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Carla’s Dreams – Document (Cover COMA) | Blending Spirits
Carla’s Dreams – Document (Cover COMA) | Blending Spirits
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: J&B Romania
23 VINTAGE PHOTOS THAT DOCUMENT EVERYDAY LIFE OF AMERICAN TEENAGE GIRLS IN THE 1940S
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Channel: Perfect Life
Did Hitler Survive? #JFKFiles Reveal Compelling Document Claiming Adolph Alive in 1955
Did Hitler Survive? #JFKFiles Reveal Compelling Document Claiming Adolph Alive in 1955
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Christian Journal
10 Fake Documents That Changed The World
10 Fake Documents That Changed The World
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Alltime10s
NASA: The End Of Mankind "Leaked Document" 2013
NASA: The End Of Mankind "Leaked Document" 2013
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: ADGUKNEWS
COMA - DOCUMENT [official video 2015]
COMA - DOCUMENT [official video 2015]
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: COMA [official]
These citizen journalists risk their lives to document ISIS horrors in Syria
These citizen journalists risk their lives to document ISIS horrors in Syria
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Channel: ABC News
EXPLOSIVE CIA Document Reveals Truth About Mars 2/14/17
EXPLOSIVE CIA Document Reveals Truth About Mars 2/14/17
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: secureteam10
How to Transfer Downloaded Music from Documents 5 App to iPhone Music Library
How to Transfer Downloaded Music from Documents 5 App to iPhone Music Library
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: TechProb Solutions
News Organizations: Beware Of Forged Donald Trump Russia Documents | Rachel Maddow | MSNBC
News Organizations: Beware Of Forged Donald Trump Russia Documents | Rachel Maddow | MSNBC
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: MSNBC
FBI document contains information about alien bodies, UFOs and planet
FBI document contains information about alien bodies, UFOs and planet
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: Lions Ground
le vrai pouvoir du vatican (document percutant).
le vrai pouvoir du vatican (document percutant).
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Giudicelli Christophe
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Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: La vérité est ailleurs
CARLA
CARLA'S DREAMS - DOCUMENT ( OFFICIAL LYRICS )
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: Mariu' s
Documents app review
Documents app review
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Channel: Tech404
Document Organization - Organize Your Important Papers
Document Organization - Organize Your Important Papers
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Simplify Your Space
OVNI l
OVNI l'incroyable verite le document caché Documentaire Complet
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Channel: Documentary
This Declassified Document Is the Ultimate Proof
This Declassified Document Is the Ultimate Proof
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Truthstream Media
Scan documents with your Android phone
Scan documents with your Android phone
Published: 2012/02/10
Channel: CNET
THE MOST SHOCKING NEW JFK DOCUMENTS  10/29/2017
THE MOST SHOCKING NEW JFK DOCUMENTS 10/29/2017
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Before Its Too Late
La quete de la vraie croix du Christ || Document RMC découverte ||
La quete de la vraie croix du Christ || Document RMC découverte ||
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: St-Lo†Μ†niscient
New Rules / Documents Required for Passport 2017
New Rules / Documents Required for Passport 2017
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: kalpesh bhoir
How To Copy Youtube Videos Using Documents!!
How To Copy Youtube Videos Using Documents!!
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Chilli Chaos
Create Individual Documents from Master Word Document
Create Individual Documents from Master Word Document
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Channel: Michael Hannigan
How To Edit Scanned Documents In Wordpad
How To Edit Scanned Documents In Wordpad
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Hindi Gyan Book
[IOS 9.3.3] How to Download Video Using Document 5 Download Youtube IOS
[IOS 9.3.3] How to Download Video Using Document 5 Download Youtube IOS
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Apple X
Adding Internal Document Links in Microsoft Word
Adding Internal Document Links in Microsoft Word
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: OKCU InstTech
how to edit a scanned document
how to edit a scanned document
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: My Smart Support
Document, Don
Document, Don't Create
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: GaryVee
What is Document Management?
What is Document Management?
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: DocuWare
How to Save a Document in a Computer : Basic Computer Operations
How to Save a Document in a Computer : Basic Computer Operations
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: eHowTech
Adobe Indesign Tutorial: Creating Your First Document
Adobe Indesign Tutorial: Creating Your First Document
Published: 2012/06/24
Channel: Technologyguru
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Published: 2015/06/12
Channel: Les Bons Profs
Inside iOS 11: Notes
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Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: AppleInsider
Convert a Word Document to Powerpoint
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Channel: Denise Scott
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how to combine multiple word documents into one?
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How to Save and Open a Word Document in Windows 7/Word 2010 Tutorial
How to Save and Open a Word Document in Windows 7/Word 2010 Tutorial
Published: 2010/12/16
Channel: Heinyken
Business Requirement Document (BRD)
Business Requirement Document (BRD)
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Dhruv Bindra
How to Scan, Fill & Sign Documents on iPhone in 2017
How to Scan, Fill & Sign Documents on iPhone in 2017
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: AVME Videos
Convert Scanned Document (PDF) to Word Document
Convert Scanned Document (PDF) to Word Document
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: Gino Roncelli
How to Upload a Word Document to Facebook : Savvy Social Marketing
How to Upload a Word Document to Facebook : Savvy Social Marketing
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: eHowTech
How to password-protect documents in Microsoft Word 2010
How to password-protect documents in Microsoft Word 2010
Published: 2012/10/12
Channel: Best Video Tutorials and Help from HowTech
How to Upload a Document to Google Docs - Orozco
How to Upload a Document to Google Docs - Orozco
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Digital Charlotte
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Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: Les Bons Profs
SharePoint 2013: Creating Document Sets
SharePoint 2013: Creating Document Sets
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: ASPE Inc.
Recovering Lost Microsoft Word Documents
Recovering Lost Microsoft Word Documents
Published: 2009/07/13
Channel: thehelpkey
how to insert/save/upload  DOCUMENT/FILE in gmail account/youtube
how to insert/save/upload DOCUMENT/FILE in gmail account/youtube
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Tech Talks
How To Password Protect Word Documents | Microsoft Word 2016 Tutorial
How To Password Protect Word Documents | Microsoft Word 2016 Tutorial
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: The Teacher
7 faux documents historiques incroyables
7 faux documents historiques incroyables
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Doc Seven
OVNI Les 4% du mystère : un rare et vieux document français (1975)
OVNI Les 4% du mystère : un rare et vieux document français (1975)
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: Oskar Trez
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Several common types of documents: a birth certificate, a legal document (a restraining order), and a bank statement

