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Evening Bells - Don Cossack Choir under S. Jaroff
Evening Bells - Don Cossack Choir under S. Jaroff
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Эй, ухнем - Coro dei cosacchi del Don - Don Cossack Choir by Sergej Žharov
Эй, ухнем - Coro dei cosacchi del Don - Don Cossack Choir by Sergej Žharov
Published: 2012/10/10
Channel: Nicola Bombacci
Don Cossack Choir - Rest O Lord, The Soul of Your Servant
Don Cossack Choir - Rest O Lord, The Soul of Your Servant
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Divine Liturgy by S.Jaroff
Divine Liturgy by S.Jaroff's Don Cossack Choir- part 1/3
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: geraldrim
Lord, Save Your People - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Lord, Save Your People - Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: Sean Coxen
Don Cossack Choir - Silent Night
Don Cossack Choir - Silent Night
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Don Cossack Choir - Cherubic Hymn
Don Cossack Choir - Cherubic Hymn
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
When we were at war - Kuban Cossack Choir (2014)
When we were at war - Kuban Cossack Choir (2014)
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: DjukiNew1957
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Minsky Archief
BLESSED IS THE MAN  (BLAZHEN MUZH)  SUNG BY JAROFF
BLESSED IS THE MAN (BLAZHEN MUZH) SUNG BY JAROFF'S DON COSSACKS
Published: 2009/03/23
Channel: geraldrim
Хор Донских казаков Сергея Жарова - I (Записи 1950 годов) Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Хор Донских казаков Сергея Жарова - I (Записи 1950 годов) Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2015/02/09
Channel: АРИЙСКИЙ ДУХ
Don Cossack Choir - Serge Jaroff - Очи чёрные
Don Cossack Choir - Serge Jaroff - Очи чёрные
Published: 2014/02/01
Channel: cigarsnmartinis
Эй, ухнем! Хор Жарова /  Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Эй, ухнем! Хор Жарова / Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2013/12/07
Channel: VRNvideo
LORD  HAVE  MERCY  (GOSPODI POMILUI) - JAROFF
LORD HAVE MERCY (GOSPODI POMILUI) - JAROFF'S DON COSSACKS
Published: 2011/10/08
Channel: geraldrim
Don Kosaken Chor - Kalinka Калинка 1956
Don Kosaken Chor - Kalinka Калинка 1956
Published: 2010/10/22
Channel: fritz51207
Don Cossack Choir Requiem Mass Rest Eternal and Exhultation
Don Cossack Choir Requiem Mass Rest Eternal and Exhultation
Published: 2008/10/27
Channel: drpw6969
(Orginal) Don Kosaken Chor, (Original) Don Cossack Choir, Nicolai Gedda, Michael Minsky
(Orginal) Don Kosaken Chor, (Original) Don Cossack Choir, Nicolai Gedda, Michael Minsky
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Minsky Archief
Don Cossack Choir, Dark Eyes
Don Cossack Choir, Dark Eyes
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: SERIOSO SERIOSO
Divine Liturgy by S.Jaroff
Divine Liturgy by S.Jaroff's Don Cossack Choir- part 2/3
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: geraldrim
Don Cossack Choir, Midnight In Moscow, side 1
Don Cossack Choir, Midnight In Moscow, side 1
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: SERIOSO SERIOSO
Don Cossack Choir - Of Thy Mystical Supper - Lvov
Don Cossack Choir - Of Thy Mystical Supper - Lvov
Published: 2013/12/12
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Oktavist Paul Michalik singing with Jaroff
Oktavist Paul Michalik singing with Jaroff's Don Cossack Choir
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
1961-ii-5 Don Cossack Choir (Don Kosak kor) of Serge Jaroff reel 1.2 (AUDIO ONLY)
1961-ii-5 Don Cossack Choir (Don Kosak kor) of Serge Jaroff reel 1.2 (AUDIO ONLY)
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: alrunen
Moscow Nights - Don Cossack Choir, S. Jaroff, arr.
Moscow Nights - Don Cossack Choir, S. Jaroff, arr.
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Mark Connely
Don Cossacks Choir   The Nobel Joseph
Don Cossacks Choir The Nobel Joseph
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Don Cossacks Choir - Tebe Poem (Rachmaninov)
Don Cossacks Choir - Tebe Poem (Rachmaninov)
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Prayer of Penitence for Russia - Don Cossack Choir under M. Verhoeff - Zlatopolsky, oktavist
