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Empire Files: Fighting at Standing Rock with AIM Founder Dennis Banks
Empire Files: Fighting at Standing Rock with AIM Founder Dennis Banks
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: TeleSUR English
Community Says Goodbye To Native Activist Dennis Banks
Community Says Goodbye To Native Activist Dennis Banks
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Lakeland PBS
1970s Dennis Banks Interivew, San Francisco, Native American
1970s Dennis Banks Interivew, San Francisco, Native American
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: thekinolibrary
Dennis Banks- Still Strong Music Video
Dennis Banks- Still Strong Music Video
Published: 2011/06/19
Channel: siemasko89
Sad News From Indian Country: Dennis Banks
Sad News From Indian Country: Dennis Banks
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Native Tearz
American Indian Movement | Russel Means (1973)
American Indian Movement | Russel Means (1973)
Published: 2015/02/22
Channel: WketDZ
Dennis Banks  - Let Your Babies Grow Up To Be Indians
Dennis Banks - Let Your Babies Grow Up To Be Indians
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Friends of the American Indian Movement
In Memory of Dennis Banks, American Indian... - Indigenous Life Movement
In Memory of Dennis Banks, American Indian... - Indigenous Life Movement
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: Jesse Wilson
Dennis Banks & Ogitchidaa Kwe
Dennis Banks & Ogitchidaa Kwe
Published: 2010/09/01
Channel: Andrea Pierce
Dennis Banks 9-30-16
Dennis Banks 9-30-16
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Liberation News
The Last Of The Mohicans - Trailer - (1992) - HQ
The Last Of The Mohicans - Trailer - (1992) - HQ
Published: 2008/12/30
Channel: ryy79
Dennis Banks interview Part 1
Dennis Banks interview Part 1
Published: 2009/11/15
Channel: griidgr
American Indian Movement - Dennis Banks Interview
American Indian Movement - Dennis Banks Interview
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: WorldBeat Productions
Dennis Banks at Portland State University, 1975 - Part 1
Dennis Banks at Portland State University, 1975 - Part 1
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Oregon Historical Society
Native American Leader Dennis Banks on Overlooked Tragedy of U.S. Indian Boarding Schools
Native American Leader Dennis Banks on Overlooked Tragedy of U.S. Indian Boarding Schools
Published: 2012/10/08
Channel: Democracy Now!
American Indian Movement Song at Dennis Banks Memorial in Minneapolis
American Indian Movement Song at Dennis Banks Memorial in Minneapolis
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: DMcDProductionsInc
Dennis Banks
Dennis Banks
Published: 2014/07/01
Channel: paducah2
The Life and Times of Dennis Banks
The Life and Times of Dennis Banks
Published: 2007/09/24
Channel: DKMINC
American Indian activist Dennis Banks dies at age 80
American Indian activist Dennis Banks dies at age 80
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: The US News
American Indian Activist Dennis Banks Dies
American Indian Activist Dennis Banks Dies
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: Lakeland PBS
Remembering Wounded Knee - Part 3 (Dennis Banks & Dorothy Ninham)
Remembering Wounded Knee - Part 3 (Dennis Banks & Dorothy Ninham)
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Friends of the American Indian Movement
Dennis Banks - Honoring a Hawk ( he found on the roadside )
Dennis Banks - Honoring a Hawk ( he found on the roadside )
Published: 2011/07/09
Channel: djsandoors
Dennis Banks On The American Indian Movement
Dennis Banks On The American Indian Movement
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: David Hoffman
The latest: dennis banks surrounded by family when he died
The latest: dennis banks surrounded by family when he died
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: Emilia Violente
A Good Day to Die - Trailer
A Good Day to Die - Trailer
Published: 2012/01/20
Channel: JourneymanVOD
Dennis Banks, Tatanka Banks and Carlos Sauer in a Spiritual Journey in Arizona, USA with europeans.
Dennis Banks, Tatanka Banks and Carlos Sauer in a Spiritual Journey in Arizona, USA with europeans.
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Carlos Sauer
Dennis Banks, AIM CoFounder live  @ Oceti Camp. Raid imminent in 48hrs.
Dennis Banks, AIM CoFounder live @ Oceti Camp. Raid imminent in 48hrs.
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: The One And Only Power
Dennis Banks
Dennis Banks' 75th Birthday Bash
Published: 2012/04/14
Channel: itschessnotcheckers
Reflections On The Life Of A Native American Icon, Dennis Banks
Reflections On The Life Of A Native American Icon, Dennis Banks
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: iNewZ TV
DENNIS BANKS AT STANDING ROCK
DENNIS BANKS AT STANDING ROCK
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: Lucas Reynolds
A Good Day To Die (Official Trailer)
A Good Day To Die (Official Trailer)
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: FilmBuff Movies
BREAKING NEWS: American Indian Activist Dennis Banks Dies
BREAKING NEWS: American Indian Activist Dennis Banks Dies
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: iNewZ TV
Leonard Peltier & The Rights of Native People (Dennis Banks & Dorothy Ninham)
Leonard Peltier & The Rights of Native People (Dennis Banks & Dorothy Ninham)
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Friends of the American Indian Movement
Elder Conversations: Dennis Banks
Elder Conversations: Dennis Banks
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Mvskoke Media Presents Native News Today
Dennis Banks
Dennis Banks
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Avinash A.
Dennis Banks, American Indian Movement Co-Founder, Dies At 80
Dennis Banks, American Indian Movement Co-Founder, Dies At 80
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: Wochit News
DENNIS BANKS SINGS AIM SONG FOR LEONARD PELTIER/WALK FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
DENNIS BANKS SINGS AIM SONG FOR LEONARD PELTIER/WALK FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Published: 2011/12/22
Channel: dakotawarrior383
Wake And Funeral Service Details For Dennis Banks Announced
Wake And Funeral Service Details For Dennis Banks Announced
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: LPTV - Lakeland Public Television
Thursday Wake Service For Dennis Banks To Change Venue
Thursday Wake Service For Dennis Banks To Change Venue
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: LPTV - Lakeland Public Television
Dennis Banks, American Indian Civil Rights Leader, Dies at 80
Dennis Banks, American Indian Civil Rights Leader, Dies at 80
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Aimi Aqilah Alias
Dennis Banks speaking at Standing Rock, 9/3/16
Dennis Banks speaking at Standing Rock, 9/3/16
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Heather Simmons
Dennis Banks Memorial Tribute
Dennis Banks Memorial Tribute
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Mavis Mantila
American Indian activist Dennis Banks Died at 80
American Indian activist Dennis Banks Died at 80
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: News Footage
UO Today #488: Dennis Banks
UO Today #488: Dennis Banks
Published: 2012/08/01
Channel: UOregon
Native American : Longest Walk II 2008 : Dennis Banks
Native American : Longest Walk II 2008 : Dennis Banks
Published: 2007/11/30
Channel: MadRazorRay
Advent Church - Birth of the American Indian Movement (With Dennis Banks)
Advent Church - Birth of the American Indian Movement (With Dennis Banks)
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Friends of the American Indian Movement
Remembering Wounded Knee  - Part 1 (Dennis Banks & Dorothy Ninham)
Remembering Wounded Knee - Part 1 (Dennis Banks & Dorothy Ninham)
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: Friends of the American Indian Movement
DENNIS BANKS Longest Walk 5 Opening Day
DENNIS BANKS Longest Walk 5 Opening Day
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Amigo Kandu
Dennis Banks interviewed by Danny Herrera
Dennis Banks interviewed by Danny Herrera
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: On Native Ground
Dennis Banks, From Violence to Non-Violence
Dennis Banks, From Violence to Non-Violence
Published: 2011/01/25
Channel: urbandisasterrecords
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Dennis Banks
Dennis Banks (8673602267) (cropped).jpg
Banks in 2013
Born (1937-04-12)April 12, 1937
Leech Lake Indian Reservation, Minnesota, United States
Died October 29, 2017(2017-10-29) (aged 80)
Rochester, Minnesota
Nationality Ojibwe
Other names Nowa Cumig
Occupation Teacher, lecturer, activist, author
Children 30

