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BREXIT Secretary David Davis Statement - The Supreme Court Ruling
BREXIT Secretary David Davis Statement - The Supreme Court Ruling
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Patriotic Populist
David Davis makes statement on #Brexit ruling
David Davis makes statement on #Brexit ruling
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David Davis MP Interview
Published: 2014/03/01
Channel: Egham Museum
Former Supreme Court Justice Souter on The Danger of America
Former Supreme Court Justice Souter on The Danger of America's 'Pervasive Civic Ignorance'
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: PBS NewsHour
MP David Davis at Justice Questions
MP David Davis at Justice Questions
Published: 2012/07/04
Channel: David Davis MP
MICHAEL DUNN APPEAL HEARING | FLORIDA SUPREME COURT
MICHAEL DUNN APPEAL HEARING | FLORIDA SUPREME COURT
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: LadyJustice2188
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UVA Law's 88th Lile Moot Court Competition Finals, 2017
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: University of Virginia School of Law
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David Davis wins judicial review against the Government striking down DRIPA
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: David Davis MP
The American Presidential Election of 1872
The American Presidential Election of 1872
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Mr. Beat
BREAKING - ECJ rule MUST end: David Davis to spell out
BREAKING - ECJ rule MUST end: David Davis to spell out 'principles' for UK to take back law powers
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: News 2U
Judge David Tatel, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
Judge David Tatel, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: American Academy of Arts & Sciences
Constitutionally Speaking with Justice David Souter and Margaret Warner
Constitutionally Speaking with Justice David Souter and Margaret Warner
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: New Hampshire Humanities
Stone Ridge Features Supreme Court Justice as Commencement Speaker
Stone Ridge Features Supreme Court Justice as Commencement Speaker
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: myMCMedia
‘The line has been drawn!’ Brexit negotiations STANDOFF as Brussels make HUGE legal demand
‘The line has been drawn!’ Brexit negotiations STANDOFF as Brussels make HUGE legal demand
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
David Davis slaps down calls ECJ rule on EU citizens
David Davis slaps down calls ECJ rule on EU citizens
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: CsTrIK3r
Former ECJ judge demolishes Brussels’ attempt to deny UK legal sovereignty after Brexit
Former ECJ judge demolishes Brussels’ attempt to deny UK legal sovereignty after Brexit
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
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WI Supreme Court Justice Once Mocked "Queers" Who Get AIDS
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: David Pakman Show
Supreme Court Brexit Ruling Live David Davis Addresses Mps After Judges Decide They Will Vote
Supreme Court Brexit Ruling Live David Davis Addresses Mps After Judges Decide They Will Vote
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Madison Lilly
Charles Fried (2013) on Herbert Wechsler, Supreme Court justices, advocacy, etc.
Charles Fried (2013) on Herbert Wechsler, Supreme Court justices, advocacy, etc.
Published: 2013/07/12
Channel: RobertHJacksonCenter
Broward Judge John Contini Reprimand
Broward Judge John Contini Reprimand
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: South Florida Corruption
Michigan Supreme Court Justice David Viviano at Republican Dinner July 29, 2013
Michigan Supreme Court Justice David Viviano at Republican Dinner July 29, 2013
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: Crystal Proxmire
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Published: 2011/04/18
Channel: MacIverInstitute
Uncommon Knowledge with Justice Antonin Scalia
Uncommon Knowledge with Justice Antonin Scalia
Published: 2012/10/31
Channel: HooverInstitution
Courts will STILL be ruled by EU even AFTER Brexit, warns senior Tory MP
Courts will STILL be ruled by EU even AFTER Brexit, warns senior Tory MP
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
Former Supreme Court Justice David Souter on Health Care Reform Law
Former Supreme Court Justice David Souter on Health Care Reform Law
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: PBS NewsHour
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Jordan Davis Case Discussed on 20/20 / Discovery ID
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Law Offices of John M. Phillips
Adult Drug Court | David Ashworth | TEDxLancaster
Adult Drug Court | David Ashworth | TEDxLancaster
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: TEDx Talks
Mike Gapes questions David Davis during Article 50 debate
Mike Gapes questions David Davis during Article 50 debate
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Vaz Singh
Laurence H. Tribe (2015) on Justice Jackson, the U.S. Supreme Court, & etc.
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Published: 2015/07/10
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Published: 2016/02/17
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Channel: HarvardLawSchool
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Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: HarvardLawSchool
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Channel: NCCU Legal Eagles
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Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Latest Videos Videos
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Published: 2010/04/08
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Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Labour Party
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Published: 2017/03/07
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Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Wall Street Journal
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Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: David Davis MP
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Published: 2012/12/08
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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David Davis
DDavis.jpg
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
October 13, 1881 – March 3, 1883
Preceded by Thomas F. Bayard, Sr.
Succeeded by George F. Edmunds
United States Senator
from Illinois
In office
March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1883
Preceded by John Logan
Succeeded by Shelby Cullom
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In office
October 17, 1862 – March 4, 1877
Nominated by Abraham Lincoln
Preceded by John Campbell
Succeeded by John Harlan
Personal details
Born (1815-03-09)March 9, 1815
Cecil County, Maryland, U.S.
Died June 26, 1886(1886-06-26) (aged 71)
Bloomington, Illinois, U.S.
Political party Whig (Before 1854)
Republican (1854–1870)
Liberal Republican (1870–1872)
Independent (1872–1886)
Spouse(s) Sarah Woodruff Walker (1838–1879)
Children 2
Education Kenyon College (BA)
Yale University (LLB)
Signature

