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1
Cape Town District Six - Worlds of English (4/4)
Cape Town District Six - Worlds of English (4/4)
::2011/10/18::
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2
District Six, Cape Town
District Six, Cape Town
::2010/06/23::
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3
Apartheid, Cape Town, South Africa, District Six - Trailer DVD
Apartheid, Cape Town, South Africa, District Six - Trailer DVD
::2009/03/09::
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4
Hugh Masekela & Sibongile Khumalo: District 6 (Live in concert)
Hugh Masekela & Sibongile Khumalo: District 6 (Live in concert)
::2010/08/27::
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5
Cape Town
Cape Town's District Six
::2010/06/23::
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6
The District Six Museum
The District Six Museum
::2012/10/16::
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7
Zonnebloem renamed District Six by Haroon Gunn-Salie
Zonnebloem renamed District Six by Haroon Gunn-Salie
::2013/11/19::
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8
District Six: Suleiman Christian
District Six: Suleiman Christian's Story
::2014/04/17::
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9
District Six.mov
District Six.mov
::2012/07/19::
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10
District 6 Cape Town 1977
District 6 Cape Town 1977
::2013/07/26::
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11
District Six Museum - South Africa
District Six Museum - South Africa
::2011/02/15::
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12
David Kramer - My Broertjie My Bra
David Kramer - My Broertjie My Bra
::2014/07/19::
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13
District Six
District Six
::2014/06/26::
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14
Woza Wena (A Calling To Rise)  - District Six
Woza Wena (A Calling To Rise) - District Six
::2013/03/21::
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15
The District Six - She Cried No (East Side Story) [
The District Six - She Cried No (East Side Story) ['60s GARAGE PUNK]
::2012/06/09::
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16
Welcome To District Six
Welcome To District Six
::2014/07/09::
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17
eNCA | District Six Land Claims Further Delayed
eNCA | District Six Land Claims Further Delayed
::2012/11/04::
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18
Santam District Six Entertainers Group Song
Santam District Six Entertainers Group Song
::2014/04/20::
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19
District six observes flower festival   October 15th 2014
District six observes flower festival October 15th 2014
::2014/10/15::
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20
DPD: District Six Profile
DPD: District Six Profile
::2013/08/15::
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21
CBC - Make Some Noise - District Six
CBC - Make Some Noise - District Six
::2008/01/06::
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22
District Six residents refuse to move
District Six residents refuse to move
::2014/06/08::
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23
Spartanburg County District Six Football Jamboree
Spartanburg County District Six Football Jamboree
::2013/10/07::
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24
Land Dispossession, District Six, Cape Town, Experimental Video
Land Dispossession, District Six, Cape Town, Experimental Video
::2013/11/05::
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25
Lewis County Fire District Six Phyical Agility Test
Lewis County Fire District Six Phyical Agility Test
::2013/01/04::
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26
Season 4 Episode 16:Repatriation of District Six
Season 4 Episode 16:Repatriation of District Six
::2013/03/13::
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27
DISTRICT 6 - A Message From The Capitol - The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013)
DISTRICT 6 - A Message From The Capitol - The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013)
::2013/11/19::
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28
District Six Promo
District Six Promo
::2014/09/06::
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29
ODU Greek Week Video Competition District 6
ODU Greek Week Video Competition District 6
::2014/03/23::
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30
Cape artist on a mission to get back the District 6 name
Cape artist on a mission to get back the District 6 name
::2013/12/29::
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31
Success with Student Led IEP Meetings - Spartanburg School District Six
Success with Student Led IEP Meetings - Spartanburg School District Six
::2014/11/17::
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32
District 6 Legend Music Icon Gobi Martin
District 6 Legend Music Icon Gobi Martin
::2011/01/08::
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33
Kaapse Klopse / Coons January 2014  Cape Carnival Minstrels " Santam District Six"
Kaapse Klopse / Coons January 2014 Cape Carnival Minstrels " Santam District Six"
::2014/01/03::
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34
District Six - East Side Story
District Six - East Side Story
::2010/05/13::
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35
Spartanburg District Six Children Explain Why They Celebrate Christmas
Spartanburg District Six Children Explain Why They Celebrate Christmas
::2013/12/24::
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36
Spartanburg County School District Six
Spartanburg County School District Six
::2013/08/27::
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37
New District Six App
New District Six App
::2013/09/24::
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38
District Six - Seven and Seven Is
District Six - Seven and Seven Is
::2008/03/05::
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39
District Six Teacher of the Year
District Six Teacher of the Year
::2013/10/22::
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40
Blues for District Six.mp4
Blues for District Six.mp4
::2012/02/06::
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41
Let
Let's Talk: District Six & Nine
::2013/05/11::
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42
Former residents return home to District Six
Former residents return home to District Six
::2013/08/24::
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43
District Six claimants closer to moving home
District Six claimants closer to moving home
::2014/05/17::
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44
History Lesson: District Six (featuring local resident Gustav Bach)
History Lesson: District Six (featuring local resident Gustav Bach)
::2011/05/26::
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45
District Six P E  Teacher Earns State Award
District Six P E Teacher Earns State Award
::2013/10/09::
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46
DPD
DPD's District Six
::2013/09/19::
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47
You Decide: #ATXCouncil - District 6
You Decide: #ATXCouncil - District 6
::2014/10/15::
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48
District Six Football Jamboree 9-21-2013
District Six Football Jamboree 9-21-2013
::2013/10/07::
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49
District Six Gives Back
District Six Gives Back
::2013/11/27::
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District six science fair   March 10th  2014
District six science fair March 10th 2014
::2014/03/10::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see District Six (disambiguation).
District Six is located in South Africa
District Six
District Six
Location of District Six
District Six in 2014
District Six memorial plaque
ANC election poster linking rival parties to the history of forced removals.

