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Khitan Music---Daur People Folk Song---契丹音乐---达斡尔族民歌
Khitan Music---Daur People Folk Song---契丹音乐---达斡尔族民歌
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: 吳大帝
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 2
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 2
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Himalayas007
Daur people
Daur people
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Daur folk dance Dawo Er Zu Traditional minority China people
Daur folk dance Dawo Er Zu Traditional minority China people
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: xtaaxt
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 1
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 1
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Himalayas007
Words of Life Daur People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life Daur People/Language Movie Trailer
Published: 2014/01/28
Channel: World Language Movies
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (1/2)
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (1/2)
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: SupremeMasterTV13
Daur ke liye kya khaye !! What to eat for the race !! दौड़ के लिए क्या खाये !!
Daur ke liye kya khaye !! What to eat for the race !! दौड़ के लिए क्या खाये !!
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Tech4you
Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia P2/2
Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia P2/2
Published: 2011/04/19
Channel: Supreme Master Television
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe P1/2
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe P1/2
Published: 2011/04/16
Channel: Supreme Master Television
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (2/2)
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (2/2)
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: SupremeMasterTV13
India Daali Puja Goddess Kali Khappar daur.
India Daali Puja Goddess Kali Khappar daur.
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Sindhu Kumar
Khanni 4 Daur Baaj Dosto ki(Story of drunk people)
Khanni 4 Daur Baaj Dosto ki(Story of drunk people)
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Yuva Printing
aaj ka daur
aaj ka daur
Published: 2010/03/28
Channel: cutesaladka80
Shamans and Elders Experience, Knowledge, and Power among the Daur Mongols Oxford Studies in Social
Shamans and Elders Experience, Knowledge, and Power among the Daur Mongols Oxford Studies in Social
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: George Perrigo
Jamhoriyat K Daur Main Sab Jaiz Hai - Loose Talk
Jamhoriyat K Daur Main Sab Jaiz Hai - Loose Talk
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Loose Talk
sa baloch daur
sa baloch daur
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: daur sindh
Quran Majeed Ek Aisa Maujeza Hai Jo Har Daur Mein Khud Ko Sabit Karta Rahega By Adv. Faiz Syed
Quran Majeed Ek Aisa Maujeza Hai Jo Har Daur Mein Khud Ko Sabit Karta Rahega By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: IRC TV
Introduction to Makki Daur
Introduction to Makki Daur
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Hidayah
Akmal Shahzad-Daur Nashyaan da
Akmal Shahzad-Daur Nashyaan da
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Akmal shahzad
Manzoor A. Memon Presents Poem "Daur"
Manzoor A. Memon Presents Poem "Daur"
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: PBCTVNetwork
Daur e Jahalat Me Neki Ka Tasawwur Bhi Paya Jata Tha By Adv. Faiz Syed
Daur e Jahalat Me Neki Ka Tasawwur Bhi Paya Jata Tha By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: IRC TV
OBM - Language - Daur
OBM - Language - Daur
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: Our Best Moments
Schedule Promo of Daur e ilmiyah August, 2017
Schedule Promo of Daur e ilmiyah August, 2017
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: cal2tawheed
Daur-e-Mehdi Aur Habal Allah || by Younus AlGohar
Daur-e-Mehdi Aur Habal Allah || by Younus AlGohar
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: ALRA TV
kapil comedy best  performance in comedy circus ka naya daur...
kapil comedy best performance in comedy circus ka naya daur...
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: people are awesome awesome
Daur e Jihalat Me Arab Kaise Kaise Gunah Karte By Adv. Faiz Syed
Daur e Jihalat Me Arab Kaise Kaise Gunah Karte By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: IRC TV
"Aaj Ka Daur" | Full Movie | Jackie Shroff | Padmini Kolhapuri | 1985
"Aaj Ka Daur" | Full Movie | Jackie Shroff | Padmini Kolhapuri | 1985
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Zabardast Movies
DAUR-E-HAZIR KA AZEEM FITNAH : Shaikh Dr. Wasiullah bin Muhammad Abbas
