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The Life and Suprising Times of Dr Dorothy Height
The Life and Suprising Times of Dr Dorothy Height
Published: 2013/02/13
Channel: Douglas Spiro
Dorothy Height : My Experience In The Civil Rights Movement
Dorothy Height : My Experience In The Civil Rights Movement
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: visionaryproject
Hidden Figures: Dorothy Height
Hidden Figures: Dorothy Height
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Sensei Aishitemasu
A Moment of Excellence: Dorothy Height
A Moment of Excellence: Dorothy Height
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: BecauseofThemWeCan
Remembering Dr. Dorothy Height
Remembering Dr. Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/29
Channel: The Obama White House
Dr. Dorothy Height
Dr. Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/21
Channel: chj333
5 Extraordinary Things About Dorothy Height
5 Extraordinary Things About Dorothy Height
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Steve Shives
Dorothy Height : Civil Rights Movement Today
Dorothy Height : Civil Rights Movement Today
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: visionaryproject
Dorothy Height honored at funeral
Dorothy Height honored at funeral
Published: 2010/04/30
Channel: CNN
Hats off, Dorothy Height
Hats off, Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/29
Channel: CNN
Dorothy Height Elementary Opens
Dorothy Height Elementary Opens
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: LedgerEnquirer
Dorothy Height with President Obama at the White House
Dorothy Height with President Obama at the White House
Published: 2010/04/28
Channel: The Obama White House
ROLEMODEL - Dorothy Height
ROLEMODEL - Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/20
Channel: visionaryproject
STAND - BEBE WINANS SALUTES DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
STAND - BEBE WINANS SALUTES DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: AIKAN74
Interview with Dorothy Height for "The Great Depression"
Interview with Dorothy Height for "The Great Depression"
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: wufilmarchives
Remembering Civil Rights Activist Dorothy Height
Remembering Civil Rights Activist Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: nyusteinhardt
CLIMBING JACOB
CLIMBING JACOB'S LADDER - BEBE WINANS HONORS DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: AIKAN74
Civil rights pioneer Dorothy Height dies
Civil rights pioneer Dorothy Height dies
Published: 2010/04/20
Channel: CNN
Civil Rights Luminary Dorothy Height Dies at 98
Civil Rights Luminary Dorothy Height Dies at 98
Published: 2010/04/21
Channel: PBS NewsHour
GREAT IS THY FAITHFULNESS - DENYCE GRAVES HONORS DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
GREAT IS THY FAITHFULNESS - DENYCE GRAVES HONORS DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: AIKAN74
Living with Purpose
Living with Purpose
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: USPS TV
Dorothy Height at the 2997 HRC National Dinner
Dorothy Height at the 2997 HRC National Dinner
Published: 2010/04/20
Channel: Human Rights Campaign
Dorothy Height Memorial Video
Dorothy Height Memorial Video
Published: 2010/12/09
Channel: Ne Ne
Dorothy Height, Civil Rights Leader, Dies
Dorothy Height, Civil Rights Leader, Dies
Published: 2010/04/20
Channel: Associated Press
Dr. Dorothy Height
Dr. Dorothy Height's advice to parents
Published: 2010/06/15
Channel: s2smagazine
Dorothy Height: Sharing MLK
Dorothy Height: Sharing MLK's Dream
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: United Methodist Videos
Obama Honors Dorothy Height, Civil Rights Icon
Obama Honors Dorothy Height, Civil Rights Icon
Published: 2010/04/29
Channel: Associated Press
Dorothy Height Talks About The 60
Dorothy Height Talks About The 60's
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: icarevillage
Dorothy Height : Meeting Martin Luther King, Jr.
Dorothy Height : Meeting Martin Luther King, Jr.
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: visionaryproject
Dorothy Height : My Community and Winning the PA State Speech Contest
Dorothy Height : My Community and Winning the PA State Speech Contest
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: visionaryproject
Mary McLeod Bethune & Eleanor Roosevelt - Dorothy Height
Mary McLeod Bethune & Eleanor Roosevelt - Dorothy Height
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Explorations In Black Leadership
Dorothy Height
Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: TheHistoryMakers1
Influence of YWCA - Dorothy Height
Influence of YWCA - Dorothy Height
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Explorations In Black Leadership
23RD PSALM- DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT MEMORIAL.mpg
23RD PSALM- DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT MEMORIAL.mpg
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: AIKAN74
Dorothy Height Tribute Song - National Treasure
Dorothy Height Tribute Song - National Treasure
Published: 2010/04/21
Channel: Chris Paul
3rd grade Cornerstone Project 1 Dorothy I. Height
3rd grade Cornerstone Project 1 Dorothy I. Height
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Dana Raphael
Dorothy Height Tribute 2010
Dorothy Height Tribute 2010
Published: 2010/06/05
Channel: dunnts1
DN! Dorothy Height (19122010) A.flv
DN! Dorothy Height (19122010) A.flv
Published: 2010/04/30
Channel: StartLoving3
Interview Highlights: Dorothy Height, National Council of Negro Women
Interview Highlights: Dorothy Height, National Council of Negro Women
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: Documentary Whitney Young Jr.
CAMILLE COSBY  EULOGIZES DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
CAMILLE COSBY EULOGIZES DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
Published: 2011/01/10
Channel: AIKAN1974
A 2010 Census Message from Dorothy Height
A 2010 Census Message from Dorothy Height
Published: 2010/04/05
Channel: uscensusbureau
Last Interview of Dr. Dorothy Height: March 15, 2010
Last Interview of Dr. Dorothy Height: March 15, 2010
Published: 2010/04/12
Channel: icarevillage
Dorothy Height : Early Activism in Harlem
Dorothy Height : Early Activism in Harlem
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: visionaryproject
Influence of Women in the Civil Rights Movement - Dorothy Height
Influence of Women in the Civil Rights Movement - Dorothy Height
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Explorations In Black Leadership
TAVIS SMILEY | Benjamin Hooks and Dorothy Height Tribute | PBS
TAVIS SMILEY | Benjamin Hooks and Dorothy Height Tribute | PBS
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: PBS
Sabaah Jordan celebrates Dorothy Height | Day of Heroes | MTV News
Sabaah Jordan celebrates Dorothy Height | Day of Heroes | MTV News
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: MTV News
Dorothy Height tribute
Dorothy Height tribute
Published: 2010/06/04
Channel: pvpanther7
Dorothy Height & Esther Peterson
Dorothy Height & Esther Peterson
Published: 2008/08/15
Channel: rodneywbrown
BRYAN WILSON SINGS TRIBUTE TO DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
BRYAN WILSON SINGS TRIBUTE TO DR. DOROTHY HEIGHT
Published: 2009/09/26
Channel: Bryan Wilson
Dorothy Height and Mary McLeod Bethune Remembered
Dorothy Height and Mary McLeod Bethune Remembered
Published: 2013/08/07
Channel: SmithsonianFolklife
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Dorothy I. Height
DrDorothyHeight.jpg
Born Dorothy Irene Height
(1912-03-24)March 24, 1912
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Died April 20, 2010(2010-04-20) (aged 98)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Occupation Educator and social activist