Dennis Banks (April 12, 1937 – October 29, 2017) was a Anishinaabe Native American activist, teacher, and author. He was a longtime leader of the American Indian Movement, which he co-founded in 1968.

Born on Leech Lake Indian Reservation in northern Minnesota, he was also known as Nowa Cumig (Naawakamig in the Double Vowel System) which in the Ojibwe language means "in the center of the universe."

Work with AIM[edit]

In 1968, Banks co-founded the American Indian Movement (AIM) in Minneapolis.[1] They were seeking to ensure and protect the civil rights of Native Americans living in urban areas.[2]

Banks participated in the 1969–1971 occupation of Alcatraz Island, initiated by Indian students from San Francisco of the Red Power movement, and intended to highlight Native American issues and promote Indian sovereignty on their own lands. In 1972, he assisted in the organization of AIM's "Trail of Broken Treaties", a caravan of numerous activist groups across the United States to Washington, D.C. to call attention to the plight of Native Americans. The caravan members anticipated meeting with United States Congress leaders about related issues, but government officials, most notably Harrison Loesch, the Interior Department Assistant Secretary responsible for the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), refused to meet with delegates.[3] The activists seized and occupied the headquarters of the Department of Interior and vandalized the offices of the BIA. Many valuable Indian land deeds were destroyed or lost during the occupation.[citation needed]

