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Story of the Daily Worker / Morning Star - Recorded in 1989
Story of the Daily Worker / Morning Star - Recorded in 1989
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: spirerich1917
The Daily Worker Offices (1948)
The Daily Worker Offices (1948)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Building the house with daily worker Kwak Si-yang [Sister
Building the house with daily worker Kwak Si-yang [Sister's Slam Dunk/2017.01.13]
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: KBS World TV
DOUGLAS HYDE RETIRES FROM THE "DAILY WORKER"
DOUGLAS HYDE RETIRES FROM THE "DAILY WORKER"
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
[Gangstar Vegas] The life of a daily worker
[Gangstar Vegas] The life of a daily worker
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: Dan T
Seinfeld Personals In The Daily Worker "Yours or hers?" Scene
Seinfeld Personals In The Daily Worker "Yours or hers?" Scene
Published: 2013/02/05
Channel: nin10jo
kenangan... Kawan-kawan Daily Worker Bd Alsut
kenangan... Kawan-kawan Daily Worker Bd Alsut
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: arief ardiansyah
Cruising daily worker
Cruising daily worker
Published: 2011/07/30
Channel: TheSOUTHCOASTCRUISER
A daily worker don
A daily worker don't do his job
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Daily prank and Bengli News with Rantu
The exclusive * Bekham becom daily worker After retirement hhhhhh version Sendid larab
The exclusive * Bekham becom daily worker After retirement hhhhhh version Sendid larab
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Futsal Club Gafsa
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS MEETING - SOUND
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS MEETING - SOUND
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
the DAILY WORKER plays Diamonds @ SLC 2K5
the DAILY WORKER plays Diamonds @ SLC 2K5
Published: 2006/11/16
Channel: ionicdesign
Daycare Worker Pleads Guilty to Child Endangerment After Abuse Caught on Camera  - Crime Watch Daily
Daycare Worker Pleads Guilty to Child Endangerment After Abuse Caught on Camera - Crime Watch Daily
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Crime Watch Daily
the DAILY WORKER Werks it
the DAILY WORKER Werks it
Published: 2006/11/13
Channel: BritaCapell
The Daily Miracle Part 1 (Morning Star documentary)
The Daily Miracle Part 1 (Morning Star documentary)
Published: 2010/12/12
Channel: gmh04
Awesome singer she is a daily worker in agri field
Awesome singer she is a daily worker in agri field
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: RAGHU A C Jnan
casual hijab for daily worker by meiriza
casual hijab for daily worker by meiriza
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: Meiriza Ardianti
Daily Worker #Pasang Projector EPSON EB 1340 Wi at SinarMas
Daily Worker #Pasang Projector EPSON EB 1340 Wi at SinarMas
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Ferry Break
Daily Worker & Daily Seller |Short Film 2016 | Yes Foundation |
Daily Worker & Daily Seller |Short Film 2016 | Yes Foundation |
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Sanjana Sonawane
Elaine is dating a communist.
Elaine is dating a communist.
Published: 2013/10/20
Channel: Sadiq S. Habib
కూలిపని చేసిన మంత్రి | TRS Minister Jagadish Reddy Turns as Daily Worker | Nalgonda | HMTV
కూలిపని చేసిన మంత్రి | TRS Minister Jagadish Reddy Turns as Daily Worker | Nalgonda | HMTV
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: hmtv News
ALLAH
ALLAH'S GIRLS ATTACK DAYCARE WORKER IN LONDON
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Kenn Daily
Inside the daily life of a migrant worker in Arizona
Inside the daily life of a migrant worker in Arizona
Published: 2013/04/05
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
The Daily Miracle Part 2 (Morning Star documentary)
The Daily Miracle Part 2 (Morning Star documentary)
Published: 2010/12/14
Channel: gmh04
DAILY WORKER (audioman)
DAILY WORKER (audioman)
Published: 2013/12/01
Channel: aribba ari
Massive Road Accident in Karnataka:11 Daily worker Spot Died, 7 Injured |Mahaa News
Massive Road Accident in Karnataka:11 Daily worker Spot Died, 7 Injured |Mahaa News
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Mahaa News
java 4 daily worker
java 4 daily worker
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Pothuraju Tejus UR15CS013
Daily Stretching Routine For The Desk Worker
