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Ellen Gate Starr Art and Hull House
Ellen Gate Starr Art and Hull House
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: MMR SCHOOL
Ellen Gates Starr
Ellen Gates Starr
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Marissa Foriero
Alderman Walter Burnett Jr., welcomes Chicago Bear Kyle Long to Ellen Gates Starr Park
Alderman Walter Burnett Jr., welcomes Chicago Bear Kyle Long to Ellen Gates Starr Park
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: WBURNETT27
Ellen Gate Starr: Art and Hull House
Ellen Gate Starr: Art and Hull House
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: MMR SCHOOL
2014-09-21 Ellen Gates - Sycamore
2014-09-21 Ellen Gates - Sycamore
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: Shirley Izaguirre
2014-10-12 Ellen Gates and Students
2014-10-12 Ellen Gates and Students
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Shirley Izaguirre
The Last Time I Felt Like This
The Last Time I Felt Like This
Published: 2009/09/01
Channel: KLASIKSOUND
Fox speaks on Kyle Long
Fox speaks on Kyle Long
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: Chicago Bears
2013-09-06 Wendy with Trainer Ellen Gates
2013-09-06 Wendy with Trainer Ellen Gates
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Shirley Izaguirre
Resurrection Quartet " Because He Lives "  at the Ellen Whittington Gospel Sing Benefit
Resurrection Quartet " Because He Lives " at the Ellen Whittington Gospel Sing Benefit
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Brian Whittington
D-Money$ feat. Mac Sosa & Phoenix Starr| I Dont Like (REMIX)| Directed By C.Lee (Cleen Productions)
D-Money$ feat. Mac Sosa & Phoenix Starr| I Dont Like (REMIX)| Directed By C.Lee (Cleen Productions)
Published: 2012/10/06
Channel: Its Cleen
"Hull House Rap"
"Hull House Rap"
Published: 2013/11/12
Channel: Matthew Beecher
2015-02-04 Ellen Gates
2015-02-04 Ellen Gates
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Shirley Izaguirre
Rae Sremmurd Interview With The Breakfast Club (8-2-16)
Rae Sremmurd Interview With The Breakfast Club (8-2-16)
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: Breakfast Club Power 105.1 FM
SpeechJammer Challenge
SpeechJammer Challenge
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: Al Vapes
Art Resources in Teaching - Overview
Art Resources in Teaching - Overview
Published: 2011/06/02
Channel: ARTChicago1
Hull House
Hull House
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
What Was The Settlement House Movement?
What Was The Settlement House Movement?
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Phetues Phen
Donkey of the Day: Ronda Rousey (Gets Knocked Out After Trash Talking)
Donkey of the Day: Ronda Rousey (Gets Knocked Out After Trash Talking)
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Eisse Rheyr
What Was The Settlement House Movement?
What Was The Settlement House Movement?
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Uco Uco
Jim Carrey and Jeff Daniels Talk Dumb and Dumber To
Jim Carrey and Jeff Daniels Talk Dumb and Dumber To
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
[Wikipedia] Hull House
[Wikipedia] Hull House
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: WikiTubia
Christoph Waltz Explains Krampus to Jimmy Fallon
Christoph Waltz Explains Krampus to Jimmy Fallon
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
Why Were Settlement Houses Established?
Why Were Settlement Houses Established?
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Medfrt Metyu
'Don't ask, don't tell' may be repealed
Published: 2010/05/25
Channel: CNN
GOOGLE, DOODLE, JANE ADDAMS
GOOGLE, DOODLE, JANE ADDAMS
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: montemorcillo
Willow Smith - Whip My Hair | Choreography by Molly Long
Willow Smith - Whip My Hair | Choreography by Molly Long
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: DancingWithYT
Why Were Settlement Houses Established?
Why Were Settlement Houses Established?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: sparky rights
42+ Fans Injured at Wiz Khalifa and Snoop Dogg Show after Barrier Breaks.
42+ Fans Injured at Wiz Khalifa and Snoop Dogg Show after Barrier Breaks.
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: DJ Akademiks
Martin Freeman Is Upset He Wasn
Martin Freeman Is Upset He Wasn't in Harry Potter
Published: 2014/12/13
Channel: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
Glory Gates Quartet-Because He Lives
Glory Gates Quartet-Because He Lives
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: GloryGates
Jane Addams: A Rich and Revealing Portrait of an Extraordinary Figure in American History (2002)
Jane Addams: A Rich and Revealing Portrait of an Extraordinary Figure in American History (2002)
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Remember This
Danny DeVito Brings #TrollFoot to The Tonight Show
Danny DeVito Brings #TrollFoot to The Tonight Show
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
Sir Mix-a-Lot: Anaconda Is New & Improved Baby Got Back
Sir Mix-a-Lot: Anaconda Is New & Improved Baby Got Back
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: djvlad
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10 year old Corey J that hangs with Birdman pulls a Birdman move, & walks out!
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Lil Chase
Liam Neeson Slowly Hit a Deer with His Motorcycle
Liam Neeson Slowly Hit a Deer with His Motorcycle
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
Dylan Montayne and Reve Kalell DESTROY 5 Fingers of Death Challenge
Dylan Montayne and Reve Kalell DESTROY 5 Fingers of Death Challenge
Published: 2017/03/16
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CELEVELAND MINUTE: NICKI MINAJ & NAS SPLIT
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: Dish Nation
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Published: 2016/11/22
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Long on importance of strong run game
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Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Chicago Bears
Top 10 Most Famous Lesbians in History
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Published: 2017/02/23
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Chicago’s 49th Ward Alderman Joe Moore speaks at the 6th BNP National Council on March 19, 2016
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Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: BNP Communication
Kyle Long: In position to overcome adversity
Kyle Long: In position to overcome adversity
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Chicago Bears
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Channel: The Real Hollywood
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Ellen Gates Starr
Ellen Gates Starr.jpg
Starr in 1914
Born (1859-03-19)March 19, 1859
Laona, Illinois
Died February 10, 1940(1940-02-10) (aged 80)
Suffern, New York
Education Rockford Female Seminary
Parent(s) Caleb A. Starr
Susan Gates Child

