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|General Intelligence Service|
|جهاز المخابرات العامة|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Egypt|
|Agency executive||Mohamed Raafat Shehata, Director|
|Parent Agency||Presidency of Egypt|
The General Intelligence Service (GIS) (Arabic: جهاز المخابرات العامة / Gihaz al-Mukhabarat al-Amma), often called the Mukhabarat (Arabic: المخابرات / al-Mukhabarat), is an Egyptian intelligence agency responsible for providing national security intelligence, both domestically and transnationally, with a counter-terrorism focus.
The GIS is part of the Egyptian intelligence community, together with the Office of Military Intelligence Services and Reconnaissance (Arabic: ادارة المخابرات الحربية والاستطلاع / Idarat al-Mukhabarat al-Harbyya wa al-Istitla) and the State Security Investigations Service (SSIS) (Arabic: جهاز مباحث أمن الدولة / Gihaz Mabahith Amn al-Dawla).
The decision to set up an Egyptian intelligence service was taken by President Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1954, and placed under the command of Zakaria Mohieddin. However, the agency's importance rose when Nasser assigned its command to Salah Nasr, who held the post of director of the GIS from 1957 to 1967. Under Nasr's supervision, the GIS relocated to its own building and established separate divisions for Radio, Computer, Forgery and Black Operations. To cover the agency's expenses, Nasr set up Al Nasr Company, ostensibly an import-export firm, as a front.
For several years the name of GIS director was a secret only known to high officials and government newspapers chief editors. However, Major-General Omar Suleiman who was the head of the GIS from 1993 to January 2011, was the first one the break this taboo. His name was published before he himself became a known face in media after being envoyed by the former Egyptian president Mubarak to Israel, USA and Gaza on several occasions.
On January 31st 2011, Major-General Murad Muwafi was declared the director of GIS, after Omar Suleiman was appointed as a Vice President of Egypt then resigned after the former president Mubarak had to step down during the Egyptian revolution.
In spite of the rule which says "success in the intelligence world is a buried secret while failure is a world wide scandal" the GIS did achieve many successes a few of which were released and dramatized in Egyptian TV and cinema.
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