Play Video
1
Don Cossack Choir - Rest O Lord, The Soul of Your Servant
Don Cossack Choir - Rest O Lord, The Soul of Your Servant
::2013/11/08::
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2
Don Cossack Choir Requiem Mass Rest Eternal and Exhultation
Don Cossack Choir Requiem Mass Rest Eternal and Exhultation
::2008/10/26::
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3
Don Cossack Choir ,  Kol Slaven , Коль славен 1930
Don Cossack Choir , Kol Slaven , Коль славен 1930's
::2008/08/06::
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4
Don Cossack Choir - Serge Jaroff - Очи чёрные
Don Cossack Choir - Serge Jaroff - Очи чёрные
::2014/02/01::
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5
(Orginal) Don Kosaken Chor, (Original) Don Cossack Choir, Nicolai Gedda, Michael Minsky
(Orginal) Don Kosaken Chor, (Original) Don Cossack Choir, Nicolai Gedda, Michael Minsky
::2014/08/27::
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6
Don Kosaken Chor - Kalinka Калинка 1956
Don Kosaken Chor - Kalinka Калинка 1956
::2010/10/22::
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7
Don Cossack Choir, Dark Eye
Don Cossack Choir, Dark Eye's, side 1
::2014/04/06::
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8
Don Cossacks Choir - Litany
Don Cossacks Choir - Litany
::2013/11/08::
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9
Don Cossack Choir - Silent Night
Don Cossack Choir - Silent Night
::2013/11/20::
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10
Эй, ухнем - Coro dei cosacchi del Don - Don Cossack Choir by Sergej Žharov
Эй, ухнем - Coro dei cosacchi del Don - Don Cossack Choir by Sergej Žharov
::2012/10/10::
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11
Don Cossack Choir - Cherubic Hymn
Don Cossack Choir - Cherubic Hymn
::2013/11/09::
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12
Mikhail Zlatopolsky & Don Kosaken Choir Prayer for the Dead - Double Low C
Mikhail Zlatopolsky & Don Kosaken Choir Prayer for the Dead - Double Low C
::2013/09/25::
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13
Don Kosaken Chor  - Stenka Rasin
Don Kosaken Chor - Stenka Rasin
::2009/04/29::
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14
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2012/11/26::
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15
Monotonously rings the little bell - Don Cossacks Choir & Serge Jaroff
Monotonously rings the little bell - Don Cossacks Choir & Serge Jaroff
::2012/10/12::
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16
SUESSER DIE GLOCKEN - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
SUESSER DIE GLOCKEN - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2010/12/21::
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17
LEISE RIESELT DER SCHNEE - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
LEISE RIESELT DER SCHNEE - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2010/12/21::
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18
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2013/07/16::
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19
Russian 78 RPM- Don Cossack Choir - Evening Bells
Russian 78 RPM- Don Cossack Choir - Evening Bells
::2011/11/25::
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20
Don Cossack Choir. Serge Jaroff. Очи чёрные..
Don Cossack Choir. Serge Jaroff. Очи чёрные..
::2010/11/27::
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21
Don Cossack Choir Rachmaninoff Vespers - Rejoice, O Virgin
Don Cossack Choir Rachmaninoff Vespers - Rejoice, O Virgin
::2011/05/12::
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22
Don Cossack Choir  The Lord
Don Cossack Choir The Lord's Prayer
::2009/01/28::
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23
Don Cossack Choir-Serge Jaroff. Rehersal
Don Cossack Choir-Serge Jaroff. Rehersal
::2010/11/27::
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24
Don Cossack choir
Don Cossack choir
::2013/07/12::
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25
Don Cossack Choir - Of Thy Mystical Supper - Lvov
Don Cossack Choir - Of Thy Mystical Supper - Lvov
::2013/12/12::
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26
Don Cossack Choir   Requiem  Mass  Give Rest Oh Lord
Don Cossack Choir Requiem Mass Give Rest Oh Lord
::2008/10/15::
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27
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff.
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff.
::2014/09/22::
