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1
TEDx El Ávila National Park 2011 - Ciudad Banesco
TEDx El Ávila National Park 2011 - Ciudad Banesco
::2012/01/05::
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2
Ávila National Park / Warairarepano: Meshika in Venezuela
Ávila National Park / Warairarepano: Meshika in Venezuela
::2011/04/11::
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3
Impresiones en el Ávila -Caracas-
Impresiones en el Ávila -Caracas-
::2013/04/23::
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4
Hiking and playing with a wee silk worm in El Avila Mountain (Waraira Repano) Caracas - Venezuela
Hiking and playing with a wee silk worm in El Avila Mountain (Waraira Repano) Caracas - Venezuela
::2012/07/18::
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El Ávila
El Ávila
::2008/05/27::
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Inquietante Declaración Sobre Apariciones En El Avila (Venezuela)
Inquietante Declaración Sobre Apariciones En El Avila (Venezuela)
::2010/06/14::
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AVILA DESDE EL PARAISO.AVI
AVILA DESDE EL PARAISO.AVI
::2010/03/13::
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Glimpses of Life on Avila Mountain, Caracas
Glimpses of Life on Avila Mountain, Caracas
::2012/10/13::
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El Ávila mountain Venezuela
El Ávila mountain Venezuela
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Cerro El Avila - Vista desde Lagunazo hacia la Guaira
Cerro El Avila - Vista desde Lagunazo hacia la Guaira
::2007/12/26::
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Galipan & Los Venados: Meshika in Venezuela
Galipan & Los Venados: Meshika in Venezuela
::2011/08/16::
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trail running venezuela 0001
trail running venezuela 0001
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El Ávila Teleférico Caracas Venezuela - YdeVlogs
El Ávila Teleférico Caracas Venezuela - YdeVlogs
::2013/08/26::
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Serenata pa Aruba
::2013/06/04::
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Teleferico de Caracas: Meshika in Venezuela
Teleferico de Caracas: Meshika in Venezuela
::2011/04/11::
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16
Hotel Altamira - Caracas, Venezuela
Hotel Altamira - Caracas, Venezuela
::2013/04/08::
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17
My visit to El Avila in Caracas, Venezuela
My visit to El Avila in Caracas, Venezuela
::2009/07/18::
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Parque Nacional El Avila Waraira Repano
Parque Nacional El Avila Waraira Repano
::2013/07/05::
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avistamiento en el avila
avistamiento en el avila
::2014/04/14::
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Incendio en el Ávila 07 marzo 2014
Incendio en el Ávila 07 marzo 2014
::2014/03/07::
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Andreina en las tirolinas del Parque Nacional El Avila
Andreina en las tirolinas del Parque Nacional El Avila
::2012/03/03::
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22
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PASEO POR GALIPAN ( EL ÁVILA) CARACAS VZLA
::2014/02/05::
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Trekking El Ávila  con los Panas - 11 Enero 2014
Trekking El Ávila con los Panas - 11 Enero 2014
::2014/01/14::
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24
Cerro El Avila-Caracas Venezuela
Cerro El Avila-Caracas Venezuela
::2009/01/04::
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KRUEGER - MUERTE EN EL AVILA (Teatro Nacional)
KRUEGER - MUERTE EN EL AVILA (Teatro Nacional)
::2013/12/22::
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Anala Planchart entre las flores y el Avila
Anala Planchart entre las flores y el Avila
::2014/03/09::
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Subida al parque "El Ávila", Caracas-Venezuela
Subida al parque "El Ávila", Caracas-Venezuela
::2014/08/04::
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Ministro del Ambiente: Incendio en Waraira Repano (El Ávila) fue provocado
Ministro del Ambiente: Incendio en Waraira Repano (El Ávila) fue provocado
::2014/03/24::
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Cerro el Avila
Cerro el Avila
::2014/02/02::
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Nubes en cerro El Avila, Caracas, Venezuela
Nubes en cerro El Avila, Caracas, Venezuela
::2014/06/19::
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Paseo al Cerro el Avila
::2012/03/02::
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Venezuela Avila National Park I
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::2008/05/16::
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Quebrada Quintero. Parque Nacional El Ávila Warairarepano. Parte 1
Quebrada Quintero. Parque Nacional El Ávila Warairarepano. Parte 1
::2011/04/04::
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Venezuela Avila National Park II
Venezuela Avila National Park II
::2008/05/16::
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Ilan Chester - Cerro El Ávila
Ilan Chester - Cerro El Ávila
::2013/08/27::
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El Ávila: 6 horas de incendio en 1 minuto
El Ávila: 6 horas de incendio en 1 minuto
::2014/03/27::
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DISMOTRON: Conquistando el Ávila y algo más
DISMOTRON: Conquistando el Ávila y algo más
::2013/12/10::
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::2014/07/06::
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Turismo Venezuela Rio Caribe-PN El Avila
Turismo Venezuela Rio Caribe-PN El Avila
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40
55 AÑOS PARQUE NACIONAL CERRO EL AVILA
55 AÑOS PARQUE NACIONAL CERRO EL AVILA
::2013/12/12::
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41
El Ávila time-lapse
El Ávila time-lapse
::2013/01/16::
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42
Paseo al Parque Nacional el avila
Paseo al Parque Nacional el avila
::2012/03/10::
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43
Glimpses of Caracas from Cerro El Avila
Glimpses of Caracas from Cerro El Avila
::2012/04/25::
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Sabas Nieves, Parque Nacional El Ávila. Parte 3
Sabas Nieves, Parque Nacional El Ávila. Parte 3
::2011/09/12::
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45
Fin de Semana en el Avila 07-08/06/14
Fin de Semana en el Avila 07-08/06/14
::2014/06/15::
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46
Caracas desde El Avila
Caracas desde El Avila
::2013/12/12::
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vista del barrio bolivar hacia el avila
vista del barrio bolivar hacia el avila
::2014/03/06::
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TRAVESÍA: EL ÁVILA & EL CORO
TRAVESÍA: EL ÁVILA & EL CORO
::2014/08/19::
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Cae la noche sobre El Ávila y sus nubes
Cae la noche sobre El Ávila y sus nubes
::2014/01/07::
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Circo en el avila
Circo en el avila
::2013/03/03::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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El Ávila National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of El Ávila National Park
Map showing the location of El Ávila National Park
Location of El Ávila National Park
Nearest city Caracas
Coordinates 10°32′N 66°52′W / 10.533°N 66.867°W / 10.533; -66.867Coordinates: 10°32′N 66°52′W / 10.533°N 66.867°W / 10.533; -66.867
Area 81,900 ha (202,000 acres)[1]
Established 12 December 1958
Governing body INPARQUES
Cerro El Ávila
Elevation 2,765 m (9,072 ft)
Location
Location Caracas, Venezuela
Range Cordillera de la Costa
Coordinates 10°32′N 66°52′W / 10.533°N 66.867°W / 10.533; -66.867

