|— City —|
|City of Encinitas|
|Moonlight Beach on the left, parallel with the shore is Historic Coast Highway 101, also parallel but further inland is Interstate 5 in California|
|San Diego County, California|
|• Mayor||Teresa Barth|
|• Total||19.990 sq mi (51.772 km2)|
|• Land||18.812 sq mi (48.722 km2)|
|• Water||1.178 sq mi (3.050 km2) 5.89%|
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|• Density||3,000/sq mi ( 1,100/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||92007, 92023-92024|
|Area code(s)||760, 442|
|GNIS feature ID||1652705|
Encinitas is a coastal beach city in San Diego County, California. Located within Southern California, it is approximately 25 miles (40 km) north of San Diego in North County and about 95 miles (153 km) south of Los Angeles. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 59,518, up from 58,014 at the 2000 census. The largest single industry in the city is the growing of ornamental flowers, particularly poinsettias.
The city was incorporated after a majority vote of 69.3% in 1986 from the communities of historic Encinitas, new Encinitas (Village Park, etc.), Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea and Olivenhain. These communities retain their identities and distinctive flavors.
Encinitas can be divided into five areas:
Encinitas is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km2). 18.8 square miles (49 km2) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it (5.89%) is water. The city's elevation ranges between sea level and 180 feet (55 m) above sea level..
Encinitas lies on rugged coastal terrain. The city is bisected by a low lying coastal ridge that separates New and Old Encinitas. In the north of the city, the coast rises in elevation and the land is raised up in the form of many coastal bluffs. The city is surrounded by Batiquitos Lagoon and San Elijo Lagoon to the north and south, respectively.
Encinitas has a very mild, Mediterranean climate. Average daily high temperature is 72 °F (22 °C). Temperatures below 40 °F (4 °C) and above 85 °F (29 °C) are rare. Average rainfall is about 10 inches (250 mm) per year. The wet season lasts during the winter and spring, when temperatures are usually cool. Average daytime temperatures hit 65F in winter and spring, when rain and marine layer (fog) are common (May Gray/June Gloom). Nighttime lows range from 45-55F. The dry season lasts from summer through fall, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 75-85F, and nighttime lows being from the upper 50s-60sF. Ocean water temperatures average 60F in winter, 64F in spring, 73F in summer, and 66F in fall.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Encinitas had a population of 59,518. The population density was 2,977.5 people per square mile (1,149.6/km²). The racial makeup of Encinitas was 51,067 (85.8%) White, 361 (0.6%) African American, 301 (0.5%) Native American, 2,323 (3.9%) Asian, 91 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 3,339 (5.6%) from other races, and 2,036 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,138 persons (13.7%).
The Census reported that 58,990 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 123 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 405 (0.7%) were institutionalized.
There were 24,082 households, out of which 6,997 (29.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,113 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,950 (8.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 981 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,359 (5.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 169 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,303 households (26.2%) were made up of individuals and 2,118 (8.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 15,044 families (62.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.98.
The population was spread out with 12,285 people (20.6%) under the age of 18, 3,767 people (6.3%) aged 18 to 24, 16,584 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 19,239 people (32.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,643 people (12.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
There were 25,740 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7 per square mile (497.2/km²), of which 15,187 (63.1%) were owner-occupied, and 8,895 (36.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 39,101 people (65.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,889 people (33.4%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 58,014 people, 22,830 households, and 14,291 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,035.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,172.1/km²). There were 23,843 housing units at an average density of 1,247.6 per square mile (481.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 6.28% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 22,830 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $63,954, and the median income for a family was $78,104 (these figures had risen to $79,714 and $104,775 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $51,132 versus $38,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,336. About 3.8% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 2011 Mark Patterson and Robert Nichols illegally installed a 10 by 10 feet (3 m × 3 m) mosaic of a surfing Virgin de Guadalupe on the north concrete support wall of the train bridge on Encinitas Boulevard, leading to a battle over whether it should be removed or preserved. It was christened the Surfing Madonna by the media and public.
The Lux Art Institute and San Dieguito Heritage Museum are located in Encinitas. Other points of interest include the San Diego Botanic Garden, Self-Realization Fellowship temple and Hermitage, historic La Paloma Theater, Moonlight Beach, and one of California's classic downtowns along historic Coast Highway 101. Surfing is a popular activity in Encinitas, particularly at Swami's, which is rated in the top 5 surf locations in the world and is mentioned in a verse of The Beach Boys' song "Surfin' U.S.A."
The city is currently governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals, with a mayor chosen by, and from, the city council members.
In elections held in November 2012, Encinitas voted yes on ballot measures to allow them directly elect its mayor, with term lengths of two years, rather than the mayor being chosen by members of the city council, for one year terms. The first such direct election for mayor will take place in 2014.
In the state legislature Encinitas is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Allan Mansoor. Federally, Encinitas is located in California's 50th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +14 and is represented by Republican Duncan D. Hunter.
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