Play Video
1
ishida mitsunari vs date masamune part 1
ishida mitsunari vs date masamune part 1
::2012/02/05::
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2
[DSS] Date Masamune AMV
[DSS] Date Masamune AMV
::2010/09/10::
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3
Sengoku Basara Masamune Engrish Lines (Season 2)
Sengoku Basara Masamune Engrish Lines (Season 2)
::2010/09/30::
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4
sengoku basara 1: date masamune vs yukimura all battles
sengoku basara 1: date masamune vs yukimura all battles
::2013/02/07::
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5
SENGOKU BASARA Masamune Date vs Motochika Chosokabe
SENGOKU BASARA Masamune Date vs Motochika Chosokabe
::2012/06/07::
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6
Date Masamune VS Maeda Keiji
Date Masamune VS Maeda Keiji
::2009/07/22::
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7
.ENGLISH. [Sneeze] Date Masamune~ Sengoku Basara
.ENGLISH. [Sneeze] Date Masamune~ Sengoku Basara
::2010/02/13::
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8
Date Masamune Tribute - E.T
Date Masamune Tribute - E.T
::2011/04/25::
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9
ishida mitsunari vs date masamune part 2
ishida mitsunari vs date masamune part 2
::2012/02/29::
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10
Sengoku basara - Date Masamune amv
Sengoku basara - Date Masamune amv
::2013/07/26::
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11
Sengoku Basara All Date Masamune Engrish Lines (Season 1)
Sengoku Basara All Date Masamune Engrish Lines (Season 1)
::2013/04/03::
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12
Samurai Warriors 2 Masamune Date
Samurai Warriors 2 Masamune Date's Cutscenes (English)
::2012/07/01::
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13
Sengoku Basara 4 - 戦国BASARA4: 伊達政宗 PART 1 [Date Masamune]
Sengoku Basara 4 - 戦国BASARA4: 伊達政宗 PART 1 [Date Masamune]
::2014/01/24::
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14
Sengoku BASARA: Samurai Heroes Masamune Date story Part 1
Sengoku BASARA: Samurai Heroes Masamune Date story Part 1
::2012/07/20::
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15
Iwadeyama: Castle town of Date Masamune
Iwadeyama: Castle town of Date Masamune's origins
::2013/01/31::
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16
Date Masamune vs Yukimura vs Keiji Maeda
Date Masamune vs Yukimura vs Keiji Maeda
::2012/03/24::
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17
Sengoku Basara Maeda Keiji vs Date Masamune English
Sengoku Basara Maeda Keiji vs Date Masamune English
::2012/05/17::
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18
Date Masamune
Date Masamune's Theme (War Dance)
::2013/03/11::
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19
DATE MASAMUNE: THE ONE-EYED DRAGON TRAILER
DATE MASAMUNE: THE ONE-EYED DRAGON TRAILER
::2012/10/09::
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20
戦国BASARA4 - Date Masamune Story Playthrough
戦国BASARA4 - Date Masamune Story Playthrough
::2014/02/06::
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21
Sengoku Basara 2 - Date Masamune vs Sanada Yukimura
Sengoku Basara 2 - Date Masamune vs Sanada Yukimura
::2006/07/26::
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22
Date Masamune  & Katakura Kojūrō vs Toyotomi Hideyoshi & Takenaka Hanbei [HD]
Date Masamune & Katakura Kojūrō vs Toyotomi Hideyoshi & Takenaka Hanbei [HD]
::2011/04/08::
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23
Sengoku Basara 4 Ishida Mitsunari and Date Masamune
Sengoku Basara 4 Ishida Mitsunari and Date Masamune
::2014/01/25::
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24
Sengoku Musou 3 Empires - Date Masamune
Sengoku Musou 3 Empires - Date Masamune's cutscenes
::2011/09/29::
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25
Sengoku Basara Season 2 Sanada Yukimura Vs. Date Masamune
Sengoku Basara Season 2 Sanada Yukimura Vs. Date Masamune
::2010/07/29::
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26
Sengoku Basara Sanada Yukimura  vs Date Masamune 2 English
Sengoku Basara Sanada Yukimura vs Date Masamune 2 English
::2012/05/17::
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27
Sengoku BASARA 3 All Date Masamune Cutscenes Part 1 English Subbed
