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Medina of Sousse, Amphitheatre of El Jem... True Tunisia / season 2 (day 2 & 3)
Medina of Sousse, Amphitheatre of El Jem... True Tunisia / season 2 (day 2 & 3)
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Discover Tunisia
El Jem , Tunisia  HD
El Jem , Tunisia HD
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Jacek Zarzycki
Explore the Amphitheatre of El Djem in Tunisia on Google Maps - ‎اكتشف قصر الجم في تونس
Explore the Amphitheatre of El Djem in Tunisia on Google Maps - ‎اكتشف قصر الجم في تونس
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Google Arabia
Tunisia El Jem
Tunisia El Jem
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: octavst
El Djem Vacation Travel Video Guide
El Djem Vacation Travel Video Guide
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Expoza Travel
EL DJEM TUNISIA UNESCO Wolrld Heritage Site
EL DJEM TUNISIA UNESCO Wolrld Heritage Site
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: TravelVideoStore
Tunisia - Amphitheatre El Djem
Tunisia - Amphitheatre El Djem
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Bogumił Dec
Carthage, El Djem & Timgad: "Ancient Rome in Africa" circa 1920 Kineto Review
Carthage, El Djem & Timgad: "Ancient Rome in Africa" circa 1920 Kineto Review
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: Jeff Quitney
The Amphitheatre of El Djem
The Amphitheatre of El Djem
Published: 2010/04/13
Channel: Bill Kleinsorge
Amphitheatre of El Jem - 360° VR
Amphitheatre of El Jem - 360° VR
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Discover Tunisia
The Age of Gladiators. El Jem Roman Amphitheatre Tunisia
The Age of Gladiators. El Jem Roman Amphitheatre Tunisia
Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: lookathistory
7글래디에이터 촬영지 엘 젬 콜로세움 구경(El DJem Amphitheatre Tour) - 2016.02.25
7글래디에이터 촬영지 엘 젬 콜로세움 구경(El DJem Amphitheatre Tour) - 2016.02.25
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: 한상기 Han Sang Ki
El Djem | Amphitheatre | Exploring Tunisia!
El Djem | Amphitheatre | Exploring Tunisia!
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Yofoot Explores!
HD video filmed inside the huge Roman amphitheatre of El Djem (El Jem) in Tunisia
HD video filmed inside the huge Roman amphitheatre of El Djem (El Jem) in Tunisia
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Life In Another Town
HD El Djem the Roman Amphitheatre in Tunisia - Subtitled
HD El Djem the Roman Amphitheatre in Tunisia - Subtitled
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Life In Another Town
Roman Amphitheatre at El Djem
Roman Amphitheatre at El Djem
Published: 2010/01/04
Channel: ozrocker
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem Amphitheater
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem Amphitheater
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: Peter Menzel
Tunisia Travel Guide - The El Jem Amphitheatre in El Jem
Tunisia Travel Guide - The El Jem Amphitheatre in El Jem
Published: 2011/01/18
Channel: geobeats
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE , EL DJEM COLOSSEUM  - TUNISIA
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE , EL DJEM COLOSSEUM - TUNISIA
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: Salih ARIT
Roman Amphitheatre -  El Djem - Tunisia - 1981
Roman Amphitheatre - El Djem - Tunisia - 1981
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: ThamesTv
el djem
el djem
Published: 2007/04/25
Channel: gbrain2007
Amphitheatre of El Jem (UNESCO/NHK)
Amphitheatre of El Jem (UNESCO/NHK)
Published: 2013/11/05
Channel: UNESCO
Wiener Opernball orchester-Östrreich  El-JEM 05/08/2017
Wiener Opernball orchester-Östrreich El-JEM 05/08/2017
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: mahdi awishi
Tunisia.Coliseum, El Jem. Orhestra and Choir of Ukrainian Radio. Conductor V.Sheiko.
Tunisia.Coliseum, El Jem. Orhestra and Choir of Ukrainian Radio. Conductor V.Sheiko.
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: nrcuOrchestra
El Jem, Tunisia
El Jem, Tunisia
Published: 2012/08/24
Channel: lewnlew
El Djem Amphitheatre, Tunisia 1/2007
El Djem Amphitheatre, Tunisia 1/2007
Published: 2007/10/28
Channel: Stephen SteveT
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem - Römisches Amphitheater
Tunesien - Mahdia - El Djem - Römisches Amphitheater
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Peter Menzel
Visite de l
Visite de l'amphitheatre el jem colisée Thysdrus
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: Cap Voyage
El Jem El Djem and Carthage
El Jem El Djem and Carthage
Published: 2010/05/31
Channel: Kaiser Jamal
El Djem 2005 - Muti dirige il "Mefistofele" di Boito - Teatro Romano
El Djem 2005 - Muti dirige il "Mefistofele" di Boito - Teatro Romano
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: Riccardo Muti Music
The Amphitheatre of El Djem Tour,  Mahdia, Tunisia
The Amphitheatre of El Djem Tour, Mahdia, Tunisia
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: octavst
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE
EL JEM AMPHITHEATRE
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: Tunisie Immobilier TV (Chaîne Officiel)
The Amphitheater at El Djem - A Roman Archaeological Site in Tunisia قصر الجم الروماني تونس
The Amphitheater at El Djem - A Roman Archaeological Site in Tunisia قصر الجم الروماني تونس
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: IMED EVENT
Ravenna El Djem
Ravenna El Djem
Published: 2009/05/11
Channel: ravennafestival
Tunisia. El Djem amphitheater / Тунис. Амфитеатр в Эль Джеме
Tunisia. El Djem amphitheater / Тунис. Амфитеатр в Эль Джеме
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Yuri Baranov
Tunisia Tunis El Djem Sidi Bou Said
Tunisia Tunis El Djem Sidi Bou Said
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: Istorie Religie Civilizatii TVR Romania
Gladiator Arena @ El Djem in Tunisia
Gladiator Arena @ El Djem in Tunisia
Published: 2010/07/25
Channel: YvetteWaltman
Tribute To Yanni - From Thysdrus El Djem - TUNISIA
Tribute To Yanni - From Thysdrus El Djem - TUNISIA
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: Yanni Thysdrus
The Amphitheatre of El Djem
The Amphitheatre of El Djem
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: HDG3N3RATION
Les plus beaux sites du patrimoine mondial   El Djem, Tunisie
Les plus beaux sites du patrimoine mondial El Djem, Tunisie
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Be Erasmus
The Amphitheater at El Djem - A Roman Archaeological Site in Tunisia قصر الجم الروماني تونس
The Amphitheater at El Djem - A Roman Archaeological Site in Tunisia قصر الجم الروماني تونس
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: IMED EVENT
Programa Por Aí na Tunísia - Coliseu El Djem, Sousse, Port El Kantaoui e Cartago
Programa Por Aí na Tunísia - Coliseu El Djem, Sousse, Port El Kantaoui e Cartago
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Programa Por Aí.
L
L'Amphitheatre d'El Jem 3D
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: beligh belhaj
The Amphitheater at El Djem - A Roman Archaeological Site in Tunisia قصر الجم الروماني تونس
The Amphitheater at El Djem - A Roman Archaeological Site in Tunisia قصر الجم الروماني تونس
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: IMED EVENT
Flamenco in El Djem (قصر الجمّ)
Flamenco in El Djem (قصر الجمّ)
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: Anya Yermakova
Anfiteatro de El Djem -  El Djem Amphitheatre
Anfiteatro de El Djem - El Djem Amphitheatre
Published: 2014/05/11
Channel: Morgana ML
EL DJEM
EL DJEM
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Pam Gray
El Djem
El Djem
Published: 2009/03/08
Channel: travelwinglet
El Jem amphitheatre in Tunisia June 2011
El Jem amphitheatre in Tunisia June 2011
Published: 2011/06/14
Channel: Theramsden5
El Djem - Tunisia: the coliseum / il colosseo (by Omar Fakhfekh)
El Djem - Tunisia: the coliseum / il colosseo (by Omar Fakhfekh)
Published: 2011/06/27
Channel: Miro Sfax
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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El Djem الجمّ
Thysdrus
The skyline of El Djem
The skyline of El Djem
El Djem الجمّ is located in Tunisia
El Djem الجمّ
El Djem الجمّ
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E / 35.300°N 10.717°E / 35.300; 10.717
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Mahdia Governorate
Population (2014)
 • Total 21,576
Time zone CET (UTC1)
The town viewed from the amphitheatre

