shared a common vision, and that he had ended up unable to prevent the failure of the company and the forming of a "new team" in its place. He drew attention to his own part in the failure, the loss of rights to the "CyanogenMod" name by the community, and to the rift in perception among Android developers ("The rest of the ROM community seems to be highly dependent on us, but simultaneously wants us dead. How on earth do you fix this?").[90] He asked the community to consider forking and rebranding the source code, possibly with some form of crowdfunding based on the project's underlying popularity.[90]

On December 23, 2016, Cyanogen Inc. announced that they were shutting down the infrastructure behind CyanogenMod.[91] This was shortly followed by news that the main CyanogenMod project would migrate, renaming itself as "LineageOS".[10] On December 24, 2016, Head of Developer Relations and community forum administrator Abhisek Devkota, a Cyanogen "core team" member,[92] wrote that the community had lost its "last remaining advocate" within the company and its voice in Cyanogen Inc. and its software's future. He stated that while "that this most recent action from [Cyanogen Inc.] is definitely a death blow for CyanogenMod", the community had already begun taking the steps needed to fork the project under a new name and aimed to return to its grassroots origins while retaining professional approaches adopted during the Cyanogen Inc. era.[93] Due to the negative connotations attached to Cyanogen Inc's conduct, as well as the scope for legal dispute, the forked project decided not to use the existing brand names "Cyanogen" or "CyanogenMod", which in any case belonged to the company.[87]

Industry reaction to CyanogenMod[edit]

Early responses of tablet and smartphone manufacturers and mobile carriers were typically unsupportive of third-party firmware development such as CyanogenMod. Manufacturers expressed concern about improper functioning of devices running unofficial software and the related support costs.[94] Moreover, modified firmware such as CyanogenMod sometimes offer features for which carriers would otherwise charge a premium (e.g., tethering). As a result, technical obstacles including locked bootloaders and restricted access to root permissions were common in many devices.

However, as community-developed software has grown more popular[95][96][not in citation given] and following a statement by the U.S. Library of Congress that permits "jailbreaking" mobile devices,[97] manufacturers and carriers have softened their position regarding CyanogenMod and other unofficial firmware distributions, with some, including HTC,[98] Motorola,[99] Samsung[100][101] and Sony Ericsson,[102] providing support and encouraging development. As a result of this, in 2011 the need to circumvent hardware restrictions to install unofficial firmware lessened as an increasing number of devices shipped with unlocked or unlockable bootloaders, similar to the Nexus series of phones. Device manufacturers HTC[94] and Motorola announced that they would support aftermarket software developers by making the bootloaders of all new devices unlockable, although this still violates a device's warranty. Samsung sent several Galaxy S II phones to the CyanogenMod team with the express purpose of bringing CyanogenMod to the device,[101] and mobile carrier T-Mobile USA voiced its support for the CyanogenMod project, tweeting "CM7 is great!".[103]

Phone manufacturers have also taken to releasing "developer editions" of phones that are unlocked.[104]

Licensing[edit]

Until version 4.1.11.1, CyanogenMod included proprietary software applications provided by Google, such as Gmail, Maps, Android Market (now known as Play Store), Talk (now Hangouts), and YouTube, as well as proprietary hardware drivers. These packages were included with the vendor distributions of Android, but not licensed for free distribution. After Google sent a cease and desist letter to CyanogenMod's chief developer, Steve Kondik, in late September 2009 demanding he stop distributing the aforementioned applications, development ceased for a few days.[105][106][107][108] The reaction from many CyanogenMod users towards Google was hostile, with some claiming that Google's legal threats hurt their own interests, violated their informal corporate motto "Don't be evil" and was a challenge to the open-source community Google claimed to embrace.[109][110][111][better source needed]

Following a statement from Google clarifying its position[112] and a subsequent negotiation between Google and Cyanogen, it was resolved that the CyanogenMod project would continue, in a form that did not directly bundle in the proprietary "Google Experience" components.[113][114] It was determined that the proprietary Google apps may be backed-up from the Google-supplied firmware on the phone and then re-installed onto CyanogenMod releases without infringing copyright.

On September 28, 2009, Cyanogen warned that while issues no longer remain with Google, there were still potential licensing problems regarding proprietary, closed-source device drivers.[115] On September 30, 2009, Cyanogen posted an update on the matter. Kondik wrote he was rebuilding the source tree, and that he believed the licensing issues with drivers could be worked out. He added that he was also receiving assistance from Google employees.[116] On June 16, 2012, the CyanogenMod 7.2 release announcement stated: "CyanogenMod does still include various hardware-specific code, which is also slowly being open-sourced anyway."[117]

Replicant is a CyanogenMod fork that removes all proprietary software and drivers and thus avoids all aforementioned legal issues. However, Replicant does not support devices that depend on proprietary drivers, which is most phones as of 2016.[118]

Version history[edit]

