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1
my little sister & the edwin forrest choir
my little sister & the edwin forrest choir
::2012/05/10::
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2
Edwin Forrest Day 2011
Edwin Forrest Day 2011
::2011/05/04::
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3
A memorial tribute to Forrest Edwin Eder
A memorial tribute to Forrest Edwin Eder
::2012/11/19::
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4
Metamora Slideshow
Metamora Slideshow
::2014/06/11::
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5
Edwin @ Best of Vegas 11.24.13
Edwin @ Best of Vegas 11.24.13
::2013/11/25::
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6
Together In Unity Prayer Breakfast with Edwin Minton
Together In Unity Prayer Breakfast with Edwin Minton
::2014/05/12::
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7
Juan Nazario TKO8 Edwin Rosario
Juan Nazario TKO8 Edwin Rosario
::2013/03/22::
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8
Salzburg - fest on Kapitel Platz Kaiser beer and Forrest Gump on mondharmonica
Salzburg - fest on Kapitel Platz Kaiser beer and Forrest Gump on mondharmonica
::2014/07/26::
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9
Monteverde Costa Rica - Some kind of forrest crab creature
Monteverde Costa Rica - Some kind of forrest crab creature
::2014/04/15::
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10
33rd Edwin F. Jaeckle Award, UB Law School
33rd Edwin F. Jaeckle Award, UB Law School
::2010/02/10::
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11
Monteverde Costa Rica - Some kind of forrest crab creature II
Monteverde Costa Rica - Some kind of forrest crab creature II
::2014/04/15::
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12
How to Pronounce Forrest, First Baron
How to Pronounce Forrest, First Baron
::2014/08/11::
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13
Edwin Evers on the Bassmaster Classic and
Edwin Evers on the Bassmaster Classic and 'practice' fishing
::2012/04/05::
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14
Frank Ocean "Forrest Gump"  How To Play Acoustic Guitar Lesson / Cover No Capo
Frank Ocean "Forrest Gump" How To Play Acoustic Guitar Lesson / Cover No Capo
::2013/02/07::
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15
Hydel edges Edwin Allen, wins Girls Class 3 4x100m Relay - Milo Wester Relays - ROAD TO CHAMPS 2014
Hydel edges Edwin Allen, wins Girls Class 3 4x100m Relay - Milo Wester Relays - ROAD TO CHAMPS 2014
::2014/02/12::
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16
There is faint music - D. Forrest / N. Buckley
There is faint music - D. Forrest / N. Buckley
::2013/12/27::
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17
Frederic Edwin Church (Maler)
Frederic Edwin Church (Maler)
::2011/04/24::
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18
Edwin Allen
Edwin Allen's Janelle Fullerton aiming for Class 2 Shot Put RECORD at Champs - ROAD TO CHAMPS 2014
::2014/01/23::
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19
Oh Happy Day Edwin Hawkins Cover
Oh Happy Day Edwin Hawkins Cover
::2014/04/23::
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20
Costa Rica - Forrest river crab
Costa Rica - Forrest river crab
::2014/04/16::
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21
Edwin Rosario KO8 Juan Nazario
Edwin Rosario KO8 Juan Nazario
::2013/03/21::
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22
Rudy Burckhardt & Edwin Denby: The Climate of New York
Rudy Burckhardt & Edwin Denby: The Climate of New York
::2012/01/21::
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23
Jimmy Forrest - That
Jimmy Forrest - That's All
::2013/02/28::
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24
Sorry Suzanne Allan Clarke The Hollies 1969G Nash T Hicks B Calvert Wr:GeoffreyStephens&TonyMacaulay
Sorry Suzanne Allan Clarke The Hollies 1969G Nash T Hicks B Calvert Wr:GeoffreyStephens&TonyMacaulay
::2012/04/21::
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25
Marimba concert - Rain Forrest
Marimba concert - Rain Forrest
::2011/04/24::
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26
Edwin Allen
Edwin Allen's Monique Spencer wins HEAT 3 Class 1 100m - Youngster Goldsmith- ROAD TO CHAMPS 2014
::2014/02/02::
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27
