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El Ávila National Park (Waraira Repano), Caracas, Venezuela HD
El Ávila National Park (Waraira Repano), Caracas, Venezuela HD
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Idirizzo
Parque nacional El Ávila - Waraira Repano
Parque nacional El Ávila - Waraira Repano
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: LosSaliasTv
Day hike through El Avila National Park
Day hike through El Avila National Park
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Christian Ceccarelli
Impresiones en el Ávila -Caracas-
Impresiones en el Ávila -Caracas-
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: Meteoritenstaub
El Ávila National Park, Quebrada Quintero | Gopro Hero 3
El Ávila National Park, Quebrada Quintero | Gopro Hero 3
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: Carlos Briceño
Wonderful Earth - National Parks in Venezuela #Part 1
Wonderful Earth - National Parks in Venezuela #Part 1
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
TEDx El Ávila National Park 2011 - Ciudad Banesco
TEDx El Ávila National Park 2011 - Ciudad Banesco
Published: 2012/01/06
Channel: BanescoenImagenes
Glimpses of Caracas from Cable Car
Glimpses of Caracas from Cable Car
Published: 2012/09/02
Channel: The World is One !
Coming Down from Avila Mountain
Coming Down from Avila Mountain
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: The World is One !
Avila Turns Six Months
Avila Turns Six Months
Published: 2012/11/18
Channel: The World is One !
La Cruz de los Palmeros. Parque Nacional Avila, Waraira Repano. Caracas, Venezuela
La Cruz de los Palmeros. Parque Nacional Avila, Waraira Repano. Caracas, Venezuela
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: Vector Dragonfly
Ávila National Park / Warairarepano: Meshika in Venezuela
Ávila National Park / Warairarepano: Meshika in Venezuela
Published: 2011/04/11
Channel: The World is One !
Trek to Sabas Nieves on Mount Avila, Caracas
Trek to Sabas Nieves on Mount Avila, Caracas
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: The World is One !
Avila Facing the Mirror
Avila Facing the Mirror
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: The World is One !
Open-Air Gymnasium on Avila Mountain
Open-Air Gymnasium on Avila Mountain
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: The World is One !
El Avila Teleferico Caracas Venezuela - Cable Car
El Avila Teleferico Caracas Venezuela - Cable Car
Published: 2009/03/24
Channel: Yuri Andrei Rodriguez
En la cima del monte el Avila, Caracas, Venezuela
En la cima del monte el Avila, Caracas, Venezuela
Published: 2008/01/18
Channel: Andres Arias
Hiking in El Avila || Robust Runa
Hiking in El Avila || Robust Runa
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Robust Runa
High up in El Avila
High up in El Avila
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Carlos Roche
Walk to Humboldt Hotel on Avila Mountain, Caracas
Walk to Humboldt Hotel on Avila Mountain, Caracas
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: The World is One !
The Avila Adventurers
The Avila Adventurers
Published: 2009/07/21
Channel: bwlmn24fan
El Ávila mountain Venezuela
El Ávila mountain Venezuela
Published: 2008/05/27
Channel: zxbailey
El Ávila
El Ávila
Published: 2008/05/27
Channel: zxbailey
EN EL AVILA - VENEZUELA 2006
EN EL AVILA - VENEZUELA 2006
Published: 2007/12/28
Channel: misvideos123
El Ávila
El Ávila
Published: 2011/02/28
Channel: GR80Days
El Avila Caracas Venezuela
El Avila Caracas Venezuela
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Jesus Abrahans
Avila Mountain ( El Avila)
Avila Mountain ( El Avila)