David Davis (March 9, 1815 – June 26, 1886) was a United States Senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. He also served as Abraham Lincoln's campaign manager at the 1860 Republican National Convention, engineering Lincoln's nomination alongside Ward Hill Lamon and Leonard Swett.

Educated at Kenyon College and Yale University, Davis settled in Bloomington, Illinois in the 1830s, where he practiced law. He served in the Illinois legislature and as a delegate to the state constitutional convention before becoming a state judge in 1848. After Lincoln won the presidency, Davis was appointed to the United States Supreme Court, where he served until 1877. He wrote the majority opinion in Ex Parte Milligan, limiting the government's power to try citizens in military courts. He pursued the Liberal Republican Party's nomination in the 1872 presidential election, but was defeated at the convention by Horace Greeley.

Davis was a pivotal figure in Congress's establishment of the Electoral Commission, which was charged with resolving the disputed 1876 presidential election. Davis was widely expected to serve as the key member of the Commission, but he resigned from the Supreme Court to accept election to the Senate and thus did not serve on the commission. Known for his independence, he served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate from 1881 to 1883, placing him second in the line of presidential succession due to a vacancy in the office of the Vice President of the United States. He did not seek re-election in 1882 and retired from public life in 1883.

Early life[edit]

He was born to a wealthy family in Cecil County, Maryland, where he attended public school. After graduating from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in 1832, he went on to study law in Massachusetts[1] and at Yale University. Upon his graduation from Yale in 1835, Davis moved to Bloomington, Illinois, to practice law. He married Sarah Woodruff Walker of Lenox, Massachusetts, in 1838. Two of their children, George and Sallie, survived to adulthood. Davis also served as a member of the Illinois House of Representatives in 1845 and a delegate to the Illinois constitutional convention in McLean County, 1847. From 1848 to 1862, Davis presided over the court of the Illinois Eighth Circuit, the same circuit where attorney Abraham Lincoln was practicing.

Davis was a delegate to the 1860 Republican National Convention in Chicago, serving as Lincoln's campaign manager during the 1860 presidential election. After President Lincoln's assassination, Judge Davis was an administrator of his estate.[1]

National stage[edit]

On October 17, 1862, Davis received a recess appointment from President Lincoln to a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court vacated by the resignation of John Archibald Campbell, who had resigned in protest of Lincoln's perceived intent to go to war with seceding Southern states. Formally nominated on December 1, 1862, Davis was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1862, and received his commission the same day.

On the Court, Davis became famous for writing one of the most profound decisions in the Supreme Court history, Ex Parte Milligan (1866). In that decision, the court set aside the death sentence imposed during the Civil War by a military commission upon a civilian, Lambdin P. Milligan. Milligan had been found guilty of inciting insurrection. The Supreme Court held that since the civil courts were operative, the trial of a civilian by a military tribunal was unconstitutional. The opinion denounced arbitrary military power, effectively becoming one of the bulwarks of held notions of American civil liberty.