Edwin & the Bedouins 20th Anniversary: 17 House of the Rising Sun!
Edwin & the Bedouins 20th Anniversary: 17 House of the Rising Sun!
::2014/01/14::
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28
Sumela Monastery - Turkish delight in the forrest
Sumela Monastery - Turkish delight in the forrest
::2013/05/26::
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29
The Essence of Wake Forest
The Essence of Wake Forest
::2013/11/19::
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30
Driving in Black Forrest, Germany II
Driving in Black Forrest, Germany II
::2013/05/12::
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31
Edwin on go cart (Thanksgiving Day Tradition)
Edwin on go cart (Thanksgiving Day Tradition)
::2010/11/26::
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32
Edwin Rodriguez: "Ward-Golovkin is a good fight"
Edwin Rodriguez: "Ward-Golovkin is a good fight"
::2013/11/17::
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33
A walk in the forrest Leenderbos /  Leenderheide mei 2013 (pics)
A walk in the forrest Leenderbos / Leenderheide mei 2013 (pics)
::2013/05/26::
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34
Driving in Black Forrest, Germany I
Driving in Black Forrest, Germany I
::2013/05/12::
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35
Angel Forrest chante "Ball and Chain" aux Beaux Esprits le 02 dec 1994
Angel Forrest chante "Ball and Chain" aux Beaux Esprits le 02 dec 1994
::2012/05/21::
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36
Lynyrd Skynyrd-Free bird
Lynyrd Skynyrd-Free bird
::2008/03/10::
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37
Edwin and George swiming in the Stella Maris wave pool
Edwin and George swiming in the Stella Maris wave pool
::2010/03/13::
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38
Senator and Astronaut Edwin Jacob "Jake" Garn - Fly the Flag
Senator and Astronaut Edwin Jacob "Jake" Garn - Fly the Flag
::2014/04/04::
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39
Social Media Copywriting Tips by Jesse Forrest
Social Media Copywriting Tips by Jesse Forrest
::2014/07/22::
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40
Silent forrest with only bird noise, Gulpen Zuid Limburg
Silent forrest with only bird noise, Gulpen Zuid Limburg
::2013/04/28::
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41
Wright & Forrest (add. from Alexander Borodin) - Kismet (1953) - "Stranger in Paradise"
Wright & Forrest (add. from Alexander Borodin) - Kismet (1953) - "Stranger in Paradise"
::2009/11/15::
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42
Forrest Hall, part two
Forrest Hall, part two
::2014/03/04::
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43
79 Instrumental songs everyone knows, but no one knows the name of (TV Show & Advertising Music)
79 Instrumental songs everyone knows, but no one knows the name of (TV Show & Advertising Music)
::2013/01/30::
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44
Edwin Evers: Boogee Rigged Money Minnow
Edwin Evers: Boogee Rigged Money Minnow
::2012/04/05::
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45
VIDEO-Edwin Denninger-Voodoo Child Medley (Tribute to Jimi Hendrix and Stevie Ray Vaughan)-TEASER
VIDEO-Edwin Denninger-Voodoo Child Medley (Tribute to Jimi Hendrix and Stevie Ray Vaughan)-TEASER
::2013/04/08::
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46
strange bunny rabbit and birds in suriname forrest 2
strange bunny rabbit and birds in suriname forrest 2
::2011/11/21::
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WAR by EDWIN STARR- Vietnam Protest
WAR by EDWIN STARR- Vietnam Protest
::2007/03/28::
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Forrest. - The Game (Fabo Remix)
Forrest. - The Game (Fabo Remix)
::2013/02/18::
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Honor Flight of Edwin Garlin, Sr
Honor Flight of Edwin Garlin, Sr
::2013/10/27::
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Friend of the Rainforest (Gomer Edwin Evans)
Friend of the Rainforest (Gomer Edwin Evans)
::2011/06/02::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Edwin Forrest
Edwin Forrest.jpg
Daguerreotype of Edwin Forrest by Mathew Brady
Born (1806-03-09)March 9, 1806
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died December 12, 1872(1872-12-12) (aged 66)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Occupation Stage Actor

