Word of the day: Democratic Centralism.

Channel: JimProfitBolshevik   |   2012/12/27
Play Video
1
Word of the day: Democratic Centralism.
Word of the day: Democratic Centralism.
::2012/12/27::
Play Video
2
Features of a Communist System.wmv
Features of a Communist System.wmv
::2011/09/06::
Play Video
3
International Seminar on Democratic Centralism
International Seminar on Democratic Centralism
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
4
International Seminar on Democratic Centralism 2
International Seminar on Democratic Centralism 2
::2014/03/13::
Play Video
5
On Democratic Centralism
On Democratic Centralism
::2014/04/06::
Play Video
6
Democratic Centralism Inner Party Democracy and the concept of Vanguard
Democratic Centralism Inner Party Democracy and the concept of Vanguard
::2014/03/08::
Play Video
7
HARBOUR CENTRE DEVELOPMENT LIMITED (0051) - Motels & Cruise Lines democratic centralism
HARBOUR CENTRE DEVELOPMENT LIMITED (0051) - Motels & Cruise Lines democratic centralism
::2013/08/04::
Play Video
8
Re: On Democratic Centralism
Re: On Democratic Centralism
::2014/04/08::
Play Video
9
Centralism
Centralism
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
10
The Utopia Of Centralism - Professional Left - Air Date 6-29-12
The Utopia Of Centralism - Professional Left - Air Date 6-29-12
::2012/07/26::
Play Video
11
How to Pronounce Centralism
How to Pronounce Centralism
::2013/12/08::
Play Video
12
Centralism
Centralism
::2014/01/16::
Play Video
13
China, solutions, mass mobilizations, democratic centralization
China, solutions, mass mobilizations, democratic centralization
::2014/01/30::
Play Video
14
International Seminar on Socialism - Inaugural Ceremony
International Seminar on Socialism - Inaugural Ceremony
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
15
Struggle for Socialist Alternatives: Possibilities and Challenges
Struggle for Socialist Alternatives: Possibilities and Challenges
::2014/03/09::
Play Video
16
International Seminar - Hyderabad - 2014 - Live
International Seminar - Hyderabad - 2014 - Live
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
17
อ.วันชัย พรหมภา : การปกครองที่ถูกหลักวิชา
อ.วันชัย พรหมภา : การปกครองที่ถูกหลักวิชา
::2013/06/28::
Play Video
18
Zahid Ali Khan addressing
Zahid Ali Khan addressing
::2014/03/12::
Play Video
19
อ.วันชัย พรหมภา : พระมหากษัตริย์กับรัฐเดี่ยว 3
อ.วันชัย พรหมภา : พระมหากษัตริย์กับรัฐเดี่ยว 3
::2013/05/04::
Play Video
20
Telengana and its future trajectory - Part 2
Telengana and its future trajectory - Part 2
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
21
CNN:  Jill Stein debates Gary Johnson.
CNN: Jill Stein debates Gary Johnson.
::2012/10/19::
Play Video
22
Taipei National University of the Arts Apple Daily Jam court: Beitou Notary | СОГАЗ МЕД
Taipei National University of the Arts Apple Daily Jam court: Beitou Notary | СОГАЗ МЕД
::2012/12/10::
Play Video
23
Jurrat - December 16 - In the memory of Nirbhaya - P7
Jurrat - December 16 - In the memory of Nirbhaya - P7
::2013/12/17::
Play Video
24
Telangana and its future trajectory - Part 1
Telangana and its future trajectory - Part 1
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
25
Political commentator Mesfin Negash
Political commentator Mesfin Negash's view on Ethiopian Muslims movement for religious rights.
::2013/08/15::
Play Video
26
Progressivse moved to unite.
Progressivse moved to unite.
::2012/10/24::
Play Video
27
How Communism Failed in the Soviet Union and China: Economic Systems Explained (1990)
How Communism Failed in the Soviet Union and China: Economic Systems Explained (1990)
::2014/02/14::
Play Video
28
Politicians Look to Ban the NPD Party | People & Politics
Politicians Look to Ban the NPD Party | People & Politics
::2011/12/16::
Play Video
29
sound & pictures over talk; look & listen for the mother inside
sound & pictures over talk; look & listen for the mother inside
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
30
"What Is Revolutionary Leadership?" by Cliff Slaughter
"What Is Revolutionary Leadership?" by Cliff Slaughter
::2014/04/01::
Play Video
31
Jill Stein wins more votes.
Jill Stein wins more votes.
::2012/10/26::
Play Video
32
2013 African People
2013 African People's Socialist Party 6TH CONGRESS
::2013/12/02::
Play Video
33
Progressives unify around Stein for President?
Progressives unify around Stein for President?
::2012/10/21::
Play Video
34
Nigel Farage, Peter Bone, Emma Reynolds on Europe (13May13)
Nigel Farage, Peter Bone, Emma Reynolds on Europe (13May13)
::2013/05/13::
Play Video
35
MWAKENYA: UNFINISHED REVOLUTION BOOK LAUNCH - NAIROBI, KENYA
MWAKENYA: UNFINISHED REVOLUTION BOOK LAUNCH - NAIROBI, KENYA
::2014/02/19::
Play Video
36
Mwakenya: the Unfinished Revolution  - Book Launch
Mwakenya: the Unfinished Revolution - Book Launch
::2014/02/25::
Play Video
37
International Seminar
International Seminar
::2014/02/12::
Play Video
38
The Russian Revolution Explained: World History Review
The Russian Revolution Explained: World History Review
::2013/06/05::
Play Video
39
How would my fans feel about a name change...
How would my fans feel about a name change...
::2012/12/28::
Play Video
40
(8of8)庆祝中国共产党成立90周年大会~奏国际歌 大会结束
(8of8)庆祝中国共产党成立90周年大会~奏国际歌 大会结束
::2011/07/01::
Play Video
41
mobile king.
mobile king.
::2010/09/25::
Play Video
42
21. Stalinism
21. Stalinism
::2009/09/02::
Play Video
43
The Future of Arab Democracy
The Future of Arab Democracy
::2013/07/08::
Play Video
44
Anarcho-Capitalism or Totalitarian Communism? Question
Anarcho-Capitalism or Totalitarian Communism? Question
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
45
CHINA SHINEWAY PHARMACEUTICAL GROUP LTD. (2877) - 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests
CHINA SHINEWAY PHARMACEUTICAL GROUP LTD. (2877) - 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests
::2013/08/04::
Play Video
46
Russia Project
Russia Project
::2011/03/03::
Play Video
47
Word of the day: Revolutionary Defeatism.
Word of the day: Revolutionary Defeatism.
::2012/12/26::
Play Video
48
Stalin the myth part 2
Stalin the myth part 2
::2008/06/03::
Play Video
49
Farage and Hannan confront EU Centralism
Farage and Hannan confront EU Centralism
::2013/11/10::
Play Video
50
BILLION INDUSTRIAL HOLDINGS LTD (2299) - Hong Kong Textiles & Chinese Leather Goods
BILLION INDUSTRIAL HOLDINGS LTD (2299) - Hong Kong Textiles & Chinese Leather Goods
::2013/08/04::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Democratic centralism is the name given to the principles of internal organization used by Leninist political parties, and the term is sometimes used as a synonym for any Leninist policy inside a political party. The democratic aspect of this organizational method describes the freedom of members of the political party to discuss and debate matters of policy and direction, but once the decision of the party is made by majority vote, all members are expected to uphold that decision. This latter aspect represents the centralism. As Lenin described it, democratic centralism consisted of "freedom of discussion, unity of action."[1]

