Play Video
1
Northern Ireland Economic Outlook 2014
Northern Ireland Economic Outlook 2014
::2014/01/13::
Play Video
2
Game of Thrones boost to economy in Northern Ireland
Game of Thrones boost to economy in Northern Ireland
::2014/05/11::
Play Video
3
Northern Ireland Economic Outlook  - August 2013
Northern Ireland Economic Outlook - August 2013
::2013/08/14::
Play Video
4
Small businesses and their role in the Northern Ireland economy
Small businesses and their role in the Northern Ireland economy
::2011/11/07::
Play Video
5
Using the G8 to Boost Northern Ireland
Using the G8 to Boost Northern Ireland's Economy
::2013/06/14::
Play Video
6
BBC News Welfare reforms will cost NI economy £750m
BBC News Welfare reforms will cost NI economy £750m
::2013/10/03::
Play Video
7
The Role of Knowledge Management in Building a Sustainable Economy in Northern Ireland
The Role of Knowledge Management in Building a Sustainable Economy in Northern Ireland
::2014/06/02::
Play Video
8
Northern Ireland: Key Economic Issues
Northern Ireland: Key Economic Issues
::2011/06/23::
Play Video
9
Value of Loyal Orders & Bands to Northern Ireland Economy
Value of Loyal Orders & Bands to Northern Ireland Economy
::2013/05/23::
Play Video
10
Northern Ireland - Foster says foreign workers benefit Belfast economy - 8 April 2014
Northern Ireland - Foster says foreign workers benefit Belfast economy - 8 April 2014
::2014/04/10::
Play Video
11
The Northern Ireland Economy - James Devlin BT and Ann McGregor NICC
The Northern Ireland Economy - James Devlin BT and Ann McGregor NICC
::2012/10/23::
Play Video
12
Employment, businesses and the NI Economy
Employment, businesses and the NI Economy
::2009/01/25::
Play Video
13
Mark Cosgrove on Northern Ireland
Mark Cosgrove on Northern Ireland's economic potential
::2014/05/18::
Play Video
14
Webinar 21st Century Digital Economy - Northern Ireland - Stretching for Excellence.wmv
Webinar 21st Century Digital Economy - Northern Ireland - Stretching for Excellence.wmv
::2011/12/08::
Play Video
15
Secretary Clinton Gives Opening Remarks at U.S.-Northern Ireland Economic Conference
Secretary Clinton Gives Opening Remarks at U.S.-Northern Ireland Economic Conference
::2010/10/19::
Play Video
16
Neil Gibson - Director of NI Centre of Economic Policy
Neil Gibson - Director of NI Centre of Economic Policy
::2014/05/01::
Play Video
17
Invest Northern Ireland -  Success
Invest Northern Ireland - Success
::2011/04/04::
Play Video
18
Fake Store Fronts in Belfast to Boost Economy?
Fake Store Fronts in Belfast to Boost Economy?
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
19
Fair Deal For The Arts NI - Economy
Fair Deal For The Arts NI - Economy
::2011/01/28::
Play Video
20
#DailyOutrage G8 in Northern Ireland and the RBS privatisation - 13 June 2013
#DailyOutrage G8 in Northern Ireland and the RBS privatisation - 13 June 2013
::2013/06/13::
Play Video
21
NI Chamber & BDO Quarterly Economic Survey - Q2 2014
NI Chamber & BDO Quarterly Economic Survey - Q2 2014
::2014/07/07::
Play Video
22
NI Chamber & BDO Quarterly Economic Survey - Q2 2014
NI Chamber & BDO Quarterly Economic Survey - Q2 2014
::2014/07/08::
Play Video
23
William McCrea - Rebalancing the NI Economy
William McCrea - Rebalancing the NI Economy
::2011/02/02::
Play Video
24
Developing the NI Economy through Innovation, Research & Development
Developing the NI Economy through Innovation, Research & Development
::2011/11/30::
Play Video
25
First Minister, Peter Robinson MP, speaks of NI Economy in Leader
First Minister, Peter Robinson MP, speaks of NI Economy in Leader's Speech at DUP Conference 2012
