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Gallery III: Davis vs. Prince Edward
Gallery III: Davis vs. Prince Edward
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: motonmuseum
Davis v. Prince Edward County, Farmville, Virginia
Davis v. Prince Edward County, Farmville, Virginia
Published: 2008/02/09
Channel: ResearchChannel
Prince Edward County closes schools
Prince Edward County closes schools
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: WTVR CBS 6
Dedication of the Barbara Johns Building in Richmond, Virginia
Dedication of the Barbara Johns Building in Richmond, Virginia
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Community Idea Stations
Book | The Educational Lockout of African Americans in Prince Edward County, Virginia
Book | The Educational Lockout of African Americans in Prince Edward County, Virginia
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Cyril Archuleta
Something Must Be Done About Prince Edward County by Kristen Green
Something Must Be Done About Prince Edward County by Kristen Green
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: HarperBooks
Massive Resistance in Norfolk - Civil Rights Norfolk 17
Massive Resistance in Norfolk - Civil Rights Norfolk 17
Published: 2008/10/16
Channel: NorfolkTV
CAN 349 SCHOOLS IN PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY OPEN AFTER FIVE YEARS
CAN 349 SCHOOLS IN PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY OPEN AFTER FIVE YEARS
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: AP Archive
Remembering Harry Briggs
Remembering Harry Briggs
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: WSPA 7News
Freedom Schools for Racial Justice
Freedom Schools for Racial Justice
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: AFTHQ
Amelia Day 2008
Amelia Day 2008
Published: 2008/05/11
Channel: Katrina Blankenship
Prince Edward County Freedom Schools Teachers Discuss Segregation Fight in 1963
Prince Edward County Freedom Schools Teachers Discuss Segregation Fight in 1963
Published: 2014/03/14
Channel: Albert Shanker Institute
Amelia Day 2008
Amelia Day 2008
Published: 2008/05/10
Channel: Katrina Blankenship
What Matters - The Lost Class of 1959
What Matters - The Lost Class of 1959
Published: 2009/02/10
Channel: WHROTV
Teens can
Teens can't imagine what segregation meant
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Tuesday Morning Breakfast Forum Charlotte
"Locked Out" looks at the fall of Massive Resistance-1
"Locked Out" looks at the fall of Massive Resistance-1
Published: 2009/09/29
Channel: Community Idea Stations
A Celebration:  Because of You...With You
A Celebration: Because of You...With You
Published: 2011/06/22
Channel: motonmuseum
Briggs v Elliott
Briggs v Elliott
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: LegendaryRacing
Gallery I: The Auditorium
Gallery I: The Auditorium
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: motonmuseum
Prince Edward County, Spring 1963
Prince Edward County, Spring 1963
Published: 2012/12/06
Channel: Derek Fisher
Joy Carrabas Speakes Remembers the 1951 Moton School Walkout
Joy Carrabas Speakes Remembers the 1951 Moton School Walkout
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Ilsa Loeser
1963 Farmville Protests
1963 Farmville Protests
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Shyheim Williams
The Road Towards Brown V. Board of Education
The Road Towards Brown V. Board of Education
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: MaggieWalkerNPS
Davis County School Board Meeting  9-16-14 - Attendance
Davis County School Board Meeting 9-16-14 - Attendance
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Davis School District UT Citizen Report
Voices of History: John A. Stokes
Voices of History: John A. Stokes
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Education Week
Prince Edward Dance Part2
Prince Edward Dance Part2
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: jarmal joyner
Gallery V: They Closed Their Schools
Gallery V: They Closed Their Schools
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: motonmuseum
05/06/59 J. Lindsay Almond discusses integration resistance in Prince Edward County, Va.
05/06/59 J. Lindsay Almond discusses integration resistance in Prince Edward County, Va.
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: nutty.archives
60 Years Since Brown v. Board of Education - SU4PS
60 Years Since Brown v. Board of Education - SU4PS
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Stand Up 4 Public Schools
Oliver Hill: The Lynching Case And The Property Case
Oliver Hill: The Lynching Case And The Property Case