Sengoku BASARA 3 All Date Masamune Cutscenes Part 1 English Subbed
::2010/09/13::
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28
Sendai Date Masamune Castle
Sendai Date Masamune Castle
::2013/11/23::
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29
戦国BASARA4 Sengoku Basara 4 Date Masamune [DMC DLC] Story Mode Walkthrough
戦国BASARA4 Sengoku Basara 4 Date Masamune [DMC DLC] Story Mode Walkthrough
::2014/01/26::
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30
Date Masamune vs Sanada Yukimura [HD]
Date Masamune vs Sanada Yukimura [HD]
::2011/04/07::
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31
Date Masamune VS Toyotomi Hideyoshi |AMV Death Breath|
Date Masamune VS Toyotomi Hideyoshi |AMV Death Breath|
::2011/09/21::
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32
Sengoku BASARA 2 OST - Date Masamune Theme
Sengoku BASARA 2 OST - Date Masamune Theme
::2013/10/11::
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33
Sengoku Basara 3 ~ Date Masamune
Sengoku Basara 3 ~ Date Masamune's Theme [Extended]
::2012/09/06::
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34
Date Masamune Engrish - The Last Party
Date Masamune Engrish - The Last Party
::2012/11/17::
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35
Toy Review: Revoltech Date Masamune (Sengoku Basara)
Toy Review: Revoltech Date Masamune (Sengoku Basara)
::2012/12/24::
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36
Sengoku Basara 2 : Heroes - Date Masamune
Sengoku Basara 2 : Heroes - Date Masamune's Gaiden Mode [1/3] ~Extreme Mode~
::2011/07/10::
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Sengoku Basara X (PlayStation 2) Arcade as Date Masamune
Sengoku Basara X (PlayStation 2) Arcade as Date Masamune
::2013/02/07::
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Sengoku Basara Amv - Date Masamune vs Azai Nagamasa
Sengoku Basara Amv - Date Masamune vs Azai Nagamasa
::2010/04/05::
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39
Sengoku Basara 4 Date Masamune Gameplay
Sengoku Basara 4 Date Masamune Gameplay
::2014/01/23::
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40
Hanwei samurai helmet review.  Date Masamune.
Hanwei samurai helmet review. Date Masamune.
::2013/11/14::
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41
Date Masamune Tribute - When You
Date Masamune Tribute - When You're Gone
::2011/07/07::
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42
Revoltech - Date Masamune Review
Revoltech - Date Masamune Review
::2012/02/13::
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43
Are you Ready Guys- Date Masamune
Are you Ready Guys- Date Masamune
::2012/06/02::
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Sengoku Basara 3 Utage: Date Masamune vs Kenshin
Sengoku Basara 3 Utage: Date Masamune vs Kenshin
::2012/06/02::
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戦国BASARA2英雄外伝/Sengoku BASARA 2 Heroes: Date Masamune Walkthrough With Commentary
戦国BASARA2英雄外伝/Sengoku BASARA 2 Heroes: Date Masamune Walkthrough With Commentary
::2013/01/06::
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46
Sengoku Basara 3 (戦国BASARA3) HD: Samurai Heroes Hard Mode Date Masamune VS Ishida Mitsunari P20
Sengoku Basara 3 (戦国BASARA3) HD: Samurai Heroes Hard Mode Date Masamune VS Ishida Mitsunari P20
::2010/11/14::
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47
Sengoku Basara 3 - Date Masamune gameplay
Sengoku Basara 3 - Date Masamune gameplay
::2010/08/12::
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date masamune - sengoku basara 2 soundtrack
date masamune - sengoku basara 2 soundtrack
::2009/06/12::
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49
Date Masamune (Hiyama Nobuyuki) - Amakakeru Ryuu No Gotoku
Date Masamune (Hiyama Nobuyuki) - Amakakeru Ryuu No Gotoku
::2013/05/05::
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Sengoku Basara 3 OST: Disc 1 - 11. Masamune Date
Sengoku Basara 3 OST: Disc 1 - 11. Masamune Date's Theme HQ
::2010/08/18::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Date Masamune
伊達政宗
Date Masamune02.jpg
First Lord of Sendai Domain
In office
1600–1636
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Date Tadamune
Personal details
Born September 5, 1567
Yonezawa, Yamagata, Japan
Died June 27, 1636(1636-06-27) (aged 68)