::2012/11/26::
Play Video
26
Arlene Foster on NI economy
Arlene Foster on NI economy
::2009/02/04::
Play Video
27
20090321 APNI 07 - Motion NI Economy
20090321 APNI 07 - Motion NI Economy
::2011/06/19::
Play Video
28
Questions to the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland on Economic Policies, 24th October 2012
Questions to the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland on Economic Policies, 24th October 2012
::2013/01/24::
Play Video
29
PM Pressed on Pledge to Balance NI Economy
PM Pressed on Pledge to Balance NI Economy
::2012/10/24::
Play Video
30
Reg Empey on NI economy
Reg Empey on NI economy
::2009/02/04::
Play Video
31
Home Economics For Northern Ireland
Home Economics For Northern Ireland
::2013/06/22::
Play Video
32
Can the peace dividend & devolution transform business in Northern Ireland?
Can the peace dividend & devolution transform business in Northern Ireland?
::2014/06/02::
Play Video
33
Prayercast | Northern Ireland
Prayercast | Northern Ireland
::2012/10/03::
Play Video
34
Unemployment In Northern Ireland
Unemployment In Northern Ireland
::2011/03/22::
Play Video
35
Generation Innovation: Seeking Young Game-Changers for Northern Ireland
Generation Innovation: Seeking Young Game-Changers for Northern Ireland
::2012/11/21::
Play Video
36
Carbon, economic growth & unsustainability: the inevitable transition to a low carbon economy
Carbon, economic growth & unsustainability: the inevitable transition to a low carbon economy
::2013/12/17::
Play Video
37
Join Northern Ireland Chamber of Commerce and Industry and become #wellconnected
Join Northern Ireland Chamber of Commerce and Industry and become #wellconnected
::2014/06/03::
Play Video
38
Secretary of State on NI Economy
Secretary of State on NI Economy
::2012/11/26::
Play Video
39
Heated Debate on the Northern Ireland Peace Process (1994)
Heated Debate on the Northern Ireland Peace Process (1994)
::2013/12/22::
Play Video
40
Nigel Dodds - Fuel Prices & Economy raised @ NIQs
Nigel Dodds - Fuel Prices & Economy raised @ NIQs
::2011/03/24::
Play Video
41
Audience rates NI Executive on economic performance
Audience rates NI Executive on economic performance
::2009/05/31::
Play Video
42
Game Of Thrones Is Fantasy Come True For NI
Game Of Thrones Is Fantasy Come True For NI
::2013/06/08::
Play Video
43
Peter Robinson Interview - G8, Economy and Parades
Peter Robinson Interview - G8, Economy and Parades
::2013/06/14::
Play Video
44
Northern Ireland Corporation Tax Rate
Northern Ireland Corporation Tax Rate
::2011/06/22::
Play Video
45
David Simpson - NIQs - Regional Aid Importance for Economy
David Simpson - NIQs - Regional Aid Importance for Economy
::2012/07/04::
Play Video
46
Kerry Quinn - Invest NI
Kerry Quinn - Invest NI
::2014/05/12::
Play Video
47
Interview With Economy Minister Arlene Foster
Interview With Economy Minister Arlene Foster
::2011/08/31::
Play Video
48
Get Together: How Diverse Social Connections Fuel Our New Economy
Get Together: How Diverse Social Connections Fuel Our New Economy
::2014/04/22::
Play Video
49
G8 Summit in Northern Ireland: Tax-dodging expected to high on the agenda as world leaders meet
G8 Summit in Northern Ireland: Tax-dodging expected to high on the agenda as world leaders meet
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
50
Mike Nesbitt MLA talks about the economy with the FSB
Mike Nesbitt MLA talks about the economy with the FSB
::2012/05/21::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
2013 economic profile for Northern Ireland