Banks went to Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota in 1973 when the local civil rights organization asked for help in dealing with law enforcement authorities in nearby border towns. Residents of Pine Ridge believed the police had failed to prosecute the murder of a young Lakota man. Under Banks' leadership, AIM led a protest in Custer, South Dakota in 1973 against judicial proceedings that reduced the charges to a second degree offense against a white man accused of murdering a Native American.[citation needed]

AIM became involved in the political faction wanting to oust the elected chairman of the Oglala Sioux Tribe, Richard Wilson. A failure of an impeachment proceeding against him led to a large protest. Banks and other AIM activists led an armed takeover and occupation of Wounded Knee. After a siege of 71 days by federal armed law enforcement, which received national attention, the occupation was ended. A U.S. marshal was shot and paralyzed in March. A Cherokee and an Oglala Lakota were shot to death in April 1973, and civil rights activist Ray Robinson, who joined the protesters, disappeared during the occupation and is believed to have been murdered.[4]

Thirty resident families returned to the village to find that their homes and businesses had been looted and destroyed by the activists. The town was never rebuilt. Banks was the principal negotiator and leader of the Wounded Knee forces. Subsequent investigation of Wilson found questionable accounting practices, but no evidence of criminal offenses. As a result of involvement in Custer and Wounded Knee, Banks and 300 others were arrested and faced trial. He was acquitted of the Wounded Knee charges, but was convicted of incitement to riot and assault stemming from the earlier confrontation at Custer.[citation needed]

Aquash murder and trial[edit]

Refusing the prison term, Banks went underground and organized a small armed AIM group. It included Anna Mae Pictou Aquash, considered the highest-ranking woman in AIM. About this time, the two were also involved in a personal relationship.[5] After disappearing from Denver in late 1975, Aquash was found murdered in February 1976 at the Pine Ridge Reservation. She had been shot in the back of the head execution style, and her murder was unsolved for decades.[citation needed]

Banks was amnestied in California by then-Governor Jerry Brown, who refused to extradite him to South Dakota to face the charges related to activities in the 1973 Custer protests. He also received financial support from actor and AIM sympathizer Marlon Brando.[citation needed]

In January 2003, a federal grand jury indicted Arlo Looking Cloud and John Graham in the murder of Aquash. Since 2004, they have been convicted by federal and state juries; each is serving a life sentence. Witnesses at the 2004 trial of Arlo Looking Cloud included Darlene Ka-Mook Nichols, Banks' former wife, who testified that she believed Aquash had been ordered killed by AIM leaders who feared she might be an informant. Aquash and Nichols had heard Leonard Peltier brag in 1975 about having seen two FBI agents shot to death earlier that year at Pine Ridge. Peltier was convicted of murdering the agents in 1977, and sentenced to two life terms. He remains imprisoned.[5]

In 2008, Vine Richard "Dick" Marshall was indicted by a federal grand jury for aiding and abetting the murder of Aquash; he was alleged to have provided John Graham with a gun. He was acquitted of the charge. In 1975, he had been serving as one of Banks' bodyguards; Aquash was brought to his house on the Pine Ridge Reservation in December 1975 before being taken to the site of her murder.[6] Authorities continue to investigate the Aquash murder. In 2014, The New York Times Magazine spoke to Banks for an in-depth feature about the murders of Aquash and Robinson.[4]

Education and career[edit]

During his time in California from 1976 to 1983, Banks earned an associate's degree from the University of California, Davis. He taught at Deganawida Quetzecoatl University (DQU), a Native American-controlled institute of alternative higher learning, where he became the first American Indian chancellor. In 1978, he established the first spiritual run from Davis to Los Angeles, which is now an annual event. In the spring of 1979, he taught at Stanford University.

After Governor Brown left office, in 1984 Banks received sanctuary from the Onondaga Nation in upstate New York. While in New York, Banks organized the Great Jim Thorpe Longest Run from New York to Los Angeles; the goal was to restore the gold medals Thorpe had won at the 1912 Olympics to the Thorpe family.

In 1985, Banks left Onondaga to surrender to law enforcement officials in South Dakota. He served 18 months in prison related to the 1973 charges for the Custer riot. After his release, he worked as a drug and alcohol counselor on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. During 1987, grave robbers in Uniontown, Kentucky were halted in their digging for artefacts in American Indian grave sites. Banks organized the reburial ceremonies. His activities resulted in the states of Kentucky and Indiana passing strict legislation against grave desecration.

In 2006, Banks led Sacred Run 2006,[7] a spiritual run from San Francisco's Alcatraz Island to Washington, D.C. The runners followed the ancient Native American tradition of bringing a message of "Land, Life and Peace" from village to village. They traveled around 100 miles every day and entered Washington, D.C. on Earth Day, April 22, 2006. Along the way, they took a southern route in solidarity with those who were rebuilding after hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Major events were held in Albuquerque, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Knoxville, and Washington, D.C.

