|Deputy Prime Minister of India
(Upa Pradhan Mantri)
Emblem of India
|Appointer||President on the advice of the Prime Minister|
|Inaugural holder||Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel|
|Formation||15 August 1947|
The Deputy Prime Minister of India is a member of the Union Cabinet in the Government of India. Not technically a constitutional office, it seldom carries any specific powers. A deputy prime minister usually also holds a key cabinet portfolio such as home minister or finance minister. In the parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is treated as the "first among equals" in the cabinet; the position of deputy prime minister is used to bring political stability and strength within a coalition government or in times of national emergency, when a proper chain of command is necessary.
The first Deputy Prime Minister of India was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also home minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. The office has since been only intermittently occupied. The seventh and last deputy prime minister was L. K. Advani, who took on the role in addition to his home ministership from 2002 to 2004 in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's government. The current government does not have a Deputy Prime Minister.
|No||Portrait||Term of office||Political party
|1||Vallabhbhai Patel||15 August 1947||15 December 1950||Indian National Congress||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|2||Morarji Desai||21 March 1967||6 December 1969||Indian National Congress||Indira Gandhi|
|3||Charan Singh||24 March 1977||28 July 1979||Janata Party||Morarji Desai|
|4||Jagjivan Ram||24 March 1977||28 July 1979||Janata Party||Morarji Desai|
|5||Yashwantrao Chavan||28 July 1979||14 January 1980||Congress (Urs)||Charan Singh|
|6||Chaudhary Devi Lal||2 December 1989||21 June 1991||Janata Dal
|V. P. Singh
|7||L. K. Advani||29 June 2002||22 May 2004||Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
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