DAUR-E-HAZIR KA AZEEM FITNAH : Shaikh Dr. Wasiullah bin Muhammad Abbas
Published: 2014/12/27
Channel: CIS Bangalore
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion on government institute for blind people in india.
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion on government institute for blind people in india.
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: radio udaan
The Aam Aadmi Family (Web Series) | S01E02 -
The Aam Aadmi Family (Web Series) | S01E02 - 'Naya Daur'
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: The Timeliners
Aaj Ke Jadeed Daur Me West Mein Hijab Pahen Kar Jo Social Experiments Huwe Hai Unka Natija Kya Aaya
Aaj Ke Jadeed Daur Me West Mein Hijab Pahen Kar Jo Social Experiments Huwe Hai Unka Natija Kya Aaya
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: IRC TV
Jahez Dowery mangna aaj ke daur me modern bhikariyon ki tariqa hai
Jahez Dowery mangna aaj ke daur me modern bhikariyon ki tariqa hai
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: ALLAH IS ONE Syed Aamir
Radio udaan: Badalta daur: debate: do people belief in indian judiciary?
Radio udaan: Badalta daur: debate: do people belief in indian judiciary?
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: radio udaan
Nafrat ke daur mein mohabbat ke geet
Nafrat ke daur mein mohabbat ke geet
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: India Heritage Desk
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion mailing list for visually challenged people in india.
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion mailing list for visually challenged people in india.
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: radio udaan
Lagu DAUR - Malam Minggu Jangan Ditahan ( DJ AGUS ) Kalian Sulit diBendung Sanak!
Lagu DAUR - Malam Minggu Jangan Ditahan ( DJ AGUS ) Kalian Sulit diBendung Sanak!
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Ayu Septiana
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion with orthopedic handicapped and visually challenged people.
Radio udaan: badalta daur: discussion with orthopedic handicapped and visually challenged people.
Published: 2015/01/11
Channel: radio udaan
Daur Bunga Chapter 1
Daur Bunga Chapter 1
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Daur Bunga
Ek Naya Daur
Ek Naya Daur
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: Effulgence Films
Jamat Me Shamil Hone Ke Liye Daur Kar Shamil Ho Sakte Hai
Jamat Me Shamil Hone Ke Liye Daur Kar Shamil Ho Sakte Hai
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: MJR NETWORK
Radioudaan: badalta daur: direct talk with Mr. Ajay Shrivastva.
Radioudaan: badalta daur: direct talk with Mr. Ajay Shrivastva.
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: radio udaan
Saathi Haath Badhana (HD) - Mohd. Rafi & Asha - Naya Daur 1957 - Music O P Nayyar - Dilip Kumar Hits
Saathi Haath Badhana (HD) - Mohd. Rafi & Asha - Naya Daur 1957 - Music O P Nayyar - Dilip Kumar Hits
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Mere Geet
Aaj Ke Is Daur Mein Ghair Muslimo Ke Liye Dawati Ijtema Karne Ki Kya Ahmiyat Hai By Adv. Faiz Syed
Aaj Ke Is Daur Mein Ghair Muslimo Ke Liye Dawati Ijtema Karne Ki Kya Ahmiyat Hai By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: IRC TV
The Jesus Film - Daur / Daguor / Dagur / Dawar / Dawo
The Jesus Film - Daur / Daguor / Dagur / Dawar / Dawo'er / Tahuerh / Tahur Language
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: eyong52
Somebody That I Used to Know - Walk off the Earth
Somebody That I Used to Know - Walk off the Earth
Published: 2012/01/06
Channel: Walk off the Earth
Naujawano Ke Bigad Aur Gumrahi Ki Aaj Ke Daur Me Wajuhat By Adv. Faiz Syed
Naujawano Ke Bigad Aur Gumrahi Ki Aaj Ke Daur Me Wajuhat By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: IRC TV
The Aam Aadmi Family (Web Series) | S01E03 -
The Aam Aadmi Family (Web Series) | S01E03 - 'Badhaai Ho Badhaai'
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: The Timeliners
Zina Ki Saza Rasool S Ke Daur Me Logo Ko Digai Laikin Ab Koi Kare To Use Kaise Saza De Ya Kya Kare
Zina Ki Saza Rasool S Ke Daur Me Logo Ko Digai Laikin Ab Koi Kare To Use Kaise Saza De Ya Kya Kare
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: IRC TV
Umar Ibn Khattab RA Ke Daur Ke Imandaar Log Aur Aaj Ke Hum Musalman By Adv. Faiz Syed
Umar Ibn Khattab RA Ke Daur Ke Imandaar Log Aur Aaj Ke Hum Musalman By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: IRC TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Daur
Daur woman smiling.jpg
Daur woman
Total population
131,992 (2010 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
People's Republic of China, in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and Xinjiang
Languages
Daur, Chinese
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, Khitan

