Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
JAMAICAN / HAITIAN DUTTY BOUKMAN REAL REVOLUTIONARY 1791
JAMAICAN / HAITIAN DUTTY BOUKMAN REAL REVOLUTIONARY 1791
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Claude Sinclair
DUTTY BOUKMAN
DUTTY BOUKMAN'S PRAYER THAT WON HAITI'S REVOLUTION
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Claude Sinclair
Boukman
Boukman's Prayer that Started the Haitain Revolution - The Order of Ma'at.flv
Published: 2010/03/04
Channel: zo feray
Dr Khalid Muhammad and Dutty Boukman - Fight Back!
Dr Khalid Muhammad and Dutty Boukman - Fight Back!
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: Yao-Hamisi Heru-Shango
The Revolution Dutty Boukman & Jaakay
The Revolution Dutty Boukman & Jaakay
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: MyoTV
DJ Buntuyâv - Dutty Boukman
DJ Buntuyâv - Dutty Boukman's Judgement
Published: 2012/04/29
Channel: pandulche
Fatidic - Jamaican Revival [Dutty Bookman]
Fatidic - Jamaican Revival [Dutty Bookman]
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: Dutty Bookman
Bookman
Bookman's Prayer
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Ahiti Ham
Boukman Eksperyans - Pèpè Yè [Video Kanaval 2015]
Boukman Eksperyans - Pèpè Yè [Video Kanaval 2015]
Published: 2015/02/09
Channel: plezikanaval
Dutty Boukman Memorial in OKAP
Dutty Boukman Memorial in OKAP
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Thorobred Books LLC
Voodoo Mysteries. The Slave
Voodoo Mysteries. The Slave's Revolution | Culture - Planet Doc Full Documentaries
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: Planet Doc Full Documentaries
Ganga EBSB
Ganga EBSB
Published: 2015/01/03
Channel: Etoiles Brillantes
Dutty Bookman
Dutty Bookman
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: CharlieVisconageShow
Dr. Edward Scobie - The Haitian Revolution Revisited: Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines (PT1)
Dr. Edward Scobie - The Haitian Revolution Revisited: Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines (PT1)
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: Donnie Mossberg
Dr Edward Scobie - The Haitian Revolution Revisited: Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines (PT2)
Dr Edward Scobie - The Haitian Revolution Revisited: Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines (PT2)
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: Donnie Mossberg
🐔La Prière du Poulet🐓BOUKMAN DUTTY🇭🇹
🐔La Prière du Poulet🐓BOUKMAN DUTTY🇭🇹
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: La Prière du Poulet
Boukman 3rd day
Boukman 3rd day
Published: 2008/02/06
Channel: TICLAUDE
Pèpèyè by Boukman Eksperiyans
Pèpèyè by Boukman Eksperiyans
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Ayiti Biyografi
Samba Boukman
Samba Boukman
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: HAITI4LIFE
Dr Edward Scobie The Haitian Revolution Revisited Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines
Dr Edward Scobie The Haitian Revolution Revisited Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: THEBLACKWARRIOR777.
Boukman Eksperyans - Pawol Tafia  ( 1998 )
Boukman Eksperyans - Pawol Tafia ( 1998 )
Published: 2009/01/03
Channel: Emmanuel V
Boukman Nan Bwa Kayiman - Lakou Mizik Rehearsal (Jonas Attis ..)
Boukman Nan Bwa Kayiman - Lakou Mizik Rehearsal (Jonas Attis ..)
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: Ayiti Links
Boukman Eksperyans - Ti Pa Ti Pa
Boukman Eksperyans - Ti Pa Ti Pa
Published: 2008/11/28
Channel: Emmanuel V
Haitian History with Professor Bayyinah Bello
Haitian History with Professor Bayyinah Bello
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: Ankhobia
Bois Caïman and the Vodou Revolution
