SPONSORED VIDEO
Play Video
1
RABBI JEW BARKER MEDICAL EMERGENCY Key Largo Ambulance Saves my Man In Diabetic Coma 1of3
RABBI JEW BARKER MEDICAL EMERGENCY Key Largo Ambulance Saves my Man In Diabetic Coma 1of3
::2013/10/14::
Play Video
2
Diabetic Coma
Diabetic Coma
::2014/10/18::
Play Video
3
Diabetic Coma
Diabetic Coma
::2014/08/17::
Play Video
4
Diabetes: Dog Saves Man from Diabetic Coma
Diabetes: Dog Saves Man from Diabetic Coma
::2007/05/15::
Play Video
5
EMT diabetic coma patient
EMT diabetic coma patient
::2013/03/03::
Play Video
6
Man Slips Into Diabetic Coma; Dog Wakes Wife For Help
Man Slips Into Diabetic Coma; Dog Wakes Wife For Help
::2011/05/05::
Play Video
7
Police Brutality - Cops beat and Taser man in Diabetic coma
Police Brutality - Cops beat and Taser man in Diabetic coma
::2010/01/13::
Play Video
8
Causes of Diabetic Coma
Causes of Diabetic Coma
::2013/04/10::
Play Video
9
I Was Sinking Into a Diabetic Coma
I Was Sinking Into a Diabetic Coma
::2008/08/26::
Play Video
10
Symptoms Of A Diabetic Coma
Symptoms Of A Diabetic Coma
::2014/05/01::
Play Video
11
Diabetic coma
Diabetic coma
::2011/02/12::
Play Video
12
Diabetes Treatment, Diabetic Retinopathy, Diabetic Coma, Gestational Diabetes Symptoms
Diabetes Treatment, Diabetic Retinopathy, Diabetic Coma, Gestational Diabetes Symptoms
::2014/12/26::
Play Video
13
Diabetic Coma Energy Drink
Diabetic Coma Energy Drink
::2008/12/05::
Play Video
14
Diabetic Coma
Diabetic Coma
::2014/10/30::
Play Video
15
What Are The Causes Of A Diabetic Coma?
What Are The Causes Of A Diabetic Coma?
::2014/05/01::
Play Video
16
Diabetic Coma: A #42Topics music video
Diabetic Coma: A #42Topics music video
::2014/01/27::
Play Video
17
diabetic coma - غيبوبة السكر
diabetic coma - غيبوبة السكر
::2014/01/20::
Play Video
18
the diabetic coma challenge part 1
the diabetic coma challenge part 1
::2012/02/12::
Play Video
19
What the El: Diabetic coma
What the El: Diabetic coma
::2014/12/10::
Play Video
20
3-غيبوبة مرض السكر(diabetic coma)
3-غيبوبة مرض السكر(diabetic coma)
::2011/10/30::
Play Video
21
Diabetic Coma
Diabetic Coma
::2011/06/26::
Play Video
22
Coma Diabetico! (Diabetic coma)
Coma Diabetico! (Diabetic coma)
::2013/07/31::
Play Video
23
Can T2DM Increase Risk for Early Dementia? Does a Diabetic Coma Cause Post Stroke Symptoms?
Can T2DM Increase Risk for Early Dementia? Does a Diabetic Coma Cause Post Stroke Symptoms?
::2011/03/01::
Play Video
24
the diabetic coma challenge Part 2
the diabetic coma challenge Part 2
::2012/02/12::
Play Video
25
State Violence: Police Tases Man In Diabetic Coma Twice
State Violence: Police Tases Man In Diabetic Coma Twice
::2012/10/28::
Play Video
26
Lifeless Dreams... Pale Illusions - Last Breath of Life (Diabetic Coma)
Lifeless Dreams... Pale Illusions - Last Breath of Life (Diabetic Coma)
::2013/06/02::
Play Video
27
Signs And Symptoms Of A Diabetic Coma
