8 August 1932
Naigaum, near Lalbaug, Mumbai (Village-Ingavali, Tal-Bhor, Pune)
|Died||30 September 1997
Rama Niwas, Shivaji Park, Mumbai
|Occupation||Actor, Director, Lyricist, Writer|
|Home town||Ingavali, Tal-Bhor, Pune|
|Spouse(s)||Nalini Kondke (1960-1967)|
|Children||Tejaswini Kondke (1969-Present)|
Krishna Kondke (August 8, 1932 – March 14, 1998), popularly known as Dada Kondke, was a Marathi actor and film producer. He was one of the most renowned personalities in Marathi film industry, famous for his double entendre dialogues in movies.
Kondke was born in a family owning a grocery shop and owners of chawls in Morbaug area of of Mumbai which were let out. They had and have agricultural land. His family members were also foreman handling millworkers of Bombay Dyeing on Gokulashtami day and hence was named Krishna. Dada Kondke was entered in the Guinness Book of World Records for the highest number of films (nine) that achieved silver jubilee (running for 25 consecutive weeks). Kondke was called "Dada", an honorific Marathi term meaning "elder brother", which led to his popular name Dada Kondke. He was credited with introducing the genre of sex comedy to Marathi cinema and Indian cinema.
Kondke was a born and raised in a cotton mill-worker family in a chawl in Naigaon, near Lalbaug, Mumbai.His family originally hailed from the village of Ingavali which was in the erstwhile Bhor State near Pune.Dada and his migrant family retained close connections to their rural roots. As a youngster , Dada was a rough kid who later on took up job in a local grocery retail chain called Apna Bazaar. It was then that he lost most of his immediate family to unfortunate events.The recovery from the grieving process changed him profoundly and made him stay focused on the lighter side of life and make people around laugh. Dada started his entertainment career with a band and then as a stage actor. While working for the drama company, he toured all over Maharashtra which helped him understand what entertainment clicked with the local population.
He got involved in cultural activities of Seva Dal, a Congress party volunteers organization. He started working in dramas and came in contact with various drama related personalities one of who was Vasant Sabnis, a well known Marathi writer. He decided to play big and started his own drama company, and approached Sabnis to compose a drama script for him. Sabnis was impressed with his personality and his performance in Khankhanpurcha Raja (literal translation, Bankrupt king), and wrote a drama (Loknatya)) in the Tamasha tradition of Maharashtra. The drama was named Vichha Majhi Puri Kara (literal translation, Fulfil my desires), which was a turning point in his life. The drama went on to play over 1500 shows and made him a star.
Vichha Majhi Puri Kara' got Dada into spotlight and also gave him an entry into Marathi movies through a role in Bhalji Pendharkar's movie "Tambdi Maati".He then turned producer with Songadya in 1971. Songadya was based on a story written by Vasant Sabnis, and was directed by Govind Kulkarni. He cast himself as Namya, the simpleton who falls to the glamour of Kalavati (played by Usha Chavan) who is a dancer in Tamasha.Some of the other people, who played major characters in this movie, were Nilu Phule, Ganpat Patil, Sampat Nikam and Ratnamala. He retained his team from Songadya and delivered his next hit Eakta Jeev Sadashiv. Dada's storylines were always based on the simpleton engaged in lower level occupations.For example, he portrayed himself as a "Dhobi" (Laundry Man) in Aali Angavar, Poor Farmer in Songadya, and a Simple policeman in Pandu Havaldar'.He used the same team of actors, technicians and playback singers to repeat the formula for success that he believed he had got from his debut film. Dada movies, produced under the "Kamakshi Pictures" banner, had the same set of people, which included Usha Chavan as the lead actress, Rajesh Mujumdar as screen play writer (From Pandu Hawaldar onwards), Raam Laxman, as his music director, initially Jayawant Kulkarni and then Mahendra Kapoor as the male playback singer,Usha Mangeshkar as the female playback singer, and Bal Mohite as the chief assistant.He often employed the veteran actor dancer,Bhagwan Dada in dancing sequences in films such as Aali Angavar, Hyoch Navra Pahije, Bot Lavin Tithe Gudgulya, andRam Ram Gangaram.'
|1972||Eakta Jeev Sadashiv||Marathi|
|1973||Andhala Marto Dola||Marathi|
|1976||Tumch Amach Jamala||Marathi|
|1977||Ram Ram Gangaram||Gangaram||Marathi|
|1978||Bot Lavin Tithe Gudgudalya||Chhotu||Marathi|
|1980||Hyoch Navra Pahije||Gopi||Marathi|
|1986||Andheri Raat Mein Diya Tere Haath Mein||Hindi|
|1988||Muka Ghya Mukaa||Marathi|
|1992||Yevu Kaa Gharaat||Marathi|
|1984||Tere Mere Beech Mein||Gangaram|
|2000||Le Chal Apne Sang||Hindi||(dedicated to the memory of) produced by Sunita Kondke|
As a lyricist he introduced song on animals
Balasaheb Thackeray with helped dada with screenings of "Songadya", a film full of with sexual innuendos that many found objectionable. Mr. Thackeray's justification for supporting Mr. Kondke was that he was a Marathi "manoos" (man). In return, Mr. Kondke, with Gajanan Shirke, helped found the Chitrapat Shakha, the Sena's culture police Dada kondake in the early years of Shiv Sena was very active Shiv sainik who got impressed with Balasaheb Thackeray's charisma and had toured Maharashtra to set up the roots of Shiv Sena. He was able to influence many areas of rural Maharashtra due to his popularity and way of making fiery speeches to impress the masses. Sena was able to use his influence for early gains.
He was married to Nalini but divorced later.He did not remarry . On September 30, 1997 at 4:28 am, at his residence Rama Niwas in Dadar, Mumbai Kondke suffered a heart attack. He was rushed to Shushrusha Nursing Home, where he died. At that time he was working on the film Jaraa Dheer Dhara with Usha Chavan.