Edwin Forrest (March 9, 1806 – December 12, 1872), was a prominent nineteenth-century American Shakespearean actor. His legendary feud with the British actor William Charles Macready helped spark the deadly Astor Place Riot of 1849.

Early life[edit]

Forrest was born in Philadelphia, the son of William and Rebecca (née Lauman) Forrest. His father, a merchandise peddler, came from Dumfriesshire, Scotland to Trenton, New Jersey in 1791. Later a business set back led him to relocate to Philadelphia where after to his marriage to Rebecca, a daughter of an affluent German-American family, he was able to secure a position with a local branch of the United States Bank. [1][2]

As boys, Forrest and his brother William joined a local juvenile thespian club and participated in theatrical performances staged in a sparsely decorated woodshed. At the age of eleven he made his first appearance on the legitimate stage at Philadelphia’s South Street Theatre playing the female role Rosalia de Borgia in the John D. Turnbull melodrama, Rudolph : or, The robbers of Calabria. After Forrest’s father died in 1819 he attempted, in short procession, to apprentice with a printer, a cooper and finally a ship chandler. When attending a lecture early the following year he volunteered to participate in an experiment on the effects of nitrous oxide. While under the influence of the gas Forrest broke into a soliloquy from Shakespeare’s Richard III that so impressed John Swift, an eminent Philadelphia lawyer, he arranged an audition at the Walnut Street Theatre that led to Forrest's formal stage début on November 27, 1820 as Young Norval in John Home’s Douglas.[1][2][3]

Early acting career[edit]

The theatres of New York and Philadelphia were already crowded with trained and successful actors. Forrest therefore set out at once for the south and west. His tour through a rough country — with the inconveniences of long distances, the necessity of presenting his plays in rude halls, insufficient support, and poor scenery — was not altogether successful, but the discipline to mind and body was felt in all his subsequent career.[4] He soon gained fame for portraying blackface caricatures of African Americans.[5] Constance Rourke wrote that his impression was so believable he often mingled in the streets with African Americans unnoticed. He allegedly fooled one old black woman into taking him for a friend and then convinced her to join him in his stage performance that night.[6]

New York success[edit]

Forrest at 21

In 1826 he had a great success at the Bowery Theatre in New York City as Othello. The management employed him at a salary far below his worth, and he was at once offered increased payment at another theatre; but he refused to break his word, and carried out the contract to his own detriment. This strict sense of honor was characteristic of him throughout his career.[4] His New York success was repeated in every city he visited. In 1829 he was featured as Metamora in the play Metamora; or, The Last of the Wampanoags by John Augustus Stone. After a few years of profitable labor, during which he had encouraged native talent by liberal offers for new American plays, he went to Europe for rest and travel and larger observation, and was received with much courtesy by actors and scholars.[4]

He returned to Philadelphia in 1831, and played there and in New York and elsewhere with triumphant success until September, 1836, when he sailed for England, this time professionally, and made his first appearance at Drury Lane as Spartacus in the Gladiator in 1836. The play was not a success, although his own role was noted favorably. During a season of ten months he performed in that historic theatre the parts of Macbeth, Othello, and King Lear. His social triumphs were as great as were his professional; he was entertained by William Macready and Charles Kemble, and at the end of the season was complimented by a dinner at the Garrick Club, presided over by Thomas Talfourd. During this engagement he married, in June 1837, Miss Catherine Norton Sinclair, daughter of John Sinclair, a popular English singer. He returned to Philadelphia in November of the same year and began an engagement. His wife made a deep impression wherever she was presented, and it was argued that domestic happiness would be the fitting crown of his public career. But these predictions were disappointed.[4]

Hissing incidents[edit]

He visited London a second time in 1845, accompanied by his wife, who was welcomed in the intellectual circles of English and Scottish society. He acted at the Princess's Theatre in London. He met with great success in Virginius and other parts, but when he attempted to personate Macbeth, a character unsuited to his physique and style of acting, the performance was hissed by the audience. Forrest attributed the hissing to the professional jealousy and machinations of Macready, although that artist had been kind and helpful to him when he first came before London audiences. A few weeks later, when Macready was playing Hamlet in Edinburgh, Forrest stood up in a private box and hissed the English actor. This act evoked reproaches from the British press and destroyed the respect in which he had been held by the public. A letter that Forrest printed in The Times aggravated, instead of justifying, his offence. The incident was fatal to his popularity in Britain. His jealousy of Macready resulted in the Astor Place riot in May 1849.[4]

