Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Khitan Music---Daur People Folk Song---契丹音乐---达斡尔族民歌
Khitan Music---Daur People Folk Song---契丹音乐---达斡尔族民歌
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: 吳大帝
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (1/2)
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (1/2)
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: SupremeMasterTV13
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 1
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 1
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Himalayas007
Daur people
Daur people
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 2
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 2
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Himalayas007
Daur folk dance Dawo Er Zu Traditional minority China people
Daur folk dance Dawo Er Zu Traditional minority China people
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: xtaaxt
Words of Life Daur People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life Daur People/Language Movie Trailer
Published: 2014/01/28
Channel: World Language Movies
DAUR
DAUR
Published: 2018/02/02
Channel: NCERT OFFICIAL
WDS 2017  Baguri Daur Don
WDS 2017 Baguri Daur Don
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Andrey Masiuk
Daur kese kare
Daur kese kare
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: निरजला चुनारा
Daur maila garho perr
Daur maila garho perr
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Zaheer Abbas
Daur Qalander
Daur Qalander
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Shabir Jan
Daur aayuga
Daur aayuga
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: govardhan bidawat
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (2/2)
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (2/2)
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: SupremeMasterTV13
Inaguração uma Babulo Daur tebedai
Inaguração uma Babulo Daur tebedai
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: Almeida Dos Reis
Daur pati
Daur pati
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: Babai Sk786
Nouka daur
Nouka daur
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Anal Das
Madani Daur Review part-1
Madani Daur Review part-1
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Hidayah
Beena   SDO DAur
Beena SDO DAur
Published: 2018/01/20
Channel: DABANG NEWS Indore
"Daur"
"Daur"
Published: 2018/01/23
Channel: Pankaj Sharma
Pur Fitan Daur Mai Hamari Zimadari - Mufti Taqi Usmani Sahab
Pur Fitan Daur Mai Hamari Zimadari - Mufti Taqi Usmani Sahab
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Shahid Khan
daur
daur
Published: 2011/03/16
Channel: fawaddaur
I
I'm sleeping🐱🐱🐱 || Daur Dyr
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Daur Dyr
Sumit daur
Sumit daur
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: sumit daur
Kranti daur prtiyogita 14 January 2018
Kranti daur prtiyogita 14 January 2018
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: Pushpa Prajapati
Motivation video blood daur uthega
Motivation video blood daur uthega
Published: 2018/01/01
Channel: technical Maheshwari
AAJ INKA DAUR H KAL HAMARA RAHEGA YE HIND HAMARA H HAMARA RAHEGA
AAJ INKA DAUR H KAL HAMARA RAHEGA YE HIND HAMARA H HAMARA RAHEGA
Published: 2018/02/19
Channel: AAPKA MIYA AJMERI
Tebedai inaguração uma Babulo Daur
Tebedai inaguração uma Babulo Daur
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: Almeida Dos Reis
Modus nouka daur
Modus nouka daur
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Anal Das
How to Pronounce daur - American English
How to Pronounce daur - American English
Published: 2018/02/02
Channel: HowToPronounce45
Sumit daur
Sumit daur
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: sumit daur
Jalebi daur Boys
Jalebi daur Boys
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: JNP School Dukhichhapar
madani daur part-58
madani daur part-58
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Hidayah
Daur ve gozel eylence
Daur ve gozel eylence
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: Shakhsoin Alsoinov
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion mailing list for visually challenged people in india.
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion mailing list for visually challenged people in india.
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: radio udaan
Are daur palo
Are daur palo
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Mukesh Kesharwani
seerah madani daur part -19 by umm Abdul Ahad
seerah madani daur part -19 by umm Abdul Ahad
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Hidayah
AFTEDA RAILY ( DAUR ) WITH NAAT
AFTEDA RAILY ( DAUR ) WITH NAAT
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Muhammad Shahmeer Mughal
Asif khanzada Daur
Asif khanzada Daur
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Asif Khanzada
Tehreek e islami ka ibtedaai daur
Tehreek e islami ka ibtedaai daur
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Zakriya C
Vekho g ajj de daur da gaana
Vekho g ajj de daur da gaana
Published: 2018/01/23
Channel: Simratpal Singh
#5 MOULANA AKHTAR ABBAS JAUN Topic: 25 SAALA DAUR E KHILAFT MEIN AMEER AL MOMINEEN (A.S) KA KIRDAR
#5 MOULANA AKHTAR ABBAS JAUN Topic: 25 SAALA DAUR E KHILAFT MEIN AMEER AL MOMINEEN (A.S) KA KIRDAR
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Idare e Babul Ilm
Amazing labra daur doing naughty things
Amazing labra daur doing naughty things
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Kalash Gawande
Sumit daur boss
Sumit daur boss
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: sumit daur
Jindagi ki daur
Jindagi ki daur
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: Anurag Biswas
Sumit daur
Sumit daur
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: sumit daur
Sumit daur
Sumit daur
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: sumit daur
Daur
Daur
Published: 2017/12/18
Channel: Ali Sher
sa baloch daur
sa baloch daur
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: daur sindh
waada daur band
waada daur band
Published: 2011/09/27
Channel: khallidizhar1
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Daur
Daur woman smiling.jpg
Daur woman
Total population
131,992 (2010 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
People's Republic of China, in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and Xinjiang
Languages
Daur, Chinese
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, Khitan

The Daur people (Khalkha Mongolian: Дагуур/Daguur; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Dáwò'ěr zú; the former name "Dahur" is considered derogatory[citation needed]) are a Mongolic-speaking ethnic group in northeastern China. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognised in the People's Republic of China. They numbered 131,992 according to the latest census (2010), and most of them live in Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner in Hulun Buir, Inner Mongolia and Meilisi Daur District in Qiqihar, Heilongjiang of China. There are also some near Tacheng in Xinjiang, where their ancestors were moved during the Qing Dynasty. Daguur in Mongolian language means "follower/copier" as in dagakh "to follow/copy" (also cf. Manchu daha- "to follow; to submit, to surrender; to obey; to accord, to be because, to be since").

