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Learning east coast states
Learning east coast states
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: A family Who reads
Eastern Border States and Capitals
Eastern Border States and Capitals
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: frtnrmama
USA EAST COAST ROAD TRIP – MIAMI TO BOSTON
USA EAST COAST ROAD TRIP – MIAMI TO BOSTON
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: FABIOLOUS FILMS
West vs. East Coast Stereotypes? | NYC - LA
West vs. East Coast Stereotypes? | NYC - LA
Published: 2014/08/28
Channel: TheYafaShow
The United States East Coast Mega Tsunami
The United States East Coast Mega Tsunami
Published: 2015/01/18
Channel: Christian Comedy Channel
10 Things to See on the East Coast
10 Things to See on the East Coast
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: KILROY
Making magic in the water. | Sessions: East Coast USA
Making magic in the water. | Sessions: East Coast USA
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Red Bull
Roadtrip #2 : American East Coast
Roadtrip #2 : American East Coast
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: Vivien Legrand
Roadtrip east coast U.S.A. 2014
Roadtrip east coast U.S.A. 2014
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: Michèl Koenes
United States East Coast MegaTsunami 3 of 3
United States East Coast MegaTsunami 3 of 3
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: Ismail Sylejmani
Flight Over East Coast of United States at Night
Flight Over East Coast of United States at Night
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: yourjudgeandjury
Subways/Metro Systems of the East Coast of the United States of America 2012
Subways/Metro Systems of the East Coast of the United States of America 2012
Published: 2012/01/18
Channel: timosha21
Update: East Coast Tsunami, Florida Underwater
Update: East Coast Tsunami, Florida Underwater
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Demystify Life
God
God's Warning to Get Out of the East Coast of America - Dr Patricia Green
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: HisKingdomForever
Tsunami Vision of the East Coast of the United States
Tsunami Vision of the East Coast of the United States
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Will Green
Mega Tsunami could hit the US
Mega Tsunami could hit the US
Published: 2011/03/14
Channel: Storm
My Dream of a Tsunami hitting the East Coast of the United States!
My Dream of a Tsunami hitting the East Coast of the United States!
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: Ty Lamar Truths
Meteotsunami Animation:  U.S. East Coast, June 2013
Meteotsunami Animation: U.S. East Coast, June 2013
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: PacificTWC
A Prophesy of a TSUNAMI Hitting the Eastern Seaboard In USA (Words from Jesus)
A Prophesy of a TSUNAMI Hitting the Eastern Seaboard In USA (Words from Jesus)
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Seho Song
EAST COAST V.  MIDWEST
EAST COAST V. MIDWEST
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: YesReneau
THE POSSIBILITY OF A USA EAST COAST TSUNAMI
THE POSSIBILITY OF A USA EAST COAST TSUNAMI
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: BelieversCentral1
East Coast Rap Vs. West Coast Rap [Hip-Hop Classics - Part 1]
East Coast Rap Vs. West Coast Rap [Hip-Hop Classics - Part 1]
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Hip-Hop Universe
90 - What ocean is on the east coast of the United States? - U.S. Citizenship Test
90 - What ocean is on the east coast of the United States? - U.S. Citizenship Test
Published: 2011/12/02
Channel: ESLbasics
East Coast Tsunami to Reach the Appalachian Mountains
East Coast Tsunami to Reach the Appalachian Mountains
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: Bonnie LouTube
BE AWARE East Coast Of The United States
BE AWARE East Coast Of The United States
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: J7409
USA - East Coast Road Trip: NYC, Ocean City, Philadelphia & New Jersey
USA - East Coast Road Trip: NYC, Ocean City, Philadelphia & New Jersey
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Paulo Picca
USA Road Trip - East Coast Ocean Playground
USA Road Trip - East Coast Ocean Playground
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: Mike Corey
USA Road Trip - West Coast To East Coast 2015
USA Road Trip - West Coast To East Coast 2015
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Eric Stowers
49 Day USA Road Trip 2014 - East and West Coast - GoPro Hero 3 Black [1080p]
49 Day USA Road Trip 2014 - East and West Coast - GoPro Hero 3 Black [1080p]
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: To Ni
USA Roadtrip 2014 – From the East Coast to the West Coast (GoPro Hero)
USA Roadtrip 2014 – From the East Coast to the West Coast (GoPro Hero)
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: Dennis Schmelz
American East Coast from Space at Night
American East Coast from Space at Night
Published: 2012/02/02
Channel: The Daily Conversation
Weird Weather Watch: Medicane + West Coast getting Pounded & East Coast Storm
Weird Weather Watch: Medicane + West Coast getting Pounded & East Coast Storm
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: thornews
GoPro
GoPro'n United States Road Trip 2016 - West Coast to East Coast and Back (1080p)
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: Justin Zabinski
United States Road Trip: West Coast to East Coast
United States Road Trip: West Coast to East Coast
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Jorden Runt 365
10 Best East Coast Beaches In The USA
10 Best East Coast Beaches In The USA
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: UltramodernHome
Tsunami Warning Dream for Virginia Beach East Coast United States
Tsunami Warning Dream for Virginia Beach East Coast United States
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: Sarah Beveridge
Using LiDAR to Map the East Coast of the United States
Using LiDAR to Map the East Coast of the United States
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Dewberry
Major Flooding USA Continues & East Coast up Next
Major Flooding USA Continues & East Coast up Next
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: thornews
Weird New York/East Coast Stuff
Weird New York/East Coast Stuff
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: J.J. McCullough
Breaking: "Tropical Storm "Gert" Threatens East coast "
Breaking: "Tropical Storm "Gert" Threatens East coast "
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Paul Begley
WARNING FROM GOD! TSUNAMI COMING TO EAST COAST OF AMERICA!?
WARNING FROM GOD! TSUNAMI COMING TO EAST COAST OF AMERICA!?
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: YAHMAGEDDON
Massive blizzard hits the United States’ East Coast on Monday
Massive blizzard hits the United States’ East Coast on Monday
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: TomoNews US
Ground instruments detect strange "PULSE" from East Coast to West Coast | *3 minutes apart*
Ground instruments detect strange "PULSE" from East Coast to West Coast | *3 minutes apart*
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: MrMBB333
East Coast Road Trip 2017
East Coast Road Trip 2017
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: javiayer
Hurricane Sandy: Super Storm Slams East Coast States
Hurricane Sandy: Super Storm Slams East Coast States
Published: 2012/10/30
Channel: ABC News
Tsunami hits the East Coast of the USA &  Gulf of Mexico Coast  and the necessity to stock water.
Tsunami hits the East Coast of the USA & Gulf of Mexico Coast and the necessity to stock water.
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Profecia Profe
Road Trip East Coast USA - Summer 2017
Road Trip East Coast USA - Summer 2017
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: daanvandijk92
Hurricane Hermine East Coast United States 2016
Hurricane Hermine East Coast United States 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Tati on Earth
Monster Blizzard Winter Snow Storm Headed For East Coast Of United States
Monster Blizzard Winter Snow Storm Headed For East Coast Of United States
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Charles Walton
Could a giant tidal wave wipe out the East Coast?
Could a giant tidal wave wipe out the East Coast?
Published: 2012/06/27
Channel: The Big Picture RT
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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East Coast of the United States
Coastline
300px
Map over the East Coast of the United States
Population (2010)
 • Total 112,642,503
Time zone Eastern Time Zone (ETZ) (UTC−5:00)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) (UTC−4:00)

