De-Stalinization 1953-56

Channel: IntSchoolHistory   |   2013/10/14
Play Video
1
De-Stalinization 1953-56
De-Stalinization 1953-56
::2013/10/14::
Play Video
2
Soviet people learn the truth about Josef Stalin - RIA Novosti 110225
Soviet people learn the truth about Josef Stalin - RIA Novosti 110225
::2011/02/26::
Play Video
3
Soviet Union in the 1960s
Soviet Union in the 1960s
::2010/07/04::
Play Video
4
Destalinization
Destalinization
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
5
Red Army Choir - The Guards Song (De-Stalinization Era)
Red Army Choir - The Guards Song (De-Stalinization Era)
::2013/07/08::
Play Video
6
6 Degrees of Separation - Robespierre to De-Stalinization
6 Degrees of Separation - Robespierre to De-Stalinization
::2011/05/26::
Play Video
7
De Stalinization
De Stalinization
::2014/03/11::
Play Video
8
destalinization
destalinization
::2012/05/01::
Play Video
9
Michael T
Michael T's De-Stalinization Project for Western Civ
::2013/05/15::
Play Video
10
Stalins Russia ; Most Opressive Country in the Woirld
Stalins Russia ; Most Opressive Country in the Woirld
::2013/12/22::
Play Video
11
Comparecencia de Stalin
Comparecencia de Stalin
::2013/12/01::
Play Video
12
Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev's Greatest Exploits
::2012/12/02::
Play Video
13
"Десталинизация". Откуда это пошло?
"Десталинизация". Откуда это пошло?
::2013/04/26::
Play Video
14
National Anthem of the Soviet Union
National Anthem of the Soviet Union
::2012/12/30::
Play Video
15
Цель десталинизации и деленинизации..
Цель десталинизации и деленинизации..
::2013/01/15::
Play Video
16
Thieves were jailed under Joseph Stalin
Thieves were jailed under Joseph Stalin
::2013/06/10::
Play Video
17
Kim Il Sung in the Khrushchev Era
Kim Il Sung in the Khrushchev Era
::2013/08/01::
Play Video
18
OPINION: A. Wasserman on Stalin Uncensored. (English subtitles)
OPINION: A. Wasserman on Stalin Uncensored. (English subtitles)
::2013/08/31::
Play Video
19
Anthem of the Soviet Union | Гимн СССР при Сталине
Anthem of the Soviet Union | Гимн СССР при Сталине
::2014/01/15::
Play Video
20
National Anthem of the Georgian SSR [1921-1991] - "Гимн Грузинской ССР"
National Anthem of the Georgian SSR [1921-1991] - "Гимн Грузинской ССР"
::2013/12/13::
Play Video
21
Опасность десталинизации
Опасность десталинизации
::2011/08/04::
Play Video
22
Red Army Choir - The Valliant Cossacks
Red Army Choir - The Valliant Cossacks
::2013/11/02::
Play Video
23
State Anthem of the Georgian SSR (With Lyrics)
State Anthem of the Georgian SSR (With Lyrics)
::2013/12/26::
Play Video
24
I am Cuba
I am Cuba
::2012/01/18::
Play Video
25
USSR National Anthem - 1944 Version (English Subtitles)
USSR National Anthem - 1944 Version (English Subtitles)
::2013/06/03::
Play Video
26
National Anthem of the Soviet Union (CCCP 1922-1991) - "Гимн Советского Союза"
National Anthem of the Soviet Union (CCCP 1922-1991) - "Гимн Советского Союза"
::2013/06/02::
Play Video
27
10 Intresting Facts About Joseph Stalin.
10 Intresting Facts About Joseph Stalin.
::2013/11/21::
Play Video
28
Glory to our Country
Glory to our Country
::2013/02/11::
Play Video
29
Communism (stalinization)
Communism (stalinization)
::2007/06/08::
Play Video
30
State Anthem of the Georgian SSR (vocal)
State Anthem of the Georgian SSR (vocal)
::2011/11/22::
Play Video
31
Farewell Comrades! An art opening at a private home in Moscow
Farewell Comrades! An art opening at a private home in Moscow
::2012/01/24::
Play Video
32
National Anthem of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) Soviet National Anthem
National Anthem of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) Soviet National Anthem
::2012/10/07::
Play Video
33
State Anthem of the Soviet Union (With Lyrics)
State Anthem of the Soviet Union (With Lyrics)
::2013/12/25::
Play Video
34
Volgograd city Ploshad Lenina or Lenin
Volgograd city Ploshad Lenina or Lenin's square
::2014/03/15::
Play Video
35
Wide is my motherland
Wide is my motherland
::2013/10/04::
Play Video
36
А.Фурсов - цели десталинизации
А.Фурсов - цели десталинизации
::2013/05/24::
Play Video
37
Stalingrad returns to Russia
Stalingrad returns to Russia's map to mark 70th anniversary of Battle
::2013/02/01::
Play Video
38
Humanzee : Documentary on Stalin
Humanzee : Documentary on Stalin's Experimentation to Create and Army of Ape-Men
::2013/07/18::
Play Video
39
Флаг и Гимн СССР/The flag and anthem of the USSR (1977-1991)
Флаг и Гимн СССР/The flag and anthem of the USSR (1977-1991)
::2012/11/09::
Play Video
40
U.S.S.R. National Anthem .
U.S.S.R. National Anthem .
::2013/11/15::
Play Video
41
ДЕСТАЛИНИЗАЦИЯ: ПУТЬ К СОЦИАЛЬНОМУ СОГЛАСИЮ ИЛИ К КОНФРОНТАЦИИ
ДЕСТАЛИНИЗАЦИЯ: ПУТЬ К СОЦИАЛЬНОМУ СОГЛАСИЮ ИЛИ К КОНФРОНТАЦИИ
::2013/06/12::
Play Video
42
"State Anthem of the USSR" — The US Navy Band
"State Anthem of the USSR" — The US Navy Band
::2013/01/04::
Play Video
43
The Hank Hill BWAAA Compilation!
The Hank Hill BWAAA Compilation!
::2011/11/20::
Play Video
44
HDHB
HDHB
::2013/08/23::
Play Video
45
Red Army Choir: Gandzia.
Red Army Choir: Gandzia.
::2011/09/03::
Play Video
46
Moscow Metro - More Secrets Now Revealed
Moscow Metro - More Secrets Now Revealed
::2012/11/03::
Play Video
47
Stalin death and funeral
Stalin death and funeral
::2007/09/23::
Play Video
48
Stalin: Inside the Terror
Stalin: Inside the Terror
::2013/11/21::
Play Video
49
"Happy Jumpy" short animated film
"Happy Jumpy" short animated film
::2008/02/02::
Play Video
50
National Anthem of the U.S.S.R.
National Anthem of the U.S.S.R.
::2012/06/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

