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Kibutz Degania
Kibutz Degania
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: Amigos de Sião (AIMI)
O MÁGICO DE DEGANIA ALEF
O MÁGICO DE DEGANIA ALEF
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: VargasFilmProd
Siria Ataca.... Degania Alef
Siria Ataca.... Degania Alef
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: Ajshara2013
All in my head Degania Alef
All in my head Degania Alef
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Yael Harari יעל הררי
Israel
Israel's Oldest Kibbutz Votes to Privatize
Published: 2008/05/12
Channel: VOA News
Degania Bet Tour
Degania Bet Tour
Published: 2010/05/21
Channel: awkward33
The Spielberg Jewish Film Archive - A Day in Degania
The Spielberg Jewish Film Archive - A Day in Degania
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Adina Barney
IDF Israel Army - Memorial Day - Yom HaZikaron Ceremony at Degania Aleph
IDF Israel Army - Memorial Day - Yom HaZikaron Ceremony at Degania Aleph
Published: 2010/08/04
Channel: VillageIsrael
Degania Daled
Degania Daled
Published: 2012/02/14
Channel: LilyM219
degania - the three musketeers
degania - the three musketeers
Published: 2007/07/03
Channel: 30ceddix
(1966) Degania דגניה « Yaffa Yarkoni פה ירקונ
(1966) Degania דגניה « Yaffa Yarkoni פה ירקונ
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: ✁ Orgasmo Sonoro
DEGANIA - EMEK HaYARDEN , ISRAEL
DEGANIA - EMEK HaYARDEN , ISRAEL
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Michael Altshul
Jordan River, Degania and Galilee HD
Jordan River, Degania and Galilee HD
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Petra van der Zande
The Lion King Kibutz Degania
The Lion King Kibutz Degania
Published: 2013/10/18
Channel: Talia Nassau
degania
degania
Published: 2008/07/30
Channel: 30ceddix
Caravan Degania
Caravan Degania's first steps in the USA
Published: 2010/06/07
Channel: caravandegania
TYLAND IN DEGANIA
TYLAND IN DEGANIA
Published: 2008/10/13
Channel: Selwyn Peters
degania
degania
Published: 2007/02/28
Channel: meetyouinthepit
caravan degania 2010!
caravan degania 2010!
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: caravandegania
Caravan Degania-two months in the USA!!!
Caravan Degania-two months in the USA!!!
Published: 2010/11/08
Channel: taltul193
Degania Industries - OHOLIAB AIRMAC
Degania Industries - OHOLIAB AIRMAC
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Michael Altshul
OHOLIAB AIRMAC - DEGANIA INDUSTRIES
OHOLIAB AIRMAC - DEGANIA INDUSTRIES
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: Michael Altshul
Centenario de la existencia del kibutz Degania
Centenario de la existencia del kibutz Degania
Published: 2010/11/20
Channel: infolivetvspanish
Degania Sprayers
Degania Sprayers
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Michael Altshul
Fourth Caravan  Degania Question
Fourth Caravan Degania Question
Published: 2010/06/28
Channel: caravandegania
degania
degania
Published: 2007/03/01
Channel: meetyouinthepit
Rainydayz@degania
Rainydayz@degania
Published: 2011/09/26
Channel: MsMcqueen27
degania
degania
Published: 2007/02/28
Channel: meetyouinthepit
Dallas, Caravan Degania is on his way..
Dallas, Caravan Degania is on his way..
Published: 2010/06/25
Channel: caravandegania
Chocolate making at Kibbutz Degania, Israel
Chocolate making at Kibbutz Degania, Israel
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: MsDigitalEnvironment
Caravan Degania Third Question
Caravan Degania Third Question
Published: 2010/06/23
Channel: caravandegania
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 006 ALLConverter
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 006 ALLConverter
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: Yan Mashov
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 001 ALLConverter
