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1
El  Djem - Kairouan - Monastir Rundfahrt im März 2013 - Olaf Isselhorst
El Djem - Kairouan - Monastir Rundfahrt im März 2013 - Olaf Isselhorst
::2013/04/16::
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2
El Jem Coliseum - Tunisia
El Jem Coliseum - Tunisia
::2011/10/16::
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3
Tunesien - Mahdia El Djem - Amphitheater
Tunesien - Mahdia El Djem - Amphitheater
::2012/04/13::
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4
Tunisia El Jem 2012
Tunisia El Jem 2012
::2013/06/09::
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5
El Djem - Wir sind so
El Djem - Wir sind so
::2013/01/01::
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6
Masrahiyat Al Mar2a Alati - El Jem - مسرحية المرأة اللثي - نسخة كاملة
Masrahiyat Al Mar2a Alati - El Jem - مسرحية المرأة اللثي - نسخة كاملة
::2012/04/06::
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7
Roman Amphitheatre at El Djem
Roman Amphitheatre at El Djem
::2010/01/04::
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8
MOHAMED EL JEM DANS LE MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
MOHAMED EL JEM DANS LE MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
::2014/05/04::
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9
Sir Hta Tji El JEM
Sir Hta Tji El JEM
::2013/07/27::
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10
TUNISIA:  EL DJEM - CARTAGINE - SIDI BOU SAID تونس سيدي بو سعيد   [HD]
TUNISIA: EL DJEM - CARTAGINE - SIDI BOU SAID تونس سيدي بو سعيد [HD]
::2011/01/12::
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11
Tribute To Yanni - From Thysdrus El Djem
Tribute To Yanni - From Thysdrus El Djem
::2014/10/03::
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12
mohamed eljem
mohamed eljem ''hada nta" part 2 محمد الجم "هذا نتا" جزء
::2013/04/21::
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13
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE , EL DJEM COLOSSEUM  - TUNISIA
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE , EL DJEM COLOSSEUM - TUNISIA
::2013/04/01::
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14
Musique Classique _ Orchestre de Vienne / El Djem Tunisie
Musique Classique _ Orchestre de Vienne / El Djem Tunisie
::2012/06/24::
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15
Yosra Zekri   Nella Fantazia   Rêve Tunisien El Djem 2014
Yosra Zekri Nella Fantazia Rêve Tunisien El Djem 2014
::2014/09/09::
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16
mohamed eljem
mohamed eljem ''hada nta" part 1 محمد الجم "هذا نتا" جزء
::2013/04/21::
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17
TUNISIA: EL DJEM - CARTAGINE - SIDI BOU SAID
TUNISIA: EL DJEM - CARTAGINE - SIDI BOU SAID
::2012/08/20::
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18
Carthage, El Djem & Timgad: "Ancient Rome in Africa" circa 1920 Kineto Review
Carthage, El Djem & Timgad: "Ancient Rome in Africa" circa 1920 Kineto Review
::2013/07/10::
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19
El Jem Mohemmad محمد الجم
El Jem Mohemmad محمد الجم
::2013/07/26::
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20
EL DJEM
EL DJEM
::2013/04/18::
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21
Tunisia Travel Guide - The El Jem Amphitheatre in El Jem
Tunisia Travel Guide - The El Jem Amphitheatre in El Jem
::2011/01/18::
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22
El Jem , Tunisia 2014 HD
El Jem , Tunisia 2014 HD
::2014/04/09::
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23
El Djem 2005 - Muti dirige il "Mefistofele" di Boito - Teatro Romano
El Djem 2005 - Muti dirige il "Mefistofele" di Boito - Teatro Romano
::2012/11/14::
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24
Francesco Corteccia, 4/7 Sileno, Bronzino, El Djem
Francesco Corteccia, 4/7 Sileno, Bronzino, El Djem
::2011/10/29::
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25
El Djem
El Djem
::2009/03/08::
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26
LE SECRET DE REUSSITE DE MOHAMED EL JEM - MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
LE SECRET DE REUSSITE DE MOHAMED EL JEM - MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
::2014/05/04::