Published: 2007/11/01
Channel: atenco01
Documental: Parque Nacional El Avila
Documental: Parque Nacional El Avila
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Luis Castillo
Venezuela Avila National Park I
Venezuela Avila National Park I
Published: 2008/05/16
Channel: Mark V
Venezuela Avila National Park III
Venezuela Avila National Park III
Published: 2008/05/16
Channel: Mark V
Venezuela Avila National Park II
Venezuela Avila National Park II
Published: 2008/05/16
Channel: Mark V
This it´s El Ávila Waraira Repano - Caracas - Venezuela
This it´s El Ávila Waraira Repano - Caracas - Venezuela
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Reinaldo TV
Glimpses of Life on Avila Mountain, Caracas
Glimpses of Life on Avila Mountain, Caracas
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: The World is One !
Caracas: Cerro El AVILA
Caracas: Cerro El AVILA
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: Omar C. Mesones
El Avila, 3 chapter
El Avila, 3 chapter
Published: 2009/10/04
Channel: Angela Mimiaga
El Avila
El Avila
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: Werther Blanco Nazoa
El Avila HD
El Avila HD
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: Vivian Castillo
Meshika
Meshika's School Trip to Avila Mountain
Published: 2013/03/04
Channel: The World is One !
Avila
Avila's First Visit to Mount Avila
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: The World is One !
Teleferico de Caracas: Meshika in Venezuela
Teleferico de Caracas: Meshika in Venezuela
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: The World is One !
El Ávila ( Sabas Nieves - Hotel Humboldt ) - Venezuela // GoPro HERO 3+
El Ávila ( Sabas Nieves - Hotel Humboldt ) - Venezuela // GoPro HERO 3+
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Kevin Oliveri
Teleferico Avila
Teleferico Avila
Published: 2011/07/05
Channel: Felipe Chibante
Hikking en El Avila. Caracas . Sept 2016
Hikking en El Avila. Caracas . Sept 2016
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Diario De Soninsky
El Avila de Seul
El Avila de Seul
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: tucupita1965
2012 263 May - En el Avila-tei de Miami.wmv
2012 263 May - En el Avila-tei de Miami.wmv
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: Robert Alonso
PICO ORIENTAL
PICO ORIENTAL
Published: 2008/10/20
Channel: Manuel Fraga
Trip El Ávila 2016 (Waraira Repano) GoPro Venezuela HD 1080p
Trip El Ávila 2016 (Waraira Repano) GoPro Venezuela HD 1080p
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Efrain Benitez
World Culé Venezuela - Subiendo el Ávila (Caracas)
World Culé Venezuela - Subiendo el Ávila (Caracas)
Published: 2012/12/11
Channel: Wolrd Culé
Neblina en el Avila
Neblina en el Avila
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: Armando Eloy Aranguren Rojas
Avila
Avila's Birthday
Published: 2013/05/04
Channel: The World is One !
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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El Ávila National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Flag of Venezuela, Cerro El Ávila.JPG
Map showing the location of El Ávila National Park
Map showing the location of El Ávila National Park
Location of El Ávila National Park
Coordinates 10°32′N 66°52′W / 10.533°N 66.867°W / 10.533; -66.867Coordinates: 10°32′N 66°52′W / 10.533°N 66.867°W / 10.533; -66.867
Area 81,900 ha (316 sq mi)[1]
Established 12 December 1958
Governing body INPARQUES
Cerro El Ávila
Highest point
Elevation 2,765 m (9,072 ft)
Coordinates 10°32′N 66°52′W / 10.533°N 66.867°W / 10.533; -66.867
Geography
Location Caracas, Venezuela
Parent range Cordillera de la Costa