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 001 ALLConverter
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: Yan Mashov
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 018 ALLConverter
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 018 ALLConverter
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: Yan Mashov
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 002 ALLConverter
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 002 ALLConverter
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: Yan Mashov
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 004 ALLConverter
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 004 ALLConverter
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: Yan Mashov
DEGANIA @ THE BB
DEGANIA @ THE BB
Published: 2009/12/11
Channel: gornergratt
FC degania
FC degania
Published: 2010/03/19
Channel: deganiafc
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY First Kibbutz Degania Celebrates 100 Years - Music Inside Degania Part 3
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY First Kibbutz Degania Celebrates 100 Years - Music Inside Degania Part 3
Published: 2010/04/02
Channel: CCCP КГБ Канал USSR KGB Channel
Trailer Sidrat Hajalomot
Trailer Sidrat Hajalomot
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Sidrat Hajalomot
Yerachmiel (Yerach) Kahanovich
Yerachmiel (Yerach) Kahanovich
Published: 2013/03/20
Channel: towardcommonarchive
Caravan Degania - L.A
Caravan Degania - L.A's Best + Sinai Akiba
Published: 2010/06/13
Channel: israelscouts
French Renault R35 Tank used by the Syrian Army invading Israel in 1948 war
French Renault R35 Tank used by the Syrian Army invading Israel in 1948 war
Published: 2013/05/03
Channel: TilTuli
Israel #16 Yardenit Baptismal Site / Jardenit Taufstelle am Jordan, near Kibbuz Degania
Israel #16 Yardenit Baptismal Site / Jardenit Taufstelle am Jordan, near Kibbuz Degania
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: Naturenatur
ISRAEL  MUSIC  HISTORY  First Kibbutz Degania Celebrates 100 Years - Music Inside  Degania Part 2
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY First Kibbutz Degania Celebrates 100 Years - Music Inside Degania Part 2
Published: 2010/04/02
Channel: CCCP КГБ Канал USSR KGB Channel
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY  Poet Levi Ben Amitai 1901 - 1980 Kibbutz Degania שדות שבעמק
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY Poet Levi Ben Amitai 1901 - 1980 Kibbutz Degania שדות שבעמק
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: IsraelMusicHistory
Garin Lavi
Garin Lavi
Published: 2009/09/09
Channel: skenan99
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY First Kibbutz Degania Celebrates 100 Years - Music Inside Degania Part 4
ISRAEL MUSIC HISTORY First Kibbutz Degania Celebrates 100 Years - Music Inside Degania Part 4
Published: 2010/04/02
Channel: CCCP КГБ Канал USSR KGB Channel
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 025 ALLConverter
Sh Golan vs Degania 2 12 025 ALLConverter
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: Yan Mashov
100minutos ajahara 2014
100minutos ajahara 2014
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: Alejandro Glatt
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Degania Alef
The original Zionist kibbutz settlement
The original Zionist kibbutz settlement
Degania Alef is located in Israel
Degania Alef
Degania Alef
Coordinates: 32°42′29″N 35°34′29″E / 32.70806°N 35.57472°E / 32.70806; 35.57472Coordinates: 32°42′29″N 35°34′29″E / 32.70806°N 35.57472°E / 32.70806; 35.57472
District Northern
Council Emek HaYarden
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1910, after first beginnings in 1909
Founded by Jewish pioneers
Population (2015)[1] 534
Website www.degania.org.il
View of Degania Alef, 1931
The original wooden shack at Umm Juni, 1910