The economy of Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four countries in the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland has a traditionally industrial economy, most notably in shipbuilding, rope manufacture and textiles, but most heavy industry has since been replaced by services. To this day, Northern Ireland still suffers from the results of the Troubles, which occurred between the late 1960s until the mid-1990s.

Overview[edit]

Output and economic growth[edit]

Northern Ireland has the smallest economy of any of the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom, at £29bn, or about two-thirds of the size of the next smallest, North East England. However, this is partly because Northern Ireland has the smallest population; at £15,250 (€19,603) Northern Ireland has a greater GDP per capita than both North East England and Wales.[1]

Other comparisons[edit]

*Border Midland & Western Ireland (1.1 million) **Southern & Eastern Ireland (3 million) Northern Ireland - United Kingdom (1.75 million)
€25.5 bn GVA €497,374 bn GVA £29.1 (€37.3) bn
€23,637 GVA per person €35,725 GVA per person £15,249 (€19,603) per person

Throughout the 1990s, the Northern Ireland economy grew faster than did the economy of the rest of the UK, due in part to the Celtic Tiger rapid growth of the economy of the Republic of Ireland and the so-called "peace dividend". Growth slowed to the pace of the rest of the UK during the down-turn of the early years of the new millennium, but growth has since rebounded; in 2005, the Northern Irish economy is estimated to have grown by 3.2%, almost twice as fast as the UK as a whole, and future growth is expected to be stronger than that of the rest of the United Kingdom,[2] though lower than that of the Republic. In April 2007 a Halifax survey found Northern Ireland's average house price to one of the highest in the UK, behind London, the South East and the South West. It also found Northern Ireland to have all of the top ten property "hot spots", with the Craigavon and Newtownards areas increasing by 55%.[3]

Employment[edit]

Unemployment in Northern Ireland has decreased substantially in recent years, and is now roughly at 7.2%, down from a peak of 17.2% in 1986.[4][5] Youth unemployment and long-term unemployment have fallen most quickly. Working-age economic inactivity is 28%, which is the highest of any UK region.[6]

Northern Ireland's macroeconomy is also characterised by considerably longer actual working hours and lower gender income disparity than in the United Kingdom as a whole.[6]

Investment[edit]

During the Troubles, Northern Ireland received little foreign investment.

Since the signing of the Good Friday Agreement, investment in Northern Ireland has increased significantly. Most investment has been focused in Greater Belfast and to a lesser extent Greater Derry. Major projects include the £400 million Victoria Square retail development in Belfast City Centre. The city will hosts the largest waterfront development in Europe with the Titanic Quarter[7] scheme, costing over £1 billion and taking seven years to complete. The Laganside Corporation has been at the forefront of the redevelopment of the riverfront along the banks of the River Lagan, to date the corporation has overseen the investment of over £800 million in the riverside area. The Cathedral Quarter has also seen substantial investment. In Londonderry/Derry, the ILEX Urban Regeneration Company has responsibility for driving forward the regeneration of the city. It is currently charged with redeveloping Ebrington Square and Fort George and creating 12,000 new jobs in the city by 2020. The Culture Company is charged with running events and programmes during the city's stint as City of Culture in 2013.

In addition, the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment has commissioned MATRIX, the Northern Ireland Science Industry Panel,to advise government on the commercial exploitation of R&D and science and technology in Northern Ireland.[8]

The Matrix Panel aims to grow NIs wealth by encouraging the exploitation of its science and R&D base. The work has shown that there is still a need for greater exploitation of science and technology and a step-change in innovation in the economy and workplaces.[9]

The Panel’s recommendations are the result of a collaborative effort of technology industry leaders and experts in Northern Ireland.[10]

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture in Northern Ireland is heavily mechanised, thanks to high labour costs and heavy capital investment, both from private investors and the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy. In 2000, agriculture accounted for 2.4% of economic output in Northern Ireland, compared to 1% in the United Kingdom as a whole.[11] As in the rest of the United Kingdom, livestock and dairy account for the majority of agricultural output. The main crops are (in descending order of value) potatoes, barley, and wheat.