Ellen Gates Starr (March 19, 1859 – February 10, 1940) was an American social reformer and activist.[1] She, along with Jane Addams, founded Chicago's Hull House in 1889.

Early life and education[edit]

Ellen Gates Starr, ca 1890

Ellen Gates Starr was born on March 19, 1859 in Laona, Illinois to Caleb Allen Starr and Susan Gates Child.

From 1877 to 1878, Starr attended the Rockford Female Seminary, where she first met Jane Addams. Forced to leave school due to financial concerns, Starr taught for ten years in Chicago.[2]

Social reform work[edit]

Starr joined Addams on a tour of Europe in 1888.[2] While in London, the pair were inspired by the success of the English Settlement movement and became determined to establish a similar social settlement in Chicago. When they returned to Chicago in 1889, they co-founded Hull House as a kindergarten and then a day nursery, an infancy care centre, and a center for continuing education for adults. In 1891, Starr created the Butler Art Gallery as the first addition to the Hull mansion. She travelled to England to study with the famed bookbinder, T. J. Cobden-Sanderson[3] and on her return she established a bookbindery class at the settlement house in 1898 and established an arts and crafts business school.[4][5]

She also sought to bring the Arts and Crafts movement to Chicago. In 1894, she founded the Chicago Public School Art Society with the help of the Chicago Woman’s Club. The goal of the organization was provide original works of art and good quality reproductions, to promote public school learning and an appreciation of beauty as a sign of good citizenship. Starr was the president of the society until 1897 when she went on to found the Chicago Society of Arts and Crafts.[4][5]

Starr was also active in the campaign to reform child labor laws and industrial working conditions in Chicago. She was a member of the Women's Trade Union League and helped organize striking garment workers in 1896, 1910, and 1915. However, by belief she was firmly anti-industrialisation, idealizing the guild system of the Middle Ages and later the Arts and Crafts Movement.[6] She was arrested at a restaurant strike. In the slums of Chicago, she taught children who could not afford school education about such writers as Dante and Robert Browning. She practiced her preachings about community labour to the extent of traveling to Britain to learn bookbinding.

