DS2 probe with heatshield and mounting
|Major contractors||Lockheed Martin|
|Mission type||Lander / impactor|
|Launch date||1999-01-03 20:21:10 UTC|
|Launch vehicle||Delta II 7425|
|Launch site||Space Launch Complex 17
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station
|Mission duration||(failure in transit)
Last contact on day 334
1999-12-03 20:00:00 UTC 
|Mass||2.4 kg (5.3 lb) each|
|Power||300mW (Li-SOCl2 batteries)|
|Main instruments||Impact accelerometer
Water detection apparatus
Soil conductivity probe
Deep Space 2 was a NASA probe which was part of the New Millennium Program. It included two highly advanced miniature space probes which were sent to Mars aboard the Mars Polar Lander in January 1999. The probes were named "Scott" and "Amundsen", in honor of Robert Falcon Scott and Roald Amundsen, the first explorers to reach the Earth's South Pole. Intended to be the first spacecraft to penetrate below the surface of another planet, after entering the Mars atmosphere DS2 was to detach from the Mars Polar Lander mother ship and plummet to the surface using only an aeroshell impactor, with no parachute. The mission was declared a failure on March 13, 2000, after all attempts to reestablish communications following the descent went unanswered.
Each probe weighed just 2.4 kg (5.3 lb) and was encased in a protective aeroshell. They rode to Mars aboard another spacecraft, the Mars Polar Lander. Upon arrival just above the south polar region of Mars on December 3, 1999, the basketball-sized shells were released from the main spacecraft, plummeting through the atmosphere and hitting the planet's surface at over 179 m/s (590 ft/s). On impact, each shell was designed to shatter, and its grapefruit-sized probe was to punch through the soil and separate into two parts. The lower part, called the forebody, was designed to penetrate as far as 0.6 meters (2 ft 0 in) into the soil. The upper part of the probe, or aftbody, was designed to remain on the surface in order to radio data to the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft in orbit around Mars. The Mars Global Surveyor would act as a relay in order to send the data collected back to Earth. The two sections of the probe were designed to remain connected via a data cable.
The probes reached Mars apparently without incident, but communication was never established after landing. It is not known what the cause of failure was. The crash review board suggests several possible causes for failure:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Deep Space 2|
Here you can share your comments or contribute with more information, content, resources or links about this topic.