Divorce[edit]

Early daguerreotype of Forrest

In 1850, Forrest and his wife sought divorce, after Forrest's affair with actress Josephine Clifton; he claimed that he had found a love letter to his wife from fellow actor George W. Jamieson.[7] Forrest and Catharine separated in April 1849 and he moved to Philadelphia where he filed for divorce in February 1850, though the Pennsylvania legislature denied his divorce application.[8] Under the advice of Parke Godwin, Catherine hired Charles O'Conor as her lawyer.[9] The divorce became a Cause célèbre and the well-known writer Nathaniel Parker Willis was caught in the middle. Willis defended Catharine, who maintained her innocence, in his magazine Home Journal and suggested that Forrest was merely jealous of her intellectual superiority.[10] On June 17, 1850, shortly after Forrest had filed for divorce in the New York Supreme Court,[11] Forrest beat Willis with a gutta-percha whip in New York's Washington Square, shouting "this man is the seducer of my wife".[12] Willis, who was recovering from a rheumatic fever at the time, was unable to fight back.[13] Willis's own wife soon received an anonymous letter suggesting that Willis was, in fact, involved with Forrest's wife.[14] Willis later sued Forrest for assault and, by March 1852, was awarded $2,500 plus court costs.[13] In the divorce case, Charles O'Conor was the counsel for Catherine, the defendant, with John Van Buren representing Edwin. Throughout the Forrest divorce case, which lasted six weeks, several witnesses made additional claims that Catherine Forrest and Nathaniel Parker Willis were having an affair, including a waiter who claimed he had seen the couple "lying on each other".[14] As the press reported, "thousands and thousands of the anxious public" awaited the court's verdict; ultimately, the court sided with Catherine Forrest and Willis's name was cleared.[15] O'Conor won a national reputation by winning the case, and secured a liberal alimony for Catherine.[4] The whole affair hurt Forrest's reputation and soured his temper.

Later stage career[edit]

In 1853 he played Macbeth, with a strong cast and fine scenery, at the Broadway Theatre for four weeks — an unprecedented run at that date — and at the end of this engagement he retired from the stage for several years. He became interested in politics, being spoken of as a candidate for congress, and did not return to professional life until 1860, when he appeared at Niblo's Garden, New York, as Hamlet, and played the most successful engagement of his life. Hereditary gout developed itself in a malignant form in 1865, during an engagement at the Holliday Street Theatre in Baltimore, Maryland the sciatic nerve was paralyzed, and he never regained the use of his hand or his steady gait. His California tour in 1866 was a failure. He played his last New York engagement in February, 1871, the plays being Richelieu and King Lear. The weather was cold, and the houses empty. On the night of 25 March 1871, he appeared in Boston, Massachusetts at the Globe Theatre, as Lear, played this part six times, and was announced for Richelieu and Virginius, but on the intervening Sunday he caught cold. He struggled through the role of Richelieu on Monday night, and rare bursts of eloquence lighted the gloom, but he labored piteously against the disease which was fast conquering him. Being offered stimulants, he signed them away, with the words, “If I die, I will still be my royal self.” This was his last appearance as an actor. He eventually recovered from the severe attack of pneumonia. The craving for public applause, which was his only happiness, induced him to give readings from Shakespeare in several large cities. The scheme failed, and was abandoned, to his deep mortification.[4]

Forrest's castle-like mansion by the Hudson River in New York

A stroke of paralysis ended his life suddenly and without pain. His servant found him dead, alone, and apparently asleep, in his home in Philadelphia. The large sums that he had earned on the stage were judiciously and fortunately invested, and resulted in his amassing a large fortune. He had purchased, about 1850, a site on the banks of the Hudson, on which he erected a castellated structure. This estate, which he named Fonthill, he afterward sold at a large advance for a convent, which later became the College of Mount Saint Vincent. In 1855 he purchased his mansion in Philadelphia, to which he retired after his temporary abandonment of the stage. There he collected the largest dramatic library in the United States. By avoiding New York and by legal evasions he succeeded in escaping the payment of alimony to his wife, but left his estate heavily in her debt.[4]

