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ELIZABETH HOLLOWAY
ELIZABETH HOLLOWAY
Published: 2011/01/20
Channel: gnuh07
The Secret History of Wonder Woman Review
The Secret History of Wonder Woman Review
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Sart
ELIZABETH HOLLOWAY MARSTON - WikiVidi Documentary
ELIZABETH HOLLOWAY MARSTON - WikiVidi Documentary
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: WikiVidi Documentaries
[Wikipedia] Elizabeth Holloway Marston
[Wikipedia] Elizabeth Holloway Marston
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: WikiTubia
PROFESSOR MARSTON & THE WONDER WOMEN | You Won
PROFESSOR MARSTON & THE WONDER WOMEN | You Won't Believe This Story
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: Annapurna Channel
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women Trailer
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women Trailer
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: On Prozac
He
He's Got the Whole World in His Hand Elizabeth Holloway
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: Holloway Music Videos
Dr. Elizabeth Holloway
Dr. Elizabeth Holloway
Published: 2011/11/01
Channel: AntiochUniversityGSLC
Olive Kisses Elizabeth
Olive Kisses Elizabeth
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Tom Howe - Topic
Top In year of wonder woman, the remarkable tale of her creation
Top In year of wonder woman, the remarkable tale of her creation
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: luis pagan
BEA Interview with Elizabeth Holloway
BEA Interview with Elizabeth Holloway
Published: 2014/05/30
Channel: Armchair Book Expo
WILLIAM MOULTON MARSTON - WikiVidi Documentary
WILLIAM MOULTON MARSTON - WikiVidi Documentary
Published: 2017/10/28
Channel: WikiVidi Documentaries
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women director talks depicting kink and polyamory on-screen
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women director talks depicting kink and polyamory on-screen
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: The A.V. Club
Robyn reads about Elizabeth Holloway Marston
Robyn reads about Elizabeth Holloway Marston
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Robyn Reads
Elizabeth Holloway - CPSS Testimonial
Elizabeth Holloway - CPSS Testimonial
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: BSMCPSSProgram
Elizabeth Holloway
Elizabeth Holloway
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: Kerri DiFilippe
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women Featurette || You won
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women Featurette || You won't believe this story || SocialNews.XYZ
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: Social News XYZ
WILLIAM MOULTON MARSTON WikiVidi Documentary - The Best Documentary Ever
WILLIAM MOULTON MARSTON WikiVidi Documentary - The Best Documentary Ever
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Madge Leannon
Nerd of The Week - The ORIGINAL Wonder Woman
Nerd of The Week - The ORIGINAL Wonder Woman
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: NerdAlert
PROFESSOR MARSTON & THE WONDER WOMEN (2017) - Cast Interview Behind the Scenes | Dominique Digital
PROFESSOR MARSTON & THE WONDER WOMEN (2017) - Cast Interview Behind the Scenes | Dominique Digital
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Dominique Digital
Professor Marston & the Wonder Women - No One Will Publish This - At Cinemas November 10
Professor Marston & the Wonder Women - No One Will Publish This - At Cinemas November 10
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Sony Pictures Releasing UK
Feminist mit zwei Frauen: William Marston: Film über Wonder-Woman-Schöpfer
Feminist mit zwei Frauen: William Marston: Film über Wonder-Woman-Schöpfer
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: New 24/7
El Profesor Marston y La Mujer Maravilla - Trailer Oficial - Sony Pictures
El Profesor Marston y La Mujer Maravilla - Trailer Oficial - Sony Pictures
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Sony Pictures Colombia
PROFESSOR MARSTON & THE WONDER WOMEN | Just Call Her Wonder Woman
PROFESSOR MARSTON & THE WONDER WOMEN | Just Call Her Wonder Woman
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Annapurna Channel
episode #104: Chew On This Interviews Christie Marston
episode #104: Chew On This Interviews Christie Marston
Published: 2017/10/23
Channel: Chew On This: A Nerds United Podcast
WonderCon 2016 - Who Created Wonder Woman, the lie detector? 20160327104038.m2ts
WonderCon 2016 - Who Created Wonder Woman, the lie detector? 20160327104038.m2ts
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Daniel Potasz
Professor Marston and the Wonder Women - "Heartbreaker" Clip
Professor Marston and the Wonder Women - "Heartbreaker" Clip
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Roobla
How to Market Movies: Professor Marston & The Wonder Women The StoryLine Tale 2
How to Market Movies: Professor Marston & The Wonder Women The StoryLine Tale 2