Prayer of Penitence for Russia - Don Cossack Choir under M. Verhoeff - Zlatopolsky, oktavist
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
Don Cossack Choir ,  Kol Slaven , Коль славен 1930
Don Cossack Choir , Kol Slaven , Коль славен 1930's
Published: 2008/08/07
Channel: cinemartini
Хор Донских казаков Сергея Жарова - II (Записи 1950 60 годов) Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Хор Донских казаков Сергея Жарова - II (Записи 1950 60 годов) Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: АРИЙСКИЙ ДУХ
Don Cossack Choir Rachmaninoff Vespers - Rejoice, O Virgin
Don Cossack Choir Rachmaninoff Vespers - Rejoice, O Virgin
Published: 2011/05/12
Channel: MarianneAlkonost
Оригинальный хор ДОНСКИХ КАЗАКОВ сергея жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Оригинальный хор ДОНСКИХ КАЗАКОВ сергея жарова, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Minsky Archief
DON COSSACKS        BORODINO
DON COSSACKS BORODINO
Published: 2010/03/03
Channel: John Coryell
"Songs of the Volga boatmen". DON COSSACKS CHOIR. Conducted by Serge Jaroff.
"Songs of the Volga boatmen". DON COSSACKS CHOIR. Conducted by Serge Jaroff.
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: konevin valery
Unending prairie - Бесконечная степь, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff and Michael Minsky
Unending prairie - Бесконечная степь, Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff and Michael Minsky
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Minsky Archief
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff
Published: 2012/11/26
Channel: NRCeGroningen
serge jaroff and don cossack choir
serge jaroff and don cossack choir
Published: 2010/09/07
Channel: pocastro555
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff, Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова
Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff, Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Minsky Archief
Monotonously rings the little bell - Don Cossacks Choir & Serge Jaroff
Monotonously rings the little bell - Don Cossacks Choir & Serge Jaroff
Published: 2012/10/12
Channel: HartmutN78
Meet The Famous Don Cossacks In A Little Sky-High Tuning Up Rehearsal. (1931)
Meet The Famous Don Cossacks In A Little Sky-High Tuning Up Rehearsal. (1931)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Don Cossack Choir   Requiem  Mass  Give Rest Oh Lord
Don Cossack Choir Requiem Mass Give Rest Oh Lord
Published: 2008/10/16
Channel: drpw6969
Don Cossack Choir, Serge Jaroff,condctor, SIDE 2
Don Cossack Choir, Serge Jaroff,condctor, SIDE 2
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: SERIOSO SERIOSO
Don Cossack  Choir Rehersal
Don Cossack Choir Rehersal
Published: 2009/04/29
Channel: cinemartini
Heintje - Don Kosaken Choir  Cossack Serge Jaroff 2
Heintje - Don Kosaken Choir Cossack Serge Jaroff 2
Published: 2007/11/16
Channel: l2bang3
Don Cossacks Choir - Thy Kingdom
Don Cossacks Choir - Thy Kingdom
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: The Oktavism Channel
clip of Serge Jaroff
clip of Serge Jaroff's Don Cossack Choir in "Hotel Imperial"
Published: 2009/12/08
Channel: cossack207
Divine Liturgy by S.Jaroff
Divine Liturgy by S.Jaroff's Don Cossack Choir- part 3/3
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: geraldrim
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова  1921 - 2013 Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff  1921 -- 2013.
Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова 1921 - 2013 Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff 1921 -- 2013.
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: Minsky Archief
Don Kosaken Chor: "Die zwölf Räuber" (mit dt. Übersetzung)
Don Kosaken Chor: "Die zwölf Räuber" (mit dt. Übersetzung)
Published: 2009/02/19
Channel: lxnvcts
Don Cossack Choir  The Lord
Don Cossack Choir The Lord's Prayer
Published: 2009/01/29
Channel: drpw6969
Don Cossack Choir, Dark Eye
Don Cossack Choir, Dark Eye's, side 1
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: serioso serioso
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Don Cossack Choir of Serge Jaroff (Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова) was a men's chorus of exiled Cossacks founded in 1921 by Serge Jaroff and conducted for almost sixty years by him.