The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean. This area is also known as the Eastern Seaboard, the Atlantic Coast, and the Atlantic Seaboard. The coastal states that have shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean are, from north to south, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

Toponymy and composition[edit]

The place name "East Coast" derives from the idea that the contiguous 48 states are defined by two major coastlines, one at the western edge and one on the eastern edge. Other terms for referring to this area include the "Eastern Seaboard" ("seaboard" being American English for coast), "Atlantic Coast", and "Atlantic Seaboard" (because the coastline lies along the Atlantic Ocean).

The fourteen states that have a shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean are, from north to south, the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.[1] In addition, Pennsylvania and the District of Columbia border tidal arms of the Atlantic (the Delaware River and the Potomac River, respectively).

Although Vermont and West Virginia have no Atlantic coastline, they are sometimes grouped with the Eastern Seaboard states because of their locations in New England and the Old South[2] and their history as part of the land base of the original Thirteen Colonies (viz. the Colony of New Hampshire, the Colony of New York and the Colony of Virginia).

Colonial history[edit]

The original thirteen colonies of Great Britain in North America all lay along the East Coast.[a]

Two additional U.S. states on the East Coast were not among the original thirteen colonies: Maine (became part of the English colony of Massachusetts in 1677)[3] and Florida (part of New Spain until 1821, though held by the British for 20 years after the French and Indian War).[4]

The Middle Colonies (New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware) had been owned by the Dutch as New Netherland, until they were captured by the English in the mid-to-late 17th century.[citation needed]

Climate and physical geography[edit]

There are three climate regions on the East Coast from north to south:

The region from northern Maine south to about southern Connecticut has a humid continental climate, with warm summers and long, cold and snowy winters. The region from around New York City south through the Jersey Shore, the Chesapeake Bay region, Coastal Carolinas southwards to central Florida has a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers and milder winters, with winters noticeably warmer the further south you go. The far southern portion of the East Coast from south-central Florida southward (Stuart, south through the Florida Keys) has a tropical climate, which is frost free and is warm to hot all year.