Before Stalin[edit]

The Sixth Party Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party (Bolsheviks) held at Petrograd between July 26 and August 3, 1917 defined democratic centralism as follows:

  1. That all directing bodies of the Party, from top to bottom, shall be elected;
  2. That Party bodies shall give periodical accounts of their activities to their respective Party organizations;
  3. That there shall be strict Party discipline and the subordination of the minority to the majority;
  4. That all decisions of higher bodies shall be absolutely binding on lower bodies and on all Party members.[2]

The text What Is to Be Done? from 1902 is popularly seen as the founding text of democratic centralism. At this time, democratic centralism was generally viewed as a set of principles for the organizing of a revolutionary workers' party. However, Lenin's model for such a party, which he repeatedly discussed as being "democratic centralist", was the German Social Democratic Party, inspired by remarks made by the social-democrat Jean Baptista von Schweitzer.

The doctrine of democratic centralism served as one of the sources of the split between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. The Mensheviks supported a looser party discipline within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1903, as did Leon Trotsky, in Our Political Tasks,[3] although Trotsky joined ranks with the Bolsheviks in 1917.

After the successful consolidation of power by the Communist Party following the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War, the Bolshevik leadership, including Lenin, instituted a ban on factions in the Russian Communist Party as Resolution No. 12 of the 10th Party Congress in 1921. It was passed in the morning session on March 16, 1921.[4] Supporters of Trotsky sometimes claim that this ban was intended to be temporary. But there is no language in the discussion at the 10th Party Congress suggesting that it was intended to be temporary.[5]

The Group of Democratic Centralism was a group in the Soviet Communist Party who advocated different concepts of party democracy.

In the Soviet Union[edit]

During Joseph Stalin's time, the principle of democratic centralism had evolved to the point that the Supreme Soviet, while nominally vested with great legislative powers, did little more than approve decisions already made at the highest levels of the Communist Party. This de facto arrangement soon became the norm in nearly all Communist states.

By the Leonid Brezhnev period democratic centralism was described, in the 1977 Soviet Constitution, as a principle for organizing the state: "The Soviet state is organized and functions on the principle of democratic centralism, namely the electiveness of all bodies of state authority from the lowest to the highest, their accountability to the people, and the obligation of lower bodies to observe the decisions of higher ones." Democratic centralism combines central leadership with local initiative and creative activity and with the responsibility of each state body and official for the work entrusted to them.

The democratic centralist principle extended to elections. In all Communist countries, voters were presented with a single list, which usually won 90 percent or more of the vote. In some countries, those who voted against the lone candidate on the ballot could face serious reprisals.

In China[edit]

Democratic centralism is also stated in Article 3 of the present Constitution of the People's Republic of China.

Its principal practice exists as the supremacy of the "National People's Congress," which represents the people and exercises legislative authority on their behalf. Other powers, including power to appoint the head of state and head of government is also in this body vested. However, since its inauguration in 1954, it has served as little more than a rubber-stamp for legitimising party policies.[citation needed]

The similarly-named National Assembly of the Republic of China is, however, a non-example. This body has strictly limited powers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lenin, V. (1906). "Report on the Unity Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.". Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  2. ^ History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). Short Course. New York: International Publishers, 1939, p. 198
  3. ^ Leon Trotsky (1904). "Our Political Tasks". Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  4. ^ Protokoly 1933 ed. 585–7; 1963 ed. 571–3
  5. ^ Protokoly 1933 ed. 523–548

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014