|Edisto Island, South Carolina|
|— CDP —|
|• Total||67.8 sq mi (175.5 km2)|
|• Land||67.6 sq mi (175.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||8 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||38/sq mi (186.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1867519|
Edisto Island is one of South Carolina's Sea Islands, the larger part of which lies in Charleston County, with its southern tip in Colleton County. The Charleston County part is a census-designated place. The population was 2,301 at the 2000 census. The town of Edisto Beach is located in Colleton County.
The island and town were named after the historic Edistow people, a Native American sub-tribe of the Cusabo Indians. They inhabited the island as well as nearby areas of the Low Country on the mainland.
Indigenous peoples often had fishing camps on the islands, using them seasonally. The historic Edistow people are known to have occupied the island as well as mainland areas and traded with the upcountry Catawba. The sub-tribe became extinct during the colonial period. The Wassamassaw Tribe of Varnertown Indians is a group of descendants of various tribes who intermarried and who have occupied a settlement between Summerville and Moncks Corner in Berkeley County, South Carolina. In 2005 they gained state recognition as an Indian group, one of six tribes to do so.
Edisto Island was developed by English and Barbadian colonists for large cotton and rice plantations in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, with labor done by hundreds of enslaved Africans. They developed the creole Gullah language and culture on the islands and in the Low Country, distinctive for its African traditions.
Since the twentieth century, the island has been redeveloped for use as a tourist destination and resorts, although some private plantations remain.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 67.8 square miles (176 km2), of which, 67.6 square miles (175 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.91%) is water.
Edisto Island is located about one hour south of Charleston, South Carolina. Edisto Island is home to Edisto Beach, and Wyndham Oceanridge resort.
The only grocery store on the island is a Piggly Wiggly. There are three gas stations and about a dozen independently-owned restaurants, most of which specialize in local seafood.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,301 people, 1,030 households, and 685 families residing in the CDP. The population density was about 34 people per square mile. There were 1,193 housing units at an average density of 34ppl/sq mi (84.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.6% White, 39.1% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.0% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 1,030 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $25,962, and the median income for a family was $31,000. Males had a median income of $24,609 versus $19,131 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,500. About 18.2% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 34.5% of those age 65 or over.
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