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The Electoral Commission  - Unstoppable (2002, UK)
The Electoral Commission - Unstoppable (2002, UK)
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: The Hall of Advertising
UK: "The UK has voted to leave the European Union" - confirms Electoral Commission
UK: "The UK has voted to leave the European Union" - confirms Electoral Commission
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ruptly TV
UK Electoral Commission: "Internet trolls must be banned from from voting"
UK Electoral Commission: "Internet trolls must be banned from from voting"
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: The Outer Light
The Electoral Commission - Don
The Electoral Commission - Don't Do Politics (2004, UK)
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: The Hall of Advertising
The Electoral Commission - Statement for Wales (2003, UK)
The Electoral Commission - Statement for Wales (2003, UK)
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: The Hall of Advertising
Britain
Britain's Electoral Commission Designates 'Vote Leave' as Official Anti-EU Campaign
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: United News International
The Electoral Commission - Northern Referendum (2004, UK)
The Electoral Commission - Northern Referendum (2004, UK)
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: The Hall of Advertising
Electoral Commission: Online ads should show who
Electoral Commission: Online ads should show who's funding them
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: RT UK
Vote Leave Veterans for Britain investigated by Electoral Commission Over Brexit Campaign Spending
Vote Leave Veterans for Britain investigated by Electoral Commission Over Brexit Campaign Spending
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: The Left Plague
UK: Boris Johnson bypasses journalists amidst boos on
UK: Boris Johnson bypasses journalists amidst boos on 'Brexit' victory
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ruptly TV
Electoral Commission  Confusion over UK EU relations
Electoral Commission Confusion over UK EU relations
Published: 2013/10/31
Channel: mybestbbcnews999
No Selfies Allowed In The U.K Election
No Selfies Allowed In The U.K Election
Published: 2015/05/06
Channel: Wochit News
The Electoral Commission - Hey Mum (2004, UK)
The Electoral Commission - Hey Mum (2004, UK)
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: The Hall of Advertising
EU Commission: ‘Real’ Brexit talks will start after UK election
EU Commission: ‘Real’ Brexit talks will start after UK election
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: CGTN
Kenya electoral reforms protest - Anti IEBC demos - Uk - 13 October 2017
Kenya electoral reforms protest - Anti IEBC demos - Uk - 13 October 2017
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Povo News
Official announcement of UK referendum result
Official announcement of UK referendum result
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: AP Archive
British State Deems Free Speech an
British State Deems Free Speech an 'Offensive' Term
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Jack Buckby
Facebook and the UK
Facebook and the UK's Electoral Commission Team Up to Remind Users to Register to Vote
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Wochit Tech
Can I Vote In The UK?
Can I Vote In The UK?
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Pin Pin 1
Working at the general election
Working at the general election
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: ElectoralCommission
Brexit II: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Brexit II: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: LastWeekTonight
UK electoral commission refused to tackle election meddling from abroad
UK electoral commission refused to tackle election meddling from abroad
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: UK 44
UK election - big donors pile in | FT World
UK election - big donors pile in | FT World
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Financial Times
How Do Elections Work In The UK?
How Do Elections Work In The UK?
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Ijaby Igen
How Do Elections Work In The UK?
How Do Elections Work In The UK?
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Last Question
Can EU Citizens Vote In The UK?
Can EU Citizens Vote In The UK?
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Last Question
BREAKING - ‘It’s an offence!’ Electoral Commission orders Government to STOP ‘double voting’
BREAKING - ‘It’s an offence!’ Electoral Commission orders Government to STOP ‘double voting’
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: News 2U
UK election watchdog suggests ban on social media trolls from voting
UK election watchdog suggests ban on social media trolls from voting
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: RT UK
EU referendum voter registration deadline set to be extended |  Electoral Commission | UK politics
EU referendum voter registration deadline set to be extended | Electoral Commission | UK politics
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: WORLD NEWS
How Do Elections Work In The UK?
How Do Elections Work In The UK?
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Pin Pin 1
Charlotte Osei
Charlotte Osei's speech at the Royal Institute of International Affairs in the United Kingdom
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Citi97.3FM
Election 2015 - Why The Conservatives Won
Election 2015 - Why The Conservatives Won
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: ArguingFromIgnorance
Electoral comm 2
Electoral comm 2
Published: 2013/04/14
Channel: InsightGav
UK General Election 2017 - Real Time decoding the S-electoral Commission Numbers to reveal 33!
UK General Election 2017 - Real Time decoding the S-electoral Commission Numbers to reveal 33!
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: end time
UK General Election 2017 -
UK General Election 2017 - 'What?' (UK version)
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: ElectoralCommission1
UK: Cameron announces resignation after Britain votes Brexit
UK: Cameron announces resignation after Britain votes Brexit
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ruptly TV
Brexit 2016: The UK votes to leave the European Union
Brexit 2016: The UK votes to leave the European Union
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: ODN
UK election: Vote counting starts in Glasgow
UK election: Vote counting starts in Glasgow
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: AFP news agency
Can EU Citizens Vote In The UK?
Can EU Citizens Vote In The UK?
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Pin Pin 1
'Possible working class rebellion over Vote Leave backing'
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: RT UK
How Old Do You Have To Be To Vote In The UK?
How Old Do You Have To Be To Vote In The UK?
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Pin Pin 1
2015 ELECTION: Mixed Reaction To INEC Time Table
2015 ELECTION: Mixed Reaction To INEC Time Table
Published: 2014/02/10
Channel: Africa Independent Television
Chief Counting Officer briefs on UK referendum
Chief Counting Officer briefs on UK referendum
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: AP Archive
Can I Vote In The UK?
Can I Vote In The UK?
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Another Question
Working at the 2017 general election
Working at the 2017 general election
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: ElectoralCommission
Is Voting Compulsory In Great Britain?
Is Voting Compulsory In Great Britain?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
UK election marred by overcrowded polling stations
UK election marred by overcrowded polling stations
Published: 2010/09/15
Channel: PressTVUK
MMP (Mixed Member Proportional)
MMP (Mixed Member Proportional)
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: ElectoralCommission
UK General Election: Market
UK General Election: Market's perspective & impact on Brexit | IG
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: IG UK
How to vote in UK general election 2017
How to vote in UK general election 2017
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Myles Dyer
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Electoral Commission
Electoral Commission UK logo.png
EC Logo
Agency overview
Formed 2001
Jurisdiction United Kingdom
Headquarters 3 Bunhill Row, London, EC1Y 8YZ
Employees 156 (March 2009)
Annual budget £23.5 million (estimate 2009-10)
Website electoralcommission.org.uk
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom
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The Electoral Commission is an independent body set up by the UK Parliament. It regulates party and election finance and sets standards for well-run elections. The commission is independent of government and answerable to Parliament.

