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Hand Embroidery for Beginners - Part 2 | 10 Basic Stitches | HandiWorks #52
Hand Embroidery for Beginners - Part 2 | 10 Basic Stitches | HandiWorks #52
Published: 2016/04/09
Channel: HandiWorks
Hand Embroidery for beginners | Needle and Threads | HandiWorks #103
Hand Embroidery for beginners | Needle and Threads | HandiWorks #103
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: HandiWorks
Embroidery designs by hand DIY Stitching Tutorial | HandiWorks #107
Embroidery designs by hand DIY Stitching Tutorial | HandiWorks #107
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: HandiWorks
DIY embroidery rose // embroidered t-shirt (easy)
DIY embroidery rose // embroidered t-shirt (easy)
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: Nadyne Bernier
2. Hand Embroidery. Chaffinch. Stitching a Bird by Craft Jitsu Online Class
2. Hand Embroidery. Chaffinch. Stitching a Bird by Craft Jitsu Online Class
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: Craft Jitsu
Hand embroidery for beginners - Part 1 |  HandiWorks #51
Hand embroidery for beginners - Part 1 | HandiWorks #51
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: HandiWorks
Hand Embroidery: How to Stitch Roses with the Woven Wheel Stitch (Spider Woven Wheel) Tutorial
Hand Embroidery: How to Stitch Roses with the Woven Wheel Stitch (Spider Woven Wheel) Tutorial
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Kayla Dickens
Hand Embroidery: Raised Chain Stitch
Hand Embroidery: Raised Chain Stitch
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
7 Basic Embroidery Stitches | 3and3quarters
7 Basic Embroidery Stitches | 3and3quarters
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Amanda Rolfe
Hand Embroidery: Rosette Rose Stitch
Hand Embroidery: Rosette Rose Stitch
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Hand Embroidery | Stitching Tutorial by Hand | HandiWorks #89
Hand Embroidery | Stitching Tutorial by Hand | HandiWorks #89
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: HandiWorks
How to Make Custom Embroidered Patches : DIY - Giveaway closed!
How to Make Custom Embroidered Patches : DIY - Giveaway closed!
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: chezlin
This artist
This artist's embroidery is on point
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: INSIDER
Hand Embroidery: Stump Work
Hand Embroidery: Stump Work
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Hand Embroidery: Caston Roses
Hand Embroidery: Caston Roses
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
ЦВЕТОЧНАЯ ВЫШИВКА  \  FLOWER EMBROIDERY
ЦВЕТОЧНАЯ ВЫШИВКА \ FLOWER EMBROIDERY
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Malina GM
Hand embroidery. embroidery stitches tutorial for beginners. Part-2. decorative stitches.
Hand embroidery. embroidery stitches tutorial for beginners. Part-2. decorative stitches.
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Leisha's Galaxy
Embroidery Basics - How to Embroider | www.DMC-USA.com
Embroidery Basics - How to Embroider | www.DMC-USA.com
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: CommonthreadUS
Hand Embroidery: Shadow Work
Hand Embroidery: Shadow Work
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Hand Embroidery: Bead Work
Hand Embroidery: Bead Work
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Hand Embroidery Basics- SUPPLIES: Video #1
Hand Embroidery Basics- SUPPLIES: Video #1
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: TheCraftyGemini
Hand Embroidery: Brazilian Embroidery
Hand Embroidery: Brazilian Embroidery
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Crewel Embroidery Seed Stitch Gradient Leaves
Crewel Embroidery Seed Stitch Gradient Leaves
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: The Noble Thread
Beginner Machine Embroidery Project #1 on PE770 with Crafty Gemini
Beginner Machine Embroidery Project #1 on PE770 with Crafty Gemini
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: TheCraftyGemini
Hand Embroidery - Tambour project for beginners
