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El Jem , Tunisia  HD
El Jem , Tunisia HD
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Jacek Zarzycki
Medina of Sousse, Amphitheatre of El Jem... True Tunisia / season 2 (day 2 & 3)
Medina of Sousse, Amphitheatre of El Jem... True Tunisia / season 2 (day 2 & 3)
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Discover Tunisia
Explore the Amphitheatre of El Djem in Tunisia on Google Maps - ‎اكتشف قصر الجم في تونس
Explore the Amphitheatre of El Djem in Tunisia on Google Maps - ‎اكتشف قصر الجم في تونس
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Google Arabia
El Djem Vacation Travel Video Guide
El Djem Vacation Travel Video Guide
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Expoza Travel
Tunisia El Jem
Tunisia El Jem
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: octavst
El Djem 2005 - Muti dirige il "Mefistofele" di Boito - Teatro Romano
El Djem 2005 - Muti dirige il "Mefistofele" di Boito - Teatro Romano
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: Riccardo Muti Music
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem Amphitheater
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem Amphitheater
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: Peter Menzel
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE   EL DJEM COLOSSEUM    TUNISIA
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE EL DJEM COLOSSEUM TUNISIA
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Tunisie Patrimoine
El Djem Colosseum (Tunesien)
El Djem Colosseum (Tunesien)
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: limitedsounddesign
Carthage, El Djem & Timgad: "Ancient Rome in Africa" circa 1920 Kineto Review
Carthage, El Djem & Timgad: "Ancient Rome in Africa" circa 1920 Kineto Review
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem - Römisches Amphitheater
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem - Römisches Amphitheater
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Peter Menzel
Roman Colisuem at El Djem Tunisia
Roman Colisuem at El Djem Tunisia
Published: 2011/11/29
Channel: ozaerr
El Djem, Tunisia
El Djem, Tunisia
Published: 2011/10/28
Channel: Ron Gatepain
Roman Amphitheatre -  El Djem - Tunisia - 1981
Roman Amphitheatre - El Djem - Tunisia - 1981
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: ThamesTv
Tunisia - Amphitheatre El Djem
Tunisia - Amphitheatre El Djem
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Bogumił Dec
Visite de l
Visite de l'amphitheatre el jem colisée Thysdrus
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: Cap Voyage
El Jem |  El Djem  | La tunisie | Tunisia |أيام الجم الرومانية
El Jem | El Djem | La tunisie | Tunisia |أيام الجم الرومانية
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Marwa Vlogs
Roman Amphitheatre at El Djem
Roman Amphitheatre at El Djem
Published: 2010/01/04
Channel: ozrocker
Masrahiyat Al Mar2a Alati - El Jem - مسرحية المرأة اللثي - نسخة كاملة
Masrahiyat Al Mar2a Alati - El Jem - مسرحية المرأة اللثي - نسخة كاملة
Published: 2012/04/06
Channel: Programmat2mTv
Miro the Gladiator of El Djem - Tunisia (by Omar Fakhfekh)
Miro the Gladiator of El Djem - Tunisia (by Omar Fakhfekh)
Published: 2011/06/16
Channel: Miro Sfax
El Djem | Amphitheatre | Exploring Tunisia!
El Djem | Amphitheatre | Exploring Tunisia!
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Yofoot Explores!
Mohamed El Jem & Mohamed El Khyari - Amlou
Mohamed El Jem & Mohamed El Khyari - Amlou
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Mehdi Ounjema
TUNISIA:  EL DJEM - CARTAGINE - SIDI BOU SAID تونس سيدي بو سعيد   [HD]
TUNISIA: EL DJEM - CARTAGINE - SIDI BOU SAID تونس سيدي بو سعيد [HD]
Published: 2011/01/12
Channel: CLAUDIO MORTINI
Cap Compas Tunisia Tunis El Djem Sidi Bou Said
Cap Compas Tunisia Tunis El Djem Sidi Bou Said
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: Istorie Religie Civilizatii TVR Romania
The Amphitheatre of El Djem Tour,  Mahdia, Tunisia
The Amphitheatre of El Djem Tour, Mahdia, Tunisia
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: octavst
7글래디에이터 촬영지 엘 젬 콜로세움 구경(El DJem Amphitheatre Tour) - 2016.02.25