The El Ávila National Park (or Waraira Repano, from an indigenous name for the area) protects part of the Cordillera de la Costa Central mountain range, in the coastal region of central-northern Venezuela.

El Ávila National Park is located along the central section of the Cordillera de la Costa mountain system, in the Cordillera de la Costa Central mountain range.The area's highest elevation is Pico Naiguatá, at 2,765 meters (9,072 ft) above sea level.

Culture & traditions[edit]

El Ávila is known as "el pulmón de la ciudad", the lungs of the city, as it serves many different functions for residents of Caracas, the most basic of these being navigation: the peak of El Ávila marks the north of the city. It is home to the longest cable car ride in the world, as well as activities like running, biking, rock climbing, camping, and zip-lining. El Hotel Humboldt as well as many restaurants, including La Chivera, Casa Pakea, El Jardín de Luna, Le Galipanier, Granja Natalia and Tarahumara, are all nestled in the mountain's hills. Every December, the "Cruz de Navidad" is illuminated, a large crucifix high up in the mountain that faces the city and can be seen from very far distances.[2]

Legend of Pacheco[edit]

A common expression amongst Caracas city-dwellers to describe the change in seasons is "Pacheco has arrived," which is a reference to the legend of Pacheco the flower-picker. He was known to be a resident of el Galipán, a region in el Ávila close to the coast that tended to mark the border between the coast's chilly weather and that of the hot, dry weather of the rest of the country. El Galipán was home to some of the most beautiful, unique flowers in the country, and every December Pacheco would make the long trip down the mountain into the city to sell his harvest in the Plaza Bolivar in Caracas. His arrival was often accompanied by the cold December weather, and over time, the expression "Pacheco has arrived" came to mean that the weather is about to get colder.

History[edit]

El Ávila was declared a park in 1958, fulfilling an interest in its protection that had been prevalent since the 19th century. With its creation came the protection of the forested mountains that surround Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. These mountains now serve as both a recreational area and as a buffer to pollution and urban expansion. El Ávila has always been an important resource for the inhabitants of Caracas, who have used the area for a variety of activities, some of which have threatened its conservation. A hotel and a cable car, which climbs to the highest point at 2,135 meters (7,005 ft) above sea level and drops down the other side to the city of Macuto, were opened in 1956. After being out of service for 20 years, this cable car was reopened in February 2002.[3]

Biodiversity[edit]

This park has a high diversity of fauna and flora. More than 100 butterfly species, approximately 120 mammal species, 20 amphibians, 30 reptiles and 500 bird species (36% of Venezuela avifauna) have been documented. Nine bird species are endemic to Venezuela and three threatened bird species live in this park. In addition, more than 1,800 plant species from diverse taxonomic groups can be observed. Several of these plants are endemic to the Cordillera de la Costa mountain range with some endemic to the park itself.

Vegetation[edit]

The vegetation is of mountain forest, with variations that is distributed according to the height. Between sea level and 200 or 300 meters (and even higher up in the orientation of relief) is the xeric forest, where prevail species like cují (Prosopis juliflora). Between 800–1500 m ombrófilo sub-evergreen forest is characterized by 2-3 arboreal strata and relatively dense undergrowth is located. Among the 1,200 - 3 tree storeys and undergrowth well developed - 2,200 masl ombrófilo evergreen forest with 2 stands. In these forests abundant species of the families of orchids, ferns, bromeliads, aroids, and have reported endemic species of the family Sapindaceae, Melastomataceae, Rubiaceae and Myrtaceae and arborescent ferns and palms (Ceroxylon ceriferum). Presents anthropogenic savannas where predominate species like melao capim (Melinis minutiflora), the bambusillo (Arthrostylidium venezuelae), yellow tara (Oyedaea verbesinoides) and incense (Espeletia neriifolia). In the upper regions of the Silla of Caracas and the Pico Naiguatá is a characteristic vegetation of coastal bush subpáramo, consisting of open shrub of 1–3 m tall with a herbaceous relatively well developed, being the most characteristic species incense or frailejón tree (Libanothamnus nerufolius), Spanish flag (Castilleja fissifolia) and false frailejón (Liabum megacephalum).

Panoramic view towards Caracas, looking at Pico Oriental; part of La Guaira can be seen to the left, and the Caracas valley to the right.

Threats[edit]

El Ávila can be classified as vulnerable because there is a risk that the diverse threats it faces will increasingly erode its biodiversity, unless in the near future constant monitoring occurs. The most immediate threats to the park, forest fires and illegal settlements, are located primarily near Caracas. However, the concentration of resources and vigilance in those areas closest to the city has resulted in more problems in the more isolated northern slope and eastern sector of El Ávila. These areas suffer from a lack of signs, infrastructure and vigilance. Other threats include the presence of exotic plants, the Caracas Aerial Tramway, the Hotel Humboldt and poaching.

