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Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 2
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 2
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Himalayas007
Khitan Music---Daur People Folk Song---契丹音乐---达斡尔族民歌
Khitan Music---Daur People Folk Song---契丹音乐---达斡尔族民歌
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: 吳大帝
Daur people
Daur people
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 1
Inner Mongolia Daur (Gold Flower) part 1
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Himalayas007
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (1/2)
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (1/2)
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: SupremeMasterTV13
Daur folk dance Dawo Er Zu Traditional minority China people
Daur folk dance Dawo Er Zu Traditional minority China people
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: xtaaxt
Words of Life Daur People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life Daur People/Language Movie Trailer
Published: 2014/01/28
Channel: World Language Movies
Mongolian history and culture - Khitan empire
Mongolian history and culture - Khitan empire
Published: 2011/03/12
Channel: newtonop
Caroline Daur Girl Model
Caroline Daur Girl Model
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Insta Live
Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia P2/2
Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia P2/2
Published: 2011/04/19
Channel: Supreme Master Television
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe P1/2
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe P1/2
Published: 2011/04/16
Channel: Supreme Master Television
Winter Looks Around the World | HAMBURG with Caro Daur
Winter Looks Around the World | HAMBURG with Caro Daur
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: dora molina
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (2/2)
"The Marvelous Daur" - Daur Wulanmuqi Troupe from Inner Mongolia (In Inner Mongolian) (2/2)
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: SupremeMasterTV13
Introduction to Makki Daur
Introduction to Makki Daur
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Hidayah
The Jesus Film - Daur / Daguor / Dagur / Dawar / Dawo
The Jesus Film - Daur / Daguor / Dagur / Dawar / Dawo'er / Tahuerh / Tahur Language
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: eyong52
Daur - Sumna Sidhu 2017
Daur - Sumna Sidhu 2017
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: New Software Punjabi Audio Songs Funny Videos Movies Full Live
Introducing DAHUR of Timor-Leste to other ethnic groups
Introducing DAHUR of Timor-Leste to other ethnic groups
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Duut Matak
Dallel Ka Daur
Dallel Ka Daur
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: waytotruth
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 16
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 16
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Daur-e-Jadeed Mein Mulhidon Ki Tadaad Mein Izafa Kiyon? | By Younus AlGohar
Daur-e-Jadeed Mein Mulhidon Ki Tadaad Mein Izafa Kiyon? | By Younus AlGohar
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: ALRA TV
China ethnic groups  show the clothes
China ethnic groups show the clothes
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: Angela ZZ
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat(urdu)  2
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat(urdu) 2
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Shamans and Elders Experience, Knowledge, and Power among the Daur Mongols Oxford Studies in Social
Shamans and Elders Experience, Knowledge, and Power among the Daur Mongols Oxford Studies in Social
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: George Perrigo
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 5
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 5
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 9
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 9
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Topfly Kidher Tur gea daur purana
Topfly Kidher Tur gea daur purana
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Ch.Kashif J
India Daali Puja Goddess Kali Khappar daur.
India Daali Puja Goddess Kali Khappar daur.
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Sindhu Kumar
social netwoarking ka daur
social netwoarking ka daur
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: Aditya Agrawal
Saadgi Ka Daur
Saadgi Ka Daur
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Isma Hasan
Khanni 4 Daur Baaj Dosto ki(Story of drunk people)
Khanni 4 Daur Baaj Dosto ki(Story of drunk people)
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Yuva Printing
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu)3
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu)3
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Ude Jab Jab Zulfen Teri Full Video Song | Naya Daur | Dilip Kumar, Vyjayanthimala | Mohd.Rafi, Asha
Ude Jab Jab Zulfen Teri Full Video Song | Naya Daur | Dilip Kumar, Vyjayanthimala | Mohd.Rafi, Asha
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Venus
fitnon ka daur 2
fitnon ka daur 2
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: islamic videos
daur,  pml n leader tazeat
daur, pml n leader tazeat
Published: 2012/08/29
Channel: Anwar Khanzada
DAUR.xen hesco nawabshah khule kachhere.daur.mpg
DAUR.xen hesco nawabshah khule kachhere.daur.mpg
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: Anwar Khanzada
Radioudaan badalta daur  a report on the new movement started by himachal pradesh blind people and a
Radioudaan badalta daur a report on the new movement started by himachal pradesh blind people and a
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: radio udaan
Aaj kal ka Daur
Aaj kal ka Daur
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Syed Afroz21
Babaon ke daur me ek aur new baba ka janma hua|| introduce on new baba
Babaon ke daur me ek aur new baba ka janma hua|| introduce on new baba
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: JMD ENTERTAINMENTS
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 20
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 20
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 6
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 6
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Daur Bunga Chapter 1
Daur Bunga Chapter 1
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Daur Bunga
Daurs bday
Daurs bday
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: Mansur Karimov
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu)14
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu)14
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 17
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 17
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Aaj Ke Is Daur Mein Ghair Muslimo Ke Liye Dawati Ijtema Karne Ki Kya Ahmiyat Hai By Adv. Faiz Syed
Aaj Ke Is Daur Mein Ghair Muslimo Ke Liye Dawati Ijtema Karne Ki Kya Ahmiyat Hai By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: IRC TV
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 22 (LAST)
Maula Ali ka Daur e Hukumat (urdu) 22 (LAST)
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: SYEDRIZVI022
Tanhayion ka daur - By AdeeB
Tanhayion ka daur - By AdeeB
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: Brand Networkers Inc.
Usman RA Ke Daur Mein Quran Ke Kitne Sarkari Official Mashaf Tayyar Kiye Gaye By Adv. Faiz Syed
Usman RA Ke Daur Mein Quran Ke Kitne Sarkari Official Mashaf Tayyar Kiye Gaye By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: IRC TV
Kya Aaj Ke Daur Me Bhi Allah Ke Wali Ho Sakte Hai Ya Sirf Pehel Zamane Me The By Adv. Faiz Syed
Kya Aaj Ke Daur Me Bhi Allah Ke Wali Ho Sakte Hai Ya Sirf Pehel Zamane Me The By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: IRC TV
Nabi SAWS Ke Daur Mein Namaz Ki Safein Kaise Seedhi Ki Jati Thi By Adv. Faiz Syed
Nabi SAWS Ke Daur Mein Namaz Ki Safein Kaise Seedhi Ki Jati Thi By Adv. Faiz Syed
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: IRC TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Daur
Daur woman smiling.jpg
Daur woman
Total population
(131,992 (2010 census)[1])
Regions with significant populations
People's Republic of China, in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and Xinjiang
Languages
Daur, Chinese
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, Khitan