7글래디에이터 촬영지 엘 젬 콜로세움 구경(El DJem Amphitheatre Tour) - 2016.02.25
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: 한상기 Han Sang Ki
MOHAMED EL JEM DANS LE MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
MOHAMED EL JEM DANS LE MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
Published: 2014/05/04
Channel: HIT RADIO
El Djem
El Djem
Published: 2009/03/08
Channel: travelwinglet
Tunisia "Christian" and a "lion" in El Djem (El Jem) Roman amphitheatre
Tunisia "Christian" and a "lion" in El Djem (El Jem) Roman amphitheatre
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Life In Another Town
Les plus beaux sites du patrimoine mondial   El Djem, Tunisie
Les plus beaux sites du patrimoine mondial El Djem, Tunisie
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Be Erasmus
9튀니지의 흔한 주유소 & 국도 운전하기(El Djem to Skhira Tunisia) - 2016.02.25
9튀니지의 흔한 주유소 & 국도 운전하기(El Djem to Skhira Tunisia) - 2016.02.25
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: 한상기 Han Sang Ki
【K】Tunisia Travel-El Djem[튀니지 여행-엘젬]세계 3번째 규모 로마 원형 경기장/Roman Amphitheatre/Stadium
【K】Tunisia Travel-El Djem[튀니지 여행-엘젬]세계 3번째 규모 로마 원형 경기장/Roman Amphitheatre/Stadium
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: 걸어서 세계속으로 KBS
Tunisia. El Djem amphitheater / Тунис. Амфитеатр в Эль Джеме
Tunisia. El Djem amphitheater / Тунис. Амфитеатр в Эль Джеме
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Yuri Baranov
El Djem
El Djem
Published: 2009/05/25
Channel: Antero Campeão
Gladiator Arena @ El Djem in Tunisia
Gladiator Arena @ El Djem in Tunisia
Published: 2010/07/25
Channel: YvetteWaltman
Эль Джем - амфитеатр / Карфаген (El Djem / Carthage), Tunisia 2017
Эль Джем - амфитеатр / Карфаген (El Djem / Carthage), Tunisia 2017
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: MARIA Firebird
El-Djem, Monastir & Port el Kantaoui - Tunisia
El-Djem, Monastir & Port el Kantaoui - Tunisia
Published: 2007/06/07
Channel: Albert de la Hoz Bofarull
Maison Afrika  El Djem
Maison Afrika El Djem
Published: 2014/03/21
Channel: Lotfi Gabsi
Amphitheatre of El Jem - 360° VR
Amphitheatre of El Jem - 360° VR
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Discover Tunisia
The Age of Gladiators. El Jem Roman Amphitheatre Tunisia
The Age of Gladiators. El Jem Roman Amphitheatre Tunisia
Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: lookathistory
Madrid Orchestra in El Jem Amphitheater
Madrid Orchestra in El Jem Amphitheater
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Aisha Martinek
El Djem - The Colosseum of Africa / O coliseu de África
El Djem - The Colosseum of Africa / O coliseu de África
Published: 2008/08/19
Channel: Antero Campeão
Tunisia, El Djem
Tunisia, El Djem
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: TurismoItaliaNews
Tunisia - 6 of 9 - Ksar Ghilane  - Matmata - Gabes - El Djem
Tunisia - 6 of 9 - Ksar Ghilane - Matmata - Gabes - El Djem
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: SouthAngelVideo
L
L'Amphitheatre d'El Jem (Tunisie)
Published: 2011/03/26
Channel: UltraCarthaginois
El Djem
El Djem
Published: 2007/06/09
Channel: maresblanco
El Djem - Tunisia: the coliseum / il colosseo (by Omar Fakhfekh)
El Djem - Tunisia: the coliseum / il colosseo (by Omar Fakhfekh)
Published: 2011/06/27
Channel: Miro Sfax
Tribute To Yanni - From Thysdrus El Djem - TUNISIA
Tribute To Yanni - From Thysdrus El Djem - TUNISIA
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: Yanni Thysdrus
El djem amphitheatre Tunisia
El djem amphitheatre Tunisia
Published: 2015/04/04
Channel: Ivan Andonovic
El Djem
El Djem
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Melanie Kessler
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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El Djem الجمّ
Thysdrus
The skyline of El Djem
The skyline of El Djem
El Djem الجمّ is located in Tunisia
El Djem الجمّ
El Djem الجمّ
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E / 35.300°N 10.717°E / 35.300; 10.717
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Mahdia Governorate
Population (2014)
 • Total 21,576
Time zone CET (UTC1)
The town viewed from the amphitheatre

