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Famous Ghost Caught on Camera at Haunted Dudley Castle
Famous Ghost Caught on Camera at Haunted Dudley Castle
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: Beyond Science
Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
Published: 2011/10/25
Channel: Brian Clift
Dudley Castle West Midlands Ghost Hunt Ghost Hunt 1st April 2017
Dudley Castle West Midlands Ghost Hunt Ghost Hunt 1st April 2017
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Dusk Till Dawn Events
Dudley Castle from the air
Dudley Castle from the air
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Top UK Photographer
Is this the ghost of Dudley Castle?
Is this the ghost of Dudley Castle?
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: World News&EveryThing AbouT Life
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle (Best of Live)
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle (Best of Live)
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Most Haunted
Dudley Castle Ghost Hunting with Dusk Till Dawn Events
Dudley Castle Ghost Hunting with Dusk Till Dawn Events
Published: 2013/11/30
Channel: Simon's Reality
Virtual Tours of Dudley Castle in 1550
Virtual Tours of Dudley Castle in 1550
Published: 2010/09/15
Channel: exrenda
Grey Lady GHOST Caught On Camera At Dudley Castle England
Grey Lady GHOST Caught On Camera At Dudley Castle England
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: TITANVORTEX
Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: Medieval Richard
Ghost Captured on Camera at Dudley Castle
Ghost Captured on Camera at Dudley Castle
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: KLBJ937
Dudley castle first part
Dudley castle first part
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: mohammad ebrahimi
Dudley Castle Ghost Walk
Dudley Castle Ghost Walk
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: jm1305
Dudley castle
Dudley castle
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: b11rku
Most Haunted Live Dudley Castle
Most Haunted Live Dudley Castle
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: MostHauntedEpisodes
Dudley Castle - Paranormal investigation on 17/11/2012
Dudley Castle - Paranormal investigation on 17/11/2012
Published: 2013/01/20
Channel: JT Paranormal
Dudley By Drone - A film by DEK Images
Dudley By Drone - A film by DEK Images
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: DEK Images
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 1
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 1
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: MostHauntedVideos
Priory park and Dudley castle
Priory park and Dudley castle
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Flight Of The Phantom UK
Dudley Castle Ghost hunt
Dudley Castle Ghost hunt
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: berettakid1
Dudley Zoo and Castle
Dudley Zoo and Castle
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: Chris Moody
Dudley Castle Holy Ghost Trip
Dudley Castle Holy Ghost Trip
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: Timothy Folsom
Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
Published: 2008/06/17
Channel: spizzlekizzle
Dudley Zoo and Castle (England) "Dudley Zoological Gardens"
Dudley Zoo and Castle (England) "Dudley Zoological Gardens"
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Markus Peter
Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Devy Safriliana
Ned
Ned's Atomic Dustbin - First ever re-union gig at Dudley Castle part 1 2000
Published: 2009/07/15
Channel: alvaskins
Ghosts of Dudley Castle DVD trailer with Richard Felix
Ghosts of Dudley Castle DVD trailer with Richard Felix
Published: 2008/10/06
Channel: felixfiles1
Blitz Photography & Production - Dudley Castle Fire 1750.mp4
Blitz Photography & Production - Dudley Castle Fire 1750.mp4
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: MnR1Productions
Dudley Zoo and Castle
Dudley Zoo and Castle
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: archsakas
Chilling photo shows
Chilling photo shows 'ghost' Grey Lady snapped at Dudley Castle
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: ODN
Photo From Dudley Castle May Show Grey Lady Ghost
Photo From Dudley Castle May Show Grey Lady Ghost
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: ufology aliens anomaly
Dudley castle - fifth part
Dudley castle - fifth part
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: mohammad ebrahimi
Most Haunted S01E18 - Live Dudley Castle (Compilation Episode 1)
Most Haunted S01E18 - Live Dudley Castle (Compilation Episode 1)
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Edwyn Livia
Dudley castle third part
Dudley castle third part
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: mohammad ebrahimi
Ghost Hunt at Dudley Castle
Ghost Hunt at Dudley Castle
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Helen Stone
Dudley Castle EVP
Dudley Castle EVP
Published: 2013/12/15
Channel: 2Hauntedvenues
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 6
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 6
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: MostHauntedVideos
Dudley Castle ( Part 3 )
Dudley Castle ( Part 3 )
Published: 2010/06/28
Channel: Dudleyparanormal
Ghost Of Dudley Castle GRAY LADY Been Caught On Camera England
Ghost Of Dudley Castle GRAY LADY Been Caught On Camera England's Most Haunted Castle!!!
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: Dolores Erline
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 8
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 8
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: MostHauntedVideos
Ab-fail down Dudley Castle #1 (filmed by my daughter)
Ab-fail down Dudley Castle #1 (filmed by my daughter)
Published: 2011/11/10
Channel: braddersp1966
dudley castle
dudley castle
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Alan Pine
spooky noise inside dudley castle
spooky noise inside dudley castle
Published: 2010/10/16
Channel: 123heresjohnny
Dudley Castle with Paranormaleye.uk
Dudley Castle with Paranormaleye.uk
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: Clive Orton
My visit to Dudley Castle/Zoo 🐾🙈
My visit to Dudley Castle/Zoo 🐾🙈
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Fahad Abdulwahab
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 3
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 3
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: MostHauntedVideos
Dudley Castle (Haunted Houses Paranormal Adventures)
Dudley Castle (Haunted Houses Paranormal Adventures)
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Paravoice Network
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 7
Most Haunted Live - Dudley Castle Part 7
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: MostHauntedVideos
Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
Published: 2012/03/09
Channel: bariumbob
Dudley Castle- 1.5
Dudley Castle- 1.5
Published: 2008/06/17
Channel: spizzlekizzle
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Dudley Castle
Part of Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dudley, West Midlands
Dudley Castle -England-8.jpg
The keep of Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle is located in West Midlands county
Dudley Castle
Dudley Castle
Coordinates 52°30′51″N 2°04′48″W / 52.5142°N 2.0800°W / 52.5142; -2.0800
Type Motte and Bailey
Site information
Owner Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council
Controlled by Dudley and West Midlands Zoological Society
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Ruined
Site history
Built 1070
Built by Ansculf de Picquigny
In use Until 1750
Materials Limestone
Battles/wars The Anarchy
English Civil War