Geography[edit]

El Ávila National Park is located along the central stretch of the Cordillera de la Costa, at 10° 32' latitude north and between 66° 12' and 67° 01' longitude west (see map). It covers the mountainous regions between the Caribbean Sea and the valleys of Caracas, Guatire, Guarenas and Barlovento. The park contains part of the following states: Vargas (northern slope), Capital District (southern and western slope) and Miranda (eastern slope).

Humboldt Hotel founded in 1956 on the top of the Cerro El Ávila (2.105 mts above the city of Caracas), Venezuela

The National Park is named for the Cerro El Ávila (Mountain El Ávila), usually just referred to as "El Ávila", which reaches 2,740 meters (8,990 ft) above sea level. This mountain rises north of the capital Caracas located in a narrow valley 950 meters (3,120 ft) above sea level and separates the city from the Caribbean Sea. The mountain is accessible by cable car (teleferico), by off-road vehicle, and on foot. In addition to the scenery, one may visit the hacienda, laboratory and mausoleum of Gottfried Knoche; a German-born doctor who was notorious for his experiments in mummification. They are accessible only by footpath.

The park follows a mountain range 80 kilometers (50 mi) long and approximately 16 km wide. It contains over 81,800 hectares (202,000 acres), encompassing a wide variety of ecosystems that vary along the altitude gradient from 120 to 2,765 meters (394 to 9,072 ft) above sea level at Naiguatá peak. In the lower areas of the northern side, the vegetation is mainly xerophytes, represented by a variety of cacti, shrubs and spiny species. From 300 to 600 meters (980 to 1,970 ft), semi-deciduous forests dominate, whereas from 600 to 800 meters (2,000 to 2,600 ft) the seasonal semi-deciduous forests are common. From 800 to 1,500 meters (2,600 to 4,900 ft) above sea level on the northern slope and from 1,200 to 1,600 meters (3,900 to 5,200 ft) on the southern slope, the forests are mainly sub-mountainous evergreen forests. Due to the constant condensation by the cooling of the air masses and the decrease of atmospheric pressure, cloud forest dominates between 1,500 and 2,200 meters (4,900 and 7,200 ft) above sea level. Finally, the lack of water at 2,200 meters (7,200 ft) and higher permits only sub-páramo vegetation. Beautiful forests grow along the numerous watercourses that flow on either side of the mountain.

The temperatures vary widely on El Ávila, with an average temperature of 13 °C (55 °F) in the lower sections of Caracas valley and 10 °C (50 °F) on Naiguatá peak, where the lowest temperature ever recorded was 2 °C (36 °F). The annual average rainfall fluctuates between 600 and 1,400 millimeters (24 and 55 in) and is influenced by orography, which explains why rain is more abundant on the northern slope where the mountain faces the trade winds.[4]

Trails[edit]

There are plenty of trails in El Ávila National Park for outdoors enthusiasts. From low-level routes to high technical complexity, there is a trail for everyone.

The most famous trails are: Los Venados, Sabas Nieves, El Vivero, Los Pinos, Papelón, Rancho Grande, Cachimbo, Miguel Delgado, Lomas del Cuño, El Paraíso, La Julia, Picacho, Piedra del Indio, Lagunazo, Pico Oriental, Pico Occidental, Cabeza de Elefante and Pico Naiguatá.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "El Avila". explore.com.ve. Archived from the original on 2011-11-20. 
  2. ^ "Daniela Flamini". Daniela Flamini. Retrieved 2017-04-13. 
  3. ^ Brown, Emily (October 31, 2011). "El Ávila: The Protective Lungs of Caracas". Sounds and Colours. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ "El Ávila National Park - Park Profile - Geography". parkswatch.org. 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]

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