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ES IST EIN ROS ENTSPRUNGEN - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
ES IST EIN ROS ENTSPRUNGEN - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2010/12/21::
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29
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова  1921 - 2013 Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff  1921 -- 2013.
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова 1921 - 2013 Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff 1921 -- 2013.
::2013/07/17::
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30
Unending prairie - Бесконечная степь, Don Cossack Choir and Michael Minsky
Unending prairie - Бесконечная степь, Don Cossack Choir and Michael Minsky
::2013/07/16::
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31
Divine Liturgie and Requiem Mass of the Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Divine Liturgie and Requiem Mass of the Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2009/10/13::
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32
clip of Serge Jaroff
clip of Serge Jaroff's Don Cossack Choir in "Hotel Imperial"
::2009/12/08::
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33
ADESTE FIDELES - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
ADESTE FIDELES - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2010/12/21::
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34
IN DULCI JUBILO - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
IN DULCI JUBILO - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
::2010/12/21::
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35
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff,  Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff, Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова
::2013/07/16::
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36
STENKA RASIN, DON COSSACK CHOIR
STENKA RASIN, DON COSSACK CHOIR
::2014/04/09::
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37
Black Sea Don Cossacks Choir
Black Sea Don Cossacks Choir
::2009/06/30::
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38
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff, Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff, Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова
::2013/07/16::
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39
Black Sea Don Cossack Choir seminar: lunchtime v.0.1
Black Sea Don Cossack Choir seminar: lunchtime v.0.1
::2009/08/04::
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40
Don Cossacks Choir - Thy Kingdom
Don Cossacks Choir - Thy Kingdom
::2013/11/09::
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41
MY LOVELY FOLKLORE, Don Cossack Choir
MY LOVELY FOLKLORE, Don Cossack Choir
::2013/04/17::
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42
Don Cossacks Choir - Tebe Poem (Rachmaninov)
Don Cossacks Choir - Tebe Poem (Rachmaninov)
::2013/11/08::
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serge jaroff and don cossack choir
serge jaroff and don cossack choir
::2010/09/06::
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Don Cossacks Choir   The Nobel Joseph
Don Cossacks Choir The Nobel Joseph
::2013/11/08::
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80rpm Restoration - Don Cossacks Choir - Volga Boatmen COL UK AX1276
80rpm Restoration - Don Cossacks Choir - Volga Boatmen COL UK AX1276
::2010/10/02::
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46
CHRISTMAS  CONCERT  BY  W.HLIBKA   DON  COSSACKS  CHOIR
CHRISTMAS CONCERT BY W.HLIBKA DON COSSACKS CHOIR
::2010/04/17::
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Don Cossacks Choir - Romance from the film Metel
Don Cossacks Choir - Romance from the film Metel
::2008/12/07::
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48
Serge Jaroff
Serge Jaroff's Cossack Choir in "Hotel Imperial"
::2009/12/08::
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The imprisomed cossacks - Don Cossacks Choir & Serge Jaroff
The imprisomed cossacks - Don Cossacks Choir & Serge Jaroff
::2012/10/13::
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"Songs of the Volga boatmen". DON COSSACKS CHOIR. Conducted by Serge Jaroff.
"Songs of the Volga boatmen". DON COSSACKS CHOIR. Conducted by Serge Jaroff.
::2014/03/07::
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The Don Cossack Choir of Serge Jaroff (Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова) was a men's chorus of exiled Russian Cossacks founded in 1921 by Serge Jaroff and conducted for almost sixty years by him.