El Djem (Tunisian Arabic: الجمّ About this sound il jām; Latin Thysdrus) is a town in Mahdia Governorate, Tunisia, population 21,576 (2014 census). It is home to some of the most impressive Roman remains in Africa, like the world-famous "Roman amphitheater of Thysdrus".

History[edit]

El Djem in the morning

The Roman city of Thysdrus was built, like almost all Roman settlements in ancient Tunisia, on former Punic settlements. In a less arid climate than today's, Thysdrus, which became part of the Roman province of Byzacena, prospered especially in the 2nd century, when it became an important center of olive oil manufacturing for export. It was the seat of a Christian bishopric, which is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[1]

By the early 3rd century AD, when the amphitheater was built, Thysdrus rivaled Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) as the second city of Roman North Africa, after Carthage. However, following the abortive revolt that began there in 238 AD, and Gordian I's suicide in his villa near Carthage, Roman troops loyal to the Emperor Maximinus Thrax destroyed the city. The town is shown on the 4th century Peutinger Map.

Sights[edit]

Amphitheatre[edit]

View of the first two amphitheatres.
Inside the amphitheatre

El Djem is famous for its amphitheatre, often incorrectly called a Colosseum (roughly translated from Latin as 'that thing by the Colossus'), which is capable of seating 35,000 spectators. Only the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome (about 50,000 spectators) and the ruined theatre of Capua are larger.

The amphitheatre at El Djem was built by the Romans under proconsul Gordian, who was acclaimed Emperor at Thysdrus, around 238 and was mainly used for gladiator shows and small chariot races (like in Ben-Hur).

Many tourists come here to see what it was like to be inside what was once a place where lions and people met their fate. Much of it is crumbled but the essence of it still remains. It is also possible that construction of the amphitheatre was never finished.

Until the 17th century it remained more or less whole. From then on its stones were used for building the nearby village of El Djem and transported to the Great Mosque in Kairouan, and at a tense moment during struggles with the Ottomans, the Turks used cannons to flush rebels out of the amphitheatre.

The ruins of the amphitheatre were declared a World Heritage Site in 1979. It hosts the annual Festival international de musique symphonique d'El Jem.

Others[edit]

Drifting sand is preserving the market city of Thysdrus and the refined suburban villas that once surrounded it. Some floor mosaics have been found and published, but field archaeology has scarcely been attempted. Recently with aerial photos, a huge racetrack stadium has been discovered.[2]

In the world of writing materials, Thysdrus lay in the Empire of Papyrus, which preserves ruins remarkably well if kept as dry as at El Djem.

World War II[edit]

During World War II a major military airfield was located near El Djem, used first by the German Luftwaffe. It was attacked on numerous occasions and later used by the United States Army Air Forces Twelfth Air Force as a transport field. There are few, if any, remains of the airfield today with the land being returned to agricultural uses outside of the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 992
  2. ^ citation needed

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E / 35.300°N 10.717°E / 35.300; 10.717

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