Date Masamune (伊達政宗?, September 5, 1567 – June 27, 1636) was a regional strongman of Japan's Azuchi-Momoyama period through early Edo period. Heir to a long line of powerful daimyo in the Tōhoku region, he went on to found the modern-day city of Sendai. An outstanding tactician, he was made all the more iconic for his missing eye, and Date was often called dokuganryū (独眼竜), or the "one-eyed dragon".[1]

As a legendary warrior and leader, Masamune is a character in a number of Japanese period dramas. He was played by Ken Watanabe in the popular 1987 NHK series Dokuganryu Masamune.

Background[edit]

Date Masamune was the eldest son of Date Terumune, born in Yonezawa Castle (in modern Yamagata Prefecture). At the age of 14 in 1581 Masamune led his first campaign, helping his father fight the Sōma family. In 1584, at the age of 17, Masamune succeeded his father, Terumune, who chose to retire from his position as daimyo.[2] The Date family was founded in the early Kamakura period by Isa Tomomune, who originally came from the Isa district of Hitachi Province (now Ibaraki Prefecture). The family took its name from the Date district (now Fukushima Prefecture) of Mutsu Province, which had been awarded to Isa Tomomune by Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first Kamakura shogun, for his assistance in the Genpei War (1180–85) and in Minamoto no Yoritomo’s struggle for power with his brother, Minamoto no Yoshitsune. Masamune's army was recognized by its black armor and golden headgear.

Historical person[edit]

A letter written by Masamune to Pope Paul V.
Masamune's Grave at Zuihō-den mausoleum.

Masamune is known for a few things that made him stand out from other daimyo of the time. In particular, his famous crescent-moon-bearing helmet won him a fearsome reputation. As a child, smallpox robbed him of sight in his right eye, though it is unclear exactly how he lost the organ entirely.[3] Some sources say he plucked out the eye himself when a senior member of the clan pointed out that an enemy could grab it in a fight. Others say that he had his trusted retainer Katakura Kojūrō gouge out the eye for him.[4] Because of his missing eye, his own mother condemned him as unfit to take over as clan leader and began favoring his younger brother as heir.[5]

The Date clan had built alliances with neighboring clans through marriages over previous generations. However, there were many disputes over the lands during the 15th and 16th centuries. Shortly after Masamune's succession, a Date retainer named Ōuchi Sadatsuna defected to the Ashina clan of the Aizu region. Masamune declared war on the Ashina for this betrayal, but his army was halted by the Ashina general Inawashiro Morikuni, who forced Masamune to retire from the campaign. Masamune took control of Obama Castle after this.

With the rise of Masamune, formerly amicable relationships were cast aside as he began to attack and conquer all of the surrounding lands, even those of his kin in Mutsu and Dewa Provinces. Shocked by his ruthlessness, a neighboring family, the Hatakeyama, desperately appealed to Date Terumune to rein in his son's military campaigns. Invited to dinner by the Hatakeyama, Terumune said that he was unable to control his son. In an unheard-of act of desperation, the family kidnapped Terumune and attempted to take him back with them. Masamune, who was out hunting, received word of the kidnapping. When he and his men closed in on the kidnappers as they were about to cross a river, Terumune ordered his son's men to kill all the enemies, even at the cost of his own life. Masamune's men did as they were told and killed everyone, including Terumune.[2] Masamune continued the war and tortured and killed the families of his father's kidnappers.

After defeating the Ashina in 1589, he made the Aizu domain his base of operations.