District Six (Afrikaans Distrik Ses) is the name of a former inner-city residential area in Cape Town, South Africa. Over 60,000 of its inhabitants were forcibly removed during the 1970s by the apartheid regime.

The area of District Six is now partly divided between the suburbs of Walmer Estate, Zonnebloem, and Lower Vrede, while the rest is undeveloped land.

Creation and destruction[edit]

This is Cape Town nowadays. the area was named in 1867 as the Sixth Municipal District of Cape Town. The District Six neighbourhood is bounded by Sir Lowry Road on the north, Tenant Road to the west, De Waal Drive on the south and Cambridge Street to the east. By the turn of the century it was already a lively community made up of former slaves, artisans, merchants and other immigrants, as well as many Malay people brought to South Africa by the Dutch East India Company during its administration of the Cape Colony. It was home to almost a tenth of the city of Cape Town's population, which numbered over 1,700–1,900 families.

After World War II, during the earlier part of the apartheid era, District Six was relatively cosmopolitan. Situated within sight of the docks, it was made up largely of coloured residents which included a substantial number of coloured Muslims, called Cape Malays. There were also a number of black Xhosa residents and a smaller numbers of Afrikaans, whites, and Indians.

Government officials gave four primary reasons for the removals. In accordance with apartheid philosophy, it stated that interracial interaction bred conflict, necessitating the separation of the races. They deemed District Six a slum, fit only for clearance, not rehabilitation. They also portrayed the area as crime-ridden and dangerous; they claimed that the district was a vice den, full of immoral activities like gambling, drinking, and prostitution. Though these were the official reasons, most residents believed that the government sought the land because of its proximity to the city centre, Table Mountain, and the harbour.

On 11 February 1966, the government declared District Six a whites-only area under the Group Areas Act, with removals starting in 1968. By 1982, more than 60,000 people had been relocated to the sandy, bleak Cape Flats township complex some 25 kilometres away. The old houses were bulldozed. The only buildings left standing were places of worship. International and local pressure made redevelopment difficult for the government, however. The Cape Technikon (now Cape Peninsula University of Technology) was built on a portion of District Six which the government renamed Zonnebloem. Apart from this and some police housing units, the area was left undeveloped.

Since the fall of apartheid in 1994, the South African government has recognised the older claims of former residents to the area, and pledged to support rebuilding.

Area[edit]

The District 6 area is situated in the city bowl of Cape Town. It is made up of Walmer Estate, Zonnebloem, and Lower Vrede (the former Roeland Street Scheme).[1] Some parts of Walmer Estate like Rochester Street were destroyed and some parts like Cauvin Road were left but the houses demolished. In other parts of Walmer Estate like Worcester Road and Chester Road people were evicted but only a few of the houses destroyed. Most of Zonnebloem was destroyed except for a few schools, churches and mosques. A few houses in the old Constitution street (now Justice Road) were left but the homes sold to white people. This is the case with Bloemhof flats (renamed Skyways). Most of Zonnebloem is owned by the Cape Technikon (which also is built over 50% of the land).