History[edit]

Origins at Çilingir internment camp[edit]

After suffering total defeat at the hands of the Red Army, many Cossacks ended up in the diaspora. In 1921 it was with these very Russian refugees that Serge Jaroff set about forming a choir in the Turkish internment camp Çilingir, near Istanbul. The Cossacks began to accompany their own church services, and later left for the Greek island of Lemnos. To improve the situation, they started giving open-air concerts, which were especially popular with the British. The Cossack lieutenant, Serge Jaroff worked hard on his choir's repertoire, until a splendid opportunity presented itself. Troops were to be shipped from Çilingir to the Bulgarian town of Burgas and on their behalf the Russian envoy suggested that Jaroff and his choir should be attached to the church. Although the parish was too poor to support a choir, the offer was accepted and the members of the choir were obliged to find work on the side.

Bulgaria to Vienna[edit]

The tents were then exchanged for barracks in Sofia, provided by the Ministry of Defence. The profit from the-often improvised-concerts was about $ 2,- (approx. 8 German marks at the time). Even so, the debut on 23 June 1923 in the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Sofia was excellent for morale.

This was followed by an offer from a factory in a French town of Montargis. The wife of the factory owner was Russian, and since the factory already had a wind band, they also considered having a choir. Unfortunately, lack of funds marooned the choir in Vienna.

Help came from a representative of the League of Nations, who took an interest in the choir. He brought the singers in contact with the director of a concert agency. At an audition in the director's office the singers exceeded all expectations-and a historic decision was made.

But the offer of a concert in the Vienna Hofburg on 4 July 1923 put everything else in the shadows. After this amazingly successful concert in the Austrian capital, the director predicted that the choir would not sing once, but a thousand times. In fact, it would eventually perform in excess of 10,000 concerts.

The choir toured Australia in 1926, leaving behind its lead tenor, Savva Kamaralli (Савва Камаралли), who decided to make his home there.

U.S. Citizenship[edit]

They traveled to the United States for the first time in 1930 and attained U.S. citizenship in a mass ceremony in 1936. With World War II looming, the choir found a new home in the United States and Sol Hurok became manager of the choir.

Otto Hofner[edit]

After the War, in 1953, Konzertdirektion Kurt Collien from Hamburg took over the choir from Clara Ebner, and in 1960 the choir was taken over by Otto Hofner from Cologne. Hofner and Jaroff would eventually become good friends and 20 March 1981 Jaroff transferred all the rights of his choir to Hofner. Otto Hofner also directed three feature films and six TV-movies. The last tour under Serge Jaroff was in 1979, although he continued as choir leader until 1981. Hofner left when Jaroff finally agreed to a tour under the direction of George Markitisch.

Michael Minsky[edit]

In 1985, Otto Hofner sought contact with Michael Minsky. Conforming to Jaroff's wishes, Hofner wished to organize a tour with Nicolai Gedda as soloist and Michael Minsky as conductor. Michael Minsky had been, since 1948 in contact with Jaroff and his choir and since 1964 soloist in the Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. This would take place in 1986, as a memorial to Serge Jaroff. The tour was a success, but when Minsky became ill and Nicolai Gedda did not want to sing every day, Otto Hofner called it quits.

Wanja Hlibka[edit]

In 1991 Wanja Hlibka (Ваня Хлибка), a soloist since 1967, started the choir again with George Tymchenko, another former soloist of the Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. In 2001 Otto Hofner transferred all the rights in the name Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff (Хор донских казаков Сергея Жарова) to Wanja Hlibka.[1] The choir continues to give performances.[2]

Vocal style[edit]

The Don Cossack Choir was renowned for the quality of the tenors and baritones and for the depth and resonance of the low basses. Every member of this choir was and is trained in a classical or operatic way. The singers can reach sheer power without using amplification. Also the voices have different timbres for different volumes. in the piano range the singers hum in the mezzo piano to mezzo forte the singers switch from a light singing voice to a more deeper sounding voice but with brilliancy. When singing forte a pure operatic bass baritone and tenor voice is achieved with extreme loudness and brightness in the voice. An outstanding feature are the tenors singing in head voice in a soprano range but another feature of this choir is it sings in a unit. The voices have a very good balance troughout the entire singers.

Selected discography and videography[edit]

Serge Jaroff

  • Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. DVD. Brilliant Classics 8892 (2007)
  • Don Cossack Choir Serge Jaroff. DVD. SLAVA! nr. 2013 (2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Der Spiegel, 45/1996 (1996-11-4): "Wanja Hlibka, seit 1967 Solist in Serge Jaroffs berühmter Don-Truppe, erfreut sich ebenso bester Gesundheit wie sein Sangesbruder George Tymczenko; zwei ältere Urkosaken leben in den USA, sind allerdings nicht mehr singfähig."
  2. ^ Hamburg Concert April 2012.

External links[edit]

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