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David Plouffe
David Plouffe official portrait.jpg
Senior Advisor to the President
In office
January 10, 2011 – January 25, 2013
President Barack Obama
Preceded by David Axelrod
Succeeded by Dan Pfeiffer
Personal details
Born (1967-05-27) May 27, 1967 (age 50)
Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Education University of Delaware, Newark (BA)

David Plouffe (/ˈplʌf/; born May 27, 1967)[1][2] is an American political strategist best known as the campaign manager for Barack Obama's successful 2008 presidential campaign. A long-time Democratic Party campaign consultant, he was a partner at the party-aligned campaign consulting firm AKPD Message and Media, which he joined in 2000.[3]

Plouffe was an outside senior advisor to Obama since the president's first day in office and was then appointed as a Senior Advisor to the President (inside the White House) in 2011 following the resignation of David Axelrod, who went on to start Obama's reelection campaign.[4] In September 2014, he became the Senior Vice President of Policy and Strategy for transportation network company Uber.[5]

In May 2015, he left that role to become a full-time strategic adviser for the company.[6] In January 2017, he joined the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative to lead the policy and advocacy efforts of the initiative.[7]

Early life[edit]

Plouffe was born and raised in Wilmington, Delaware,[8] in a working class Roman Catholic family (he is now an Episcopalian),[9] the son of Frances (née Vincent), a stay-at-home mother, and James Everett "Jim" Plouffe, a factory worker who later worked in marketing.[10][11][12]

Plouffe attended St. Mark's High School. He left the University of Delaware prior to graduating in 1989 to pursue a full-time career in politics, and completed his full undergraduate degree in May 2010.[13]

Career[edit]

Plouffe began his political career by working for Senator Tom Harkin's 1990 re-election campaign.[14] He later worked as a state field director for Harkin's unsuccessful 1992 Presidential campaign. In the same year he successfully managed Congressman John Olver's first re-election bid in Massachusetts. In 1994 Plouffe managed Delaware Attorney General Charles M. Oberly's unsuccessful campaign against Senator William V. Roth.

2008 Barack Obama presidential campaign[edit]

Plouffe was the campaign manager for Obama's successful 2008 presidential campaign. He is credited with the campaign's successful overall strategy in the race (primarily against then-Senator Hillary Clinton) for the Democratic Party presidential nomination, to focus on the first caucus in Iowa and on maximizing the number of pledged delegates, as opposed to focusing on states with primaries and the overall popular vote. He is also credited by The New Republic for Obama's success in the Iowa caucus and for crafting an overall strategy to prolong the primary past Super Tuesday. The Chicago Tribune writes, "Plouffe was the mastermind behind a winning strategy that looked well past Super Tuesday's contests on Feb. 5 and placed value on large and small states".[15] Plouffe also maintained discipline over communications, including controlling leaks and releasing information about the campaign on its terms. Averse to publicity himself, Plouffe's control over the internal workings of the campaign avoided the publicly aired squabbles that tend to trouble campaigns.[15]

In June 2008, when then-Senator Obama clinched the Democratic Party nomination, he thanked Plouffe for being the one "who never gets any credit, but has built the best political campaign, I think, in the history of the United States". In May 2008, David Axelrod praised Plouffe, stating he had "done the most magnificent job of managing a campaign that I've seen in my life of watching presidential politics. To start something like this from scratch and build what we have built was a truly remarkable thing".[16]

After winning the election on November 4, Obama credited Plouffe in his acceptance speech, calling him "the unsung hero of this campaign, who built the...best political campaign, I think, in the history of the United States of America".[17]

2009–2011[edit]

Plouffe went to work as an outside senior adviser to the Obama administration, in January 2009. His book The Audacity to Win: The Inside Story and Lessons of Barack Obama's Historic Victory, discussing management strategies and tactics that he used in the 2008 campaign,[18] was published on November 3, 2009, and became a New York Times bestseller.[citation needed]

He later issued a video challenge for Obama supporters to buy a copy of his book on December 8, 2009 to "Beat Sarah Palin" and her bestselling book for one day.[19][20]

Plouffe signed with the Washington Speakers Bureau to give paid speeches and plans to engage in non-government consulting work.[21]

In May 2009, Plouffe delivered the convocation address at Cornell University.[22]

2011–2013: Senior Advisor to the President[edit]

In January 2011, Plouffe joined the White House as Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor. Plouffe replaced David Axelrod as Senior Advisor when Axelrod returned to Chicago to help run President Obama’s 2012 re-election campaign.[23]

In his role as senior advisor, Plouffe led the crafting of White House strategy and communicating the president's message. He attended the president on his domestic and overseas visits, including the May 2011 state visit to the UK.[24]