In 1870 he held, with the minority of the Supreme Court, that the acts of Congress making government notes a legal tender in payment of debts were constitutional.[1] He is the only judge of the Supreme Court with no recorded affiliation to any religious sect.[2]

After refusing calls to become Chief Justice, Davis, a registered independent, was nominated for President by the Labor Reform Convention in February 1872 on a platform that declared, among other things, in favor of a national currency "based on the faith and resources of the nation," and interchangeable with 3.65% bonds of the government, and demanded the establishment of an eight-hour law throughout the country, and the payment of the national debt "without mortgaging the property of the people to enrich capitalists." In answer to the letter informing him of the nomination, Judge Davis said: "Be pleased to thank the convention for the unexpected honor which they have conferred upon me. The chief magistracy of the republic should neither be sought nor declined by any American citizen."[1]

He withdrew from the presidential contest when he failed to receive the Liberal Republican Party nomination, which went to editor Horace Greeley. Greeley died after the popular election and before the return of the electoral vote. One of Greeley's electoral votes went to Davis.

Disputed election of 1876[edit]

Judge David Davis
Hon. David Davis, Ill., and Judge Grier, Supreme Court, Ill. Photo taken by Mathew Brady

In 1877, Davis narrowly avoided the opportunity to be the only person to ever single-handedly select the President of the United States. In the disputed Presidential election of 1876 between the Republican Rutherford Hayes and the Democrat Samuel Tilden, Congress created a special Electoral Commission to decide to whom to award a total of 20 electoral votes which were disputed from the states of Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina and Oregon. The Commission was to be composed of 15 members: five drawn from the U.S. House of Representatives, five from the U.S. Senate, and five from the U.S. Supreme Court. The majority party in each legislative chamber would get three seats on the Commission, and the minority party would get two. Both parties agreed to this arrangement because it was understood that the Commission would have seven Republicans, seven Democrats, and Davis, who was arguably the most trusted independent in the nation.

According to one historian, "No one, perhaps not even Davis himself, knew which presidential candidate he preferred."[3] Just as the Electoral Commission Bill was passing Congress, the legislature of Illinois elected Davis to the Senate. Democrats in the Illinois Legislature believed that they had purchased Davis's support by voting for him. However, they had made a miscalculation; instead of staying on the Supreme Court so that he could serve on the Commission, he promptly resigned as a Justice, in order to take his Senate seat. Because of this, Davis was unable to assume the spot, always intended for him, as one of the Supreme Court's members of the Commission. His replacement on the Commission was Joseph Philo Bradley, a Republican, thus the Commission ended up with an 8–7 Republican majority. Each of the 20 disputed electoral votes was eventually awarded to Hayes, the Republican, by that same 8-7 majority; Hayes won the election, 185 electoral votes to 184. Had Davis been on the Commission, his would have been the deciding vote, and Tilden would have been elected president if Davis and the commission had awarded him even one electoral vote.

Senate career[edit]

Davis served only a single term as U.S. Senator from Illinois.

In 1881, Davis's renowned independence was again called upon. Upon the assassination of President James A. Garfield, Vice President Chester Arthur succeeded to the office of president. Per the terms of the Presidential Succession Act of 1792, which was still in effect, the President pro tempore of the Senate would be next in line for the presidency, should it again become vacant at any time in the 3½ years remaining in Garfield's term. As the Senate was evenly divided between the parties, this posed the risk of deadlock. However, the presence of Davis provided an answer; despite being only a freshman Senator, the Senate elected Davis as President Pro Tempore.[4] Davis was not a candidate for re-election. At the end of his term in 1883, he retired to his home in Bloomington.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Upon his death in 1886, he was interred at Evergreen Cemetery in Bloomington, Illinois. His grave can be found in section G, lot 659.

His home in that city, the David Davis Mansion, is a state historic site. At his death, he was the largest landowner in Illinois, and his estate was worth between four and five million dollars[citation needed].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Davis, David". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 
  2. ^ Religious Affiliation of the U.S. Supreme Court adherents.com
  3. ^ Morris, Roy, Jr. (2003). Fraud Of The Century. Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden And The Stolen Election Of 1876. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  4. ^ President pro tempore, from the Senate's website; American National Biography, "David Davis"
General

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
John Campbell
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
1862–1877
Succeeded by
John Harlan
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John Logan
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Illinois
1877–1883
Served alongside: Richard Oglesby, John Logan
Succeeded by
Shelby Cullom
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Bayard
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
1881–1883
Succeeded by
George Edmunds

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