Dudley Castle is a ruined fortification in the town of Dudley, West Midlands, England. Originally a wooden motte and bailey castle built soon after the Norman Conquest, it was rebuilt as a stone fortification during the twelfth century but subsequently demolished on the orders of King Henry II. Rebuilding of the castle took place from the second half of the thirteenth century and culminated in the construction of a range of buildings within the fortifications by John Dudley. The fortifications were sleighted by order of Parliament during the English Civil War and the residential buildings destroyed by fire in 1750. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century the site was used for fêtes and pageants. Today Dudley Zoo is located in its grounds.

The location, Castle Hill, is an outcrop of Wenlock Group limestone that was extensively quarried during the Industrial Revolution, and which now along with Wren's Nest Hill is a Scheduled Ancient Monument as the best surviving remains of the limestone industry in Dudley. It is also a Grade I listed building. The Dudley Tunnel runs beneath Castle Hill, but not the castle itself.

History[edit]

The antiquarian William Camden claimed a castle was constructed at Dudley about the year 700 by a Mercian duke named Dodo or Doddo [1] and some subsequent histories and articles repeated this claim.[2] However, this assertion is not taken seriously by today's historians, who usually date the castle from soon after the Norman Conquest of 1066.[1] It is thought one of the Conqueror's followers, Ansculf de Picquigny, built the first castle in 1070.[3] The Domesday Book records that Ansculf's son, William Fitz-Ansculf, was in possession of the castle when it was recorded at the time of the survey of 1086. The first line of the Domesday entry for Dudley translates as: "the said William held Dudley; and there is his castle".[4] Some of the earthworks from this castle, notably the "motte", the vast mound on which the present castle keep now sits, still remain. However the earliest castle would have been of wooden construction and no longer exists.[5]