Manufacturing[edit]

Heavy industry is concentrated in and around Belfast, although other major towns and cities also have heavy manufacturing areas. Machinery and equipment manufacturing, food processing, textile and electronics manufacturing are the leading industries. Other industries such as papermaking, furniture manufacturing, aerospace and shipbuilding are also important, concentrated mostly in the eastern parts of Northern Ireland. Of these different industries, one of the most notable is that of Northern Ireland's fine linens, which is considered as one of the most well-known around Europe.

Although its share of economic output has declined, manufacturing output in Northern Ireland has remained almost unchanged over the past five years, after a period of steep manufacturing growth between 1998 and 2001.[12] However, this overall picture of health hides a dramatic shift in manufacturing priorities, with the decline of traditional industries, such as textiles and shipbuilding, at the expense of high tech and capital-intensive industries. In 2005, chemicals and engineering (both of which belong firmly to the latter group) were the only two manufacturing sub-sectors to record growth, whilst output of textiles fell by 18%.[13]

Engineering is the largest manufacturing sub-sector in Northern Ireland, particularly in the fields of aerospace and heavy machinery. Bombardier Aerospace is the province's largest industrial employer, with 5,400 workers at five sites in the Greater Belfast area.[14] Other major engineering employers in Northern Ireland include Bombardier Aerospace, Caterpillar, DuPont, Emerson Electric, Fujitsu, Northbrook Technology, Seagate and NACCO. Many of these manufacturers receive British government financial backing, and enjoy close academic and business links with Queen's University Belfast and the University of Ulster, of which Queen's University Belfast ranks as one of the best British universities for all engineering courses.[15]

Belfast's famous shipyard, Harland and Wolff, which in the early 20th century was the world's biggest shipbuilder, suffered from intense international competition during the 1970s and 1980s and declined rapidly. During the 1990s the company diversified into civil engineering and industrial fabrication, manufacturing bridges and oil platforms. The company made an unsuccessful bid to build the Queen Mary 2, which it was hoped would re-stimulate the yard's shipbuilding business. The vast works on Queen's Island were downsized, with much of the land (including the slipway were RMS Titanic was built) sold off for redevelopment in the 2000s as the 'Titanic Quarter'- a new residential, commercial and high-tech industrial district. The modern, smaller yard employs only 800 people. H&W have not built a ship since 2003, but has seen workload increase through being involved in shipbreaking, ship repair and maintenance and conversion work. The company has also been active in the design and construction of offshore power generation equipment- both wind turbines and wave-action turbines.

Services[edit]

As with all developed economies, services account for the majority of employment and output. Services account for almost 70% of economic output, and 78% of employees.[16]

Tourism[edit]

Despite the negative image of Northern Ireland held in many foreign countries, on account of the Troubles, tourism is an important part of the Northern Irish economy. In 2004, tourism revenue rose 7% to £325m, or over 1% of the local economy, on the back of a rise of 4% in total visits to 2.1 m in the year.[2] Tourism is considered likely to become one of the main growth areas of the economy in the near future, with the continuation of the peace process and the normalisation of the image of Northern Ireland internationally. The most popular tourist attractions include the historic cities of Derry, Belfast and Armagh, the Giant's Causeway, and Northern Ireland's many castles. The NI 2012 Our Time, Our Place tourism campaign created by the Northern Ireland Tourist Board generated a profit of €31 million in 2012 (subtracting November and December) the first six months of 2013, according to a study by an independent researcher commissioned by the organization.[17] High profile events initiated by the program include the opening of the £77 million Titanic Belfast and the construction of a Giant's Causeway visitor's centre.[18]

Public sector[edit]

As of December 2008 the public sector in Northern Ireland accounted for 30.8% of the total workforce. This is significantly higher than the overall UK figure of 19.5%, and also higher than Scotland, the next nearest region at 24%. Overall, the Northern Ireland figure has fallen. In 1992 the public sector accounted for 37% of the workforce. When measured relative to population, the gap between the Northern Ireland and UK figures reduces to three percentage points.[19]

In total, the British government subvention totals £5,000m, or 20% of Northern Ireland's economic output.[20]

Currency[edit]

The official currency in use in Northern Ireland is the British pound sterling. Although the euro, in use in the Republic of Ireland, is accepted by retailing chains closer to the border with the Republic of Ireland.