Bois Caïman and the Vodou Revolution
Published: 2009/12/16
Channel: AIDSinHaitiDoc
boukman
boukman
Published: 2009/08/28
Channel: clesidor
Dutty Bookman on
Dutty Bookman on 'Guyana Today' - December 13, 2016
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Dutty Bookman
Boukman Eksperyans - Giyon Dyol Bokye ( Kanaval 1999 )
Boukman Eksperyans - Giyon Dyol Bokye ( Kanaval 1999 )
Published: 2012/01/09
Channel: Emmanuel V
Boukman in Leogane, Haiti, December 2009
Boukman in Leogane, Haiti, December 2009
Published: 2010/01/21
Channel: Jeanette Alfred
Boukman
Boukman's Prayer At Bois Caiman 1791
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: OCHER NAGO
NUBIAN HISTORY PROGRAM THE HAITIAN REVOLUTION
NUBIAN HISTORY PROGRAM THE HAITIAN REVOLUTION
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: THE LOTUS PLACE LOTUS
Boukman Experians : KreyolFest 09
Boukman Experians : KreyolFest 09
Published: 2009/06/30
Channel: Jacobin Noir
Boukman Eksperyans Kanaval 2009
Boukman Eksperyans Kanaval 2009
Published: 2009/02/25
Channel: Emmanuel V
Boukman Eksperyans Feat. Fugees Live (1997)
Boukman Eksperyans Feat. Fugees Live (1997)
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: Emmanuel V
Dr Edward Scobie - The Haitian Revolution Revisited: Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines (
Dr Edward Scobie - The Haitian Revolution Revisited: Lessons From Boukman and Dessalines (
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: William King
Inside Boukman Eksperyans Upcoming Studio Album with Theodore “ Lòlò “ Beaubrun
Inside Boukman Eksperyans Upcoming Studio Album with Theodore “ Lòlò “ Beaubrun
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Wilfrid Konpaevents
Azor (Rasin Mapou de Azor): Boukman O - Yo dim se dyab
Azor (Rasin Mapou de Azor): Boukman O - Yo dim se dyab
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Ayi Edou
Boukman nan bwa kayiman
Boukman nan bwa kayiman
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Stanley Pierre
Bois Caiman Memorial
Bois Caiman Memorial
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Thorobred Books LLC
Boukman Experians, Live in Fantastic Club, Gonaives,
Boukman Experians, Live in Fantastic Club, Gonaives,
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Tripotage-TV
Start of Boukman Show July 25, 2010
Start of Boukman Show July 25, 2010
Published: 2010/07/29
Channel: Jeanette Alfred
BoukMan Experyans Part 4 (Haitian Culture Month)
BoukMan Experyans Part 4 (Haitian Culture Month)
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: Lucky.TV
Papa Legba - Boukman Eksperyans
Papa Legba - Boukman Eksperyans
Published: 2010/01/14
Channel: Brisch
BoukMan Experyans Part 5 (Haitian Culture Month)
BoukMan Experyans Part 5 (Haitian Culture Month)
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: Lucky.TV
boukman 2009
boukman 2009
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: gilleswilliam
Boukman Eksperyans-Zanset nou yo
Boukman Eksperyans-Zanset nou yo
Published: 2012/09/28
Channel: Dracks07
Boukman Carnaval Mix  2015
Boukman Carnaval Mix 2015
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: DreamINtv
Boukman Eksperyans sabotaged In Haiti
Boukman Eksperyans sabotaged In Haiti
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: Accesskompa HMI
Boukman (no war) Live
Boukman (no war) Live
Published: 2008/10/17
Channel: HAITI4LIFE
Boukman Eksperians Part 2 (Haitian Culture Month)
Boukman Eksperians Part 2 (Haitian Culture Month)
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: Lucky.TV
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dutty Boukman
Born Jamaica
Died 7 November 1791
Nationality Haitian
Other names Boukman Dutty
Known for Catalyst to the Haitian Revolution