Degania Alef (Hebrew: דְּגַנְיָה א'‎, D'ganya Alef) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of the Emek HaYarden Regional Council. Degania was Israel's first kvutza, a communal settlement smaller than a kibbutz. It was established in 1909 in Ottoman Palestine.[2] Degania Alef and its neighbour Degania Bet both lie between the southern shore of the Sea of Galilee and the Jordan River. In 2015 it had a population of 534.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Degania means "cornflower"[3] and is derived from dagan, meaning "grain".[4] After the first phase at Umm Junieh, the group and its settlement was simply called Degania, Alef being added only after the establishment of the associated kibbutzim of Degania Bet and Gimel in 1920. Alef, Bet and Gimel are the first letters of the Hebrew alphabet and carry the numerical values 1, 2 and 3.

History[edit]

Roman period[edit]

According to the 1881 Survey of Western Palestine, Umm Junieh was possibly the place called Union, or Homonœa, by Josephus (Vita, 54).[5][6]

Ottoman period[edit]

The Muslim village called Umm Junieh[7] is mentioned during the Late Ottoman period (late 19th century) at the site from which the first Jewish settlers would start establishing their community in 1909-1910. A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place as ruined.[8] Umm Junieh was just by the ancient bridge Jisr es Sidd, which was also marked as ruined by Jacotin.[8]

In 1875 Victor Guérin observed the village of Oumm Djouneh, sitting on a hill east of the river Jordan.[9] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the place, (then named Umm Junieh), as a stone and adobe village, on the east side of the river Jordan, on the top of the eastern bank of the river. It contained about 250 Muslim inhabitants. All the plain around was arable soil; no trees. A mill was worked at the village.[10] A population list from about 1887 showed that Umm Juny had about 330 inhabitants, all Muslim.[11]

Beginnings of Degania[edit]

Wooden shack (recent reconstruction) at Umm Juni

Degania (later Degania Alef) was the first kvutza established by Zionist pioneers in Palestine, then under Ottoman rule. It was founded by a group of ten men and two women at a place known in Arabic as Umm Junieh or Umm Juni. Degania Bet was established to the south in 1920.[12]

In June 1912 the group moved from the mud huts and wooden shack of Umm Juni to the new stone-built compound at its permanent location.[13] That is at the place where the Jordan River emerges from the Sea of Galilee and therefore had the Arabic name Bab al-Tumm, "Gate of the Mouth".[13][14]

The poet Rachel Bluwstein, the "prophet of labor" A. D. Gordon, and Joseph Trumpeldor all worked at Degania Alef. Gideon Baratz was the first child born on the kibbutz and Moshe Dayan was the second. Dayan was named after Moshe Barsky, the first kibbutz member killed in an Arab attack.[15] Barsky was killed in November 1913. He was alone in the kibbutz fields when he was shot in the back and left for dead by Arab marauders.[16]

By 1947 Degania Alef had a population of 380.

1948 Arab–Israeli War[edit]

Syrian tank captured in Degania A, 1948. The Yiftach Brigade soldier in the picture was killed two days later

On May 20, 1948, during the Battles of the Kinarot Valley, in one of the first battles of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the residents of Degania Alef and Bet, assisted by a small number of military personnel, repelled a Syrian attack and succeeded in halting the advance of the Syrian army into the Jordan Valley.[12] During the attack Degania Alef was completely destroyed by the Syrian army.[17] According to a 1949 book by the Jewish National Fund, the village was destroyed following attacks on the neighboring kibbutzim of Sha'ar HaGolan and Masada. The settlers resisted, however, and launched a counter-attack which helped to recover the neighboring settlements. Reconstruction started almost immediately.[4]

Economy[edit]

In 2007, Degania Alef moved to undergo privatization."[18] Instead of assigned jobs and equal pay under the former communal economy, the reorganization requires members to find employment, live on their income, and allows them to own their homes, but still offers a form of a social "safety net" supplement for members whose livelihood is inadequate to meet their expenses. This move to privatization was chronicled in Yitzhak Rubin's 2008 documentary, Degania: The First Kibbutz Fights Its Last Battle.

Awards and recognition[edit]

In 1981, Kvutza Degania Alef was awarded the Israel Prize, for its special contribution to society and the State in social pioneering.[19]

Notable members and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Adult children of the dream The Jerusalem Post, 6 May 2010
  3. ^ Degania Jewish Agency
  4. ^ a b Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 31. 
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 371
  6. ^ Josephus, Vita, see paragraph 54 [1]
  7. ^ Place-name derived from personal name, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 136
  8. ^ a b Karmon, 1960, p. 167.
  9. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 283
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 362
  11. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 187
  12. ^ a b Yuval El'azari, ed. (2005). Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. p. 125. ISBN 965-7184-34-7. 
  13. ^ a b Degania Alef website: History [2]
  14. ^ Henry Stewardson, The Survey of Western Palestine: A General Index..., An Index of the Arabic and English Name Lists, p. 82. Palestine Exploration Fund, 1888 [3]
  15. ^ Taslitt, Israel Isaac (1969). Soldier of Israel: the story of General Moshe Dayan. Tel Aviv: Funk and Wagnalls. p. 8. 
  16. ^ La Guardia, Anton (2002). War without end: Israelis, Palestinians, and the struggle for a promised land. Tel Aviv: Macmillan. p. 113. 
  17. ^ Martin Van Creveld (2002). The sword and the olive: a critical history of the Israeli defense force. PublicAffairs. pp. 79,82,180. ISBN 1-58648-155-X. 
  18. ^ Tim McGirk (2 May 2007). "Postcard:Galilee". Time Magazine. 
  19. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1981 (in Hebrew)". 

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gavron, Daniel (2000). The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 

External links[edit]

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