Language[edit]

Daur is a Mongolic language. There is no written standard, although a Pinyin-based orthography has been devised by the native Daur scholar Merden Enhebatu. The Daur language retains some Khitan substratal features, including a number of lexemes not found in other Mongolic languages. It is made up of three dialects: Bataxan, Hailar, Qiqihar.

During Qing rule, some Daurs spoke and wrote Manchu as a second language.[2]

History[edit]

Location of the Daur (Daguur) in the 16th century.
Dauria on a British 1851 map. As the map was published 7 years before the Treaty of Aigun, eastern (Amur) Dauria is still shown as part of the Qing dynasty
The Daur (Tagour) placed between the Nonni River and the Amur River on a 1734 French map. Yaxa was a Daurian town prior to its fall to Khabarov's Russian raiders in 1651.
Daur wrestling

Genetically, the Daurs are descendants of the Khitan, as recent DNA analyses have proven.[3] In the Qianlong Emperor's "钦定《辽金元三史语解》" (Imperially commissioned Translations of the History of Liao, History of Jin and History of Yuan) he retranslates "大贺", a Khitan clan described in the History of Liao, as "达呼尔". That is the earliest theory that claims Daurs are descendants of Khitans.

In the 17th century, some or all of the Daurs lived along the Shilka, upper Amur, on the Zeya and Bureya River. They thus gave their name to the region of Dauria, also called Transbaikal, now the area of Russia east of Lake Baikal.

By the mid-17th century, the Amur Daurs fell under the influence of the Manchus of the Qing Dynasty which crushed the resistance of Bombogor, leader of the Evenk-Daur Federation in 1640. When the Russian explorers and raiders arrived to the region in the early 1650 (notably, during Yerofei Khabarov's 1651 raid), they would often see the Daur farmers burn their smaller villages and taking refuge in larger towns. When told by the Russians to submit to the rule of the Tsar and to pay yasak (tribute), the Daurs would often refuse, saying that they already paid tribute to the Shunzhi Emperor (whose name the Russians recorded from the Daurs as Shamshakan).[4] The Cossacks would then attack, usually being able to take Daur towns with only small losses. For example, Khabarov reported that in 1651 he had only 4 of his Cossacks killed while storming the town of the Daur prince Guigudar (Гуйгударов городок) (another 45 Cossacks were wounded, but all were able to recover). Meanwhile, the Cossacks reported killing 661 "Daurs big and small" at that town (of which, 427 during the storm itself), and taking 243 women and 118 children prisoners, as well as capturing 237 horse and 113 cattle.[4] The captured Daur town of Yaxa became the Russian town Albazin, which was not recaptured by the Qing until the 1680s.

Facing the Russian expansion in the Amur region, between 1654 and 1656, during the reign of Shunzhi Emperor, the Daurs were forced to move southward and settle on the banks of the Nen River, from where they were constantly conscripted to serve in the banner system of the Qing emperors.

When the Japanese invaded the area of present-day Morin Dawa in Inner Mongolia in 1931, the Daurs carried out an intense resistance against them.[5]

Culture[edit]

There is a very noticeable hierarchic structure. People sharing the same surname are in groups called hala, they live together with the same group, formed by two or three towns. Each hala is divided in diverse clans (mokon) that live in the same town. If a marriage between different clans is made, the husband continues to live with the clan of his wife without holding property rights.

During the winter, the Daur women wear long dresses, generally blue in color and boots of skin which they change for long trousers in summer. The men dress in orejeros caps in fox or red deer skin made for winter. In the summer, they cover the animal's head with white colored fabrics or straw hats.

A customary sport of the Daur is Beikou, a game similar to field hockey or street hockey, which has been played by the Daur for about 1,000 years.[6]

Religion[edit]

Many Daurs are shamanists. Each clan has its own shaman in charge of all the important ceremonies in the lives of the Daur. However, there are a significant number of Daurs who have taken up Lamaism (Tibetan Buddhism).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multicultural China: A Statistical Yearbook (2014), p349
  2. ^ Evelyn S. Rawski (15 November 1998). The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions. University of California Press. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-0-520-92679-0. 
  3. ^ Li Jinhui (2 August 2001). "DNA Match Solves Ancient Mystery". china.org.cn. 
  4. ^ a b Вадим Тураев (Vadim Turayev), О ХАРАКТЕРЕ КУПЮР В ПУБЛИКАЦИЯХ ДОКУМЕНТОВ РУССКИХ ЗЕМЛЕПРОХОДЦЕВ XVII Archived 2004-12-30 at Archive.is ("Regarding the omissions in published documents of Russian 17th-century explorers") (in Russian)
  5. ^ Bulag, Uradyn E. The Mongols at China's edge: history and the politics of national unity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2002. p.158
  6. ^ McGrath, Charles (August 22, 2008). "A Chinese Hinterland, Fertile With Field Hockey". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license