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Movie Marketing
Professor Marston & the Wonder Women - POTUS Clip - At Cinemas November 10
Professor Marston & the Wonder Women - POTUS Clip - At Cinemas November 10
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Sony Pictures Releasing UK
The real origin story of Wonder Woman
The real origin story of Wonder Woman
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: ABC10
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women - Wonder Woman Costume Clip - At Cinemas November 10
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women - Wonder Woman Costume Clip - At Cinemas November 10
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Sony Pictures Ireland
Luke Evans, Rebecca Hall, and Angela Robinson at NYCC 2017
Luke Evans, Rebecca Hall, and Angela Robinson at NYCC 2017
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: Nerdophiles
Professor Marston and the Wonder Women-Movie Review
Professor Marston and the Wonder Women-Movie Review
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: Nathan Jones
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women (2017) Official Movie information
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women (2017) Official Movie information
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Top Zia Tube
Professor Marston & the Wonder Women Trailer #1 | 2017 | HD |
Professor Marston & the Wonder Women Trailer #1 | 2017 | HD |
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Professor Marston & the Wonder Women (2017) fULL MOVie
The Weird Origins of Wonder Woman [Wonder Woman Explained] - That Sci-fi Show
The Weird Origins of Wonder Woman [Wonder Woman Explained] - That Sci-fi Show
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Fancy Teeth
13: Elizabeth Marston @ Sea to Sky Summit 2017
13: Elizabeth Marston @ Sea to Sky Summit 2017
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: Sea to Sky Startup Society
When Was Wonder Woman Created?
When Was Wonder Woman Created?
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Jrwom Japt
Wonder Woman and Feminism: The Cultural Impact of Comic Books - That Sci-fi Show
Wonder Woman and Feminism: The Cultural Impact of Comic Books - That Sci-fi Show
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Fancy Teeth
Wonder Woman Trailer 2 Reaction mashup epic
Wonder Woman Trailer 2 Reaction mashup epic
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: Epic Trailer Production
Wonder Woman Movie SPOILERS | SYFY WIRE
Wonder Woman Movie SPOILERS | SYFY WIRE
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: SYFY WIRE
Mysterious Professor Marston & the Wonder Women Teaser Trailer #2 FAN MADE
Mysterious Professor Marston & the Wonder Women Teaser Trailer #2 FAN MADE
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: ispettoreigiene
La Tortulia #93 - La creación de Wonder Woman
La Tortulia #93 - La creación de Wonder Woman
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: La Tortulia Podcast
O Psicólogo inventor da Mulher Maravilha e do Polígrafo (Detector de mentiras)
O Psicólogo inventor da Mulher Maravilha e do Polígrafo (Detector de mentiras)
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Psicoativo TV - O Universo da Psicologia
Wee Guide To Wonder Woman
Wee Guide To Wonder Woman
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: BBC The Social
Wonder Woman Official Comic-Con Trailer (2017) reactions mashup epic
Wonder Woman Official Comic-Con Trailer (2017) reactions mashup epic
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Epic Trailer Production
When Was Wonder Woman Created?
When Was Wonder Woman Created?
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Dperdx Dewr
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women Comic Trailer  || SocialNews.XYZ
Professor Marston & The Wonder Women Comic Trailer || SocialNews.XYZ
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Social News XYZ
Professor Marston And The Wonder Women (Annapurna Pictures) No One Will Publish This CLIP
Professor Marston And The Wonder Women (Annapurna Pictures) No One Will Publish This CLIP
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Nothing But Geek
Wonder Woman: The God Of War Part II "Greed", Wonder Woman Comics v1 #02
Wonder Woman: The God Of War Part II "Greed", Wonder Woman Comics v1 #02
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Classic Comic Book long Box
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Elizabeth Holloway Marston
Born Sadie Holloway
(1893-02-20)February 20, 1893
Isle of Man
Died March 27, 1993(1993-03-27) (aged 100)
Bethel, Connecticut
Nationality British/American
Other names Sadie Holloway
Education Mount Holyoke College (B.A. in Psychology 1915)
Boston University School of Law (L.L.B., 1918)
Radcliffe College (M.A. in Psychology 1921)
Occupation Editor, author, lecturer
Known for Involvement in the creation of Wonder Woman and the systolic blood-pressure test
Spouse(s) William Moulton Marston

