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1
Glimtar från Dalsland 1946.
Glimtar från Dalsland 1946.
::2011/07/23::
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2
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2014 Skifors
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2014 Skifors
::2014/08/11::
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3
dalsland pilgrimstrail
dalsland pilgrimstrail
::2011/12/01::
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4
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2014 Baldersnäs
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2014 Baldersnäs
::2014/08/09::
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5
Outdoor in Dalsland
Outdoor in Dalsland
::2014/06/18::
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6
Dalsland XC 60km MTB XC Race - Full Video - Bengtfors 3/5 2014
Dalsland XC 60km MTB XC Race - Full Video - Bengtfors 3/5 2014
::2014/05/11::
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7
Rucksack Reisen - Kanutraum Dalsland 2013 - Schweden
Rucksack Reisen - Kanutraum Dalsland 2013 - Schweden
::2014/04/04::
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8
Official movie Dalsland Kanot Maraton+ 2014 (Swe)
Official movie Dalsland Kanot Maraton+ 2014 (Swe)
::2014/11/28::
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9
Dalsland-Kanal Upperud
Dalsland-Kanal Upperud
::2012/09/21::
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10
Paddling i Dalsland 2014
Paddling i Dalsland 2014
::2014/06/23::
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11
Sportfishing Dalsland
Sportfishing Dalsland
::2011/09/23::
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12
Official movie Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2013
Official movie Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2013
::2014/01/31::
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13
Dalsland XC 2014
Dalsland XC 2014
::2014/05/03::
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14
Galenskaparna Dalsland Hobbys Alla Förolämpningar
Galenskaparna Dalsland Hobbys Alla Förolämpningar
::2013/07/08::
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15
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2014 Skåpafors
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2014 Skåpafors
::2014/08/09::
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16
Dalsland Ring Discovery Nordic Winner
Dalsland Ring Discovery Nordic Winner
::2009/10/28::
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17
Dalsland X-Trail 2014
Dalsland X-Trail 2014
::2014/10/06::
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18
About Sportfishing Dalsland
About Sportfishing Dalsland
::2013/12/31::
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19
scandtrack Dalsland/Nordmarken - Kanu auf eigene Faust Juli 2013
scandtrack Dalsland/Nordmarken - Kanu auf eigene Faust Juli 2013
::2013/07/27::
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20
Rucksack Reisen Kanutraum Dalsland 2014 -Schweden-
Rucksack Reisen Kanutraum Dalsland 2014 -Schweden-
::2014/08/02::
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21
Schweden 2012 Kanutour Dalsland
Schweden 2012 Kanutour Dalsland
::2013/03/05::
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22
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2013 Del 1
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2013 Del 1
::2013/08/10::
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23
Day 3 in Western Sweden: Dalsland Canoe Marathon 2014
Day 3 in Western Sweden: Dalsland Canoe Marathon 2014
::2014/08/10::
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24
Blixten och älgoxe i Dalsland
Blixten och älgoxe i Dalsland
::2013/11/19::
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25
Dalsland Fishing Schweden - wir haben alles für Ihre Angelreise!
Dalsland Fishing Schweden - wir haben alles für Ihre Angelreise!
::2014/02/27::
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26
Bohuslän-Dalsland 2013 (38): Sanne - Färgelanda
Bohuslän-Dalsland 2013 (38): Sanne - Färgelanda
::2014/03/26::
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27
Dalslands kanal med M/S Storholmen (Håverud till akvedukten), del 1/3
Dalslands kanal med M/S Storholmen (Håverud till akvedukten), del 1/3
::2012/08/24::
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28