Over the past 30 years since "The Longest Walk" in 1978, Sacred Runs have become an international movement. Sacred Run 2006 had runners from Japan, Australia, Ireland, and Canada, as well as many from the United States. International "The Longest Walk 2" followed in 2008 the Sacred Run 2006 route, as well as the original route of 1978 walk, ending with the "Manifesto for Change" delivered by Dennis Banks to Representative John Conyers.

Banks was a member of the Board of Trustees for Leech Lake Tribal College, a public, two-year college located just outside Cass Lake, Minnesota. He participated in the governance of and fundraising for the college, which has a student body that is primarily Native American.

Politics[edit]

In August 2016, Banks received the vice presidential nomination of the Peace and Freedom Party, a socialist political party with ballot access in California.[8] He appeared on the California ballot with presidential nominee Gloria La Riva.[9]

Other activities[edit]

Banks had roles in the movies War Party (1988), The Last of the Mohicans (1992), Thunderheart (1992), and Older Than America (2008).

The musical release Still Strong (1993) features Banks' original work as well as traditional Native American songs. He can also be heard on other albums: Peter Gabriel's Les Musiques du Monde and Peter Matthiessen's No Boundaries.

Marriage and family[edit]

According to birth records from Minnesota, Banks had seven children with wife Jeanette Banks: Janice Banks (born March 2, 1962), Darla Banks (born February 18, 1963), twins Deanna Jane and Dennis James Banks (born April 20, 1964), Red Elk Banks (born June 7, 1970), Tatanka Wanbli Banks (born September 7, 1971), and Minoh Bekwad Banks (born October 10, 1992).[citation needed]

At Pine Ridge Reservation, Banks met Darlene Kamook Nichols, who was 17 and still in high school. He was 32. After she graduated, they started seeing each other and married. They had three daughters and a son together: Tokala, Tiopa, Tasina and son Tacanunpa.[10] They later divorced. (Kamook Nichols remarried and is now known as Darlene Ecoffey.)

In Salt Lake City he had a daughter, named Arrow, with a Navajo girl named Angie Begay.[10]

Banks enlisted in the United States Air Force and was sent to Japan. When Banks was in Japan, he married a woman named Machiko. After they had been together for two years, Machiko had a daughter, Michiko. Banks left Japan because he was court martialed by the Air Force for being AWOL, and he never saw Machiko or Michiko again. He returned to Japan several times, but Machiko had remarried and Michiko was at University in Northern Japan.[10]

Banks has several stepchildren: Roland (Kawliga) Blanchard, Beverly Baribeau, Glenda Roberts, Denise Banks, Pearl Blanchard and Danielle Louise Dickey (who was murdered in 2007 on the Turtle Mountain Reservation in North Dakota). He has a granddaughter named Migizi Roberts from Minneapolis, Minnesota.[citation needed]

Discography[edit]

In 2012, Banks joined forces with Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning artist Kitaro in celebration of the Earth on the CD Let Mother Earth Speak. The project contains a message of international peace intertwined with stories and life lessons from Banks featuring the music of Kitaro. The album was released on September 11, 2012, on Domo Records.

Death[edit]

Banks died of complications from pneumonia following heart surgery on October 29, 2017 in Rochester, Minnesota at the age of 80.[11]

Filmography[edit]

Autobiography[edit]

  • Banks, Dennis and Richard Erdoes (2004). Ojibwa Warrior: Dennis Banks and the Rise of the American Indian Movement, Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3580-8

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American Indian Movement founder Dennis Banks dies at 80". Star Tribune. October 30, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Dennis Banks, Dennis Banks, Native American Activist And Wounded Knee Occupier, Dies At 80". NPR. October 30, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017. 
  3. ^ Banks, Dennis and Erdoes, Richard: Ojibwa Wizard: Dennis Banks And The Rise Of The American Indian Movement, p. 134.
  4. ^ a b Eric Konigsberg, "Who Killed Anna Mae?", The New York Times Magazine, 25 April 2014]
  5. ^ a b Deborah Kades, "Native Hero", Wisconsin Academy Review (2005); accessed October 30, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. indicts Richard Marshall in Aquash murder case", News from Indian Country, August 26, 2008 Archived October 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ SACRED RUN 2006 – San Francisco to Washington, D. C., 2/10/06–4/22/06 (Earth Day)
  8. ^ Winger, Richard (August 13, 2016). "Peace & Freedom Party Nominates Gloria LaRiva for President". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Meet Dennis Banks - Gloria La Riva for President 2016 — Vote Socialist!". Gloria La Riva for President. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c Dennis Banks and Richard Erdoes, Ojibwa Warrior, University of Oklahoma Press, 2005
  11. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (October 30, 2017). ""Dennis Banks, American Indian Civil Rights Leader, Dies at 80"". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2017. 

External links[edit]

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