A document is a written, drawn, presented, or memorialized representation of thought. The word originates from the Latin documentum, which denotes a "teaching" or "lesson": the verb doceō denotes "to teach". In the past the word was usually used to denote a written proof useful as evidence of a truth or fact. In the computer age, "document" usually denotes a primarily textual computer file, including its structure and format, e.g. fonts, colors, and images. Contemporarily, "document" is not defined by its transmission medium, e.g., paper, given the existence of electronic documents. "Documentation" is distinct because it has more denotations than "document". Documents are also distinguished from "realia", which are three-dimensional objects that would otherwise satisfy the definition of "document" because they memorialize or represent thought; documents are considered more as 2 dimensional representations.

Abstract definitions[edit]

The concept of "document" has been defined[by whom?] as "any concrete or symbolic indication, preserved or recorded, for reconstructing or for proving a phenomenon, whether physical or mental."[1]

An often cited article concludes that "the evolving notion of document" among Jonathan Priest, Otlet, Briet, Schürmeyer, and the other documentalists increasingly emphasized whatever functioned as a document rather than traditional physical forms of documents. The shift to digital technology would seem to make this distinction even more important. Levy's thoughtful analyses have shown that an emphasis on the technology of digital documents has impeded our understanding of digital documents as documents (e.g., Levy, 1994[2]). A conventional document, such as a mail message or a technical report, exists physically in digital technology as a string of bits, as does everything else in a digital environment. As an object of study, it has been made into a document. It has become physical evidence by those who study it.

"Document" is defined in library and information science and documentation science as a fundamental, abstract idea: the word denotes everything that may be represented or memorialized in order to serve as evidence. The classic example provided by Suzanne Briet is an antelope: "An antelope running wild on the plains of Africa should not be considered a document[;] she rules. But if it were to be captured, taken to a zoo and made an object of study, it has been made into a document. It has become physical evidence being used by those who study it. Indeed, scholarly articles written about the antelope are secondary documents, since the antelope itself is the primary document."[3] This opinion has been interpreted as an early expression of actor–network theory.