The El Ávila National Park (or Waraira Repano, from an indigenous name for the area) protects part of the Cordillera de la Costa Central mountain range, in the coastal region of central-northern Venezuela.

El Ávila National Park is located along the central section of the Cordillera de la Costa mountain system, in the Cordillera de la Costa Central mountain range.The area's highest elevation is Pico Naiguatá, at 2,765 meters (9,072 ft) above sea level.

History[edit]

El Ávila was declared a park in 1958, fulfilling an interest in its protection that had been prevalent since the 19th century. With its creation came the protection of the forested mountains that surround Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. These mountains now serve as both a recreational area and as a buffer to pollution and urban expansion. El Ávila has always been an important resource for the inhabitants of Caracas, who have used the area for a variety of activities, some of which have threatened its conservation. A hotel and a cable car, which climbs to the highest point at 2,135 meters (7,005 ft) above sea level and drops down the other side to the city of Macuto, were opened in 1956. After being out of service for 20 years, this cable car was reopened in February 2002.[2]

Biodiversity[edit]

This park has a high diversity of fauna and flora. More than 100 butterfly species, approximately 120 mammal species, 20 amphibians, 30 reptiles and 500 bird species (36% of Venezuela avifauna) have been documented. Nine bird species are endemic to Venezuela and three threatened bird species live in this park. In addition, more than 1,800 plant species from diverse taxonomic groups can be observed. Several of these plants are endemic to the Cordillera de la Costa mountain range with some endemic to the park itself.