After a successful reelection and inauguration of President Obama, Plouffe departed the White House in January 2013. During a national news event, on his final day in the White House, Plouffe was singled out by the president saying, “What people don’t always realize, because he doesn’t like to show it, is the reason he does this stuff is because he cares deeply about people. And he cares about justice, and he cares about making sure that everybody gets a shot in life. And, those values have motivated him to do incredible things, and were it not for him, we would not have been as effective a White House and I probably wouldn’t be here.”[25]

Career after the White House[edit]

After leaving the White House in early 2013, Plouffe became a contributor for Bloomberg TV and ABC News.[26]

In April 2013, Plouffe was inducted into the American Association of Political Consultants Hall of Fame.[27]

In the summer of 2014, rumors circulated that Plouffe might return to the White House as Chief of Staff. On August 5, 2014, Plouffe denied he planned to return at a Politico Playbook lunch, and White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said he did not expect Chief of Staff Denis McDonough to depart.[28]

On August 19, 2014, Plouffe was appointed as Senior Vice President of Policy and Strategy at Uber, the ride-sharing company.[29]

In January 2017, Plouffe was hired by Mark Zuckerberg to lead policy and advocacy at the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative. He’ll lead a bipartisan policy board alongside Ken Mehlman where they’ll announce policy members and work to find opportunities to work with the government.[30]

Controversy[edit]

Plouffe has drawn criticism for his paid speaking engagements abroad while on hiatus from advising Obama. In early 2009, Plouffe spoke in Baku, Azerbaijan, for $50,000. The event's sponsor had ties to Azerbaijan's authoritarian government. Following complaints from human rights groups, Plouffe donated his speaking fees to the National Democratic Institute.[31][32]

In December 2010, Plouffe received $100,000 for two speeches in Nigeria from an affiliate of the South African telecommunications company MTN Group. At the time, MTN had been doing business with the government of Iran since 2005. MTN later came under increased scrutiny by the United States due to allegations that the Iranian government used the MTN network to track and monitor dissidents. MTN has been listed on the "Iran Business Registry" of watchdog group United Against Nuclear Iran since 2009.[33] White House spokesman Eric Schultz stated that Plouffe had only spoken to the group about digital communications and cellular technology, and had declined to meet with the company's leadership. Schultz also said the criticism of Plouffe's speeches before he joined the White House was "misplaced".[34]

In 2013, in response to accusations from Congressman Darrell Issa (R-CA) that the Obama administration knew about the IRS targeting of not-for-profit conservative groups for extra scrutiny, Plouffe tweeted: "Strong words from Mr Grand Theft Auto and suspected arsonist/insurance swindler. And loose ethically today", referring to two incidents in Issa's past. In 1972, while a teenager, Issa was accused of stealing a Maserati sports car; the charges were later dropped. In 1982, a Cleveland warehouse belonging to Issa burned to the ground. The fire was ruled suspicious and Issa collected an insurance payout, but he was not charged with any crime.[35] [36][37][38][39][40]

In February 2017 Plouffe was fined $90,000 by the Chicago Board of Ethics for the violation of ethics rules when he failed to register as a lobbyist after contacting Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel to help ride-hailing service Uber with regulations for picking up travelers at Chicago airports. The board also fined Uber $2,000 for hiring a lobbyist who violated the city's lobbying laws. [41]

Works[edit]

  • Plouffe, David. The Audacity to Win: The Inside Story and Lessons of Barack Obama's Historic Victory, Viking Adult (November 3, 2009); ISBN 978-0-670-02133-8

Plouffe appeared on Race for the White House in the episode about the 1948 United States presidential election.

Personal life[edit]