Average monthly precipitation ranges from a slight late fall (November) maximum from Massachusetts northward (as at Portland, Maine), to a slight summer maximum from Long Island south to Virginia (as at Wilmington, Delaware, and Norfolk, Virginia), to a more pronounced summer maximum from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, southward to Savannah, Georgia. Florida has a sharp wet-summer/dry-winter pattern, with 60 to 70 percent of precipitation falling between June and October in an average year.

Although landfalls are rare, the Eastern seaboard is susceptible to hurricanes in the Atlantic hurricane season, officially running from June 1 to November 30, although hurricanes can occur before or after these dates.[5] Hurricanes Hazel, Hugo, Bob, Isabel, Irene, and most recently Sandy are some of the more significant storms to have affected the region.

The East Coast is a low-relief, passive margin coast.[6] It has been shaped by the Pleistocene glaciation in the far northern areas from New York City northward, with offshore islands such as Nantucket, Block Island, Fishers Island, the nearly peninsular Long Island and New York City's Staten Island the result of terminal moraines, with Massachusetts' unique peninsula of Cape Cod showing the additional action of outwash plains, besides terminal moraines. The coastal plain broadens southwards, separated from the Piedmont region by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line of the East Coast rivers, often marking the head of navigation and prominent sites of cities. The coastal areas from Long Island south to Florida are often made up of barrier islands that front the coastal areas. Many of the larger capes along the lower East Coast are in fact barrier islands, like the Outer Banks of North Carolina and Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Florida Keys are made up of limestone coral and provide the only coral reefs on the US mainland.

Demographics[edit]

In 2010, the population of the states which have shoreline on the East Coast was estimated at 112,642,503 (36% of the country's total population). The East Coast is the most populated coastal area in the United States. [7]

Transportation[edit]

The primary Interstate Highway along the East Coast is Interstate 95,[8] completed in the late 1970s, which replaced the historic U.S. Route 1 (Atlantic Highway),[9][10] the original federal highway that traversed all East Coast states (except Delaware).[11][12] By water, the East Coast is connected from Norfolk, Virginia, to Miami, Florida, by the Intracoastal Waterway, also known as the East Coast Canal, which was completed in 1912.[13][14] Amtrak's Downeaster and Northeast Regional offer the main passenger rail service on the Seaboard. The Acela Express offers the only high-speed rail passenger service in the Americas. Between New York and Boston the Acela Express has up to a 54% share of the combined train and air passenger market.[15][16]

Some of the largest airports in the United States are located in states which lie in the East Coast of the United States, such as John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, Logan International Airport in Boston, Newark Liberty Airport in Newark, New Jersey, Philadelphia International Airport in Philadelphia, Baltimore–Washington International Airport near Baltimore, Washington-Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C., Hartsfield International Airport in Atlanta, Miami International Airport in Miami, Charlotte Douglas International Airport in Charlotte, North Carolina, Tampa International Airport in Tampa and Orlando International Airport in Orlando, Florida.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Those colonies were New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. While Pennsylvania is not directly along the Atlantic shoreline, it borders the tidal portion of the Delaware River, and the city of Philadelphia was a major seaport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ General Reference Map Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine., National Atlas of the United States, 2003.
  2. ^ "NOAA Chart Locator". National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-03-09. Retrieved Feb 21, 2013. 
  3. ^ 1500-1667: Contact & Conflict, Maine History Online, Maine Historical Society
  4. ^ A Brief History of Florida: From the Stone Age to the Space Age, Division of Historical Resources, Florida Department of State
  5. ^ Neal Dorst. "Frequently Asked Questions: When is hurricane season?". Hurricane Research Division, NOAA. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  6. ^ Gabler, Robert E.; Petersen, James F.; Trapasso, L. Michael; Sack, Dorothy (2008). Physical Geography. Cengage Learning. p. 575. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  7. ^ 2010 Census: Resident Population Data Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Let's Go Roadtripping USA: The Student Travel Guide. Harvard Student Agencies. p. 31. 
  9. ^ "U.S. 1: Fort Kent, Maine to Key West, Florida". Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. April 7, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Fun facts about US Route 1" Archived 2012-10-22 at the Wayback Machine., Roger's Sport Center, Fort Kent, Maine[unreliable source?]
  11. ^ "US Route 1 – This is where it all begins", Northern Door Inn, Fort Kent[unreliable source?]
  12. ^ Cappasso, Tony, "America's Highway: A Journal of Discovery Along US Route 1" Archived February 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Reiley, Laura (2008). Florida Gulf Coast. Moon Handbooks. p. 373. 
  14. ^ Maurice J. Robinson. Ponte Vedra Beach: A History. p. 89. 
  15. ^ Nixon, Ron (August 15, 2012). "Air Travel's Hassles drive riders to Amtrak's Acela". The New York Times.  (for Acela express passenger numbers only)
  16. ^ "The Information: Most popular airline routes". Financial Times. January 17, 2009. Retrieved February 2, 2010. 

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