History[edit]

The Electoral Commission was created following a recommendation by the fifth report of the Committee on Standards in Public Life.

The commission’s mandate was set out in the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 (PPERA), and ranges from the regulation of political donations and expenditure by political and third parties through to promoting greater participation in the electoral process.

The Electoral Administration Act 2006 made a number of improvements to electoral registration, improving the security arrangements for absent voting, allowing observers to attend elections and a major change in reducing the minimum age for candidates at UK parliamentary elections. It also introduced the performance standards regime for electoral services.

The Political Parties and Elections Act 2009 granted the Electoral Commission a variety of new supervisory and investigatory powers. It fills significant gaps in the commission's current powers, the Act also provides a new range of flexible civil sanctions, both financial and non-financial are currently proposed to extend to regulated donees as well as political parties.

The Act also permitted the introduction of individual electoral registration in Great Britain and made changes to the structure of the Electoral Commission, including allowing for the appointment of four new electoral commissioners who will be nominated by political parties.

The Electoral Commission faced widespread criticism for the handling of the 2010 UK general election,[1][2][3] including allegations of fraudulent postal voting,[2] polling stations being unprepared for an evening surge of voters,[4] policing of voters protesting at one polling station,[4][5] and only enough ballot papers for 80% of voters.[6]

Responsibilities and objectives[edit]

Integrity and transparency of party election finance[edit]

As the regulator of political party funding in the UK, the commission's role is to ensure the integrity and transparency of party and election finance.

The commission provides guidance for political parties and regulated donees to assist them in meeting their legal obligations to follow party funding rules.

Political parties must submit annual statements of accounts, detailing income and expenditure, to the Electoral Commission. The commission publishes these on its website.

Political parties and regulated donees are required to submit reports of all donations they receive to the commission. The commission maintains a publicly available and searchable register of these donations on its website.

At general elections to the UK Parliament, EU Parliament, Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and Northern Ireland Assembly political parties are required to submit campaign spending returns to the Electoral Commission.

The commission may impose financial civil penalties on political parties and their accounting units if they fail to submit donation and loans returns, campaign spending return or statements of account.

The commission also has the power to seek forfeiture of impermissible donations accepted by political parties.

Registering political parties[edit]

Complete and accurate electoral registers and a well run electoral registration process[edit]

The commission produces guidance and gives advice on electoral registration to Electoral Registration Officers in Great Britain.

The Commission has published performance standards for electoral registration in Great Britain. Electoral Registration Officers are required to report against these standards and the commission will make this information publicly available.

As part of this work, the commission runs a series of public awareness campaigns ahead of elections and throughout the year to encourage people to register to vote.

These focus on audiences that research indicates are less likely to be on the electoral register, including recent home-movers, students and UK citizens living overseas.

Well-run elections and referendums which produce results that are acceptable[edit]

The commission produces guidance and gives advice on electoral administration to returning officers and electoral administrators in Great Britain.

The Commission has set performance standards for returning officers and referendum counting officers in Great Britain. These standards do not apply to local government elections in Scotland as they are a devolved matter.