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27
EL DJEM Tunisia
EL DJEM Tunisia
::2009/08/09::
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28
aswat   Portrait Mohamed El Jem
aswat Portrait Mohamed El Jem
::2012/03/22::
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29
Cette Semaine Mohamed EL JEM 07/2010
Cette Semaine Mohamed EL JEM 07/2010
::2010/07/30::
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30
El Djem - Bester Freund
El Djem - Bester Freund
::2013/01/01::
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31
Tunisia - 6 of 9 - Ksar Ghilane  - Matmata - Gabes - El Djem
Tunisia - 6 of 9 - Ksar Ghilane - Matmata - Gabes - El Djem
::2013/11/19::
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32
Tunísia - Coliseu El Djem, Sousse, Port El Kantaoui e Cartago
Tunísia - Coliseu El Djem, Sousse, Port El Kantaoui e Cartago
::2014/03/26::
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33
Toshiba Camileo H10 - Test Video - Coloseum El Djem - Tunesien
Toshiba Camileo H10 - Test Video - Coloseum El Djem - Tunesien
::2012/11/18::
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34
el Djem
el Djem
::2009/05/01::
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35
Тунис. Колизей. Эль Джем / Tunisia. Colosseum. El Jem
Тунис. Колизей. Эль Джем / Tunisia. Colosseum. El Jem
::2013/10/27::
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36
"South to Sfax via Hammamet, Sousse, and El Djem" Wareameye
"South to Sfax via Hammamet, Sousse, and El Djem" Wareameye's photos around Sfax, Tunisia
::2010/12/04::
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37
El Djem - Fetenstürmer
El Djem - Fetenstürmer
::2013/01/01::
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38
L
L'Amphitheatre d'El Jem 3D
::2013/09/17::
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39
Jejak Romawi - El Djem Tunisia
Jejak Romawi - El Djem Tunisia
::2013/03/31::
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40
G-Man - El Jem (Original)
G-Man - El Jem (Original)
::2013/05/17::
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41
El Djem (El Jem) Roman ampitheatre in Tunisia HD Video
El Djem (El Jem) Roman ampitheatre in Tunisia HD Video
::2013/05/21::
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42
MOHAMED EL JEM AVEC LES AUDITEURS DU MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
MOHAMED EL JEM AVEC LES AUDITEURS DU MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
::2014/05/04::
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43
"Djerba... El Jem et Hammamet" Amidlifecrisis
"Djerba... El Jem et Hammamet" Amidlifecrisis's photos around Djerba, Tunisia (the el djem souk)
::2010/12/18::
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44
Ravenna El Djem
Ravenna El Djem
::2009/05/11::
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45
PORTRAIT MAROCAIN DE MOHAMED EL JEM DANS LE MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
PORTRAIT MAROCAIN DE MOHAMED EL JEM DANS LE MORNING DE MOMO SUR HIT RADIO - 29/04/14
::2014/05/06::
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46
Zwiedzanie Tunezji - Amfiteatr w Al Dżamm (El Djem)
Zwiedzanie Tunezji - Amfiteatr w Al Dżamm (El Djem)
::2014/06/22::
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47
Harlem shake - (El-Jem) Tunisia...Chmata fil Gassas..loooool
Harlem shake - (El-Jem) Tunisia...Chmata fil Gassas..loooool
::2013/02/27::
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48
El Jem El Djem and Carthage
El Jem El Djem and Carthage
::2010/05/31::
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49
Apus pallidus ::: Tunisia, El Djem ::: 2014.06.08.
Apus pallidus ::: Tunisia, El Djem ::: 2014.06.08.
::2014/06/16::
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Roman Colisuem at El Djem Tunisia
Roman Colisuem at El Djem Tunisia
::2011/11/28::
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El Djem قصر الجمّ
Thysdrus
The town seen from the ruins
The town seen from the ruins
El Djem قصر الجمّ is located in Tunisia
El Djem قصر الجمّ
El Djem قصر الجمّ
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E / 35.300°N 10.717°E / 35.300; 10.717
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Mahdia Governorate
Population (2004)
 • Total 18,302
Time zone CET (UTC1)