Philanthropic efforts[edit]

Edwin Forrest home in Philadelphia

In his later years, Forrest lobbied for the rights of smaller theatres against the increasingly powerful conglomerated theatre companies, earning him the nickname "Little Man Edwin." His love of the theatre was unbounded, and he is one of the few whose memory survives to this day, for he used his considerable accumulated wealth to support his fellow actors, perhaps in appreciation of the fact that supporting actors need themselves to be supported as they get older.

This began in 1865, the year of Lincoln's assassination by the actor John Wilkes Booth, a time when the public held those in the acting profession in low regard, if not contempt. He sheltered actors at his summer home near Philadelphia, and in 1876, four years after his death at the age of 66, his will instructed that there should be formed the Forrest Home for retired actors in Philadelphia, which was to last for over one hundred years before being folded into the much larger Actors Fund facility in Englewood, New Jersey. There his name lives on, in the Edwin Forrest Wing.

In the 1920s, architect Herbert J. Krapp was chosen to design two new theatres, one in New York City and the other in Philadelphia. Both were initially named the Forrest Theatre in honor of Forrest and his contributions to the theatre world. While the Philadelphia location is still called the Forrest Theatre, the building in New York has changed names over the years and is currently known as the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.[16][17]

See also[edit]

Lunacy by Sandra Perlman is a play which features Edwin Forrest in his first preparation for the role of King Lear.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rees, James - The life of Edwin Forrest: With Reminiscences and Personal Recollections, 1874 accessed 12.13.12
  2. ^ a b Barrett, Lawrence and Forrest, Edwin, Edwin Forrest, 1881 accessed 12.13.12
  3. ^ The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume IV Forrest, Edwin 1904 p. 152-153
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Wikisource-logo.svg Lawrence Barrett (1900). "Forrest, Edwin". In Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 
  5. ^ New York Times, May 9, 1897, 'THE OLD TIME MINSTREL: He Has Gone Out of Vogue, but the Public Recollects Him with Pleasure:"The great tragedian Edwin Forrest was very fond of negro minstrelsy, and could give a splendid imitation of the negro dialect, having "blacked up" when he strolling in the West, learning his art."
  6. ^ Rourke, Constance (1931). American Humor: A Study of the National Character. Quoted in Watkins 83.
  7. ^ Baker, Thomas N. Nathaniel Parker Willis and the Trials of Literary Fame. New York, Oxford University Press, 2001: 116. ISBN 0-19-512073-6
  8. ^ Beers, Henry A. Nathaniel Parker Willis. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1913: 309.
  9. ^ Baker, Thomas N. Nathaniel Parker Willis and the Trials of Literary Fame. New York, Oxford University Press, 2001: 118. ISBN 0-19-512073-6
  10. ^ Beers, Henry A. Nathaniel Parker Willis. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1913.: 311.
  11. ^ Beers, Henry A. Nathaniel Parker Willis. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1913: 312.
  12. ^ Baker, Thomas N. Nathaniel Parker Willis and the Trials of Literary Fame. New York, Oxford University Press, 2001: 115. ISBN 0-19-512073-6
  13. ^ a b Beers, Henry A. Nathaniel Parker Willis. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1913: 313.
  14. ^ a b Yellin, Jean Fagan. Harriet Jacobs: A Life. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Basic Civitas Books, 2004: 112. ISBN 0-465-09288-8
  15. ^ Yellin, Jean Fagan. Harriet Jacobs: A Life. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Basic Civitas Books, 2004: 113. ISBN 0-465-09288-8
  16. ^ "The Forrest Theatre, Philadelphia" Shubert Organization. Retrieved 30 March 2009.
  17. ^ "History" Eugene O'Neill Theatre. Retrieved 30 March 2009.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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