Threats[edit]

El Ávila can be classified as vulnerable because there is a risk that the diverse threats it faces will increasingly erode its biodiversity, unless in the near future constant monitoring occurs. The most immediate threats to the park, forest fires and illegal settlements, are located primarily near Caracas. However, the concentration of resources and vigilance in those areas closest to the city has resulted in more problems in the more isolated northern slope and eastern sector of El Ávila. These areas suffer from a lack of signs, infrastructure and vigilance. Other threats include the presence of exotic plants, the Caracas Aerial Tramway, the Hotel Humboldt and poaching.

Geography[edit]

View of the El Ávila Cable Car starting from Caracas to station of Hotel Humboldt.
Humboldt Hotel founded in 1956 on the top of the Cerro El Ávila (2.105 mts above the city of Caracas), Venezuela

El Ávila National Park is located along the central stretch of the Cordillera de la Costa, at 10° 32' latitude north and between 66° 12' and 67° 01' longitude west (see map). It covers the mountainous regions between the Caribbean Sea and the valleys of Caracas, Guatire, Guarenas and Barlovento. The park contains part of the following states: Vargas (northern slope), Capital District (southern and western slope) and Miranda (eastern slope).

The National Park is named for the Cerro El Ávila (Mountain El Ávila), usually just referred to as "El Ávila", which reaches 2,740 meters (8,990 ft) above sea level. This mountain rises north of the capital Caracas located in a narrow valley 950 meters (3,120 ft) above sea level and separates the city from the Caribbean Sea. The mountain is accessible by cable car (teleferico), by off-road vehicle, and on foot.

The park follows a mountain range 80 kilometers (50 mi) long and approximately 16 km wide. It contains over 81,800 hectares (202,000 acres), encompassing a wide variety of ecosystems that vary along the altitude gradient from 120 to 2,765 meters (394 to 9,072 ft) above sea level at Naiguatá peak. In the lower areas of the northern side, the vegetation is mainly xerophytes, represented by a variety of cacti, shrubs and spiny species. From 300 to 600 meters (980 to 1,970 ft), semi-deciduous forests dominate, whereas from 600 to 800 meters (2,000 to 2,600 ft) the seasonal semi-deciduous forests are common. From 800 to 1,500 meters (2,600 to 4,900 ft) above sea level on the northern slope and from 1,200 to 1,600 meters (3,900 to 5,200 ft) on the southern slope, the forests are mainly sub-mountainous evergreen forests. Due to the constant condensation by the cooling of the air masses and the decrease of atmospheric pressure, cloud forest dominates between 1,500 and 2,200 meters (4,900 and 7,200 ft) above sea level. Finally, the lack of water at 2,200 meters (7,200 ft) and higher permits only sub-páramo vegetation. Beautiful forests grow along the numerous watercourses that flow on either side of the mountain.

The temperatures vary widely on El Ávila, with an average temperature of 13 °C (55 °F) in the lower sections of Caracas valley and 10 °C (50 °F) on Naiguatá peak, where the lowest temperature ever recorded was 2 °C (36 °F). The annual average rainfall fluctuates between 600 and 1,400 millimeters (24 and 55 in) and is influenced by orography, which explains why rain is more abundant on the northern slope where the mountain faces the trade winds.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "El Avila". explore.com.ve. 
  2. ^ Brown, Emily (October 31, 2011). "El Ávila: The Protective Lungs of Caracas". Sounds and Colours. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ "El Ávila National Park - Park Profile - Geography". parkswatch.org. 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]

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