Daily Stretching Routine For The Desk Worker
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Connor Naccarato
A daily worker from Delhi on Currency demonetized
A daily worker from Delhi on Currency demonetized
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: StandWithIndia
DAILY WORKER BANDAR DJAKARTA ALAM SUTERA TAKBIRAN
DAILY WORKER BANDAR DJAKARTA ALAM SUTERA TAKBIRAN
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: Juno Tetsuya
Ü.T. -  The daily Worker
Ü.T. - The daily Worker's Luck
Published: 2010/05/28
Channel: Eckbert4020
10 Stretches Every Office Worker Should Do Daily For Neck, Shoulder, Arm, Wrist, & Back Pain.
10 Stretches Every Office Worker Should Do Daily For Neck, Shoulder, Arm, Wrist, & Back Pain.
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: physicaltherapyvideo
Cummins Daily Worker Build part1
Cummins Daily Worker Build part1
Published: 2011/11/13
Channel: diesel kevin
Cummins Daily Worker Build part2
Cummins Daily Worker Build part2
Published: 2011/12/10
Channel: diesel kevin
Chinese railway station worker stops student from throwing herself in front of train at last moment
Chinese railway station worker stops student from throwing herself in front of train at last moment
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: People's Daily, China
Mailman 1946 Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Postal Worker
Mailman 1946 Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Postal Worker's Daily Routine
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Daily Catholic Mass: 5/1/14 | St. Joseph the Worker
Daily Catholic Mass: 5/1/14 | St. Joseph the Worker
Published: 2014/05/01
Channel: The CatholicTV Network
Dungeon & Dragons Neverwinter - Lets Play - Part 49 -Worker Recruitment Guild Daily Mission-Cleric
Dungeon & Dragons Neverwinter - Lets Play - Part 49 -Worker Recruitment Guild Daily Mission-Cleric
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: AC-Gamer
San Quintín: The daily labor of an agricultural worker in the red
San Quintín: The daily labor of an agricultural worker in the red
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Regeneración Radio
Daily wage worker’s daughter scores 93%, to become a Dr
Daily wage worker’s daughter scores 93%, to become a Dr
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Goa 365tv
The Daily Traditionalist: Henry Ford the Worker’s Champion 8-29-17
The Daily Traditionalist: Henry Ford the Worker’s Champion 8-29-17
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Gustaf Johanson
One-legged delivery worker moves hundreds of packages daily
One-legged delivery worker moves hundreds of packages daily
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: New China TV
Daily Worker  | Short Film 2016 | Yes Foundation |
Daily Worker | Short Film 2016 | Yes Foundation |
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Pandurang Bhosale
తెరాస ఎమ్మెల్యేల వింత జాబులు ప్లినరీ కోసం|TRS MLA
తెరాస ఎమ్మెల్యేల వింత జాబులు ప్లినరీ కోసం|TRS MLA's Turns as Daily Workers|TRS Plenary Meeting 2017
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Mahaa News
Bangladeshi worker rescued in Oman & other stories, Daily Digest, April 29, 2015
Bangladeshi worker rescued in Oman & other stories, Daily Digest, April 29, 2015
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: Times of Oman
2022 FIFA WORLD CUP In QATAR Has A Migrent Worker DIE DAILY To Build Stadium
2022 FIFA WORLD CUP In QATAR Has A Migrent Worker DIE DAILY To Build Stadium
Published: 2013/10/02
Channel: Tsiyonut times
Prayer For Workplace - Daily Morning Prayer For Work
Prayer For Workplace - Daily Morning Prayer For Work
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: DailyEffectivePrayer
Top Blokes Senior Youth Worker on Switzer Daily
Top Blokes Senior Youth Worker on Switzer Daily
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: TopBlokesFoundation
What PMLN Workers Did With PTI Female Worker??
What PMLN Workers Did With PTI Female Worker??
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Daily Pak News
Defending 12 pool PvZ (and some fancy worker micro!) - PiG Daily #117
Defending 12 pool PvZ (and some fancy worker micro!) - PiG Daily #117
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: PiG
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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This is about the American Communist newspaper. For the British Communist newspaper of the same name, see Morning Star (British newspaper).