Hand Embroidery - Tambour project for beginners
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Sarah Homfray
T-SHIRT UPCYCLE & DIY EMBROIDERY  | THE SORRY GIRLS
T-SHIRT UPCYCLE & DIY EMBROIDERY | THE SORRY GIRLS
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: TheSorryGirls
Satin ribbon embroidery design for long frocks. Ribbon embroidery stitches by hand tutorial.
Satin ribbon embroidery design for long frocks. Ribbon embroidery stitches by hand tutorial.
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Leisha's Galaxy
Hand Embroidery Design | Fish Bone Stitch Tutorials |  HandiWorks #24
Hand Embroidery Design | Fish Bone Stitch Tutorials | HandiWorks #24
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: HandiWorks
Hand Embroidery: Fancy Embroidery
Hand Embroidery: Fancy Embroidery
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Setting Up NEW Embroidery Machine | EverSewn Hero (GIVEAWAY CLOSED)
Setting Up NEW Embroidery Machine | EverSewn Hero (GIVEAWAY CLOSED)
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: coolirpa
Ari Embroidery
Ari Embroidery
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Victoria and Albert Museum
Hand Embroidery: Bead Work
Hand Embroidery: Bead Work
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Hand Embroidery: Padded Lace Stitch
Hand Embroidery: Padded Lace Stitch
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Hand Embroidery: Peco by hand
Hand Embroidery: Peco by hand
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
#1 Reason Why Embroidery Businesses Fail  [PART 1]
#1 Reason Why Embroidery Businesses Fail [PART 1]
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Kandia Haynesworth
ВЫШИВКА  \   EMBROIDERY
ВЫШИВКА \ EMBROIDERY
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Malina GM
indian bead embroidery
indian bead embroidery
Published: 2012/12/01
Channel: kushy1960
БРАЗИЛЬСКАЯ ВЫШИВКА  \  BRAZILIAN EMBROIDERY
БРАЗИЛЬСКАЯ ВЫШИВКА \ BRAZILIAN EMBROIDERY
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Malina GM
Hand Embroidery: Carnation flower
Hand Embroidery: Carnation flower
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Embroidery Basics: Make Your Own Sampler
Embroidery Basics: Make Your Own Sampler
Published: 2014/09/22
Channel: Hobby Lobby
БРАЗИЛЬСКАЯ ВЫШИВКА \   BRAZILIAN EMBROIDERY Ruffle ButtonHole stitch
БРАЗИЛЬСКАЯ ВЫШИВКА \ BRAZILIAN EMBROIDERY Ruffle ButtonHole stitch
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Malina GM
Hand Embroidery: Satin Stitch
Hand Embroidery: Satin Stitch
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Buttonhole Filling (Detached) Embroidery Stitch
Buttonhole Filling (Detached) Embroidery Stitch
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Mary Corbet
Machine Embroidery in 6 Easy Lessons
Machine Embroidery in 6 Easy Lessons
Published: 2014/01/21
Channel: Nancy's Notions
Tutorial Wilcom Embroidery Studio e1.5 para iniciantes #1
Tutorial Wilcom Embroidery Studio e1.5 para iniciantes #1
Published: 2014/01/12
Channel: Canal M-Tech
Hardanger embroidery.
Hardanger embroidery.
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: Hardanger Embroidery
How to make a bullion knot flower Embroidery
How to make a bullion knot flower Embroidery
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Aham Designer Boutique Thiruvananthapuram
Hand Embroidery: Brazilian Embroidery
Hand Embroidery: Brazilian Embroidery
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Shagufta Fyms
Simply Summer Embroidery
Simply Summer Embroidery
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Embroidery Library
Basics of Hand Embroidery
Basics of Hand Embroidery
Published: 2011/10/19
Channel: EvaEvaEva923
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Gold embroidery on the gognots (apron) of a 19th-century Armenian bridal dress from Akhaltsikhe.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. Today, embroidery is most often seen on caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockings, and golf shirts. Embroidery is available with a wide variety of thread or yarn color.