Dorothy Irene Height (March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010[1]), an American administrator and educator, was a civil rights and women's rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African-American women, including unemployment, illiteracy, and voter awareness.[2] She was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for forty years and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.[1]

Early life[edit]

Dorothy Height was born in Richmond, Virginia.When she was 5 years old, she moved with her family to Rankin, Pennsylvania, a steel town in the suburbs of Pittsburgh, where she graduated from Rankin High School in 1929. Height received a scholarship from the Elks, which helped her to attend college.[3] She was admitted to Barnard College in 1929, but upon arrival was denied entrance because the school had an unwritten policy of admitting only two black students per year.[4] She enrolled instead at New York University, earning an undergraduate degree in 1932 and a master's degree in educational psychology the following year.[5] She pursued further postgraduate work at Columbia University and the New York School of Social Work (the predecessor of the Columbia University School of Social Work).[6]

Career[edit]

Dorothy Height with Eleanor Roosevelt, 1960
External video
"Life and Career of Dorothy Height". July 20, 2001, C-SPAN
"Dorothy Height Oral History Interview" for the University of Virginia's "Explorations in Black Leadership" project, December 9, 2003, C-SPAN

Height started working as a caseworker with the New York City Welfare Department, and at the age of 25, she began a career as a civil rights activist, joining the National Council of Negro Women. She fought for equal rights for both African Americans and women. In 1944 she joined the national staff of the YWCA. She was also an active member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority, throughout her life, developing leadership training programs and ecumenical education programs.[7] She was initiated at Rho Chapter at Columbia University. She served as national president of the sorority from 1947 to 1956.[7]

In 1957, Height was named president of the National Council of Negro Women, a position she held until 1997. During the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, she organized "Wednesdays in Mississippi,"[8] which brought together black and white women from the North and South to create a dialogue of understanding. Height was also a founding member of the Council for United Civil Rights Leadership. In his autobiography, civil rights leader James Farmer described Height as one of the "Big Six" of the Civil Rights Movement, but noted that her role was frequently ignored by the press due to sexism.[9]

American leaders regularly took her counsel, including First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.[clarification needed] Height encouraged President Dwight D. Eisenhower to desegregate schools and President Lyndon B. Johnson to appoint African-American women to positions in government. In the mid-1960s, she wrote a column called "A Woman's Word" for the weekly African-American newspaper the New York Amsterdam News, and her first column appeared in the issue of March 20, 1965, on page 8.

Height served on a number of committees, including as a consultant on African affairs to the Secretary of State, the President's Committee on the Employment of the Handicapped, and the President's Committee on the Status of Women. In 1974, she was named to the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, which published the Belmont Report[10] a response to the infamous "Tuskegee Syphilis Study" and an international ethical touchstone for researchers to this day.