El Djem (Arabic: قصر الجمّ; Latin Thysdrus) is a town in Mahdia Governorate, Tunisia, population 18,302 (2004 census). It is home to some of the most impressive Roman remains in Africa, like the worldwide famous "Roman amphitheater of Thysdrus".

History[edit]

El Djem in the morning

The Roman city of Thysdrus was built, like almost all Roman settlements in ancient Tunisia, on former Punic settlements. In a less arid climate than today's, Thysdrus, which became part of the Roman province of Byzacena, prospered especially in the 2nd century, when it became an important center of olive oil manufacturing for export. It was the seat of a Christian bishopric, which is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[1]

By the early 3rd century AD, when the amphitheater was built, Thysdrus rivaled Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) as the second city of Roman North Africa, after Carthage. However, following the abortive revolt that began there in 238 AD, and Gordian I's suicide in his villa near Carthage, Roman troops loyal to the Emperor Maximinus Thrax destroyed the city that had reached a population of nearly 50,000 inhabitants. It never really recovered, even if lasted as a small town until the Arab invasion in the seventh century.

The amphitheater was used for filming some of the scenes from the 1979 Monty Python film Life of Brian and was also used for filming some of the scenes from the Academy Award (Oscar) winning film Gladiator.

Sights[edit]

Amphitheatre[edit]

Amphitheatre entrance
Inside amphitheater

El Djem is famous for its amphitheater, often incorrectly called a Colosseum (roughly translated from Latin as 'that thing by the Colossus'), which is capable of seating 35,000 spectators. Only the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome (about 50,000 spectators) and the ruined theatre of Capua are larger.

The amphitheatre at El Djem was built by the Romans under proconsul Gordian, who was acclaimed Emperor at Thysdrus, around 238 and was mainly used for gladiator shows and small chariot races (like in Ben-Hur).

Many tourists come here to see what it was like to be inside what was once a place where lions and people met their fate. Much of it is crumbled but the essence of it still remains. It is also possible that construction of the amphitheatre was never finished.

Until the 17th century it remained more or less whole. From then on its stones were used for building the nearby village of El Djem and transported to the Great Mosque in Kairouan, and at a tense moment during struggles with the Ottomans, the Turks used cannons to flush rebels out of the amphitheatre.

The ruins of the amphitheatre were declared a World Heritage Site in 1979.

Others[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Amphitheatre of El Jem
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
El Djem: the amphitheatre of Thysdrus
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Reference 38
UNESCO region Arab States
Inscription history
Inscription 1979 (3rd Session)

Drifting sand is preserving the market city of Thysdrus and the refined suburban villas that once surrounded it. The amphiteatre occupies archaeologists' attention: no digging required. Some floor mosaics have been found and published, but field archaeology has scarcely been attempted. Recently with aerophotos has been discovered a huge racetrack stadium.

In the world of writing materials, Thysdrus lay in the Empire of Papyrus, which preserves remarkably well if kept as dry as at El Djem.

World War II[edit]

During World War II a major military airfield was located near El Djem, used first by the German Luftwaffe. It was attacked on numerous occasions and later used by the United States Army Air Forces Twelfth Air Force as a transport field. There are few, if any, remains of the airfield today with the land being returned to agricultural uses outside of the city.

Today the city of El Djem has nearly 18,000 inhabitants and receives a huge amount of tourists because of the Roman amphiteater.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 992

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E / 35.300°N 10.717°E / 35.300; 10.717

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