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2012
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2012
::2012/09/04::
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29
Dalsland Kanot Maraton+ 2014
Dalsland Kanot Maraton+ 2014
::2014/10/02::
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30
Lennartsfors - Hjärtat i Dalslands Kanal.m4v
Lennartsfors - Hjärtat i Dalslands Kanal.m4v
::2011/12/20::
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31
Dalsland Ring 1966 1970 on rFactorcentral
Dalsland Ring 1966 1970 on rFactorcentral
::2013/11/04::
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32
Flygtokar i Dalsland
Flygtokar i Dalsland
::2014/11/08::
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33
Schwedentour 2013  mit dem Kanu in Dalsland auf dem FOXEN
Schwedentour 2013 mit dem Kanu in Dalsland auf dem FOXEN
::2014/02/14::
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34
Tattarsafari Dalsland
Tattarsafari Dalsland
::2014/04/20::
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35
ERIK BERGER, Bengtsfors, Dalsland, Racing, Tio SM guld, SAAB, Ford Escort TC 1600 BDA
ERIK BERGER, Bengtsfors, Dalsland, Racing, Tio SM guld, SAAB, Ford Escort TC 1600 BDA
::2013/03/29::
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36
Dalsland Canal Sweden
Dalsland Canal Sweden
::2014/10/29::
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37
Formel Vee Dalsland Ring 1966
Formel Vee Dalsland Ring 1966
::2011/01/10::
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38
Cruisin
Cruisin' Dalsland
::2014/01/14::
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39
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2013 Del 2
Dalsland Kanot Maraton 2013 Del 2
::2013/08/10::
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40
Dalsland Kanal del 1 film av Wilfried Hofmann
Dalsland Kanal del 1 film av Wilfried Hofmann
::2013/10/21::
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41
Dalsland   JämtlandHärjedalen F99 20140627 1
Dalsland JämtlandHärjedalen F99 20140627 1
::2014/06/28::
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42
Glaskogen / Värmland / Dalsland per Kajak
Glaskogen / Värmland / Dalsland per Kajak
::2011/08/06::
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43
Dalsland aktiviteter 2012
Dalsland aktiviteter 2012
::2012/09/13::
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44
Musik i Dalsland
Musik i Dalsland
::2014/11/24::
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45
One of Swedens Best MC-Roads: Tisselskog-Håverud (Dalsland)
One of Swedens Best MC-Roads: Tisselskog-Håverud (Dalsland)
::2010/12/29::
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46
Dalsland Fishing - Tom Farstad drillar grann lax på Vänern
Dalsland Fishing - Tom Farstad drillar grann lax på Vänern
::2011/10/05::
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47
LIVE ♫ Luciavisa från Dalsland - Arrangement by Ellie Stjerna
LIVE ♫ Luciavisa från Dalsland - Arrangement by Ellie Stjerna
::2012/12/31::
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48
Bohuslän-Dalsland 2013 (27): Skaftö - Fiskebäckskil
Bohuslän-Dalsland 2013 (27): Skaftö - Fiskebäckskil
::2013/12/02::
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49
Ingela spelar durspel. Vals till Dalsland
Ingela spelar durspel. Vals till Dalsland
::2013/01/13::
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50
Dalslandssången - en kommun i Dalsland - folkomröstning i Bengtsfors 2014
Dalslandssången - en kommun i Dalsland - folkomröstning i Bengtsfors 2014
::2014/08/05::
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Dalsland
Coat of arms of Dalsland
Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Dalsland.svg
Country Sweden
Land Götaland
Counties Västra Götaland County
Värmland County
Area
 • Total 3,708 km2 (1,432 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 50,527
 • Density 14/km2 (35/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Language Swedish
 • Dialect Götamål
Culture
 • Flower Forget-me-not
 • Animal Raven
 • Bird
 • Fish
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Dalsland is a Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Götaland in southern Sweden. Lying to the west of Lake Vänern, it is bordered by Värmland to the north, Västergötland to the southeast, Bohuslän to the west, and Norway to the northwest.