Kinds[edit]

Documents are sometimes classified as secret, private, or public. They may also be described as drafts or proofs. When a document is copied, the source is denominated the "original".

Standards are accepted for specific applications in various fields, e.g.:

Such standard documents can be drafted based on a template.

Drafting[edit]

The page layout of a document is the manner in which information is graphically arranged in the space of the document, e.g., on a page. If the appearance of the document is of concern, page layout is generally the responsibility of a graphic designer. Typography concerns the design of letter and symbol forms and their physical arrangement in the document (see typesetting). Information design concerns the effective communication of information, especially in industrial documents and public signs. Simple textual documents may not require visual design and may be drafted only by an author, clerk, or transcriber. Forms may require a visual design for their initial fields, but not to complete the forms.

History[edit]

A birth certificate from 1859

Traditionally, the medium of a document was paper and the information was applied to it in ink, either by hand writing (to make a manuscript) or by mechanical process (e.g., a printing press or laser printer). Today, some short documents also may consist of sheets of paper stapled together.

Historically, documents were inscribed with ink on papyrus (starting in ancient Egypt) or parchment; scratched as runes or carved on stone using a sharp tool, e.g., the Tablets of Stone described in the Bible; stamped or incised in clay and then baked to make clay tablets, e.g., in the Sumerian and other Mesopotamian civilizations. The papyrus or parchment was often rolled into a scroll or cut into sheets and bound into a codex (book).

Contemporary electronic means of memorializing and displaying documents include:

Digital documents usually require a specific file format in order to be presentable in a specific medium.

In law[edit]

Documents in all forms frequently serve as material evidence in criminal and civil proceedings. The forensic analysis of such a document is within the scope of questioned document examination. For the purpose of cataloging and managing the large number of documents that may be produced during litigation, Bates numbering is often applied to all documents in the lawsuit so that each document has a unique, arbitrary, identification number.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Briet. 1951. 7. Quoted in Buckland, 1991.
  2. ^ Levy, D. M. "Fixed or Fluid? Document Stability and New Media." 1994. In European Conference on Hypertext Technology 1994 Proceedings, pp. 24–31. New York: Association for Computing Machinery. Retrieved 18 October 2011 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.119.8813&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  3. ^ Buckland, M. "What Is a Digital Document?" 1998. In Document Numérique Paris. 2(2). [1].

Further reading[edit]

  • Briet, S. (1951). Qu'est-ce que la documentation? Paris: Documentaires Industrielles et Techniques.
  • Buckland, M. (1991). Information and information systems. New York: Greenwood Press.
  • Frohmann, Bernd (2009). Revisiting "what is a document?", Journal of Documentation, 65(2), 291-303.
  • Hjerppe, R. (1994). A framework for the description of generalized documents. Advances in Knowledge Organization, 4, 173-180.
  • Houser, L. (1986). Documents: The domain of library and information science. Library and Information Science Research, 8, 163-188.
  • Larsen, P.S. (1999). Books and bytes: Preserving documents for posterity. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 50(11), 1020-1027.
  • Lund, N. W. (2008). Document theory. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 43, 399-432.
  • Riles, A. (Ed.) (2006). Documents: Artifacts of Modern Knowledge. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
  • Schamber, L. (1996). What is a document? Rethinking the concept in uneasy times. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 47, 669-671.
  • Signer, Beat: What is Wrong with Digital Documents? A Conceptual Model for Structural Cross-Media Content Composition and Reuse, In Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER 2010), Vancouver, Canada, November 2010.
  • Smith, Barry. “How to Do Things with Documents”, Rivista di Estetica, 50 (2012), 179-198.
  • Smith, Barry. “Document Acts”,in Anita Konzelmann-Ziv, Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), 2013. Institutions, Emotions, and Group Agents.Contributions to Social Ontology (Philosophical Studies Series), Dordrecht: Springer
  • Ørom, A. (2007). The concept of information versus the concept of document. I: Document (re)turn. Contributions from a research field in transition. Ed. By Roswitha Skare, Niels Windfeld Lund & Andreas Vårheim. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. (pp. 53–72).

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