In addition, four Northern Ireland banks retain the right to print their own sterling-denominated banknotes: Bank of Ireland, First Trust Bank, Northern Bank, and Ulster Bank.

Energy[edit]

Northern Ireland's total primary energy consumption is approximately 4.90 million tonnes of oil equivalent. The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels.

Energy policy in the province is maintained by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment.

Primary energy consumption
Source ktoe %

Coal 1,440 29.4
Oil & LPG 1,290 26.3
Natural Gas 1,100 22.4
Vehicle fuel 926 18.9
Renewables 10 0.2
Electricity imports 140 2.8

Total 4,900 100

Electricity[edit]

Northern Ireland's electrical grid is operated by System Operator for Northern Ireland (SONI) and the Distribution is managed by Northern Ireland Electricity (NIE) who own and manage the infrastructure which connects over 850,000 customers. Electricity consumption in Northern Ireland was 7,867 GW·h in 2002/3.[21] At 4.6 MW·h per person, this is 18% less than that of the rest of the United Kingdom (5.6 MW·h per person). The main power station is located at Ballylumford, and is operated by Premier Power. There is also Coolkeeragh power station in Greater Derry.

Northern Ireland's electrical grid is connected to that of the Republic of Ireland by three cross-border interconnectors. The main interconnector, between Tandragee and Louth has a capacity of 1,200 MW. Two back-up interconnectors have a combined capacity of 240 MW. This combined all-island grid is connected to the National Grid on the island of Great Britain by the 500 MW Moyle interconnector, under the North Channel.[22]

Gas[edit]

Investors recently have announced plans to begin Fracking of Gas in Northern Ireland, Aside from this Northern Ireland gets its gas for the Belfast area from a 24-inch-diameter (610 mm) interconnector pipeline along Beaufort's Dyke across the Irish Sea to Antrim from Scotland called the Scotland Northern Ireland Pipeline (SNIP), which was built in 1998. The main gas supply company in the Greater Belfast area is Phoenix Natural Gas, a former subsidiary of British Gas. It has become separate from British Gas since 2003.

In the other areas of Northern Ireland, specifically towards Derry City, gas comes from two interconnector pipelines, one being supplied by the Republic's gas supplier, Bord Gáis. The North-West pipeline from Carrickfergus in County Antrim to Derry opened in November 2004, and the South-North pipeline from Gormanston (in the Republic) to Antrim was opened in October 2006. The complete South-North pipeline to Dublin opened in November 2007, passing Armagh, Banbridge, Craigavon and Newry. Since December 2005, Bord Gáis has supplied gas to residential customers in this area under the name firmus energy.

Transport[edit]

Northern Ireland has under-developed transport infrastructure with most infrastructure concentrated on Greater Belfast, Greater Derry and Craigavon. Northern Ireland has a total of 24,820 km (15,420 mi) of roads, or 1 km for each 68 people (1 mi for each 109 people), which is considerably more than in the United Kingdom as a whole (1 km per 162 people).[23] There are seven motorways in Northern Ireland, extending radially from Belfast, and connecting that city to Antrim, Dungannon, Lisburn, Newtownabbey, and Portadown.

Northern Ireland Railways runs passenger trains and presently carries no freight though it is possible to carry freight. Northern Ireland railways is owned by the people of Northern Ireland and has embarked upon significant investment on the Belfast-Derry railway line to upgrade the infrastructure between Belfast and Derry the largest cities in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland Railways connects Belfast Great Victoria Street and Belfast Central to Antrim, Ballymena, Coleraine, Portrush, Derry along the Northern Corridor and the Belfast Suburban Rail network serves places near Belfast, along with the Enterprise (train service) connecting Lisburn, Portadown, Newry and across the border along the Dublin-Belfast railway line to Dublin Connolly.

