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An introduction to Encrypted Media Extensions (EME)
An introduction to Encrypted Media Extensions (EME)
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Google Developers
HTML5 Video: How to protect your content with Encrypted Media Extensions - Dorin Manoli
HTML5 Video: How to protect your content with Encrypted Media Extensions - Dorin Manoli
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: DublinJS
"W3C Loves DRM & Other Stupid Things" - Lunduke Hour - Apr 4, 2017
"W3C Loves DRM & Other Stupid Things" - Lunduke Hour - Apr 4, 2017
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Bryan Lunduke
W3C adds DRM to HTML5
W3C adds DRM to HTML5
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: TWiT Netcast Network
"W3C Talks EME/DRM with Lunduke" - Lunduke Hour - July 14, 2017
"W3C Talks EME/DRM with Lunduke" - Lunduke Hour - July 14, 2017
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Bryan Lunduke
W3C Requests Changes to DRM/EME Article, I Decline.
W3C Requests Changes to DRM/EME Article, I Decline.
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Bryan Lunduke
DRM In the Age of HTML5: What You Need to Do Now
DRM In the Age of HTML5: What You Need to Do Now
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: Streaming Media
MIT Media Lab Public Dialogue on DRM
MIT Media Lab Public Dialogue on DRM
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: The Society of False Witnesses
What Is Widevine Plugin?
What Is Widevine Plugin?
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: om sparky
What Is Widevine DRM?
What Is Widevine DRM?
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Dagmar Dagmar
Session Encryption Keys in Chrome and Firefox
Session Encryption Keys in Chrome and Firefox
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Bill Buchanan
What Is Widevine DRM?
What Is Widevine DRM?
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: om sparky
Send Encrypted Mail using Chrome Secure Mail Extension
Send Encrypted Mail using Chrome Secure Mail Extension
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Get Tech Knowlegy
Media Source Extensions with Jeff Tapper
Media Source Extensions with Jeff Tapper
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: fitcevents
Replacing Flash- Adaptive Streaming and DRM in HTML5
Replacing Flash- Adaptive Streaming and DRM in HTML5
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: Streaming Media
HangoutSquad #1 : DRM vs CAS et Encrypted Media extention / Common Encryption
HangoutSquad #1 : DRM vs CAS et Encrypted Media extention / Common Encryption
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Justin Dwah
Protecting Premium Video in Windows with PlayReady
Protecting Premium Video in Windows with PlayReady
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: TechEd Europe
Security Now 629: Apple Bakes Cookies
Security Now 629: Apple Bakes Cookies
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: Security Now
Encryption vs. DRM: What
Encryption vs. DRM: What's the Difference?
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Streaming Media
EME Petrol Engines - Propguy
EME Petrol Engines - Propguy
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Steve Warltier
Media Source Extension html5 video
Media Source Extension html5 video
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Саша К.
SFO15-200K3 : The Web and Digital Rights Management
SFO15-200K3 : The Web and Digital Rights Management
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: Linaro On Air
HOW TO: Building a Streaming HTML5 Video Player
HOW TO: Building a Streaming HTML5 Video Player
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Streaming Media
Protecting Premium Video in Windows with PlayReady
Protecting Premium Video in Windows with PlayReady
Published: 2016/04/16
Channel: TechEd North America
HTML5 Comes of Age: It
HTML5 Comes of Age: It's Finally Time to Tell Flash Good-bye
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Wochit Hub
Study room in the EME
Study room in the EME
Published: 2010/08/19
Channel: ST
pre-ride meeting.AVI
pre-ride meeting.AVI
Published: 2010/03/07
Channel: rcor65
Two wives the eme
Two wives the eme
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: Jaime De Guzman
The eME Victoria
The eME Victoria
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: TheEMEvic
GeekNights Live: DRM
GeekNights Live: DRM
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Rym DeCoster
Webinar: End-to-End Adaptive Video Streaming with DASH and HLS
Webinar: End-to-End Adaptive Video Streaming with DASH and HLS
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Bitmovin Inc
The E.M.E. & Delta Lima at the Love Supreme Festival
The E.M.E. & Delta Lima at the Love Supreme Festival
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: R Ver
The E.M.E - Antiques Merkshow @ Hootananny
The E.M.E - Antiques Merkshow @ Hootananny
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Blake Mostyn
The E.M.E In A Special Way
The E.M.E In A Special Way
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: TheEME1000
The E.M.E - I Said It Before 22/1/12
The E.M.E - I Said It Before 22/1/12
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: TheEME1000
ThE 🅱Eme wHomst
ThE 🅱Eme wHomst'd've SUCC tHe wOrlD
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: J U S T W H Y
DRM PlayReady configuration with Azure Media Services
DRM PlayReady configuration with Azure Media Services
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Mingfei Yan
Eme has lost her mind.
Eme has lost her mind.
Published: 2012/07/30
Channel: Judy Whitcher
EFF leaves W3C
EFF leaves W3C
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Michael Fox
Paige in the EME talent show
Paige in the EME talent show
Published: 2013/03/12
Channel: Yo Girls
W3C rejects appeal, approves DRM standard, votes kept secret
W3C rejects appeal, approves DRM standard, votes kept secret
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Bryan Lunduke
The E.M.E - EME 22/1/12
The E.M.E - EME 22/1/12
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: TheEME1000
Changes and Continuities on Encounters in the Pacific Basin during the EME
Changes and Continuities on Encounters in the Pacific Basin during the EME
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: ANDO949
[FOSDEM 2014] HTML5 Video Part Deux
[FOSDEM 2014] HTML5 Video Part Deux
Published: 2014/02/10
Channel: TalksDump
Extension chrome - Liens utiles CDM
Extension chrome - Liens utiles CDM
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Kevin Hellot
all of us start of the EME climb.AVI
all of us start of the EME climb.AVI
Published: 2010/03/07
Channel: rcor65
The E.M.E-Brighton gig
The E.M.E-Brighton gig
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: Cheung Joann
Eme Dances In VZ
Eme Dances In VZ
Published: 2010/11/24
Channel: cutmyownyard
Newton Calegari e Vagner Diniz (Ceweb.br): Participe do VI Fórum da Internet no Brasil!
Newton Calegari e Vagner Diniz (Ceweb.br): Participe do VI Fórum da Internet no Brasil!
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: NICbrvideos
Lockout Tagout 101 Preview
Lockout Tagout 101 Preview
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: RSI CORP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) is a W3C specification for providing a communication channel between web browsers and digital rights management (DRM) agent software.[1] This allows the use of HTML5 video to play back DRM-wrapped content such as streaming video services without the need for third-party media plugins like Adobe Flash or Microsoft Silverlight. The use of a third-party key management system may be required, depending on whether the publisher chooses to scramble the keys.