The Daur people (Khalkha Mongolian: Дагуур/Daguur; simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Dáwò'ěr zú; the former name "Dahur" is considered derogatory[citation needed]) are a Mongolic-speaking ethnic group in northeastern China. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognised in the People's Republic of China. They numbered 131,992 according to the latest census (2010), and most of them live in Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner (Mòlì Dáwǎ Dáwò'ěrzú Zìzhìqí 莫力達瓦達斡爾族自治旗/莫力达瓦达斡尔族自治旗) in Hulun Buir, Inner Mongolia and Meilisi Daur District (Měilìsì Dáwò'ěrzú qú 梅里斯達斡爾族区/梅里斯达斡尔族区) in Qiqihar, Heilongjiang of China. There are also some near Tacheng in Xinjiang, where their ancestors were moved during the Qing Dynasty. Daguur in Mongolian language means "follower/copier" as in dagakh "to follow/copy" (also cf. Manchu daha- "to follow; to submit, to surrender; to obey; to accord, to be because, to be since").

Language[edit]

Daur is a Mongolic language. There is no written standard, although a Pinyin-based orthography has been devised by the native Daur scholar Merden Enhebatu. The Daur language retains some Khitan substratal features, including a number of lexemes not found in other Mongolic languages. It is made up of three dialects: Bataxan, Hailar, Qiqihar.

