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Birth of The Transistor: A video history of Japan
Birth of The Transistor: A video history of Japan's electronic industry. (Part 1)
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: RC286
Fall of the Japanese electronics giants
Fall of the Japanese electronics giants
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Rekha Manoj
The Calculator Wars: A video history of Japan
The Calculator Wars: A video history of Japan's electronic industry (Part 3)
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: RC286
Troubled times for Japan’s electronics industry
Troubled times for Japan’s electronics industry
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Circuits in stone: A video history of Japan
Circuits in stone: A video history of Japan's electronic industry (Part 2)
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: RC286
China
China's Vape Industry Is Just Getting Started
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: VICE
1960s Japan, Tokyo Industry, Electronics
1960s Japan, Tokyo Industry, Electronics
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: thekinolibrary
The technologial giant of the micron world: A video history of Japan
The technologial giant of the micron world: A video history of Japan's electronic industry (Part 4)
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: RC286
INSIDE CHINESE FACTORIES - The TRUTH about Working Conditions at FOXCONN, APPLE , HP FACTORIES
INSIDE CHINESE FACTORIES - The TRUTH about Working Conditions at FOXCONN, APPLE , HP FACTORIES
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Elite NWO Agenda
Late 1960s Japanese Technology, Electronics Production, Factory
Late 1960s Japanese Technology, Electronics Production, Factory
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: thekinolibrary
New Product Introduction (NPI) and Manufacturing Execution (MES) in Electronic Industry
New Product Introduction (NPI) and Manufacturing Execution (MES) in Electronic Industry
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Siemens PLM
Money Talks: Asia’s largest electronics fair in Japan
Money Talks: Asia’s largest electronics fair in Japan
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: TRT World
1970s Japan Camera Factory, Tech, Electronics, Archive Footage
1970s Japan Camera Factory, Tech, Electronics, Archive Footage
Published: 2014/06/04
Channel: thekinolibrary
The Biggest Factory in the World - Documentary Films
The Biggest Factory in the World - Documentary Films
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Documentary Films
SED Electronics Market (Tablets Market) in Shenzhen walk-through
SED Electronics Market (Tablets Market) in Shenzhen walk-through
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: Charbax
Japan Aviation Electronics Industry, Ltd. CORPORATE VIDEO
Japan Aviation Electronics Industry, Ltd. CORPORATE VIDEO
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: 東証IRムービー・スクエア TSE IR MOVIE SQUARE
Pioneer Electronics Speaker History & Philosophy behind development
Pioneer Electronics Speaker History & Philosophy behind development
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: Audiophile Vintage
japanese electronics companies decline
japanese electronics companies decline
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: Tommy Liu
Japanese companies take lead in electronics and IT industry
Japanese companies take lead in electronics and IT industry
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: Pradesh18 English
Japan Electronics College
Japan Electronics College
Published: 2009/12/04
Channel: Sekaione
Japanese electronics companies turn to enter agriculture sector
Japanese electronics companies turn to enter agriculture sector
Published: 2015/01/01
Channel: CGTN America
Semiconductor & Electronics Industry
Semiconductor & Electronics Industry
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: QuadrantEPP
Tour of Yodobashi Camera Akiba Electronics Store in Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan
Tour of Yodobashi Camera Akiba Electronics Store in Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: James Eric Tidwell
Japan loses tech innovation lustre
Japan loses tech innovation lustre
Published: 2013/10/04
Channel: Al Jazeera English
1960s Japan, Inside Electronics Factory
1960s Japan, Inside Electronics Factory
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: thekinolibrary
Small companies: True heroes of Japanese industry (1988) part A
Small companies: True heroes of Japanese industry (1988) part A