Personal life[edit]

Faderman argues that Starr was Addams's "first serious attachment". The friendship between the two lasted many years, and the two became domestic partners. Addams wrote to Starr, "Let's love each other through thick and thin and work out a salvation".[7] The director of the Hull-House Museum at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Lisa Lee, has argued that the relationship was a lesbian one.[8] Brown agrees that the two can be regarded as lesbians if they are seen as "women loving women", although we do not necessarily have any evidence for genital sexual contact.[6][9] The intensity of the relationship dwindled when Addams met Mary Rozet Smith (who had been Starr's student at Miss Kirkland's School), and the two women subsequently set up home together.[6]

Starr joined the Episcopal Church in 1883 and by 1894 was a member of the Society of the Companions of the Holy Cross an Episcopal women's prayer society that combined prayer with education and activism for social justice. Founded by Emily Malbone Morgan, the Companions included a number of influential reformers from around the United States, such as Vida Scudder, and Mary Simkhovitch. Companions came together each summer for a week retreat that allowed women reformers to reconnect spiritually, network with other reformers and attend a series of educational programs on social issues. [10]

Later life[edit]

Although Starr possessed an interest in Roman Catholicism for many years, it was only when she believed the Church was seriously teaching social justice that she converted in 1920. Even after that, her work in campaigns against child labour met with much opposition from inside the Church.[6] In 1929, complications caused by surgery to remove a spinal abscess led to her becoming paralyzed from the waist down.[11] In 1931, seriously ill, Ellen Gates Starr retired to a Roman Catholic convent where she was cared for by the Society of the Holy Child Jesus, but she was not a member of their religious community, or any other.[12]

Starr died at the convent on February 10, 1940 in Suffern, New York.[1]

Selected works[edit]

  • (1896) Settlements and the church's duty
  • (n.d.) Reflections on the breviar

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ellen Starr Dies. Hull House Aide. Co-Founder With Jane Addams of the Chicago Settlement Succumbs in Convent at 81". New York Times. February 11, 1940. Retrieved 2015-01-09. Miss Ellen Gates Starr, co-founder in 1889 with the late Jane Addams of Hull House in Chicago and associated with the institution for more than forty years, died here today in the Convent of the Holy Child, where she had been an invalid for eight years. She would have been 81 years old March 19. 
  2. ^ a b Brown, Victoria Bissell (2004-01-01). The Education of Jane Addams. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0812237471. 
  3. ^ Denker, Ellen; Green, Nancy E; Milwaukee Art Museum (2004-01-01). Byrdcliffe: an American arts and crafts colony. Ithaca, N.Y.: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art. ISBN 0964604205. OCLC 57694876. 
  4. ^ a b Harmon, Katherine E. (2013-01-01). There Were Also Many Women There: Lay Women in the Liturgical Movement in the United States, 1926-59. Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814662960. 
  5. ^ a b Starr, Ellen Gates; Deegan, Mary Jo; Wahl, Ana-Maria. On Art, Labor, and Religion. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 9781412829960. 
  6. ^ a b c d Allitt, Patrick; Catholic Converts: British and American Intellectuals Turn to Rome; p. 149. ISBN 0-8014-2996-X
  7. ^ Lillian Faderman, To Believe in Women: What Lesbians Have Done For America - A History, Houghton Mifflin, 2000, p118
  8. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2007-02-06/features/0702060273_1_hull-house-mary-rozet-smith-lesbian
  9. ^ Brown, Victoria Bissell (2007), The Education of Jane Addams, University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 361, ISBN 0-8122-3747-1 
  10. ^ Mary S. Donovan, "Women's Ministries in the Episcopal Church, 1850-1920, Wilton, CT:Morehouse Barlow, 1986, pp. 148-154.
  11. ^ "Education & Resources - National Women's History Museum - NWHM". www.nwhm.org. Retrieved 2016-01-23. 
  12. ^ Hoy, Suellen; "Ellen Gates Starr: Her Later Years"; p. 55-80. ISBN 978-0-913820-31-5

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