Northern Ireland Railways could be extended by re-opening railway lines such as from Portadown to Armagh railway station in Armagh.

Northern Ireland is home to three civilian airports: Belfast City, Belfast International, and City of Derry. Major seaports in Northern Ireland include the Port of Belfast, the Londonderry Port and the Port of Larne. The Port of Belfast is one of the chief ports of the United Kingdom, handling 17 million tonnes (16.7 million long tons) of goods in 2005,[24] equivalent to two-thirds of Northern Ireland's seaborne trade.

In addition to these existing links, several organisations have proposed a tunnel under the North Channel, with one possible site connecting the eastern part of Northern Ireland to Wigtownshire. The idea has been given technical consideration since the 19th century, but, as of 2012, no major political party has advocated such a link, due to financial constraints.

Data[edit]

The Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) is the principal source of official statistics on Northern Ireland. These statistics and research inform public policy and associated debate in the wider society. NISRA is an Agency of the Department of Finance and Personnel.[25]

Alongside official national statistics a number of respected private sector surveys are used to understand how the economy is performing. These include the British Chambers of Commerce Quarterly Economic Survey. [26] This survey has information on the performance of Northern Ireland businesses since 1989.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Regional GDP per capita in the EU25. Eurostat. 25 January 2005. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  2. ^ a b Economic Performance Briefing. Northern Ireland Executive. 25,January 2006. Retrieved on 17, June 2006.
  3. ^ NI dominates housing hotspot list BBC News 24 April 2007
  4. ^ "Statistical Press Release - Latest Labour Market Figures". Northern Ireland Executive. Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Northern Ireland's economic fears". Ryan, Orla; BBC, 22 June 2001. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  6. ^ a b Economic Overview. Northern Ireland DETI. 2006. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  7. ^ Titanic Quarter
  8. ^ http://www.matrix-ni.org/
  9. ^ http://www.matrix-ni.org/science-technology.aspx
  10. ^ http://www.matrix-ni.org/downloads/matrix_vol1_report.pdf
  11. ^ Portrait of the Regions: Northern Ireland. Eurostat. 2005. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  12. ^ Quarterly Economic Review. Northern Ireland DETI. October 2005. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  13. ^ Index of Production. Northern Ireland DETI. 12 April 2006. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  14. ^ "High Flight". Cowan, Stephen; The Manufacturer, April 2006. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  15. ^ Good University Guide: Full subject tables. The Times. 27 May 2005. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  16. ^ Why Northern Ireland - Economy. InvestNI. 2004. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  17. ^ "High-profile tourism campaign attracts million visitors to Northern Ireland". eTurboNews. June 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ "The ni2012: Our Time, Our Place story". Northern Ireland Tourist Board. Retrieved June 5, 2014. 
  19. ^ Department of Finance & Personnel (2009). 2009-10 Northern Ireland Public Sector Pay and Workforce Technical Annex (Report). http://www.dfpni.gov.uk/2009-10_pay_and_workforce_technical_annex.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
  20. ^ "Addicted to state subvention, north will suffer when it's gone". Alan Ruddock, The Times. 8 January 2006. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  21. ^ Energy. Northern Ireland DETI. 23 October 2003. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  22. ^ Disposal of Moyle Interconnector. Viridian Group. 11 April 2003. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  23. ^ Why Northern Ireland - Infrastructure. InvestNI. 2004. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  24. ^ "2005 Trade Figures Released". Port of Belfast. 13 February 2006. Retrieved on 17 June 2006.
  25. ^ The Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. NISRA. 2014. Retrieved on 16 June 2014.
  26. ^ British Chambers of Commerce Quarterly Economic Survey. BCC. 2014. Retrieved on 16 June 2014.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014