The basic techniques or stitches on surviving examples of the earliest embroidery—chain stitch, buttonhole or blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, cross stitch—remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today.

History[edit]

Traditional embroidery in chain stitch on a Kazakh rug, contemporary.
Caucasian embroidery

Origins[edit]

The process used to tailor, patch, mend and reinforce cloth fostered the development of sewing techniques, and the decorative possibilities of sewing led to the art of embroidery.[1] Indeed, the remarkable stability of basic embroidery stitches has been noted:

It is a striking fact that in the development of embroidery ... there are no changes of materials or techniques which can be felt or interpreted as advances from a primitive to a later, more refined stage. On the other hand, we often find in early works a technical accomplishment and high standard of craftsmanship rarely attained in later times.[2]

The art of embroidery has been found world-wide and several early examples have been found. Works in China have been dated to the Warring States period (5th–3rd century BC).[3] In a garment from Migration period Sweden, roughly 300–700 AD, the edges of bands of trimming are reinforced with running stitch, back stitch, stem stitch, tailor's buttonhole stitch, and whip-stitching, but it is uncertain whether this work simply reinforced the seams or should be interpreted as decorative embroidery.[4]

Historical applications and techniques[edit]

Depending on time, location and materials available, embroidery could be the domain of a few experts or a wide-spread, popular technique. This flexibility led to a variety of works, from the royal to the mundane.

Elaborately embroidered clothing, religious objects, and household items often were seen as a mark of wealth and status, as in the case of Opus Anglicanum, a technique used by professional workshops and guilds in medieval England.[5] In 18th century England and its colonies, samplers employing fine silks were produced by the daughters of wealthy families. Embroidery was a skill marking a girl's path into womanhood as well as conveying rank and social standing.[6]

Conversely, embroidery is also a folk art, using materials that were accessible to nonprofessionals. Examples include Hardanger from Norway, Merezhka from Ukraine, Mountmellick embroidery from Ireland, Nakshi kantha from Bangladesh and West Bengal, and Brazilian embroidery. Many techniques had a practical use such as Sashiko from Japan, which was used as a way to reinforce clothing.[citation needed]

The Islamic world[edit]

Morocco fez horse cover metal silver thread 18th – 19th

Embroidery was an important art in the Medieval Islamic world. The 17th century Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi called it the "craft of the two hands". Because embroidery was a sign of high social status in Muslim societies, it became widely popular. In cities such as Damascus, Cairo and Istanbul, embroidery was visible on handkerchiefs, uniforms, flags, calligraphy, shoes, robes, tunics, horse trappings, slippers, sheaths, pouches, covers, and even on leather belts. Craftsmen embroidered items with gold and silver thread. Embroidery cottage industries, some employing over 800 people, grew to supply these items.[7]

In the 16th century, in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, his chronicler Abu al-Fazl ibn Mubarak wrote in the famous Ain-i-Akbari: "His majesty (Akbar) pays much attention to various stuffs; hence Irani, Ottoman, and Mongolian articles of wear are in much abundance especially textiles embroidered in the patterns of Nakshi, Saadi, Chikhan, Ari, Zardozi, Wastli, Gota and Kohra. The imperial workshops in the towns of Lahore, Agra, Fatehpur and Ahmedabad turn out many masterpieces of workmanship in fabrics, and the figures and patterns, knots and variety of fashions which now prevail astonish even the most experienced travelers. Taste for fine material has since become general, and the drapery of embroidered fabrics used at feasts surpasses every description."[8]

Automation[edit]

The development of machine embroidery and its mass production came about in stages in the Industrial Revolution. The earliest machine embroidery used a combination of machine looms and teams of women embroidering the textiles by hand. This was done in France by the mid-1800s.[9] The manufacture of machine-made embroideries in St. Gallen in eastern Switzerland flourished in the latter half of the 19th century.[10]

Hand-made embroidery – Székely Land, 2014

Classification[edit]

Japanese free embroidery in silk and metal threads, contemporary.
Embroidered Easter eggs. Works by Inna Forostyuk, the folk master from the Luhansk region (Ukraine)

Embroidery can be classified according to what degree the design takes into account the nature of the base material and by the relationship of stitch placement to the fabric. The main categories are free or surface embroidery, counted embroidery, and needlepoint or canvas work.[11]

In free or surface embroidery, designs are applied without regard to the weave of the underlying fabric. Examples include crewel and traditional Chinese and Japanese embroidery.