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Business Video
Japanese Consumer Electronics Company Sony Bets on Devices, Pictures in 3-Year Plan to Drive Growth
Japanese Consumer Electronics Company Sony Bets on Devices, Pictures in 3-Year Plan to Drive Growth
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: TheStreet
Japan
Japan's Steel Industry - Rebuilding after 1945 - Ore to Steel & Building Construction
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: Historia - Bel99TV
DS1000 3D Sensor for the Electronics Industry
DS1000 3D Sensor for the Electronics Industry
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: CognexTV
1960s Japan Television Manufacturing, Electronics, TV, Archive Footage
1960s Japan Television Manufacturing, Electronics, TV, Archive Footage
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: thekinolibrary
Japan’s Electronics Sector Outlook Is Generally Stable, But Challenges To Improved Profitability L
Japan’s Electronics Sector Outlook Is Generally Stable, But Challenges To Improved Profitability L
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: SPTVbroadcast
Taiwan Electronics Industry 2008-2009 - Japanese
Taiwan Electronics Industry 2008-2009 - Japanese
Published: 2009/02/02
Channel: gilber lai
CASIO launches smart watches; ORIX provides good living facility for elderly - Japan News
CASIO launches smart watches; ORIX provides good living facility for elderly - Japan News
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: ANI News
Packing for Japan: Electronics
Packing for Japan: Electronics
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: MITEEman
Japanese industry - TV EYE - 1982
Japanese industry - TV EYE - 1982
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: ThamesTv
JAE Electronics CEO Shin Takahashi
JAE Electronics CEO Shin Takahashi
Published: 2012/02/13
Channel: anaheimu
Japanese Electronics Give Hope for Profits
Japanese Electronics Give Hope for Profits
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Japan Earthquake Causing Shortages in Car Parts, Electronics
Japan Earthquake Causing Shortages in Car Parts, Electronics
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: VOA News
Mirai Resu: Japan
Mirai Resu: Japan's restaurant of the future
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: Engadget
Nordson EFD Solutions in the Electronics Industry
Nordson EFD Solutions in the Electronics Industry
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Nordson EFD
M&R Automation - Electronic industry
M&R Automation - Electronic industry
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: M&R Automation
A walk down a Japanese electronics
A walk down a Japanese electronics' store's Android aisle
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Peter Bognar
Korean electronics giants Samsung and LG dominates U.S. home appliance market
Korean electronics giants Samsung and LG dominates U.S. home appliance market
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Electronics Industry Hazards 1979 Working For Your Life LOHP
Electronics Industry Hazards 1979 Working For Your Life LOHP
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: markdcatlin
2402MR JAPAN-ELECTRONICS BRANDS ANALYSIS
2402MR JAPAN-ELECTRONICS BRANDS ANALYSIS
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: BYNTVNews
Japanese Electronics Companies Make Progress In Restructuring But Competition Remains Intense
Japanese Electronics Companies Make Progress In Restructuring But Competition Remains Intense
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: SPTVbroadcast
The Evolving Electronics Industry
The Evolving Electronics Industry
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: Paul Brody
富士電子工業 株式会社(FUJI ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY CO., LTD.)
富士電子工業 株式会社(FUJI ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY CO., LTD.)
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: _Osaka, Japan MOBIO
Power Electronics Industry Forecast to 2020
Power Electronics Industry Forecast to 2020
Published: 2014/05/07
Channel: John Brown
The Story of Electronics (2010)
The Story of Electronics (2010)
Published: 2010/11/04
Channel: storyofstuffproject
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Japanese electronics industry is the largest consumer electronics industry in the world, though the share of these Japanese companies gradually declined by competition from South Korea, Taiwan and China.[1] Japan still has a number of companies that produce television, camcorders, audio and video players, etc.