El Djem (Tunisian Arabic: الجمّ About this sound il jām; Latin Thysdrus) is a town in Mahdia Governorate, Tunisia, population 21,576 (2014 census). It is home to some of the most impressive Roman remains in Africa, like the world-famous "Roman amphitheater of Thysdrus".

History[edit]

El Djem in the morning

The Roman city of Thysdrus was built, like almost all Roman settlements in ancient Tunisia, on former Punic settlements. In a less arid climate than today's, Thysdrus, which became part of the Roman province of Byzacena, prospered especially in the 2nd century, when it became an important center of olive oil manufacturing for export. It was the seat of a Christian bishopric, which is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[1]

By the early 3rd century AD, when the amphitheater was built, Thysdrus rivaled Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) as the second city of Roman North Africa, after Carthage. However, following the abortive revolt that began there in 238 AD, and Gordian I's suicide in his villa near Carthage, Roman troops loyal to the Emperor Maximinus Thrax destroyed the city. The town is shown on the 4th century Peutinger Map.

Sights[edit]

Amphitheatre[edit]

View of the first two amphitheatres.
Inside the amphitheatre

El Djem is famous for its amphitheatre, often incorrectly called a Colosseum (roughly translated from Latin as 'that thing by the Colossus'), which is capable of seating 35,000 spectators. Only the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome (about 50,000 spectators) and the ruined theatre of Capua are larger.

The amphitheatre at El Djem was built by the Romans under proconsul Gordian, who was acclaimed Emperor at Thysdrus, around 238 and was mainly used for gladiator shows and small chariot races (like in Ben-Hur).

Many tourists come here to see what it was like to be inside what was once a place where lions and people met their fate. Much of it is crumbled but the essence of it still remains. It is also possible that construction of the amphitheatre was never finished.

Until the 17th century it remained more or less whole. From then on its stones were used for building the nearby village of El Djem and transported to the Great Mosque in Kairouan, and at a tense moment during struggles with the Ottomans, the Turks used cannons to flush rebels out of the amphitheatre.

The ruins of the amphitheatre were declared a World Heritage Site in 1979. It hosts the annual Festival international de musique symphonique d'El Jem.

Others[edit]

Drifting sand is preserving the market city of Thysdrus and the refined suburban villas that once surrounded it. Some floor mosaics have been found and published, but field archaeology has scarcely been attempted. Recently with aerial photos, a huge racetrack stadium has been discovered.[2]

In the world of writing materials, Thysdrus lay in the Empire of Papyrus, which preserves ruins remarkably well if kept as dry as at El Djem.

World War II[edit]

During World War II a major military airfield was located near El Djem, used first by the German Luftwaffe. It was attacked on numerous occasions and later used by the United States Army Air Forces Twelfth Air Force as a transport field. There are few, if any, remains of the airfield today with the land being returned to agricultural uses outside of the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 992
  2. ^ citation needed

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E / 35.300°N 10.717°E / 35.300; 10.717

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