Cross-stitch counted-thread embroidery. Tea-cloth, Hungary, mid-20th century

Counted-thread embroidery patterns are created by making stitches over a predetermined number of threads in the foundation fabric. Counted-thread embroidery is more easily worked on an even-weave foundation fabric such as embroidery canvas, aida cloth, or specially woven cotton and linen fabrics . Examples include cross-stitch and some forms of blackwork embroidery.

Hardanger, a whitework technique. Contemporary.

While similar to counted thread in regards to technique, in canvas work or needlepoint, threads are stitched through a fabric mesh to create a dense pattern that completely covers the foundation fabric.[12] Examples of canvas work include bargello and Berlin wool work.

Embroidery can also be classified by the similarity of appearance. In drawn thread work and cutwork, the foundation fabric is deformed or cut away to create holes that are then embellished with embroidery, often with thread in the same color as the foundation fabric. When created with white thread on white linen or cotton, this work is collectively referred to as whitework.[13] However, whitework can either be counted or free. Hardanger embroidery is a counted embroidery and the designs are often geometric.[14] Conversely, styles such as Broderie anglaise are similar to free embroidery, with floral or abstract designs that are not dependent on the weave of the fabric.[15]

Materials[edit]

Phulkari from the Punjab region of India. Phulkari embroidery, popular since at least the 15th century, is traditionally done on hand-spun cotton cloth with simple darning stitches using silk floss.
Laid threads, a surface technique in wool on linen. The Bayeux Tapestry, 11th century.

The fabrics and yarns used in traditional embroidery vary from place to place. Wool, linen, and silk have been in use for thousands of years for both fabric and yarn. Today, embroidery thread is manufactured in cotton, rayon, and novelty yarns as well as in traditional wool, linen, and silk. Ribbon embroidery uses narrow ribbon in silk or silk/organza blend ribbon, most commonly to create floral motifs.[16]

Surface embroidery techniques such as chain stitch and couching or laid-work are the most economical of expensive yarns; couching is generally used for goldwork. Canvas work techniques, in which large amounts of yarn are buried on the back of the work, use more materials but provide a sturdier and more substantial finished textile.[17]

In both canvas work and surface embroidery an embroidery hoop or frame can be used to stretch the material and ensure even stitching tension that prevents pattern distortion. Modern canvas work tends to follow symmetrical counted stitching patterns with designs emerging from the repetition of one or just a few similar stitches in a variety of hues. In contrast, many forms of surface embroidery make use of a wide range of stitching patterns in a single piece of work.[18]

Machine[edit]

Commercial machine embroidery in chain stitch on a voile curtain, China, early 21st century.

Contemporary embroidery is stitched with a computerized embroidery machine using patterns digitized with embroidery software. In machine embroidery, different types of "fills" add texture and design to the finished work. Machine embroidery is used to add logos and monograms to business shirts or jackets, gifts, and team apparel as well as to decorate household linens, draperies, and decorator fabrics that mimic the elaborate hand embroidery of the past.

There has also been a development in free hand machine embroidery, new machines have been designed that allow for the user to create free-motion embroidery which has its place in textile arts, quilting, dressmaking, home furnishings and more.[19]

Qualifications[edit]