History[edit]

Origins at Çilingir internment camp[edit]

After suffering total defeat at the hands of the Red Army, many Cossacks ended up in the diaspora. In 1921 it was with these very Russian refugees that Serge Jaroff set about forming a choir in the Turkish internment camp Çilingir, near Istanbul. The Cossacks began to accompany their own church services, and later left for the Greek island of Lemnos. To improve the situation, they started giving open-air concerts, which were especially popular with the British. The Cossack lieutenant, Serge Jaroff worked hard on his choir's repertoire, until a splendid opportunity presented itself. Troops were to be shipped from Çilingir to the Bulgarian town of Burgas and on their behalf the Russian envoy suggested that Jaroff and his choir should be attached to the church. Although the parish was too poor to support a choir, the offer was accepted and the members of the choir were obliged to find work on the side.

Bulgaria to Vienna[edit]

The tents were then exchanged for barracks in Sofia, provided by the Ministry of Defence. The profit from the-often improvised-concerts was about $ 2,- (approx. 8 German marks at the time). Even so, the debut on 23 June 1923 in the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Sofia was excellent for morale.

This was followed by an offer from a factory in a French town of Montargis. The wife of the factory owner was Russian, and since the factory already had a wind band, they also considered having a choir. Unfortunately, lack of funds marooned the choir in Vienna.

Help came from a representative of the League of Nations, who took an interest in the choir. He brought the singers in contact with the director of a concert agency. At an audition in the director's office the singers exceeded all expectations-and a historic decision was made.

But the offer of a concert in the Vienna Hofburg on 4 July 1923 put everything else in the shadows. After this amazingly successful concert in the Austrian capital, the director predicted that the choir would not sing once, but a thousand times. In fact, it would eventually perform in excess of 10,000 concerts.

The choir toured Australia in 1926, leaving behind its lead tenor, Savva Kamaralli (Савва Камаралли), who decided to make his home there.

U.S. Citizenship[edit]

They traveled to the United States for the first time in 1930 and attained U.S. citizenship in a mass ceremony in 1936. With World War II looming, the choir found a new home in the United States and Sol Hurok became manager of the choir.

Otto Hofner[edit]

After the War, in 1953, Konzertdirektion Kurt Collien from Hamburg took over the choir from Clara Ebner, and in 1960 the choir was taken over by Otto Hofner from Cologne. Hofner and Jaroff would eventually become good friends and 20 March 1981 Jaroff transferred all the rights of his choir to Hofner. Otto Hofner also directed three feature films and six TV-movies. The last tour under Serge Jaroff was in 1979, although he continued as choir leader until 1981. Hofner left when Jaroff finally agreed to a tour under the direction of George Markitisch.

Michael Minsky[edit]

In 1985, Otto Hofner sought contact with Michael Minsky. Conforming to Jaroff's wishes, Hofner wished to organize a tour with Nicolai Gedda as soloist and Michael Minsky as conductor. Michael Minsky had been, since 1948 in contact with Jaroff and his choir and since 1964 soloist in the Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. This would take place in 1986, as a memorial to Serge Jaroff. The tour was a success, but when Minsky became ill and Nicolai Gedda did not want to sing every day, Otto Hofner called it quits.

Wanja Hlibka[edit]

In 1991 Wanja Hlibka (Ваня Хлибка), a soloist since 1967, started the choir again with George Tymchenko, another former soloist of the Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. In 2001 Otto Hofner transferred all the rights in the name Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff (Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова) to Wanja Hlibka.[1] The choir continues to give performances.[2]

Unique Voices[edit]

The Don Cossack Choir was renowned for both the quality of the tenors and especially for the depth and resonance of the low basses, particularly Pyotr Mihailik. It was reported that he could reach the bottom E of the piano with little difficulty. This unique blend of voices provided a different experience for most western audiences, increasing the popularity of the choir greatly. Whereas most western vocal composers tend to focus on the upper spectrum of the voice, many eastern composers have been noted to write music displaying the power of the lower voices.

Selected discography and videography[edit]

Serge Jaroff

  • Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. DVD. Brilliant Classics 8892 (2007)
  • Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. DVD. SLAVA! nr. 2013 (2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Der Spiegel: Issues 45-48 Rudolf Augstein - 1996 "Wanja Hlibka, seit 1967 Solist in Serge Jaroffs berühmter Don-Truppe, erfreut sich ebenso bester Gesundheit wie sein Sangesbruder George Tymczenko; zwei ältere Urkosaken leben in den USA, sind allerdings nicht mehr singfähig."
  2. ^ Hamburg Concert April 2012

External links[edit]

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