Meanwhile, his relationship with his mother, Yoshihime, continued to deteriorate. Yoshihime insisted Masamune resign the succession to her second son, Kojiro. According to some historians, she tried to poison him one night while serving him dinner. Masamune consequently killed his own brother in order to come to power.[6] After this tragedy, his mother fled to her brother's home, the Mogami clan.[7]

In 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi seized Odawara Castle and compelled the Tōhoku region daimyos to participate in the campaign. Although Masamune refused Hideyoshi's demands at first, he had no real choice in the matter since Hideyoshi was the virtual ruler of Japan. Masamune still delayed, infuriating Hideyoshi. Expecting to be executed, Masamune, wearing his finest clothes and showing no fear, faced his angry overlord. Not wanting further trouble, Hideyoshi spared his life, saying that "He could be of some use".

After serving Hideyoshi for a time, he was given Iwatesawa castle and the surrounding lands as his home domain. Masamune moved there in 1591, rebuilt the castle, renamed it Iwadeyama, and encouraged the growth of a town at its base. Masamune stayed at Iwadeyama for 13 years and turned the region into a major political and economic center. He and his men served with distinction in the Korean invasions under Hideyoshi and, after Hideyoshi's death, he began to support Tokugawa Ieyasu — apparently at the advice of Katakura Kojūrō.

Tokugawa Ieyasu awarded Masamune the lordship of the huge and profitable Sendai Domain, which made Masamune one of Japan’s most powerful daimyo. Tokugawa had promised Masamune a one million koku domain, but, even after substantial improvements were made, the land only produced 640,000 koku, most of which was used to feed the Edo region. In 1604, Masamune, accompanied by 52,000 vassals and their families, moved to what was then the small fishing village of Sendai. He left his fourth son, Date Muneyasu, to rule Iwadeyama. Masamune would turn Sendai into a large and prosperous city.

Although Masamune was a patron of the arts and sympathized with foreign causes, he was also an aggressive and ambitious daimyo. When he first took over the Date clan, he suffered a few major defeats from powerful and influential clans such as the Ashina. These defeats were arguably caused by recklessness on Masamune's part.

Being a major power in northern Japan, Masamune was naturally viewed with suspicion, as any potential rival would be viewed. Toyotomi Hideyoshi reduced the size of his land holdings after his tardiness in coming to the Siege of Odawara against Hōjō Ujimasa. Later in his life, Tokugawa Ieyasu increased the size of his lands again, but was constantly suspicious of Masamune and his policies.

Although Tokugawa Ieyasu and other Date allies were always suspicious of him, Date Masamune for the most part served the Tokugawa and Toyotomi loyally. He took part in Hideyoshi's campaigns in Korea, and in the Osaka campaigns. When Tokugawa Ieyasu was on his deathbed, Masamune visited him and read him a piece of Zen poetry. Masamune was highly respected for his ethics; a still-quoted aphorism is, "Rectitude carried to excess hardens into stiffness; benevolence indulged beyond measure sinks into weakness."

Patron of culture and Christianity[edit]

Masamune expanded trade in the otherwise remote, backwater Tōhoku region. Although initially faced with attacks by hostile clans, he managed to overcome them after a few defeats and eventually ruled one of the largest fiefdoms of the later Tokugawa shogunate. He built many palaces and worked on many projects to beautify the region. He is also known to have encouraged foreigners to come to his land. Even though he funded and promoted an envoy to establish relations with the Pope in Rome, he was likely motivated at least in part by a desire for foreign technology, similar to that of other lords, such as Oda Nobunaga. Further, once Tokugawa Ieyasu outlawed Christianity, Masamune reversed his position, and though disliking it, let Ieyasu persecute Christians in his domain. For 270 years, Tōhoku remained a place of tourism, trade and prosperity. Matsushima, for instance, a series of tiny islands, was praised for its beauty and serenity by the wandering haiku poet Matsuo Bashō.

He showed sympathy for Christian missionaries and traders in Japan. In addition to allowing them to come and preach in his province, he also released the prisoner and missionary Padre Sotelo from the hands of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Date Masamune allowed Sotelo as well as other missionaries to practice their religion and win converts in Tōhoku.