During Qing rule, some Daurs spoke and wrote Manchu as a second language.[2]

History[edit]

Location of the Daur (Daguur) in the 16th century.
Dauria on a British 1851 map. As the map was published 7 years before the Treaty of Aigun, eastern (Amur) Dauria is still shown as part of the Qing dynasty
The Daur (Tagour) placed between the Nonni River and the Amur River on a 1734 French map. Yaxa was a Daurian town prior to its fall to Khabarov's Russian raiders in 1651.
Daur wrestling

Genetically, the Daurs are descendants of the Khitan, as recent DNA analyses have proven.[3] In the Qianlong Emperor's "钦定《辽金元三史语解》" (Imperially commissioned Translations of the History of Liao, History of Jin and History of Yuan) he retranslates "大贺", a Khitan clan described in the History of Liao, as "达呼尔". That is the earliest theory that claims Daurs are descendants of Khitans.

In the 17th century, some or all of the Daurs lived along the Shilka, upper Amur, on the Zeya and Bureya River. They thus gave their name to the region of Dauria, also called Transbaikal, now the area of Russia east of Lake Baikal.

By the mid-17th century, the Amur Daurs fell under the influence of the Manchus of the Qing Dynasty which crushed the resistance of Bombogor, leader of the Evenk-Daur Federation in 1640. When the Russian explorers and raiders arrived to the region in the early 1650 (notably, during Yerofei Khabarov's 1651 raid), they would often see the Daur farmers burn their smaller villages and taking refuge in larger towns. When told by the Russians to submit to the rule of the Tsar and to pay yasak (tribute), the Daurs would often refuse, saying that they already paid tribute to the Shunzhi Emperor (whose name the Russians recorded from the Daurs as Shamshakan).[4] The Cossacks would then attack, usually being able to take Daur towns with only small losses. For example, Khabarov reported that in 1651 he had only 4 of his Cossacks killed while storming the town of the Daur prince Guigudar (Гуйгударов городок) (another 45 Cossacks were wounded, but all were able to recover). Meanwhile, the Cossacks reported killing 661 "Daurs big and small" at that town (of which, 427 during the storm itself), and taking 243 women and 118 children prisoners, as well as capturing 237 horse and 113 cattle.[4] The captured Daur town of Yaxa became the Russian town Albazin, which was not recaptured by the Qing until the 1680s.

Facing the Russian expansion in the Amur region, between 1654 and 1656, during the reign of Shunzhi Emperor, the Daurs were forced to move southward and settle on the banks of the Nen River, from where they were constantly conscripted to serve in the banner system of the Qing emperors.

When the Japanese invaded the area of present-day Morin Dawa in Inner Mongolia in 1931, the Daurs carried out an intense resistance against them.[5]

Culture[edit]

There is a very noticeable hierarchic structure. People sharing the same surname are in groups called hala, they live together with the same group, formed by two or three towns. Each hala is divided in diverse clans (mokon) that live in the same town. If a marriage between different clans is made, the husband continues to live with the clan of his wife without holding property rights.

During the winter, the Daur women wear long dresses, generally blue in color and boots of skin which they change for long trousers in summer. The men dress in orejeros caps in fox or red deer skin made for winter. In the summer, they cover the animal's head with white colored fabrics or straw hats.

A customary sport of the Daur is Beikou, a game similar to field hockey or street hockey, which has been played by the Daur for about 1,000 years.[6]

Religion[edit]

Many Daurs are shamanists. Each clan has its own shaman in charge of all the important ceremonies in the lives of the Daur. However, there are a significant number of Daurs who have taken up Lamaism (Tibetan Buddhism).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multicultural China: A Statistical Yearbook (2014), p349
  2. ^ Evelyn S. Rawski (15 November 1998). The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions. University of California Press. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-0-520-92679-0. 
  3. ^ Li Jinhui (2 August 2001). "DNA Match Solves Ancient Mystery". china.org.cn. 
  4. ^ a b Вадим Тураев (Vadim Turayev), О ХАРАКТЕРЕ КУПЮР В ПУБЛИКАЦИЯХ ДОКУМЕНТОВ РУССКИХ ЗЕМЛЕПРОХОДЦЕВ XVII Archived 2004-12-30 at Archive.is ("Regarding the omissions in published documents of Russian 17th-century explorers") (in Russian)
  5. ^ Bulag, Uradyn E. The Mongols at China's edge: history and the politics of national unity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2002. p.158
  6. ^ McGrath, Charles (August 22, 2008). "A Chinese Hinterland, Fertile With Field Hockey". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 

External links[edit]

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