Dudley Castle was first mentioned in the Domesday Book

After Fitz-Ansculf, the castle came into the possession of the Paganel family, who built the first stone castle on the site. This castle was strong enough to withstand a siege in 1138 by the forces of King Stephen.[6] However, after Gervase Paganel joined a failed rebellion against King Henry II in 1173 the castle was demolished by order of the king. The Somery's were the next dynasty to own the site when Ralph de Somery I succeeded his uncle, Gervase Paganel in 1194. Roger de Somery II set about rebuilding the castle in 1262. The castle was far from complete on the death of Roger de Somery II in 1272 and construction carried on from this time into the 14th century by Roger's heirs. [7] The keep (the most obvious part of the castle when viewed from the town) and the main gate date from this re-building.

The castle was partly demolished during the 17th century on the orders of Parliament.

The last of the male line of Somery, John Somery, died in 1321. It is thought that the fortifications were complete by this date.[1] The castle and estates passed to John Somery's sister Margaret and her husband John de Sutton. Subsequently, members of this family often used Dudley as a surname. John and Margaret were only in possession for the castle for a few years before the property was seized by the younger Hugh Despenser, a favourite of King Edward II. [8] Despenser owned the castle from 1325-1326, being dispossessed when the king fell from power. The castle was returned to John and Margaret in 1327.[8] It was probably during the time of John and Margaret's son and successor John Sutton II that a chapel and great chamber were added within the castle walls.[1] Following the death of John Sutton II, the castle passed to his wife, Isabel, daughter of John de Cherleton who held it until her death in 1397.

In 1532 another John Sutton (the seventh in the Dynasty named John) inherited the castle but after having money problems was ousted by a relative, John Dudley, later Duke of Northumberland, in 1537. John Dudley was the great-grandson of John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley and had risen to prominence during the reign of King Henry VIII. Starting around 1540, a range of new buildings were erected within the older castle walls by him. The architect was William Sharington and the buildings are thus usually referred to as Sharington Range. According to Historic England, the Sharrington Range represents "one of the earliest known examples of the influence of the Italian Renaissance on the secular architecture of the West Midlands." [9] John Dudley was executed in 1553 for his attempt to set Lady Jane Grey on the throne of England.[5]

During the Tudor period, John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland ordered the construction of a range of new buildings within the ancient castle.

The castle was returned to the Sutton family by Queen Mary, ownership being given to Edward Sutton. The castle was visited by Queen Elizabeth I in August 1575[10] and was considered as a possible place of imprisonment for Mary, Queen of Scots. However, the Sutton family were not destined to hold the castle for much longer and Edward Sutton's son, Edward Sutton III was the last of the male line to possess the property. In 1592, this Edward sent men to raid the property of Gilbert Lyttelton, carrying away cattle which were impounded in the Castle grounds.[1] Financial difficulties continued to mount, however, until Edward Sutton III solved the problem by marrying his grand daughter and heir, Frances Sutton, to Humble Ward, the son of a wealthy merchant.

The castle became a Royalist stronghold during the English Civil War, and was besieged twice before its surrender to Cromwell's forces in 1646. The first siege in 1644 was lifted after the Royalists sent a relief force which drove away the Parliamentarians. In 1646 Sir William Brereton commanded the Parliamentarians in the second siege against the Royalists led by Colonel Leveson. The castle was surrendered on 13 May 1646. Parliament subsequently ordered that the castle be partly demolished and the present ruined appearance of the keep results from this decision. However some habitable buildings remained and were subsequently used occasionally by the Earls of Dudley although by this time they preferred to reside at Himley Hall, approximately four miles away, when in the Midlands.[5]

A plan of the castle from J. D. Mackenzie's The Castles of England: their story and structure[11]

A stable block was constructed on the site at some point before 1700. This was the final building to be constructed in the castle.[5]

The bulk of the remaining habitable parts of the castle was destroyed by fire in 1750. However, in the nineteenth century, the site found a new use as a 'Romantic Ruin' and a certain amount of tidying up of the site was carried out by the Earls of Dudley. Battlements on one of the remaining towers were reconstructed and two cannon captured during the Crimean Wars were installed. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century the site was used for fêtes and pageants. In 1937, when the Dudley Zoo was established, the castle grounds were incorporated into the zoo.