Replica of the galleon Date Maru, or San Juan Bautista, in Ishinomaki, Japan.

Masamune's greatest achievement was funding and backing one of Japan's few journeys of far-flung diplomacy and exploration in this period. He ordered the building of the exploration ship Date Maru or San Juan Bautista, using foreign (European) ship-building techniques. He sent one of his retainers, Hasekura Tsunenaga, Sotelo, and an embassy numbering 180 on a successful voyage to establish relations with the Pope in Rome. This expedition visited such places as the Philippines, Mexico, Spain and Rome, making it the first Japanese voyage to sail around the world. Previously, Japanese lords had never funded this sort of venture, so it was probably the first successful voyage.[8] At least five members of the expedition stayed in Coria (Seville) of Spain to avoid the persecution of Christians in Japan. 600 of their descendants, with the surname Japón (Japan), are now living in Spain.

When the Tokugawa government banned Christianity, Masamune had to obey the law. However, some sources suggest that Masamune's eldest daughter, Iroha, was a Christian.[9]

Family[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

In popular culture, Date Masamune is a playable character in these videogames: Koei's Samurai Warriors series, Pokémon Conquest (Pokémon + Nobunaga's Ambition in Japan), with his partner Pokémon being Rufflet and Braviary, and Capcom's Sengoku Basara videogame series, as well as the anime Sengoku Basara: Samurai Kings. In addition, professional wrestling promotion Osaka Pro Wrestling features two wrestlers using the ring names Masamune and Hideyoshi, who together form the tag team "Sengoku".[10][11]

References[edit]

The emblem (mon) of the Date clan
  1. ^ This name is derived from the ancient Chinese General, Li Keyong (李克用).[citation needed]
  2. ^ a b Sohachi Yamaoka, Date Masamune.
  3. ^ In 1974, a Japanese research team recovered his body from his cemetery Zuihoden, which was destroyed by the U.S. Army in 1945. According to the research report, his right eye retained some organs. There is also a wooden image of Masamune in Zuiganji-temple, Matsushima, made in 1652 at his wife Megohime's instructions. This statue has a right eye, though it is smaller than his left one. [1]
  4. ^ [2]; Some writers refer to this episode as a turning point for Masamune, such as Masashi Hosaka in Garyu-no-ten, ISBN 978-4-396-63290-8.
  5. ^ Keinosuke Nagaoka, Date Masamune, ISBN 978-4-7913-0323-6
  6. ^ Sohachi Yamaoka's novel "Date Masamune" emphasized this episode.
  7. ^ However, their relationship was later restored. According to Ken-ichi Sato's research, Masamune wrote a letter which stated his appreciation for his mother's personal financial aid during the Japanese Korean Campaign of 1593. Ken-ichi Sato, Date Masamune no tegami (Letters of Date Masamune) ISBN 978-4-10-600479-7
  8. ^ その時歴史が動いた
  9. ^ She had to divorce with her husband Matsudaira Tadateru, who was exiled for his defiant attitude toward his father Ieyasu Tokugawa. After this tragic divorce, Iroha never remarried though her parents, Masamune and Mego suggested a remarriage. Some historians thought that her attitude was due to her faith. Turns out Masamune was love and Life all along. We did it. We came full circle.ja:五郎八姫.
  10. ^ "秀吉". Osaka Pro Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  11. ^ "政宗". Osaka Pro Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved 2012-09-08. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Kobayashi Seiji 小林清治. Date Masamune 伊達政宗. Tokyo: Yoshikawa Kōbunkan 吉川弘文館, 1959.
  • Meriwether, Colyer. (1893). "Life of Date Masamune," Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, Vol. XXI.
  • Owada Tetsuo 小和田哲男. Date Masamune: shiden 伊達政宗: 史伝. Tokyo: Gakken 学研, 2000.
  • Ken-ichi Sato 佐藤憲一. Date Masamune's letters 伊達政宗の手紙. Tokyo: Sinchosensho 新潮選書, 1995.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
none
Lord of Sendai
1600–1636
Succeeded by
Date Tadamune
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