Daily Worker
Type Daily newspaper
Format broadsheet and tabloid
Publisher Communist Party USA
Founded 1921 weekly; 1924 daily
Political alignment Communist
Ceased publication Jan. 1958 (daily)
Headquarters New York City and Chicago
Circulation various

The Daily Worker was a newspaper published in New York City by the Communist Party USA, a formerly Comintern-affiliated organization. Publication began in 1924.[1] While it generally reflected the prevailing views of the party, some attempts were made to reflect a broader spectrum of left-wing opinion. At its peak, the newspaper achieved a circulation of 35,000. Notable contributors to its pages included Robert Minor and Fred Ellis (cartoonists), Lester Rodney (sports editor), David Karr, Richard Wright, John L. Spivak, Peter Fryer, Woody Guthrie and Louis Budenz.

History[edit]

Earlier names[edit]

The ancestry of the Daily Worker goes back to the weekly Ohio Socialist published by the Socialist Party of Ohio out of Cleveland from 1917 to November 1919. The Ohio party joined the nascent Communist Labor Party of America at the 1919 Emergency National Convention.

The Ohio Socialist became Toiler in November 1919. In 1920, with the CLP going underground, Toiler became the party's "aboveground" newspaper published by "The Toiler Publishing Association." It remained as the Cleveland aboveground publication of the CLP and its successors until February 1922.

In December 1921 the "aboveground" Workers Party of America was founded and the Toiler merged with Workers Council of the Workers' Council of the United States to found the six page weekly The Worker.

This became the Daily Worker beginning January 13, 1924.[2]

The Ohio Socialist only used whole numbers. Its final issue was #94 November 19, 1919. The Toiler continued this numbering, even though a typographical error made its debut issue #85 November 26, 1919. Beginning sometime in 1921 the volume number IV was added, perhaps reflecting the publications fourth year in print, though its issue numbers continued the whole number scheme. The final edition of the Toiler was Vol IV #207 January 28, 1922. The Worker continued the Toilers numbering during its run Vol. IV #208 February 2, 1922 to Vol. VI #310 January 12, 1924. The first edition of Daily worker was numbered Vol. I #311.[2]

Popular Front changes[edit]

May Day parade float with statue reading the “Daily Worker”

In politics, the Daily Worker consistently adhered to a Stalinist party line from the time of Joseph Stalin's rise to power in the Soviet Union. The paper maintained a series of correspondents in Moscow, including Vern Smith in the middle 1930s, who invariably depicted Soviet reality in the most favorable light. The paper upheld the verdicts of the Moscow trials, widely criticized at the time as show trials, and later exposed as having used fabricated evidence and extorted confessions. The Daily Worker's editorials constantly criticized any and all opponents of Stalinist socialism, including other communists, such as Leon Trotsky, who was assassinated at Stalin's order in 1940.

Beginning in the Popular Front period of the 1930s, when the party proclaimed that "Communism is Twentieth Century Americanism" and characterized itself as the heirs to the tradition of Washington and Lincoln, the paper broadened its coverage of the arts and entertainment. In 1935 it established a sports page, with contributions from David Karr, the page was edited and frequently written by Lester Rodney. The paper's sports coverage combined enthusiasm for baseball with the usual Marxist social critique of capitalist society and bourgeois attitudes, and today is primarily noted for consistently advocating the desegregation of professional sports.

Post-World War II[edit]

The Daily Worker had constant financial and distribution problems. Many newsstands and stores would not carry the paper. The revelations of Soviet MVD spy rings inside the U.S. government, the 1945 revelations of Daily Worker managing editor Louis Budenz, a self-admitted recruiter of agents for the Soviet NKVD (forerunner of the MVD and KGB), combined with the resultant intense anti-communism of the 1950s (labeled McCarthyism) caused a large drop in the paper's circulation.

The membership of the American Communist Party had fallen to around 20,000 in 1956, when Khrushchev's speech to the 20th Congress of the CPSU (the "Secret Speech") on the personality cult of Stalin became known. The paper printed articles in support for the early stages of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, a popular revolt by the Hungarian people against continued domination by the Soviet Union, which had installed a puppet regime, the János Kádár government, in Budapest and had begun to persecute its political opponents. The Daily Worker's editor, John Gates opened the paper for discussion of the topic, a novel event for a party-line newspaper, and one appeared to promise further liberalization and dialogue inside the Communist Party in the United States.

Despite widespread dissension in the CPUSA, the paper finally endorsed Moscow's suppression of the Hungarian uprising. In the disruptions that followed, about half of the remaining party membership left the party, including Gates and many staff members of the Daily Worker. Owing to greatly reduced operating income associated with a reduced membership, the CPUSA was forced to cease publication of a daily paper, with the final issue of the Daily Worker appearing on January 13, 1958.[3]

After a short hiatus, the party published a weekend paper called The Worker from 1958 until 1968. A Tuesday edition called The Midweek Worker was added in 1961 and also continued until 1968, when production was accelerated. According to ex-CIA agent Philip Agee, a large number of subscribers during this period were CIA agents or front companies linked to the CIA. Agee claimed that the CIA's funding in this manner prevented the Worker from having to cease publication.