Elizabeth Holloway Marston (February 20, 1893 – March 27, 1993) was an American attorney and psychologist. She is credited, with her husband William Moulton Marston, for the development of the systolic blood-pressure test used to detect deception.[1][2] She is also credited as the inspiration for her husband's comic book creation Wonder Woman, a character also fashioned on his live-in mistress, Olive Byrne.[3][1][4][5][6][7]

Early life[edit]

Marston was born Sadie Holloway in the Isle of Man and raised in Boston, Massachusetts.[5] She was the daughter of an English mother, Daisy, and William George Washington Holloway, an American bank clerk.[8] She received her BA in psychology from Mount Holyoke College in 1915 and[1] her LLB from the Boston University School of Law in 1918,[9][10][5] where she was "one of three women to graduate from the School of Law that year."[1]

Systolic blood-pressure test[edit]

Both William and Elizabeth joined the psychology department at Harvard, with William in the doctoral program and Elizabeth the master's program at Radcliffe College. Elizabeth worked with William on his thesis, which concerned the correlation between blood pressure levels and deception.[1] He later developed this into the systolic blood-pressure test used to detect deception that was the predecessor to the polygraph test.[1]

In 1921, William received his PhD from Harvard and Elizabeth her MA from Radcliffe. Although Elizabeth is not listed as William's collaborator in his early work, a number of writers refer directly and indirectly to Elizabeth's work on her husband's deception research. She also appears in a picture taken in his polygraph laboratory in the 1920s, reproduced in a 1938 publication by William.[1][11][12]

Career and family[edit]

Marston's career included indexing "the documents of the first fourteen Congresses, lectured on law, ethics, and psychology at American and New York Universities, [and] served as an editor for Encyclopædia Britannica and McCall's.[1] In 1933, she became the assistant to the chief executive at Metropolitan Life Insurance.[1]

William had children with both Elizabeth and his live-in mistress, Olive (Elizabeth eventually legally adopted Olive's children).[1][3] While Olive stayed home to raise the children, Elizabeth supported the family when William was out of work, as well as after his death in 1947.[1][3] Both Olive and Elizabeth "embodied the feminism of the day."[13]

Wonder Woman[edit]

In 1992, The New York Times discussed Elizabeth's involvement in the creation of Wonder Woman:

Our Towns reveals the true identity of Wonder Woman's real Mom. She is Elizabeth Holloway Marston. She's not 1,000; she's 99 come Thursday [...] One dark night as the clouds of war hovered over Europe again, Mr. Marston consulted his wife and collaborator, also a psychologist. He was inventing somebody like that new Superman fellow, only his character would promote a global psychic revolution by forsaking Biff! Bam! and Ka-Runch! for The Power of Love. Well, said Mrs. Marston, who was born liberated, this super-hero had better be a woman [...] Wonder Woman was created and written in the Marstons' suburban study as a crusading Boston career woman disguised as Diana Prince [...] Meanwhile, in a small Connecticut town, Wonder Woman's Mom has disguised herself as a retired editor who lives in postwar housing.[5]

Her 1993 obituary also stated that she contributed to the development of Wonder Woman,[14][1] while Lillian S. Robinson argued that both Olive Byrne and Elizabeth were models for the character.[15][16]

Marston died on March 27, 1993, just a month after her 100th birthday.

In film[edit]

Marston's life is depicted in Professor Marston and the Wonder Women, a fictional biographical drama also portraying her husband William Moulton Marston, Olive Byrne, and the creation of Wonder Woman.[17] Marston is portrayed in the film by British actress Rebecca Hall.[18]

Works[edit]

  • Integrative Psychology: A Study of Unit Response by William Moulton Marston, C. Daly King, and Elizabeth Holloway Marston, 1931.
  • "Chalk Marks on the Gate", by Elizabeth Holloway; illus. Adolf Treidler; Woman's Home Companion, 1924, January; pp 14–15, 96.
  • "Gift-Horse", by Elizabeth Holloway; illus. George Wright; Woman's Home Companion, 1922, July; pp 22–23, 92–93.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Lamb, Marguerite. "Who Was Wonder Woman? Long-Ago LAW Alumna Elizabeth Marston Was the Muse Who Gave Us a Superheroine." Boston University Alumni Magazine, Fall 2001.
  2. ^ Comm. to Review the Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph, Nat'l Research Council. The Polygraph and Lie Detection. 2003.
  3. ^ a b c Marston, Christie (October 20, 2017). "What 'Professor Marston' Misses About Wonder Woman's Origins (Guest Column)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 21, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Alumni Spotlight: Elizabeth Holloway Marston (LAW '18)"
  5. ^ a b c d Malcolm, Andrew H. "OUR TOWNS; She's Behind the Match For That Man of Steel". The New York Times, Feb. 18, 1992.
  6. ^ Moon, Michael (2012-03-12). Darger's Resources. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822351560. 
  7. ^ Daniels, Les (2000). Wonder Woman: The complete History. Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-2913-8. 
  8. ^ Lepore, Jill (2015). The Secret History of Wonder Woman. New York: Vintage Books. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-385-35405-9. 
  9. ^ "THE LAST AMAZON Wonder Woman returns," New Yorker, September 22, 2014
  10. ^ Green, Hope. "Panel Recognizes Astral Advances of Women in Law". B.U. Bridge, vol. 5, no. 31, April 19, 2002.
  11. ^ Marston, William Moulton. The Lie Detector Test. 1938.
  12. ^ The Polygraph and Lie Detection (2003): Chapter: Appendix E: Historical Notes on the Modern Polygraph
  13. ^ Tim Hanley, Wonder Woman Unbound: The Curious History of the World's Most Famous Heroine, Chicago Review Press, 2014, p. 12.
  14. ^ "Elizabeth H. Marston, Inspiration for Wonder Woman, 100". The New York Times, April 3, 1993.
  15. ^ Glenn, Joshua. "Wonder-working power". Boston.com, April 14, 2004.
  16. ^ Pollitt, Katha. "Wonder Woman's Kinky Feminist Roots". Atlantic Monthly, Oct. 14, 2014.
  17. ^ Wonder Woman creator biopic gets mysterious first teaser
  18. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 15, 2017). "Annapurna To Release MGM's 'Death Wish' Over Thanksgiving; Sets October Date For 'Professor Marston & The Wonder Women'". Deadline.com. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 

External links[edit]

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