Dutty Boukman (also known as Boukman Dutty) (died 7 November 1791) was an African man, enslaved in Jamaica. He is considered both a maroon leader and Vodou hougan (priest) and was an early leader of the Haitian Revolution.[3]

According to some contemporary accounts Boukman, alongside Cécile Fatiman a Vodou mambo, presided over the religious ceremony at Bois Caïman, in August 1791, that served as a catalyst of the 1791 slave revolt that marked the beginning of the Haitian Revolution.

Boukman was a key leader of the slave revolt in the Le Cap‑Français region in the north of the colony. He was killed by the French planters and colonial troops in 7 November 1791.[4][5]

Background[edit]

Dutty Boukman was a Holy Koran-educated slave born on the island of Jamaica. After he attempted to teach other slaves how to read, he was sold to a French plantation owner and placed as a commandeur (slave driver) and, later, a coach driver. His French name came from his English nickname, "Book Man," which some scholars, despite accounts suggesting that he was a Vodou houngan, have interpreted as meaning that he was a Muslim, since in many Muslim regions the term "man of the book" is a synonym for an adherent of the Islamic faith. One scholar suggests that it is likely that Boukman "was a Jamaican Muslim who had a Quran, and that he got his nickname from this."[6] Other scholars suggest that Boukman may have practiced a syncretic blend of traditional African religion and a form of Christianity.[7] Boukman was killed by the French in November 1791, just a few months after the beginning of the uprising.[8] The French then publicly displayed Boukman's head in an attempt to dispel the aura of invincibility that Boukman had cultivated.The fact that French authorities had to do this shows just how much of an impact Boukman made on the views of Haitian people during this time. However, a new study has shown that Boukman may not have been from Jamaica,[9] as previously thought, as runaway ads[10] reveal many other slaves of various origins with the name Boukman in the Saint Domingue colony. And, contrary to majority belief, that same research suggests: 1) his name was neither Dutty[11] nor Zamba; [12] 2) the name Boukman, usually written Bouqueman, has a French catholic origin;[13] 3) he may not have known how to read;[14] and 4) he was not the leader of the Haitian revolutionary army[15].

Ceremony at the Bois Caïman[edit]

According to some contemporary accounts, on or about 14 August 1791 Boukman presided over a ceremony at the Bois Caïman in the role of houngan (priest) together with priestess Cécile Fatiman. Boukman prophesied that the slaves Jean François, Biassou, and Jeannot would be leaders of a resistance movement and revolt that would free the slaves of Saint-Domingue. An animal was sacrificed, an oath was taken, and Boukman and the priestess exhorted the listeners to take revenge against their French oppressors and "[c]ast aside the image of the God of the oppressors." [16]

According to Gothenburg University researcher Markel Thylefors, "The event of the Bois Caïman ceremony forms an important part of Haitian national identity as it relates to the very genesis of Haiti."[17] This ceremony came to be characterized by various Christian sources as a "pact with the devil" that began the Haitian Revolution.[18]

According to the Encyclopedia of African Religion, "Blood from the animal was given in a drink to the attendees to seal their fates in loyalty to the cause of liberation of Saint-Domingue."[19] A week later, 1800 plantations had been destroyed and 1000 slaveholders killed.[20][21] Boukman was not the first to attempt a slave uprising in Saint-Domingue, as he was preceded by others, such as Padrejean in 1676, and François Mackandal in 1757. However, his large size, warrior-like appearance, and fearsome temper made him an effective leader and helped spark the Haitian Revolution.[22]

Legacy and Reference in Popular Culture[edit]

  • The band Boukman Eksperyans was named after him.
  • A fictionalized version of Boukman appears as the title character in American writer Guy Endore's novel Babouk, an anti-capitalist parable about the Haitian Revolution.
  • Haitians honored Boukman by admitting him into the pantheon of loa (guiding spirits).[23]
  • The Boukman ("Bouckmann") uprising is retold in the Lance Horner book The Black Sun.
  • "The Bookman" is one of several devil masquerade characters still performed in Trinidad Carnival.
  • Haitian community activist Sanba Boukman, assassinated on 9 March 2012, took his name from Boukman.
  • In the 2014 film Top Five, the main character, André Allen (played by Chris Rock), is in the midst of a promotional tour for a Boukman biopic called Uprize.[24]
  • In the Edwidge Danticat short story A Wall of Fire Rising, the character of Little Guy is cast as Boukman in his school play.
  • In Grimm (TV series), the episode titled "The Waking Dead" features a version of Boukman (referred as Baron Samedi), who is played by Reg E. Cathey.