Later life and death[edit]

External video
Booknotes interview with Height on Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir, August 3, 2003, C-SPAN
Presentation by Height on Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir at the National Book Festival, October 9, 2004, C-SPAN
External video
Dorothy Height's funeral service at the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C., April 29, 2010, C-SPAN

In 1990, Height, along with 15 other African Americans, formed the African-American Women for Reproductive Freedom.[11] Height was recognized by Barnard for her achievements as an honorary alumna during the college's commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 2004.[4]

The musical stage play If This Hat Could Talk, based on her memoirs Open Wide The Freedom Gates, debuted in 2005. The work showcases her unique perspective on the civil rights movement and details many of the behind-the-scenes figures and mentors who shaped her life, including Mary McLeod Bethune and Eleanor Roosevelt.

Height was the chairperson of the Executive Committee of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, the largest civil rights for women's rights organization in the USA. She was an honored guest at the inauguration of President Barack Obama on January 20, 2009, and was seated on the stage.[1]

She attended the National Black Family Reunion that was celebrated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., every year until her death in 2010.[12]

On March 25, 2010, Height was admitted to Howard University Hospital in Washington D.C. for unspecified reasons. She died six weeks later, on April 20, 2010, at the age of 98. Her funeral service at the Washington National Cathedral on April 29, 2010 was attended by President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama, as well as many other dignitaries and notable people.[13] She was later buried at Fort Lincoln Cemetery in Colmar Manor, Maryland.

Personal life[edit]

According to a family history DNA analysis performed by African Ancestry Inc.,[14] Height's maternal line has a root among the Temne people of modern-day Sierra Leone.[15]

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Iovino, Jim (2010-04-20). "Civil Rights Icon Dorothy Height Dies at 98". NBC Universal. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  2. ^ "Dorothy Height." 2013. The Biography Channel website. March 14, 2013, 08:53.
  3. ^ Hine, Darlene Clark., William C. Hine, and Stanley Harrold. "Chapter 21." The African-American Odyssey Combined Edition. 5th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2010. 596. Web.
  4. ^ a b "Civil Rights Pioneer Honor 75 years after rejection Barnard College recognizes woman the school once barred because of admission limit for blacks". Newsday. June 4, 2004. p. A22. 
  5. ^ "Dorothy Height was educator and activist organizer". Post-Tribune. February 16, 2003. p. A2. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  6. ^ Dr. Dorothy I. Height: Chair and President Emerita, National Council of Negro Women, National Council of Negro Women. 75th Anniversary. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  7. ^ a b Height, Dorothy (2003). Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir. New York: PublicAffairs Press. ISBN 978-1-58648-286-2. 
  8. ^ Evans, Ben (2010-04-20). "Dorothy Height, civil rights activist, dies at 98". Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  9. ^ Farmer, James. Lay Bare the Heart. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press. p. 215. ISBN 9780875651880. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "The Belmont Report", U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
  11. ^ Kathryn Cullen-DuPont (1 August 2000). Encyclopedia of Women's History in America. Info base Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-8160-4100-8. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Mr. Michael & Ms. C (2013). Why I Am So Proud to Be a Black Man: The Many Reasons to Uplift and Celebrate Our Uniqueness in the Universe. iUniverse. p. 165. ISBN 1475979290. 
  13. ^ "Dorothy Height, U.S. Civil Rights Leader, Buried". The Epoch Times. Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  14. ^ Haynes, V. Dion (September 10, 2006). "DNA test points to tribes of their past". Washington Post. 
  15. ^ Dr. Height African Ancestry Reveal. on YouTube
  16. ^ "CANDACE AWARD RECIPIENTS 1982-1990, Page 1". National Coalition of 100 Black Women. Archived from the original on March 14, 2003. 
  17. ^ The Heinz Awards, Dorothy Height profile
  18. ^ National Winners, Jefferson Awards.
  19. ^ Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.
  20. ^ "The 2009 Health Policy Heroes and Foremother Awards". Archived 2011-05-14 at the Wayback Machine. National Research Center for Women & Families. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
  21. ^ The Southwester, June 2010.
  22. ^ Kashmira Gander (March 24, 2014). "Google Doodle US marks Dorothy Irene Height's birthday". The Independent. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  23. ^ Michael Cavna (March 24, 2014). "DOROTHY IRENE HEIGHT: ‘Godmother of the civil-rights movement’ was a portrait in powerful change. Google Doodle salutes her accordingly.". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 
  24. ^ Charlotte Alter (March 24, 2014). "Google Doodle Honors Dorothy Height, Unsung Leader in Civil Rights and Women’s Movements". Time. Retrieved March 25, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Height, Dorothy. Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir.
  • Tracey A. Fitzgerald, The National Council of Negro Women and the Feminist Movement, 1935–1975, Georgetown University Press, 1985.
  • Judith Weisenfeld, "Dorothy Height", Black Women in America: Profiles, MacMillan Library Reference USA, New York, 1999, pp. 128–130.
  • Legacy: Black and White in America, a documentary featuring Dorothy Height.
  • Dr. Dorothy I. Height Facebook Page

External links[edit]

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