Two newspapers and a merger[edit]

In 1968 the Communist Party resumed publication of a New York daily paper, now titled The Daily World. In 1986, the paper merged with the party's West Coast weekly paper, the People's World, which had been slightly less closely hewed to the Moscow political line as the New York party organization and paper had been. The new People’s Daily World published from 1987 until 1991, when daily publication was abandoned.

The paper cut back to a weekly issue and was retitled People's Weekly World (later retitled to People's World as to de-emphasize the weekly component), which remains the paper of the Communist Party USA today. Print publication of the People's World ceased in 2010 in favor of an online edition.

Currently (2012), People's World claims that, "Peoplesworld.org is a daily news website of, for and by the 99% and the direct descendant of the Daily Worker." Its publisher is Long View Publishing Company. The online newspaper is a member of the International Labor Communications Association and is indexed in the Alternative Press Index. Its staff belong to the Newspaper Guild/CWA, AFL-CIO.[4]

Masthead[edit]

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

1940s[edit]

1950s[edit]

Pamphlets[edit]

Before the Party established the Workers Library Publishers in late 1927, the party used to Daily Worker Publishing Company imprint to publishes its pamphlets.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Pederson, Vernon (January 11, 2008). "Take It As Red". On The Media for National Public Radio. Archived from the original on 2008-08-21. Founded in 1924, the Daily Worker – which ceased to be a daily 50 years ago – was the de facto house organ of American Communism. 
  2. ^ a b Goldwater, Walter Radical periodicals in America 1890-1950 New Haven, Yale University Library 1964 pp.10, 30, 42, 46
  3. ^ Daryl Van Vleet and Jean Van Vleet, "Daily Worker (vol. 35, no. 7)," Oakland, CA: Bibliomania online catalog, accessed Aug. 30, 2016.
  4. ^ "About the People's World". People's World. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d Chambers, Whittaker (1952). Witness. New York: Random House. pp. 206–207, 218–229, 252–259. ISBN 978-0-89526-789-4. 

Further reading[edit]

Articles[edit]

  • Fetter, Henry D. "The Party Line and the Color Line: The American Communist Party, the Daily Worker and Jackie Robinson." Journal of Sport History 28, no. 3 (Fall 2001).
  • Gottfried, Erika, "Shooting Back: The Daily Worker Photographs Collection," American Communist History, vol. 12, no. 1 (April 2013), pp. 41–69.
  • Lamb, Christopher and Rusinack, Kelly E. "Hitting From the Left: The Daily Worker's Assault on Baseball's Color Line". Gumpert, Gary and Drucker, Susan J., eds. Take Me Out to the Ballgame: Communicating Baseball. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 2002.
  • Rusinack, Kelly E. "Baseball on the Radical Agenda: The Daily and Sunday Worker Journalistic Campaign to Desegregate Major League Baseball, 1933-1947". Dorinson, Joseph, and Woramund, Joram, eds. Jackie Robinson: Race, Sports, and the American Dream. New York: E.M. Swift, 1998.
  • Smith, Ronald A. "The Paul Robeson-Jackie Robinson Saga and a Political Collision". Journal of Sport History 6, no. 2 (1979).

Theses[edit]

  • Evans, William Barrett. "Revolutionist Thought in the Daily Worker, 1919-1939". Ph.D. diss. University of Washington, 1965.
  • Jeffries, Dexter. "Richard Wright and the ‘Daily Worker’: A Native Son’s Journalistic Apprenticeship". Ph.D. diss. City University of New York, 2000.
  • Rusinack, Kelly E. "Baseball on the Radical Agenda: The Daily and Sunday Worker on Desegregating Major League Baseball, 1933-1947". M.A. Thesis, Clemson University, South Carolina, 1995.
  • Shoemaker, Martha Mcardell. "Propaganda or Persuasion: The Communist Party and Its Campaign to Integrate Baseball". Master’s thesis. University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 1999.

Books[edit]

  • Chambers, Whittaker (1952). Witness. New York: Random House. pp. 218–229, 252–259. ISBN 978-0-89526-789-4. 
  • Hemingway, Andrew. Artists on the Left: American Artists and the Communist Movement, 1926-1956. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2002.
  • Schappes, Morris U. The Daily Worker: Heir to the Great Tradition. New York: Daily Worker, 1944.
  • Silber, Irwin. Press Box Red: The Story of Lester Rodney, The Communist Who Helped Break the Color Line in American Sports. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003.

External links[edit]

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