Location[edit]

The castle is located on a hill at one end of Dudley Town centre with the entrance (shared with Dudley Zoo) to the grounds off Castle Hill (the A459). The hill is an outcrop of limestone that was extensively quarried during the Industrial Revolution.[12]

Despite being situated on the edge of Dudley town centre, historically the castle was situated within the borders of Sedgley - which was part of neighbouring Staffordshire rather than Worcestershire as shown by the maps of Christopher Saxton drawn in 1579 and John Speed in 1610.[13] The borders were changed to include the castle and its grounds within the Dudley borough only in 1926, when restructuring of the boundaries took place to allow the development of the Priory Estate.[14]

The Castle Remains[edit]

Motte and Bailey[edit]

The motte is the oldest remaining structure at the castle site. It originally had a moat at its foot which could have been wet or dry. The motte has a core of limestone rubble encased in clay.[15] It stands around 9 meters high.[9] The oval-shaped bailey, which measures 100 meters north to south and 80 meters east to west is surrounded by a dry moat. In the medieval period, there were probably buildings in an outer court beyond the bailey moat. [9]

The Keep[edit]

The castle keep dates from the rebuilding that started in 1262. It rests on the motte, constructed in the Norman period but somewhat reduced in height afterwards. [16] The original building was slightly rectangular in plan with approximate dimensions 15 meters north to south and 22 meters east to west. The four drum towers on each corner are 9.8 meters in diameter.[9] After the slighting at the end of the civil war, only the north side of the castle and parts of two of the drum towers remain.

Main Gatehouse[edit]

A little to the east of the keep is the main gatehouse. Like the keep, it was subject to slighting at the end of the Civil War. Some elements of the Paganell's Norman castle remain in the structure but it mainly dates from the rebuilding carried out after 1262 by the de Somery family. A double gateway with two portcullises was constructed at this time. Under the Suttons, a barbican was added to the outside of the gatehouse so that the whole structure is sometimes called the 'Triple Gate'.[16] Originally the gatehouse was connected to the keep by a thick curtain wall. When built, the gatehouse had three floors with the machinery for opertaing the portcullises on the first floor and a guard room on the second floor. Above the guard room were the battlements.

Great chamber and chapel block[edit]

Probably constructed during the time of John Sutton II but re-modelled in the Tudor era when the Sharington Range was built for John Dudley. The block was in ruins before the fire of 1750.[16]

Sharington range[edit]

Constructed for John Dudley, starting around 1540, the three-storey range included a great hall, kitchen, servery, buttery, cellars and bedrooms. A small amount of masonry dating from the early Paganell castle is evident in the ruins. The range was destroyed by the fire of 1750.

Stable Block[edit]

Once thought to be lodgings, the stable block was one of the last buildings constructed at the castle site, dating from before 1700. The block is situated between the Main Gate and the base of the motte.

Elizabethan gatehouse and East Watch Tower[edit]

In front of the main gate but further down the hill is a gatehouse dating from the Elizabethan era. A wall runs to the east of this gate to a round tower, built at the same time, known as the watch tower.

Cannon[edit]

Two Russian cannon brought back as trophies from the Crimean War are installed in prominent positions on the remains of the two south facing drum towers. The cannon were brought to the castle in June 1857 during one of the Dudley Castle Fêtes.[17]

Visitor centre[edit]

The castle visitor centre was opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in June 1994, and amongst other exhibits housed a computer generated reconstruction of the castle as it was in 1550, displayed through hardware that demonstrated the first use of the virtual tour concept, prior to its widespread adoption as a Web-based browser utility. More details of how Her Majesty became the first Royal to experience a virtual world here.