Plouffe is married to Olivia Morgan, a Senior Advisor to Maria Shriver’s A Woman’s Nation, a member of Obama’s President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities,[42][43] and Director of Federal Relations to former California Governor Gray Davis.[44] The couple resides in San Francisco, and have two children.[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barnes, James A. "Obama's Inner Circle" Archived October 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., National Journal, March 31, 2008.
  2. ^ Goldman, Julianna. "Obama's Aide Plouffe", Bloomberg, June 16, 2008.
  3. ^ "AKPD MESSAGE AND MEDIA|PARTNERS|DAVID PLOUFFE". www.akpdmedia.com. Archived from the original on 2004-09-03. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  4. ^ "Obama Gets Second Chance to Stress Jobs Focus at State of the Union". Fox News. January 21, 2011. 
  5. ^ "A LEADER FOR THE UBER CAMPAIGN", uber.com; accessed September 20, 2017.
  6. ^ Brian Fung (May 13, 2015). "Uber just gave David Plouffe's job to a top Google exec". Washington Post. Retrieved September 19, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Mark Zuckerberg - Priscilla and I are excited to announce..." January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Wilmington University News Release - David Plouffe, Author of 'The Audacity to Win', Will Visit Wilmington University". wilmu.edu. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  9. ^ Politico: "Full transcript: POLITICO's Glenn Thrush interviews David Plouffe" by Politico Staff February 29, 2016|"So I was perusing Wikipedia before I came in, because I realized I've read your book, I've talked with you 10,000 times, and I never looked at your Wikipedia page. And the first thing I realized about you that I didn't know is Wikipedia says you're Jewish. You are not apparently Jewish, right? DAVID PLOUFFE: No. I may be honorary Jewish, but no, I was raised Catholic, went to Catholic school, and now am a practicing Episcopalian."
  10. ^ Leibovich, Mark (February 20, 2012). "Plouffe, Obama Aide, Lends Firm Hand to Campaign". The New York Times. 
  11. ^ "James Plouffe obituary - Wilmington, DE - The News Journal". The News Journal. Retrieved September 19, 2015. 
  12. ^ "David PPlouffe profile". The Washington Post. January 25, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Former McCain, Obama Aides Schmidt and Plouffe Join at University of Delaware". US News & World Report. October 19, 2009. 
  14. ^ Julianna Goldman, Obama's Aide Plouffe Plots Victory From Background, yahoo.com; accessed July 4, 2008.
  15. ^ a b McCormick, John (2008-06-08). "Obama's campaign chief: low profile, high impact". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  16. ^ Kaiser, Robert G. (2008-05-02). "The Player at Bat - David Axelrod, the Man With Obama's Game Plan, Is Also the Candidate's No. 1 Fan". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  17. ^ "Text of Obama's Acceptance Speech". The Baltimore Sun. 2008-11-05. Archived from the original on November 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  18. ^ Italie, Hillel (February 4, 2009). "Obama campaign manager David Plouffe agrees to 7-figure deal for book". Associated Press. 
  19. ^ Ambinder, Marc. "David Plouffe Throwback Strategy Challenge". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 19, 2015. 
  20. ^ Penguin Books (2009). The Audacity to Win; retrieved October 29, 2009.
  21. ^ Allen, Mike (2008-12-05). "Publishers jump at Plouffe book". The Politico. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  22. ^ Obama's Campaign Manager Set to Speak at Convocation, The Cornell Daily Sun, September 27, 2009.
  23. ^ Stone, Daniel (January 7, 2011). "David Plouffe, Obama's Whiz Kid, Returns". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  24. ^ "US State Visit, May 24 to 26, 2011 Guest List". Royal Family official website. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  25. ^ White House, The (January 25, 2013). "Remarks by the President at a Personnel Announcement". Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  26. ^ Cowie, Amanda (April 25, 2013). "David Plouffe Joins Bloomberg TV". Bloomberg News. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  27. ^ Gavin, Patrick (April 4, 2013). "David Axelrod, David Plouffe to Hall of Fame". Politico. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  28. ^ Budoff Brown, Carrie. "David Plouffe: The most popular guy in Washington". www.politico.com. Politico. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  29. ^ "A LEADER FOR THE UBER CAMPAIGN". www.uber.com. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  30. ^ Balakrishnan, Anita (2017-01-10). "Uber's David Plouffe to join Chan Zuckerberg Initiative". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-04-21. 
  31. ^ Mark Leibovich (February 21, 2012). "From Knife Seller to the President's Hard Edge". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  32. ^ Vogel, Kenneth (February 12, 2012). "Plouffe speech in Azerbaijan draws fire". Politico. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  33. ^ Hamburger, Tom & Peter Wallsten (August 5, 2012). "Obama associate got $100,000 fee from affiliate of firm doing business with Iran". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  34. ^ Baker, Peter (August 7, 2012). "Aide's Fees Draw Critics and, Then, Defenders". The New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  35. ^ Blake, Aaron. "Plouffe calls Issa 'Mr. Grand Theft Auto'". Washington Post. June 3, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  36. ^ Hoffmann, Bill. "Plouffe, White House Aides Target Issa" Archived 2013-11-10 at the Wayback Machine., Baltimore Jewish Life, June 3, 2013.
  37. ^ Jackson, David, "Rep. Issa, Obama aide have war of words", usatoday.com, June 3, 2013.
  38. ^ Tapper, Jake. "IRS controversy turns personal, nasty", cnn.com, June 2, 2013.
  39. ^ Frank, James. NPR: "White House-Issa Fight: Nasty But Normal In Washington", npr.org, June 3, 2013.
  40. ^ Kopan, Tal. "David Plouffe rips Darrell Issa ‘loose ethically’", politico.com, June 3, 2013.
  41. ^ "Fined". Chicago Business Journal. February 16, 2017. 
  42. ^ "The Shriver Report". awomansnation.com. Archived from the original on December 16, 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  43. ^ "Olivia Morgan, Washington, DC". President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities. Archived from the original on November 29, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Olivia Morgan". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 27, 2012. 
  45. ^ Cillizza, Chris (2008-11-07). "Plouffe to the Senate?". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-11-07. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
David Axelrod
Senior Advisor to the President
2011–2013
Served alongside: Valerie Jarrett
Succeeded by
Dan Pfeiffer

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