The Daur people (Khalkha Mongolian: Дагуур/Daguur; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Dáwò'ěr zú; the former name "Dahur" is considered derogatory[citation needed]) are a Mongolic-speaking ethnic group in northeastern China. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognised in the People's Republic of China. They numbered 131,992 according to the latest census (2010), and most of them live in Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner (Mòlì Dáwǎ Dáwò'ěrzú Zìzhìqí 莫力達瓦達斡爾族自治旗/莫力达瓦达斡尔族自治旗) in Hulun Buir, Inner Mongolia and Meilisi Daur District (Měilìsì Dáwò'ěrzú qú 梅里斯達斡爾族区/梅里斯达斡尔族区) in Qiqihar, Heilongjiang of China. There are also some near Tacheng in Xinjiang, where their ancestors were moved during the Qing Dynasty. Daguur in Mongolian language means "follower/copier" as in dagakh "to follow/copy" (also cf. Manchu daha- "to follow; to submit, to surrender; to obey; to accord, to be because, to be since").

Language[edit]

Daur is a Mongolic language. There is no written standard, although a Pinyin-based orthography has been devised by the native Daur scholar Merden Enhebatu. The Daur language retains some Khitan substratal features, including a number of lexemes not found in other Mongolic languages. It is made up of three dialects: Bataxan, Hailar, Qiqihar.

During Qing rule, some Daurs spoke and wrote Manchu as a second language.[2]

History[edit]

Location of the Daur (Daguur) in the 16th century.
Dauria on a British 1851 map. As the map was published 7 years before the Treaty of Aigun, eastern (Amur) Dauria is still shown as part of the Qing dynasty
The Daur (Tagour) placed between the Nonni River and the Amur River on a 1734 French map. Yaxa was a Daurian town prior to its fall to Khabarov's Russian raiders in 1651.
Daur wrestling

Genetically, the Daurs are descendants of the Khitan, as recent DNA analyses have proven.[3] In the Qianlong Emperor's "钦定《辽金元三史语解》" (Imperially commissioned Translations of the History of Liao, History of Jin and History of Yuan) he retranslates "大贺", a Khitan clan described in the History of Liao, as "达呼尔". That is the earliest theory that claims Daurs are descendants of Khitans.

In the 17th century, some or all of the Daurs lived along the Shilka, upper Amur, on the Zeya and Bureya River. They thus gave their name to the region of Dauria, also called Transbaikal, now the area of Russia east of Lake Baikal.

By the mid-17th century, the Amur Daurs fell under the influence of the Manchus of the Qing Dynasty which crushed the resistance of Bombogor, leader of the Evenk-Daur Federation in 1640. When the Russian explorers and raiders arrived to the region in the early 1650 (notably, during Yerofei Khabarov's 1651 raid), they would often see the Daur farmers burn their smaller villages and taking refuge in larger towns. When told by the Russians to submit to the rule of the Tsar and to pay yasak (tribute), the Daurs would often refuse, saying that they already paid tribute to the Shunzhi Emperor (whose name the Russians recorded from the Daurs as Shamshakan).[4] The Cossacks would then attack, usually being able to take Daur towns with only small losses. For example, Khabarov reported that in 1651 he had only 4 of his Cossacks killed while storming the town of the Daur prince Guigudar (Гуйгударов городок) (another 45 Cossacks were wounded, but all were able to recover). Meanwhile, the Cossacks reported killing 661 "Daurs big and small" at that town (of which, 427 during the storm itself), and taking 243 women and 118 children prisoners, as well as capturing 237 horse and 113 cattle.[4] The captured Daur town of Yaxa became the Russian town Albazin, which was not recaptured by the Qing until the 1680s.

Facing the Russian expansion in the Amur region, between 1654 and 1656, during the reign of Shunzhi Emperor, the Daurs were forced to move southward and settle on the banks of the Nen River, from where they were constantly conscripted to serve in the banner system of the Qing emperors.

When the Japanese invaded the area of present-day Morin Dawa in Inner Mongolia in 1931, the Daurs carried out an intense resistance against them.[5]

Culture[edit]

There is a very noticeable hierarchic structure. People sharing the same surname are in groups called hala, they live together with the same group, formed by two or three towns. Each hala is divided in diverse clans (mokon) that live in the same town. If a marriage between different clans is made, the husband continues to live with the clan of his wife without holding property rights.

During the winter, the Daur women wear long dresses, generally blue in color and boots of skin which they change for long trousers in summer. The men dress in orejeros caps in fox or red deer skin made for winter. In the summer, they cover the animal's head with white colored fabrics or straw hats.

A customary sport of the Daur is Beikou, a game similar to field hockey or street hockey, which has been played by the Daur for about 1,000 years.[6]

Religion[edit]

Many Daurs are shamanists. Each clan has its own shaman in charge of all the important ceremonies in the lives of the Daur. However, there are a significant number of Daurs who have taken up Lamaism (Tibetan Buddhism).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multicultural China: A Statistical Yearbook (2014), p349
  2. ^ Evelyn S. Rawski (15 November 1998). The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions. University of California Press. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-0-520-92679-0. 
  3. ^ Li Jinhui (2 August 2001). "DNA Match Solves Ancient Mystery". china.org.cn. 
  4. ^ a b Вадим Тураев (Vadim Turayev), О ХАРАКТЕРЕ КУПЮР В ПУБЛИКАЦИЯХ ДОКУМЕНТОВ РУССКИХ ЗЕМЛЕПРОХОДЦЕВ XVII Archived 2004-12-30 at Archive.is ("Regarding the omissions in published documents of Russian 17th-century explorers") (in Russian)
  5. ^ Bulag, Uradyn E. The Mongols at China's edge: history and the politics of national unity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2002. p.158
  6. ^ McGrath, Charles (August 22, 2008). "A Chinese Hinterland, Fertile With Field Hockey". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 

External links[edit]

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