Pat Robertson's "Pact with the Devil" allegation[edit]

In the wake of the 2010 Haiti earthquake, veteran Christian radio and television personality Pat Robertson claimed that Haiti had been "cursed by one thing after another" since the late 18th century and, in an apparent reference to the Bois Caïman ceremony, revived the allegation that Haitians had sworn a "pact to the devil."[25][26] This view was criticized by urban legend expert Rich Buehler, who claimed that Robertson's statement was incorrect on a variety of historical points, and propagated a common claim that vodou is Satanic in nature.[27]

Several Mainline and evangelical[28] Christian voices criticized Robertson's remarks as misleading, untimely and insensitive.[29][30][31][32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sylviane Anna Diouf, Servants of Allah p.152
  2. ^ Sylviane Anna Diouf and Sylviane Kamara. Servants of Allah: African Muslims Enslaved in the AmericasNew York University Press, 1998, p. 153
  3. ^ Edmonds, Ennis B.; Gonzalez, Michelle A. (2010-06-01). Caribbean Religious History: An Introduction. NYU Press. ISBN 9780814722503. 
  4. ^ Girard, Philippe R. (2010). "Haitian Revolution". In Leslie, Alexander. Encyclopedia of African American History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781851097692. 
  5. ^ Poujol-Oriol, Paulette (2005). "Boukman". In Appiah, Kwame Antony; Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195170559. 
  6. ^ Sylviane Anna Diouf and Sylviane Kamara. Servants of Allah: African Muslims Enslaved in the AmericasNew York University Press, 1998, p. 153
  7. ^ Dubois, Laurent. Avengers of the New World (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2004), 101.
  8. ^ Sylviane Anna Diouf, Servants of Allah p.152
  9. ^ Salnave, Rodney. "Boukman wasn't Jamaican". Bwa kay Il-Ment. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  10. ^ Sherbrooke, University. "Runaway ads database". Marronnage in Saint Domingue (Haïti). Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  11. ^ Salnave, Rodney. "Boukman wasn't Jamaican". Bwa Kay Il-Ment. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  12. ^ Salnave, Rodney. "Boukman wasn't named Zamba". Bwa Kay Il-Ment. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  13. ^ Salnave, Rodney. "Origin of the boukman name". Bwa Kay Il-Ment. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  14. ^ Salnave, Rodney. "Boukman didn't know how to read". Bwa Kay Il-Ment. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  15. ^ Salnave, Rodney. "Boukman wasn't the revolutionary army's leader". Bwa Kay Il-Ment. Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  16. ^ Charles Arthur and Michael Dash (eds.) Libète: A Haiti Anthology (Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1999), 36.
  17. ^ Thylefors, Markel (March 2009) "'Our Government is in Bwa Kayiman:' a Vodou Ceremony in 1791 and its Contemporary Signifcations" Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies, Issue No. 4
  18. ^ Lowell Ponte Haiti: Victim of Clinton's Old Black Magic FrontPage Magazine 20 February 2004
  19. ^ Molefi Kete Asante and Ama Mazama. Encyclopedia of African religion, Volume 1 Sage Publications, p. 131.
  20. ^ Sylviane Anna Diouf, Servants of Allah p. 152
  21. ^ John Mason. African Religions in The Caribbean: Continuity and Change
  22. ^ John K. Thornton. I Am the Subject of the King of Congo: African Political Ideology and the Haitian Revolution. Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  23. ^ Haitian Bicentennial Committee (2004)
  24. ^ Orr, Niela. Critic's Notebook: Hollywood, Obama and the Boxing-In of Black Achievers ‘‘The Hollywood Reporter’’. December 18, 2014.
  25. ^ "Pat Robertson calls quake 'blessing in disguise'". The Washington Post. 13 January 2010. 
  26. ^ Robertson statement
  27. ^ Ireland, Michael (17 January 2010). "Urban Legend Expert Debunks Haitian ‘Pact with the Devil‘". ASSIST News Service. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  28. ^ "Pat Robertson on Disasters: Consistently Wrong" Thursday, 14 January 2010, 1:01 PM by John Mark Reynolds
  29. ^ [1] Denny Burk - Associate Professor of New Testament and Dean of Boyce College (undergraduate arm of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary) in Louisville, Kentucky
  30. ^ https://twitter.com/albertmohler/status/7724222162
  31. ^ http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/news/faith/2010/01/guest_post_a_message_for_pat_r.html
  32. ^ http://pastorchrisowens.wordpress.com/2010/01/14/my-two-words-for-pat-robertson-shut-up/
  • For an insightful article on the function of religion in the Haitian Revolution, see “The Rhetoric of Prayer: Dutty Boukman, The Discourse of “Freedom from Below,” and the Politics of God” by Celucien L. Joseph, Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Religion 2:9 (June 2011):1-33.

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license