CyanogenMod main version Android version Last or major release Recommended build release date Notable changes[119]
3 Android 1.5
(Cupcake)
3.6.8.1 1 July 2009[120][better source needed] 3.6.8 onwards based on Android 1.5r3
3.9.3 22 July 2009[121][better source needed] 3.9.3 onwards has FLAC support
4 Android 1.5/1.6
(Cupcake/Donut)
4.1.4 30 August 2009[122] 4.1.4 onwards based on Android 1.6 (Donut); QuickOffice removed from 4.1.4 onwards; Google proprietary software separated due to cease and desist from 4.1.99 onwards
4.2.15.1 24 October 2009[123] 4.2.3 onwards has USB tethering support; 4.2.6 onwards based on Android 1.6r2; 4.2.11 onwards added pinch zoom for Browser, pinch zoom and swipe for Gallery.
5 Android 2.0/2.1
(Eclair)
5.0.8 19 July 2010[27] Introduced ADW.Launcher as the default launcher.
6 Android 2.2
(Froyo)
6.0.0 28 August 2010[124] Introduced dual camera and ad hoc Wi-Fi support, Just-in-time (JIT) compiler for more performance
6.1.3 6 December 2010[125] 6.1.0 onwards based on Android 2.2.1.
7 Android 2.3
(Gingerbread)
7.0.3 10 April 2011[35] 7.0.0 onwards based on Android 2.3.3
7.1.0 10 October 2011[36] Based on Android 2.3.7[38]
7.2.0 16 June 2012[126] New devices, updated translations, predictive phone dialer, ability to control haptic feedback in quiet hours, lockscreen updates, ICS animation backports, ability to configure the battery status bar icon, many bug fixes[38]
8 Android 3.x
(Honeycomb)
N/A N/A CyanogenMod 8 was never released due to Google not releasing the source code for Android 3.0 Honeycomb.
9 Android 4.0
(Ice Cream Sandwich)
9.1 29 August 2012[43] Advanced security: deactivated root usage by default.[127] Added support for SimplyTapp.
Introduced Cyanogen's own launcher, Trebuchet.
10 Android 4.1
(Jelly Bean)
10.0.0 13 November 2012[50] Expandable desktop mode. Built-in, root-enabled file manager.
Android 4.2
(Jelly Bean)
10.1.3 24 June 2013[128]
Android 4.3
(Jelly Bean)
10.2.1 31 January 2014[128] Phone: Blacklist-Feature added.
11 Android 4.4
(KitKat)
11.0 XNG3C 31 August 2015[129] WhisperPush: Integration of TextSecure's (now Signal's) end-to-end encryption protocol as an opt-in feature. Enabled sending encrypted instant messages to other users of CM and Signal.[130][131] This feature was discontinued in February 2016.[132]

CyanogenMod ThemeEngine: new powerful theme engine that let user apply and mix custom themes that can edit resources file[133]

12 Android 5.0
(Lollipop)
12.0 YNG4N 1 September 2015[129] LiveDisplay: advanced display management tool, with features such as color, gamma, saturation and temperature calibration

Updates to theme engine: allows now separate theming for packages (used on CyanogenMod for NavigationBar and StatusBar, on CyanogenOS for AppThemer, which allows you to apply a different theme for each app) UI Revamp: all applications have been updated to the material theme AudioFX and Eleven: two new audio-related apps (AudioFX replacing DSPManager and Eleven replacing Music)

Android 5.1
(Lollipop)
12.1 YOG7DAO 27 January 2016 CyanogenPlatform SDK: allows third-party developers to add custom APIs to integrate their app with CyanogenMod
13 Android 6.0
(Marshmallow)
13.0 ZNH5YAO 20 December 2016[3] Wi-Fi Tethering, profiles, Do Not Disturb/Priority Mode, Privacy Guard/App data usage, Bluetooth Devices battery support, reintroduction of Lockscreen Wallpaper picker, Lockscreen Weather and new Weather plug-in support, Lockscreen Blur support and the ability to disable the effect, Live Lockscreen support, new LiveDisplay hardware enhancements and API, Snap Camera, Gello Browser, improved translations, Cyanogen Apps support, additional CM SDK APIs, security fixes[3]
14 Android 7.0
(Nougat)
N/A Skipped, since Google soon released 7.1 before the development of CM 14.0 was completed.
Android 7.1
(Nougat)
14.1 9 November 2016 CM14.1 was considered a "work in progress" and missing some of the signature features of CyanogenMod. Changelog is unknown. Never attained stable build.

Cyanogen OS[edit]

Cyanogen commercially develops operating systems pre-installed on some devices (OnePlus One, YU Yureka, YU Yuphoria, Andromax Q, BQ Aquaris X5, Lenovo ZUK Z1, Wileyfox Swift, Wileyfox Storm, Alcatel ONETOUCH POP Mirage) based upon the CyanogenMod source code.

Cyanogen OS is often distributed with additional bundled proprietary apps such as the Google Play ecosystem,[134] and a suite of software unique to Cyanogen OS known as C-Apps.[135] CyanogenMod does not include either by default, but users can obtain them separately if they wish.[135][136]

Initially distinguished with the suffix -S (CyanogenMod 11S), with version 12 Cyanogen rebranded the custom offering as Cyanogen OS. Cyanogen started pushing Cyanogen OS 13 based on Android 6.0.1 to OnePlus One phones OTA on April 9, 2016 phase wise by the code name ZNH0EAS26M. CyanogenMod can be installed on Cyanogen OS devices.

Differences between CyanogenMod and Cyanogen OS[edit]

Name Stock or replacement firmware? Based on: Pre-installed or manual installation required? Root access (Superuser)? Developers:
Cyanogen OS Stock firmware pre-installed on some smartphones. Android Open Source Project. Comes pre-installed on some devices. No Cyanogen
CyanogenMod Replacement firmware for devices with Android pre-installed. Manual installation required Yes Cyanogen and The CyanogenMod community

Supported devices[edit]

CyanogenMod officially supports a large number of devices, including most Nexus and Google Play Edition devices. It provides SNAPSHOT (stable) and NIGHTLY builds for more than 150 devices (on the current development branch).[137]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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