City and Guilds qualification[20] in Embroidery allows embroiderers to become recognized for their skill. This qualification also gives them the credibility to teach. For example, the notable textiles artist, Kathleen Laurel Sage- Textiles Artist,[21] began her teaching career by getting the City and Guilds Embroidery 1 and 2 qualifications. She has now gone on to write a book on the subject.[22]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gillow and Bryan 1999, p. 12
  2. ^ Marie Schuette and Sigrid Muller-Christensen, The Art of Embroidery translated by Donald King, Thames and Hudson, 1964, quoted in Netherton and Owen-Crocker 2005, p. 2
  3. ^ Gillow and Bryan 1999, p. 178
  4. ^ Coatsworth, Elizabeth: "Stitches in Time: Establishing a History of Anglo-Saxon Embroidery", in Netherton and Owen-Crocker 2005, p. 2
  5. ^ Levey and King 1993, p. 12
  6. ^ Power, Lisa (27 March 2015). "NGV embroidery exhibition: imagine a 12-year-old spending two years on this...". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Saudi Aramco World :The Skill of the Two Hands". 
  8. ^ "Saudi Aramco World :Mughal Maal". 
  9. ^ Knight, Charles (1858). Pictorial Gallery of Arts. England. 
  10. ^ Röllin, Peter. Stickerei-Zeit, Kultur und Kunst in St. Gallen 1870–1930. VGS Verlagsgemeinschaft, St. Gallen 1989, ISBN 3-7291-1052-7 (in German)
  11. ^ Corbet, Mary (October 3, 2016). "Needlework Terminology: Surface Embroidery". Retrieved November 1, 2016. 
  12. ^ Gillow and Bryan 1999, p. 198
  13. ^ Readers Digest 1979, pp. 74–91
  14. ^ Yvette Stanton. Early Style Hardanger. Vetty Creations. ISBN 978-0-9757677-7-1. 
  15. ^ Catherine Amoroso Leslie (1 January 2007). Needlework Through History: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 34, 226, 58. ISBN 978-0-313-33548-8. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  16. ^ van Niekerk 2006
  17. ^ Readers Digest 1979, pp. 112–115
  18. ^ Readers Digest 1979, pp. 1–19, 112–117
  19. ^ "Using logo embroidery". Oekaki Renaissance. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  20. ^ "Creative". 
  21. ^ "A Little About Me". Kathleen Laurel Sage. 
  22. ^ The Zen Cart® Team; et al. "Embroidered Soldered and Heat Zapped Surfaces by Kathleen Laurel Sage". 

References[edit]

  • Berman, Pat (2000). "Berlin Work". American Needlepoint Guild. Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  • Caulfield, S.F.A.; B.C. Saward (1885). The Dictionary of Needlework. 
  • Crummy, Andrew (2010). The Prestonpans Tapestry 1745. Burke's Peerage & Gentry, for Battle of Prestonpans (1745) Heritage Trust. 
  • Embroiderers' Guild Practical Study Group (1984). Needlework School. QED Publishers. ISBN 0-89009-785-2. 
  • Gillow, John; Bryan Sentance (1999). World Textiles. Bulfinch Press/Little, Brown. ISBN 0-8212-2621-5. 
  • Lemon, Jane (2004). Metal Thread Embroidery. Sterling. ISBN 0-7134-8926-X. 
  • Levey, S. M.; D. King (1993). The Victoria and Albert Museum's Textile Collection Vol. 3: Embroidery in Britain from 1200 to 1750. Victoria and Albert Museum. ISBN 1-85177-126-3. 
  • Netherton, Robin, and Gale R. Owen-Crocker, editors, (2005). Medieval Clothing and Textiles, Volume 1. Boydell Press. ISBN 1-84383-123-6. 
  • Quinault, Marie-Jo (2003). Filet Lace, Introduction to the Linen Stitch. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 1-4120-1549-9. 
  • Readers Digest (1979). Complete Guide to Needlework. Readers Digest. ISBN 0-89577-059-8. 
  • van Niekerk, Di (2006). A Perfect World in Ribbon Embroidery and Stumpwork. ISBN 1-84448-231-6. 
  • Vogelsang, Gillian; Willem Vogelsang, editors (2015). TRC Needles. The TRC Digital Encyclopaedia of Decorative Needlework. Textile Research Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands. 
  • Wilson, David M. (1985). The Bayeux Tapestry. Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-25122-3. 


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