EME is based on the HTML5 Media Source Extensions specification,[2] which enables adaptive bitrate streaming in HTML5 using e.g. MPEG-DASH with MPEG-CENC protected content.[3][4]

EME has been highly controversial because it places a necessarily proprietary, closed component into what might otherwise be an entirely open and free software ecosystem.[5] On July 6 2017, W3C publicly announced its intention to publish EME web standard[6], and did so on September 18th.[1] On the same day, the Electronic Frontier Foundation published an open letter resigning from W3C.[7]

Support[edit]

In April 2013, on the Samsung Chromebook, Netflix became the first company to offer HTML5 video using EME.[8]

As of 2016, the Encrypted Media Extensions interface has been implemented in the Google Chrome,[9] Internet Explorer,[10] Safari,[11] Firefox,[12] and Microsoft Edge[13] browsers.

While backers and the developers of the Firefox browser were hesitant in implementing the protocol for ethical reasons due to its dependency on proprietary code,[14] Firefox introduced EME support on Windows platforms in May 2015. Firefox's implementation of EME uses an open-source sandbox to load the proprietary DRM modules, which are treated as plug-ins that are loaded when EME-encrypted content is requested. The sandbox was also designed to frustrate the ability for services and the DRM to uniquely track and identify devices.[12][15]

Netflix supports HTML5 video using EME with a supported browser: Chrome, Firefox,[16] Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer (on Windows 8.1 or newer[17]), or Safari (on OS X Yosemite or newer[18]). YouTube supports the HTML5 MSE.[19] Available players supporting MPEG-DASH using the HTML5 MSE and EME are THEOplayer[20] by OpenTelly, the bitdash MPEG-DASH player,[21][22] dash.js[23] by DASH-IF or rx-player.[24]