Signs And Symptoms Of A Diabetic Coma
::2014/05/01::
Play Video
28
2 cops 4 1 Diabetic coma arrest?
2 cops 4 1 Diabetic coma arrest?
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
29
Pepto (the diabetic coma)
Pepto (the diabetic coma)
::2014/12/27::
Play Video
30
Diabetic Coma - Take II
Diabetic Coma - Take II
::2008/06/30::
Play Video
31
Omega 3 Supplementation and Diabetic Coma Natural Treatment
Omega 3 Supplementation and Diabetic Coma Natural Treatment
::2014/01/22::
Play Video
32
Diabetic Coma On A Plate
Diabetic Coma On A Plate
::2015/02/01::
Play Video
33
Diabetic Coma
Diabetic Coma
::2010/01/09::
Play Video
34
Diabetic Coma at SISR.MPG
Diabetic Coma at SISR.MPG
::2010/01/07::
Play Video
35
Tastes like chicken if chicken was a candy.
Tastes like chicken if chicken was a candy.
::2010/03/16::
Play Video
36
Diabetic Coma
Diabetic Coma
::2013/12/15::
Play Video
37
The Lyrd passing out diabetic coma
The Lyrd passing out diabetic coma
::2011/03/22::
Play Video
38
Diabetic Coma Cake
Diabetic Coma Cake
::2010/05/22::
Play Video
39
How to go into a diabetic coma
How to go into a diabetic coma
::2011/05/04::
Play Video
40
The Cube-My Brother Went Into a Diabetic Coma (Original Mix)
The Cube-My Brother Went Into a Diabetic Coma (Original Mix)
::2010/10/16::
Play Video
41
What Is The Definition Of Diabetic coma - Medical Dictionary Free Online
What Is The Definition Of Diabetic coma - Medical Dictionary Free Online
::2014/09/28::
Play Video
42
24 D Cut 13-Hash & Milkshake Diabetic Coma
24 D Cut 13-Hash & Milkshake Diabetic Coma
::2012/01/06::
Play Video
43
Aint nobody got time for a diabetic coma
Aint nobody got time for a diabetic coma
::2013/01/23::
Play Video
44
Omega 3 Supplementation and Diabetic Coma Natural Treatment
Omega 3 Supplementation and Diabetic Coma Natural Treatment
::2014/01/20::
Play Video
45
Diabetic Coma - Good Ole
Diabetic Coma - Good Ole' Straight Edge Fun
::2008/06/30::
Play Video
46
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms | Diabetes Warning Signs
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms | Diabetes Warning Signs
::2012/12/18::
Play Video
47
Warning: Diabetic Coma May be Induced - too much sweetness!
Warning: Diabetic Coma May be Induced - too much sweetness!
::2012/05/03::
Play Video
48
Diabetic Coma Commercial
Diabetic Coma Commercial
::2014/02/16::
Play Video
49
Diabetic coma with drowsiness. © Pankaj Oudhia
Diabetic coma with drowsiness. © Pankaj Oudhia
::2011/05/17::
Play Video
50
Omega 3 Supplementation and Diabetic Coma Natural Treatment
Omega 3 Supplementation and Diabetic Coma Natural Treatment
::2014/01/17::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [ .. ]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Diabetic coma
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 E10.0, E11.0, E12.0, E13.0, E14.0
ICD-9 250.2, 250.3
MeSH D003926