The commission has a statutory duty to produce reports on the administration of certain elections (for example UK Parliamentary general elections) and may be asked to report on other types of election (such as local government elections).

Other responsibilities[edit]

EU seat distribution[edit]

The commission is responsible for recommending which regions are allocated how many of the 73 seats that the United Kingdom holds at the European Parliament.

Referendum responsibilities[edit]

The Electoral Commission has a number of responsibilities in relation to referendums. These include:

  • commenting on the wording of the referendum question (the government is responsible for proposing the wording)
  • registration of campaigners
  • designating lead campaign organisations and the making of grants
  • monitoring referendum expenditure limits and donations
  • certifying and announcing the result.
  • As with other electoral events, the Electoral Commission has a statutory duty to prepare and publish a report on the administration of a relevant referendum and to give guidance and advice to administrators and campaigners.
  • The chair of the commission, or someone appointed by the chair, will also be appointed as Chief Counting Officer.

As of 2017 the Electoral Commission has to date overseen the holding of two UK-wide referendums, the first was the 2011 AV Referendum and the second and most notable was the 2016 EU Referendum, on both occasions the then chair of the Electoral Commission Jenny Watson acted as the appointed Chief Counting Officer. The commission also oversaw the 2004 North East England Devolution Referendum, the 2011 Welsh Devolution Referendum and also the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum. The commission has no legal position in the legislation concerning referendums proposed by the devolved Scottish and Welsh administrations.

Organisation[edit]

Commissioners and Chief Executive[edit]

  • Jenny Watson was appointed by the Speakers Committee in January 2009 as the second chair of the Electoral Commission. Ms Watson was previously Chair of the Equal Opportunities Commission.
  • Max Caller is Chair of the Boundary Committee for England.
  • Henrietta Campbell is the Commissioner with responsibility for Northern Ireland.
  • Gareth Halliwell is the Commissioner with responsibility for Wales.[7]
  • John McCormick is the Commissioner with responsibility for Scotland.
  • Tony Hobman.
  • Claire Bassett is the current Chief Executive of the Electoral Commission.

From 1 October 2010, four additional Commissioners will serve on a part-time basis who are nominated by the leaders of political parties, scrutinised by the Speaker's Committee on the Electoral Commission and approved by the House of Commons by means of an Address to the Queen requesting their appointment. Those nominated by the three largest parties serve terms of four years, while the Commissioner nominated by a smaller party serves for a two-year term. The appointments of nominated Commissioners are renewable once.[8] The first of these Commissioners will be as follows:[9]

National commissions[edit]

To reflect the views of stakeholders and the distinctive procedures and practices in the countries of the United Kingdom there are separate electoral commissions for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

English regional offices[edit]

Since February 2007 the commission has also had regional offices across England in the South West, Eastern and South East, London, Midlands, and North of England regions.

Speaker’s Committee on the Electoral Commission[edit]

The Electoral Commission is answerable to Parliament via the Speaker’s Committee (established by PPERA 2000). The Commission must submit an annual estimate of income and expenditure to the Committee. The Committee is responsible for answering Parliamentary Questions on behalf of the Commission. The member who takes questions for the Speaker’s Committee is Gary Streeter.

Parliamentary Parties Panels (PPP)[edit]

The PPP is composed of representatives from all UK parliamentary political parties with two or more sitting MPs. The PPP was established by PPERA and meets quarterly to submit views to the Commission on matters affecting political parties.

There are equivalent non-statutory bodies for the devolved legislatures in Scotland (Scottish Parliament Political Parties Panel), Wales (Wales Political Parties Panel) and Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Assembly Parties Panel).

Criticism[edit]

17 July 2014 The Parliamentary and Health Service Ombusman found the Commission seriously at fault in the way it considered donations to the Liberal Democrats in 2005. The Commission was responsible for monitoring political parties’ compliance with the laws on receiving and accepting donations. They found that the Commission, in the course of discharging its statutory responsibility, did not make adequate enquiries of the Party, and that its failure to do so was maladministration.

Publications[edit]

The commission conducts a wide variety of research into electoral administration, electoral registration and the integrity and transparency of party finance, and a variety of guidance materials for political parties, regulated donees and electoral administrators.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Turned-away voters told to demand rerun". Times Online. 9 May 2010. Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Watchdog launches inquiry into chaos at polling stations". London: The Independent. 8 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  3. ^ McKinstry, Leo (4 May 2010). "Postal passport to ballot frauds: A farce that shames our democracy". London: Mail Online. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Election 2010: Voters' frustrations at polling problems". BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Porter, Henry (8 May 2010). "Is this really the end of Punch and Judy politics?". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "'Astronomical turnout' blamed for ballot papers running out in Liverpool". Liverpool Echo. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Electoral Commission | The Commissioners". www.electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-09-30. 
  8. ^ First Report of the Speaker's Committee on the Electoral Committee: Appointment of nominated Commissioners to the Electoral Commission, 14 July 2010
  9. ^ House of Commons Debates 15 September 2010

External links[edit]

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