Version 4.3 and subsequent versions of Android support EME.[25]

Criticism[edit]

EME has faced strong criticism from both inside[26][27] and outside W3C.[28] The major issues for criticism are implementation issues for open-source browsers, entry barriers for new browsers, lack of interoperability,[29] concerns about privacy and accessibility and possibility of legal trouble in the United States due to Chapter 12[30] of the DMCA.[31][32][33][34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Encrypted Media Extensions W3C Recommendation". W3C. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  2. ^ HTML5 MSE
  3. ^ David Dorwin. "ISO Common Encryption EME Stream Format and Initialization Data". W3C. Archived from the original on 2015-02-19. 
  4. ^ Lederer, Stefan (February 2, 2015). "Why YouTube & Netflix use MPEG-DASH in HTML5". Bitmovin. 
  5. ^ Lucian Constantin (24 February 2012). "Proposed Encrypted Media Support in HTML5 Sparks DRM Debate on W3C Mailing List". IT World. IDG News Service. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "W3C Announcement". Retrieved 12 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "EFF Open Letter". Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  8. ^ Anthony Park and Mark Watson (April 15, 2013). "HTML5 Video at Netflix". Netflix. 
  9. ^ Weinstein, Rafael (26 February 2013). "Chrome 26 Beta: Template Element & Unprefixed CSS Transitions". Chromium Blog. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Supporting Encrypted Media Extensions with Microsoft PlayReady DRM in web browsers". Windows app development. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  11. ^ Protalinski, Emil (3 June 2014). "Netflix ditches Silverlight for HTML5 on Macs too: Available today in Safari on OS X Yosemite beta". The Next Web. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Firefox 38 arrives with contentious closed-source DRM integrated by default". PC World. IDG. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  13. ^ Mohrland, Jesse; Smith, Jerry (October 27, 2015). "Using Encrypted Media Extensions for interoperable protected media". Microsoft. 
  14. ^ Mozilla begrudgingly brings Netflix support to Linux with DRM in Firefox
  15. ^ Jeremy Kirk (May 15, 2014). "Mozilla hates it, but streaming video DRM is coming to Firefox". PCWorld. 
  16. ^ Netflix system requirements for HTML5 Player and Silverlight
  17. ^ Anthony Park and Mark Watson (26 June 2013). "HTML5 Video in IE 11 on Windows 8.1". Netflix. 
  18. ^ Anthony Park and Mark Watson (3 June 2014). "HTML5 Video in Safari on OS X Yosemite". Netflix. 
  19. ^ "The Status of MPEG-DASH today, and why Youtube & Netflix use it in HTML5". bitmovin GmbH. 2 Feb 2015. 
  20. ^ THEOplayer by OpenTelly: HLS and MPEG-DASH player for HTML5 MSE and EME
  21. ^ bitdash MPEG-DASH player for HTML5 MSE and EME
  22. ^ bitdash HTML5 EME DRM demo area
  23. ^ dash.js
  24. ^ rx-player
  25. ^ Ozer, Jan (July–August 2015). "HTML5 Comes of Age: It's Finally Time to Tell Flash Good-bye". Streaming Media Magazine. StreamingMedia.com. Retrieved 2016-01-12. In mobile markets [...] Android has supported MSE since version 4.1, and EME since version 4.3. 
  26. ^ "Boris Zabrasky opposing EME". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  27. ^ "Ian Hickson opposing EME". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  28. ^ "Richard Stallman Braved a Winter Storm Last Night to March Against DRM". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  29. ^ "4K Netflix arrives on Windows 10, but probably not for your PC". Retrieved 26 November 2016. 
  30. ^ "Title 17, Circular 92, Chapter 12 - Copyright.gov". Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  31. ^ "EFF's Formal Objection to EME". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  32. ^ "Save Firefox". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  33. ^ "Open Letter to W3C". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  34. ^ "Interoperability and the W3C: Defending the Future from the Present". Retrieved 10 June 2016. 

See also[edit]

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