Diabetic coma is a reversible form of coma[1] found in people with diabetes mellitus. It is a medical emergency.

Three different types of diabetic coma are identified:

  1. Severe diabetic hypoglycemia
  2. Diabetic ketoacidosis advanced enough to result in unconsciousness from a combination of severe hyperglycemia, dehydration and shock, and exhaustion
  3. Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma in which extreme hyperglycemia and dehydration alone are sufficient to cause unconsciousness.

In most medical contexts, the term diabetic coma refers to the diagnostical dilemma posed when a physician is confronted with an unconscious patient about whom nothing is known except that they have diabetes. An example might be a physician working in an emergency department who receives an unconscious patient wearing a medical identification tag saying DIABETIC. Paramedics may be called to rescue an unconscious person by friends who identify them as diabetic. Brief descriptions of the three major conditions are followed by a discussion of the diagnostic process used to distinguish among them, as well as a few other conditions which must be considered.

An estimated 2 to 15 percent of diabetics will suffer from at least one episode of diabetic coma in their lifetimes as a result of severe hypoglycemia.

Types[edit]

Severe hypoglycemia[edit]

People with type 1 diabetes mellitus who must take insulin in full replacement doses are most vulnerable to episodes of hypoglycemia. It is usually mild enough to reverse by eating or drinking carbohydrates, but blood glucose occasionally can fall fast enough and low enough to produce unconsciousness before hypoglycemia can be recognized and reversed. Hypoglycemia can be severe enough to cause unconsciousness during sleep. Predisposing factors can include eating less than usual or prolonged exercise earlier in the day. Some people with diabetes can lose their ability to recognize the symptoms of early hypoglycemia.

Unconsciousness due to hypoglycemia can occur within 20 minutes to an hour after early symptoms and is not usually preceded by other illness or symptoms. Twitching or convulsions may occur. A person unconscious from hypoglycemia is usually pale, has a rapid heart beat, and is soaked in sweat: all signs of the adrenaline response to hypoglycemia. The individual is not usually dehydrated and breathing is normal or shallow. Their blood sugar level, measured by a glucose meter or laboratory measurement at the time of discovery, is usually low but not always severely, and in some cases may have already risen from the nadir that triggered the unconsciousness.

Unconsciousness due to hypoglycemia is treated by raising the blood glucose with intravenous glucose or injected glucagon.

Advanced diabetic ketoacidosis[edit]

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), if it progresses and worsens without treatment, can eventually cause unconsciousness, from a combination of severe hyperglycemia, dehydration and shock, and exhaustion. Coma only occurs at an advanced stage, usually after 36 hours or more of worsening vomiting and hyperventilation.

In the early to middle stages of ketoacidosis, patients are typically flushed and breathing rapidly and deeply, but visible dehydration, pallor from diminished perfusion, shallower breathing, and tachycardia are often present when coma is reached. However these features are variable and not always as described.

If the patient is known to have diabetes, the diagnosis of DKA is usually suspected from the appearance and a history of 1–2 days of vomiting. The diagnosis is confirmed when the usual blood chemistries in the emergency department reveal hyperglycemia and severe metabolic acidosis.

Treatment of DKA consists of isotonic fluids to rapidly stabilize the circulation, continued intravenous saline with potassium and other electrolytes to replace deficits, insulin to reverse the ketoacidosis, and careful monitoring for complications.

Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma[edit]

Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma usually develops more insidiously than DKA because the principal symptom is lethargy progressing to obtundation, rather than vomiting and an obvious illness. Extreme hyperglycemia is accompanied by dehydration due to inadequate fluid intake. Coma from NKHC occurs most often in patients who develop type 2 or steroid diabetes and have an impaired ability to recognize thirst and drink. It is classically a nursing home condition but can occur in all ages.

The diagnosis is usually discovered when a chemistry screen performed because of obtundation reveals extreme hyperglycemia (often above 1800 mg/dl (100 mM)) and dehydration. The treatment consists of insulin and gradual rehydration with intravenous fluids.

Identifying the cause[edit]

Diabetic coma was a more significant diagnostic problem before the late 1970s, when glucose meters and rapid blood chemistry analyzers became universally available in hospitals. In modern medical practice, it rarely takes more than a few questions, a quick look, and a glucose meter to determine the cause of unconsciousness in a patient with diabetes. Laboratory confirmation can usually be obtained in half an hour or less. Other conditions that can cause unconsciousness in a person with diabetes are stroke, uremic encephalopathy, alcohol, drug overdose, head injury, or seizure.

Fortunately, most episodes of diabetic hypoglycemia, DKA, and extreme hyperosmolarity do not reach unconsciousness before a family member or caretaker seeks medical help.

Treatment[edit]

To administer treatment to a diabetic patient, it is a must to know the detail and nature of the patient's medical history .[2] Treatment depends upon the underlying causes:

  • Hyperosmolar diabetic coma: plenty of intravenous fluids, insulin, potassium and sodium given as soon as possible.
  • Hypoglycaemic diabetic coma: administration of the hormone glucagon to reverse the effects of insulin, or glucose given intravenously.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard S. Irwin; James M. Rippe (2008). Irwin and Rippe's intensive care medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 1256–. ISBN 978-0-7817-9153-3. Retrieved 20 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Refer Signs of Danger in Diabetics". Diabeteszone.org. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015