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: visionaryproject
The Rotunda Show Exclusive - Longwood Honors Dr. King
The Rotunda Show Exclusive - Longwood Honors Dr. King
Published: 2010/01/29
Channel: Rotunda Studios
Behind-The-Scenes: Recreating The 1951 Barbara Johns Speech
Behind-The-Scenes: Recreating The 1951 Barbara Johns Speech
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: motonmuseum
08/21/63 "Free School" registration in Prince Edward County
08/21/63 "Free School" registration in Prince Edward County
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: nutty.archives
Linda Greene on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Linda Greene on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Published: 2009/09/25
Channel: wufilmarchives
Can You Help Identify 2008 Homicide Victim.wmv
Can You Help Identify 2008 Homicide Victim.wmv
Published: 2010/08/26
Channel: vspvideos
Gallery VI:  Bound for Freedom
Gallery VI: Bound for Freedom
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: motonmuseum
Robert Russa Moton Museum
Robert Russa Moton Museum
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: NEHgov
08/14/63 Governor Harrison announces a program called Prince Edward Free School Association
08/14/63 Governor Harrison announces a program called Prince Edward Free School Association
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: nutty.archives
Gallery IV: Massive Resistance
Gallery IV: Massive Resistance
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: motonmuseum
Moton Museum: Landmark of the Civil Rights Movement
Moton Museum: Landmark of the Civil Rights Movement
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Richmond Times-Dispatch
Fight for Desegregation- Whitley & Wayne
Fight for Desegregation- Whitley & Wayne
Published: 2008/05/20
Channel: Kim Meller
Barbara Johns Civil Rights Leader
Barbara Johns Civil Rights Leader
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Katie Gould
Brown vs. Board Of Education
Brown vs. Board Of Education
Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: HTH MOOCS
Nathaniel Briggs : Briggs vs Elliott
Nathaniel Briggs : Briggs vs Elliott
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Bates Middle School :Sumter SC
Brown vs. Board of Education, Dr. JBlackshear1
Brown vs. Board of Education, Dr. JBlackshear1
Published: 2008/11/25
Channel: DrJHaney
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle SD
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle SD
Published: 2007/12/07
Channel: The University of Arizona
The Achievements of the Civil Rights Revolution—Browder v. Gayle: Challenging de jure Segregation
The Achievements of the Civil Rights Revolution—Browder v. Gayle: Challenging de jure Segregation
Published: 2013/02/15
Channel: Duke University School of Law
Edwards County High School Rocketry in Virginia
Edwards County High School Rocketry in Virginia
Published: 2007/08/02
Channel: calf85
LBUSD Board Member Ellis Parties with Teacher Union Reps
LBUSD Board Member Ellis Parties with Teacher Union Reps
Published: 2007/06/13
Channel: TALBinsider
Lacy Ward, Jr discusses Robert Russa Moton Museum & civil rights education history
Lacy Ward, Jr discusses Robert Russa Moton Museum & civil rights education history
Published: 2010/05/01
Channel: motonmuseum
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued December 9, 1952
Reargued December 8, 1953
Decided May 17, 1954
Full case name Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, combined into Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Citations 347 U.S. 483 (more)
74 S. Ct. 686; 98 L. Ed. 873; 1954 U.S. LEXIS 2094; 53 Ohio Op. 326; 38 A.L.R.2d 1180
Prior history Judgment for defendants, United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia
Subsequent history Judgment on relief, 349 U.S. 294 (1955) (Brown II); on remand, 139 F. Supp. 468 (D. Kan. 1955); motion to intervene granted, 84 F.R.D. 383 (D. Kan. 1979); judgment for defendants, 671 F. Supp. 1290 (D. Kan. 1987); reversed, 892 F.2d 851 (10th Cir. 1989); vacated, 503 U.S. 978 (1992) (Brown III); judgment reinstated, 978 F.2d 585 (10th Cir. 1992); judgment for defendants, 56 F. Supp. 2d 1212 (D. Kan. 1999)
Holding
Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. District Court of Virginia reversed.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Earl Warren
Associate Justices
Hugo Black · Stanley F. Reed
Felix Frankfurter · William O. Douglas
Robert H. Jackson · Harold H. Burton
Tom C. Clark · Sherman Minton
Case opinions
Majority Warren, joined by Unanimous
Laws applied
United States Constitution, Amendment XIV

Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County (Docket number: Civ. A. No. 1333; Case citation: 103 F. Supp. 337 (1952)) was one of the five cases combined into Brown v. Board of Education, the famous case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, in 1954, officially overturned racial segregation in U.S. public schools. The Davis case was the only such case to be initiated by a student protest. The case challenged segregation in Prince Edward County, Virginia.

Background[edit]

R.R. Moton High School, an all-black high school in Farmville, Virginia, founded in 1923, suffered from terrible conditions due to underfunding. The school did not have a gymnasium, cafeteria or teachers' restrooms. Teachers and students did not have desks or blackboards, and due to overcrowding, some students had to take classes in an immobilized, decrepit school bus parked outside the main school building. The school's requests for additional funds were denied by the all-white school board.

In response, on April 23, 1951, a 16-year-old student named Barbara Rose Johns covertly organized a student general strike. She forged notes to teachers telling them to bring their students to the auditorium for a special announcement. When the school's students showed up, Johns took the stage and persuaded the school to strike to protest poor school conditions. Over 450 walked out and marched to the homes of members of the school board, who refused to see them. Thus began a two-week protest.

Further details about this story can be found in Taylor Branch's Parting The Waters, America In The King Years 1954-63, published by Simon and Schuster in 1988. This book mentions that the headmaster was told over the phone that the police were about to arrest two of his students at the bus station. He failed to recognize this call as a ruse, so that he went to town. Only thereafter were notes calling to a special assembly delivered to the classroom.

This book also gives a different account of the teaching conditions. It states that some classes were held in "three temporary tar-paper shacks" built to house the overflow at the school. It was so cold during the winter that teachers and students had to keep their coats on. No classes held in a school bus are mentioned, although the school's bus is said to be hand-me-down from the white school, and was driven by the history teacher.

Barbara Johns was the niece of Vernon Johns, the famous black Baptist preacher and civil rights leader.

The trials[edit]

On May 23, 1951, two lawyers from the NAACP, Spottswood Robinson and Oliver Hill, filed suit on behalf of the students against the school district to integrate the schools. The district was represented by T. Justin Moore, Archibald G. (Archie") Robertson and John W. Riely of the Hunton, Williams, Gay, Powell and Gibson, a large Virginia law firm, with its primary office in Richmond (now known as Hunton & Williams). James Lindsay Almond, as Attorney General, represented the Commonwealth of Virginia. The state court ruled against the plaintiffs, who appealed the case to the U.S. District Court.

The students' request was unanimously rejected by a three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court. "We have found no hurt or harm to either race," the court ruled. The case was then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court and consolidated with four other cases from other districts around the country into the famous Brown v. Board of Education case. In it, the US Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public education was, effectively, unconstitutional and illegal.

Aftermath[edit]

The ruling was extremely unpopular among white Virginians and a considerable number of them attempted to resist integration through every means possible, during a period known as Massive Resistance. Schools remained segregated for several years. By 1959, James Lindsay Almond had become Governor of Virginia, and faced with continuing losses in the courts, he dismantled the system of segregated schools in that state. Nevertheless, the Board of Supervisors for Prince Edward County refused to appropriate any funds for the County School Board at all, effectively closing all public schools rather than integrate them. White students often attended "segregation academies", which were all-white private schools that were formed. Black students had to go to school elsewhere or forgo their education altogether. Prince Edward County schools remained closed for five years.

In 2008, the case and the protest which led to it were memorialized on the grounds of the Virginia State Capitol in the Virginia Civil Rights Memorial.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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