Japanese companies have been responsible for a number of important innovations, including having pioneered the transistor radio and the Walkman (Sony), the first mass-produced laptops (Toshiba), the VHS recorder (JVC), and solar cells and LCD screens (Sharp).[2]

Major Japanese electronics companies include Canon, Casio, Citizen, Fujifilm, Fujitsu, Hitachi, JVC Kenwood, Konica Minolta, Kyocera, Mitsubishi Electric, NEC, Nikon, Nintendo, Olympus, Panasonic, Pioneer, Ricoh, Seiko Group, Sharp Corporation, Sony, TDK, Toshiba and Yamaha.

History[edit]

The Japanese electronic industry as a result has maintained its dominance in the market over the United States, and maintained its export strength in this field due to the high reputation of its electronics.[citation needed]

Japan's foreign direct investment in the consumer electronics industry was motivated by protectionism and labor costs. After three years of voluntary export restraints, seven Japanese firms located plants in the United States by 1980. Japanese firms continued production of the most technologically advanced products especially in Japan but also U.S., while shifting production of less-advanced products to developing countries in Southeast Asia.[3]

21st century[edit]

The current headquarters of Sony Corporation in Tokyo

Since the beginning of the 21st century a number of the largest Japanese electronics companies have struggled financially and lost market share, particularly to South Korean and Taiwanese companies. Japanese companies have lost their dominant position in categories including portable media players, TVs, computers and semiconductors.[4] Hit hard by the economic crisis of 2008 Sony, Hitachi, Panasonic, Fujitsu, Sharp, NEC and Toshiba reported losses amounting to $17 billion.[5] By 2009, Samsung Electronics operating profit was more than two times larger than the combined operating profit of nine of Japan’s largest consumer electronic companies.[6] The relative decline has been ascribed to factors including high costs, the value of the yen and too many Japanese companies producing the same class of products, causing a duplication in research and development efforts and reducing economies of scale and pricing power.[7][8] Japan's education system has also been highlighted as a possible contributing factor.[9]

One response to the challenges has been a rise in company mergers and acquisitions. JVC and Kenwood merged (forming JVC Kenwood Holdings),[10] and Renesas Technology and NEC Electronics -the semiconductors arm of NEC- to merge forming Renesas Electronics.[11] In a similar move, in 2009 Panasonic acquired a voting stock majority of Sanyo, making the latter part of the Panasonic Group. Also some of the bigger players resorted to merging some of their operations as Hitachi, Casio and NEC, and Fujitsu and Toshiba, did with their cellphone business.[12] On 15 November 2011, facing tough competition from Samsung and LG; Sony, Toshiba and Hitachi signed a deal to merge their LCD businesses, creating a new company called Japan Display by spring 2012.[13]

As of 2013, most Japanese companies no longer enjoy the same reputation they did about one to two decades ago. Currently, the international consumer electronics market is dominated by South Korean, Chinese and Taiwanese electronics companies. Only a few Japanese companies have significant international market share, and are well known internationally.[14] The future of the Japanese electronics industry is debated.[15][16]

It's estimated that 16% of the world's gold and 22% of the world's silver is contained in electronic technology in Japan.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The era of Japanese consumer electronics giants is dead
  2. ^ "The mighty, fallen - Ex-world-beaters swallow their pride and do deals with foreign rivals". The Economist. 3 March 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Ong, Aihwa (1987) [1st. pub.]. Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline: Factory Women in Malaysia. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-88706-381-0. 
  4. ^ Winning the global challenge: The Japanese electronics companies' race to innovate
  5. ^ "Japanese electronics giants post $17b losses". 
  6. ^ Simms, James (5 November 2009). "South Korea's Rising Sun". The Wall Street Journal. 
  7. ^ "Unplugged - Once the epitome of Japan’s post-war success, its electronics firms are in crisis". The Economist. 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "From summit to plummet - Once global leaders, Japanese electronics firms are tumbling". The Economist. 18 February 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Completing one's education". The Japan Times. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Erica Ogg. "JVC, Kenwood officially hook up". CNET. 
  11. ^ "Renesas Electronics is biggest 'non-memory' chip firm". ElectronicsWeekly.com. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Fujitsu, Toshiba agree to merge mobile phone businesses". [permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Sony, Hitachi, and Toshiba Agree to "Japan Display" Joint Venture". 
  14. ^ "What does the future hold for Japan's electronics firms?". BBC UK. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Japanese electronics industry debates future amid turmoil". UBM Tech. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  16. ^ Rupert Wingfield-Hayes (2013-04-02). "What happened to Japan's electronic giants?". BBC News Asia. 
  17. ^ http://www.techradar.com/news/phone-and-communications/mobile-phones/japan-wants-citizens-to-donate-their-phone-to-make-2020-olympic-medals-1326938

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.

External links[edit]

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