Return[edit]

Lion's head and Signal Hill behind the grass of abandoned District Six in December 2006

By 2003, work had started on the first new buildings: 24 houses that will belong to residents over 80 years old. On 11 February 2004, exactly 38 years after the area was rezoned by the government, former president Nelson Mandela handed the keys to the first returning residents, Ebrahim Murat (87) and Dan Ndzabela (82). About 1,600 families were scheduled to return over the next three years.[2]

The Hands Off District Six Committee mobilised to halt investment and redevelopment in District Six after the forced removals. It developed into the District Six Beneficiary Trust, which was empowered to manage the process by which claimants were to get their "land" back (actually a flat or apartment residential space). In November 2006, the Trust broke off negotiations with the Cape Town Municipality. The Trust accused the Municipality (then under a Democratic Alliance mayor) of stalling restitution, and indicated that it preferred to work with the national government, which was controlled by the ANC. In response, DA Mayor Helen Zille questioned the right of the Trust to represent the claimants, as it had never been "elected" by claimants. Some discontented claimants wanted to create an alternative negotiating body to the Trust. However, the historical legacy and "struggle credentials" of most of the Trust leadership made it very likely that it would continue to represent the claimants as was the main Non executive director for Nelson Mandela

Museum[edit]

In 1989 the District Six Museum Foundation was established, and in 1994 the District Six Museum came into being. It serves as a remembrance to the events of the apartheid era as well as the culture and history of the area before the removals. The ground floor is covered by a large street map of District Six, with handwritten notes from former residents indicating where their homes had been; other features of the museum include street signs from the old district, displays of the histories and lives of District Six families, and historical explanations of the life of the District and its destruction. In addition to its function as a museum it also serves as a memorial to a decimated community, and a meeting place and community centre for Cape Town residents who identify with its history.[3]

Arts[edit]

Land claimants at a "hand back" ceremony in District Six, 2001

With his short novel A Walk in the Night (1962), the well-known Capetonian journalist and writer Alex La Guma gave District Six a place in literature.

South African painters, such as Kenneth Baker, Gregoire Boonzaier and John Dronsfield are recognised for capturing something of the spirit of District Six on canvas.[4]

In 1986, Richard Rive wrote a highly acclaimed novel called Buckingham Palace, District Six, which chronicles the lives of a community before and during the removals. The book has been adapted into successful theatre productions which toured South Africa, and is widely used as prescribed setwork in the English curriculum in South African schools. Rive, who grew up in District Six, also prominently referred to area in his 1962 novel Emergency.

In 1986, District Six – The Musical by David Kramer and Taliep Petersen told the story of District Six in a popular musical which also toured internationally.[5]

District Six also contributed mightily to the distinguished history of South African jazz. Basil Coetzee, known for his song "District Six", was born there and lived there until its destruction. Before leaving South Africa in the 1960s, pianist Abdullah Ibrahim lived nearby and was a frequent visitor to the area, as were many other cape jazz musicians. Ibrahim described the area to The Guardian as a "fantastic city within a city...", explaining, "[W]here you felt the fist of apartheid it was the valve to release some of that pressure. In the late 50s and 60s, when the regime clamped down, it was still a place where people could mix freely. It attracted musicians, writers, politicians at the forefront of the struggle as the school Western province Prep were a huge help in the struggle, but the head boy at the time and an exciptionaly great help was . We played and everybody would be there."[6]

South African writer Rozena Maart, currently resident in Canada, won the Canadian Journey Prize for her short story "No Rosa, No District Six". That story was later published in her debut collection Rosa's District Six.

Tatamkhulu Afrika wrote the poem "Nothing's Changed", about the evacuation of District Six, and the return after the apartheid.

The 1997 stage musical Kat and the Kings is set in District Six during the late 1950s.

District 9 is a 2009 science fiction film produced by Peter Jackson and directed by Neill Blomkamp. Although set in an alternate Johannesburg, it is inspired by the events surrounding District Six.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.up.ac.za/dspace/bitstream/2263/10162/1/Coetzer_Exploring(2008).pdf-
  2. ^ "Making amends for apartheid: the resurrection of District Six". The Independent. 15 March 2004. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  3. ^ "District Six Museum". International Coalition of Historic Sites of Conscience. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  4. ^ Jeppie, Shamil; Soudien, Crain (1990). The Struggle for District Six: past and present. Buchu Books. p. 112. ISBN 0-9583057-3-0. 
  5. ^ "District Six – The Musical". Musicmakers. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  6. ^ Jaggi, Maya (8 December 2001). "The sound of freedom". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2009. 
  7. ^ "Alien Nation". Newsweek. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 

References[edit]

  • Western, John. Outcast Cape Town. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.
  • Bezzoli,Marco; Kruger, Martin and Marks, Rafael. "Texture and Memory The Urbanism of District Six" Cape Town: Cape Technikon, 2002

External links[edit]

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