The province has a low population density of around 14 inhabitants/km² and just one town of significant size: Åmål. The total population numbers 50,527.[1] The uninhabited areas are characterized by dense forests in the northwestern uplands and lakes in the east, giving rise to the epithet, commonly used for Dalsland, of "Sweden's lake province".

The Latinized name Dalia, which was often used to name Dalsland in older prints, can still sometimes be encountered.

Administration[edit]

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. Dalsland formed the northern part of the administrative county Älvsborg County until 1998 when the present Västra Götaland County was formed. A very small part of the province, Dalboredden, is in Värmland County.

Heraldry[edit]

Dalsland was granted its arms at the time of the funeral of Gustav Vasa in 1560. In the 16th century Dalsland had the status of a County (Comitatus) and was represented with an Earl's coronet. On January 18, 1884 the Privy Council gave all provinces the right of use to a Dukal coronet for their coat of arms. Blazon: "Argent an Ox passant armed and hoofed Or."

Etymology[edit]

Dalsland was originally called Dal, "Valley", originally referring only to the flat southeastern part. The name Dal is still in part used locally, about all Dalsland. The name Dalsland, "valley land", might have been given by central authorities, to distinguish from Dalarna.

Geography[edit]

A typical lake in Dalsland
View from the Kroppefjäll tableland, wherein an enclosed area is designated as nature reserve.

No other part of Sweden has its area covered with as many lakes as Dalsland does.[citation needed] Of its total area, around 450 km² is water, but a part of lake Vänern (Sweden's largest lake) is also belonging to the province.

From the shores of Vänern, one can sail through the river systems up to the mythical lake Stora Le. Stora Le has a length of 66km, whereof 37km are within Dalsland, and the remaining part within the Värmland province, with a bay into Norway.

The terrain consists of 1/4 agricultural lands and 2/3 forested lands. The province's southern part are suitable for agriculture, but there is a shortage of man-power to cultivate it.

Tresticklan is a national park in Dalsland. There are also several nature reserves.

The Dalsland Canal was completed in 1868 and has 28 locks in its length of 254 km.

Sub-divisions[edit]

Municipalities are local districts of administration, with elected councils. Within Dalsland's borders these are the municipalities:

  1. Bengtsfors Municipality
  2. Dals-Ed Municipality
  3. Färgelanda Municipality
  4. Mellerud Municipality
  5. Åmål Municipality
  6. Parts of Munkedal, Säffle, Vänersborg and Årjäng Municipalities.

Dalsland was historically divided into one chartered city and five hundreds. The hundreds were provincial sub-divisions from the Middle Ages, but were discontinued in the early 20th century.

Dalsland's chartered city was Åmål (royal charter in 1643). Its hundreds were: Nordal Hundred, Sundal Hundred, Tössbo Hundred, Valbo Hundred and Vedbo Hundred. They correspond approximately to today's municipalities: Nordal → Mellerud, Sundal → part of Vänersborg, Tössbo+Åmål → Åmål, Valbo → Färgelanda and Vedbo → Bengtsfors+Dals-Ed.

History[edit]

The original name of Dalsland was "Dal" – "Dalsland" was not used until the 19th century. Dal literally means "Valley".

The area has around 5,000 localized ancient remains. They indicate the origin of the inhabitants to stem from the south and the province Bohuslän; dialectal studies and social aspects have come to a similar conclusion. [1]

Since ancient times the description "Lives on Dal" has been the description used by the inhabitants themselves to describe where they live, instead of the usual "lives in ...". Speculation has it, this is due to the remote and isolated location of the province. [1]

In the 13th century the inhabitants were referred to as "The West gothics west of lake Vänern" by King Magnus Ladulås. A provincial law of 1442 called them "The West Gothics of Dal". All sources point to them being a – remote – part of the Västergötland (West Gothia) province.

Its exposed location near the Norwegian border made it subject to invasion, although to a lesser degree than the southern Bohuslän and Västergötland. It was first conquered around 1100 by the Norwegian Magnus Barefoot, who only held until King Valdemar Atterdag re-drew the provincial borders. [1]

The Nordic Seven Years' War was particularly hard, especially 1568 when 281 farms were burnt. Other feuds that were negative for the province were those of 1611-1612, 1644-1645 and 1675–1679.

Culture[edit]

People in the western part of Dalsland were believed to have migrated from Bohuslän, although probably long before that area was Norwegian. A distinctive feature in the Högsäter-area of Valbo Hundred was an inclination to brown eyes and dark hair, and a slightly rounder facial shape. [1]

The municipalities in Dalsland still makes frequent use of the provincial name, as the means to distinguish their history and culture from the rest of West Sweden. Culturally, Dalsland is as connected to Värmland as it is to the other neighbouring provinces Västergötland and Bohuslän.

Tongue[edit]

The dialect is a Swedish language variety known as the Dalbo-dialect. It is a variation of the Götamål dialect, and closest related to the other Götaland provinces, although it differs from them in the absence of a guttural R.

Its location by the Norwegian border has also added some features. The dialects vary over the province, since it is mostly hilly but has some more densely populated areas near its borders. These areas have been influenced by the neighbour areas.

Sports[edit]

Football in the province is administered by Dalslands Fotbollförbund.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Sweden
  • From Nordisk familjebok, owl edition; vol. 5; p. 1136 (1906). (link below).
  • From Nordisk familjebok, owl edition; vol. 5; p. 1137 (1906).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°16′26″N 12°26′53″E / 59.274°N 12.448°E / 59.274; 12.448

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