De-Stalinization (Russian: десталинизация) refers to a process of political reform in the USSR that took place after the death of its de facto leader Joseph Stalin in 1953. The reforms consisted of changing or removing key institutions that helped Stalin hold power: the cult of personality that surrounded him, the Stalinist political system and the Gulag labour-camp system, all of which had been created and dominated by him as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, among other titles, from 1922–52. Stalin was succeeded by a collective leadership after his death in March 1953, consisting of: Georgi Malenkov, Premier of the Soviet Union; Lavrentiy Beria, head of the Ministry of the Interior; and Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).

Contemporary historians regard the process of de-Stalinization as a significant turning point in the history of the Soviet Union.

Beginnings: Khrushchev's Speech[edit]

De-Stalinization meant an end to the role of large-scale forced labour in the economy. The process of freeing Gulag prisoners was started by Beria, but he was soon removed from power (arrested on June 26, 1953; executed on December 24, 1953) In turn, Khrushchev then emerged as the most powerful Soviet politician.[1]

Many argue that the watershed moment of de-Stalinization was when Khrushchev gave a speech entitled, "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences," concerning Stalin. On 25 February 1956, he spoke to a closed session of the Twentieth Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Khrushchev thoroughly shocked his listeners by denouncing Stalin's dictatorial rule and his cult of personality as inconsistent with Communist and Party ideology. Among other points, he condemned the treatment of the Old Bolsheviks, people who had supported communism before the revolution, many of whom Stalin had executed as traitors. Khrushchev also attacked the crimes committed by associates of Lavrentiy Beria.

Improved prison conditions[edit]

Khrushchev also attempted to make the Gulag labour system less harsh, by allowing prisoners to post letters home to their families, and by allowing family members to mail clothes to loved-ones in the camps, which was not allowed during Stalin's time.[2] Furthermore, when Stalin died, the Gulag was "radically reduced in size." [3] On October 25, 1956, a resolution of the CPSU declared that the existence of the Gulag labour system was "inexpedient".[4] The Gulag institution was closed by the MVD order No 020 of 25 January 1960.[4]

Re-naming of places[edit]

As part of the de-Stalinization push, Khrushchev endeavored to have many places bearing Stalin's name renamed or reverted to their former names, including cities, landmarks, and other facilities.[5] These included even capital cities of the Soviet republics and territories: in 1961, Stalinabad, capital of the Tajik SSR, was renamed Dushanbe, and Staliniri, capital of the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, was renamed Tskhinvali[6][7] In Ukraine, the Stalino Oblast and its capital, also named Stalino, were renamed Donetsk Oblast and Donetsk.

In a broadly symbolic gesture, the National Anthem of the Soviet Union was purged of references to Stalin. The Stalin-centric and World War II-era lines in the lyrics were effectively excised when an instrumental version replaced it.

Re-location of Stalin's body[edit]

Given momentum by these public renamings, the process of de-Stalinization peaked in 1961 during the 22nd Congress of the CPSU. Two climactic acts of de-Stalinization marked the meetings: first, on October 31, 1961, Stalin's body was moved from Lenin's Mausoleum in Red Square to a location near the Kremlin wall;[8] second, on November 11, 1961, the "hero city" Stalingrad was renamed Volgograd.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ soviethistory.org
  2. ^ "Gulag : Soviet Prison Camps and their Legacy". Gulaghistory.org. Retrieved 2013-10-12. 
  3. ^ "Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom". Gulaghistory.org. Retrieved 2013-10-12. 
  4. ^ a b Memorial http://www.memo.ru/history/nkvd/gulag/Articles/chapter3main.htm
  5. ^ G.R.F. Bursa (1985). "Political Changes of Names of Soviet Towns". Slavonic and East European Review 63. 
  6. ^ Gwillim Law. "Regions of Tajikistan". Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids"). Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Gwillim Law. "Regions of Georgia". Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids"). Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  8. ^ CNN Interactive - Almanac - October 31. CNN. "(October 31) 1961, Russia's de-Stalinization program reached a climax when his body was removed from the mausoleum in Red Square and re-buried." 
  9. ^ Reuters (1961-11-11). "Stalingrad Name Changed". The New York Times. "MOSCOW, Saturday, Nov. 11 (Reuters) -- The "Hero City" of Stalingrad has been renamed Volgograd, the Soviet Communist party newspaper Pravda reported today." 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014