List of Lords of Dudley Castle[edit]

Dudley Castle was the capital of the feudal barony of Dudley.

  • Ansculf de Picquigny, a Norman who took part on the Battle of Hastings
  • William Fitz-Ansculf, his son
  • Fulke Paganell (fl.1100-30)
  • Ralph Paganell (fl.1130s-1150s), his son
  • Gervase Paganell (d.1194), his son
  • Ralph de Somery I (d.1210), son of John de Somery and Hawyse sister and heir of Gervase Paganell
  • Ralph de Somery II (c.1193-1216), eldest son of Ralph I
  • William Percival de Somery (d.1222), his brother
  • Nicholas de Somery (d.1229), still a minor
  • Roger de Somery I (d.1225), 3rd son of Ralph I
  • Roger de Somery II (d.1272), his son
  • Roger de Somery III (c.1254-1291), his son
    • Agnes de Somery (d.1309), his widow and guardian of her son
  • John de Somery (1280-1322), their son

On his death the lands of the barony were divided between his two sisters. Weoley Castle went to Joan de Botetourt and her husband John de Botetourt. Dudley Castle passed to her elder sister Margaret, who had married John de Sutton I. John de Sutton II was summoned to Parliament, but none of his successors were until John de Sutton VI

For the evolution of the castle and estate until 1740 see Baron Dudley and from the late 17th century until the 20th century as Baron Ward John de Sutton I

The ruined east range of Dudley Castle. The right-hand block of the range includes the chapel and great chamber. To the left of this is the Tudor period Sharington Range

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Chandler, G.; Hannah, I.C. (1949). Dudley: As it was and as it is to-day. London: B.T.Batsford Ltd. 
  2. ^ "DUDLEY CASTLE AND THE DUDLEYS". The Spectator. Retrieved 2015-02-11. 
  3. ^ "The fates and fortunes of Dudley Castle". Dudley Zoo. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 
  4. ^ Booker, Luke (1825). A descriptive and historical account of Dudley castle, and its surrounding scenery. London: Nicols. p. 62. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Dudley Castle - A Brief History". Dudley Mall. 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 
  6. ^ John Hemingway. "A Brief History of Dudley Town and Castle". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 
  7. ^ Hemingway, John (2006). An Illustrated Chronicle of the Castle and Barony of Dudley 1070-1757. Dudley: The Friends of Dudley Castle. pp. 35–46. ISBN 9780955343803. 
  8. ^ a b Hemingway, John (2006). An Illustrated Chronicle of the Castle and Barony of Dudley 1070-1757. Dudley: The Friends of Dudley Castle. p. 53. ISBN 9780955343803. 
  9. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Dudley Castle - 1014042| Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  10. ^ Hemingway, John (2006). An Illustrated Chronicle of the Castle and Barony of Dudley 1070-1757. Dudley: The Friends of Dudley Castle. p. 86. ISBN 9780955343803. 
  11. ^ Mackenzie, J. D. (1897). The Castles of England: their story and structure. Macmillan. p. 458.
  12. ^ England, Historic. "Lime working remains in Dudley - 1021381| Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  13. ^ Richardson, Eric (2000). The Black Country as Seen through Antique Maps. The Black Country Society. ISBN 0-904015-60-2. 
  14. ^ "A Brief History of Sedgley". Sedgley Manor Productions. Retrieved 2012-04-01. 
  15. ^ Hemmingway, John; Tyson, Joan (3 March 2016). "The Archaeology of Dudley Castle". www.dudleycastle.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  16. ^ a b c Hemingway, John (2006). An Illustrated Chronicle of the Castle and Barony of Dudley 1070-1757. Dudley: The Friends of Dudley Castle. pp. 120–149. ISBN 9780955343803. 
  17. ^ Clarke, C.F.G. (1881). The Curiosities of Dudley and the Black Country. Birmingham: Buckler Brothers. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°30′51″N 2°04′48″W / 52.5142°N 2.0800°W / 52.5142; -2.0800

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