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End-User Computing
End-User Computing
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: MicroAge
Big Ideas; Big Tech: End User Computing: Roadblocks to Working Anywhere on Any Device
Big Ideas; Big Tech: End User Computing: Roadblocks to Working Anywhere on Any Device
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: Dell EMC
end user computing a:  pc basics
end user computing a: pc basics
Published: 2012/02/26
Channel: julianrosebank
VMware End-User Computing 5min Elevator Pitch with Q&A
VMware End-User Computing 5min Elevator Pitch with Q&A
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: VMware End-User Computing
VMworld 2015: EUC6807 - Future of End User Computing
VMworld 2015: EUC6807 - Future of End User Computing
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: VMworld
End user Computing 2015
End user Computing 2015
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: Dimension Data
Dimension Data End-user Computing
Dimension Data End-user Computing
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Dimension Data Asia Pacific
End User Computing
End User Computing
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Softinsa
VMware Strategy: End-User Computing Vision
VMware Strategy: End-User Computing Vision
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: VMware
End-User Computing - Working at the Speed of Life
End-User Computing - Working at the Speed of Life
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: CEMAInfotechnologie
PC Connection
PC Connection's Tony D'Ancona on end-user computing
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Healthcare IT News
Fireside Chat:  The Latest in End User Computing - VMware & TechTarget
Fireside Chat: The Latest in End User Computing - VMware & TechTarget
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: nGage Events
DV7281Virtual Desktop Cloud - The Future Vision of End-User Computing
DV7281Virtual Desktop Cloud - The Future Vision of End-User Computing
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: Misha Southern
Overcome the business challenges of End User Computing
Overcome the business challenges of End User Computing
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: ComputerWorld Group
VMware End-User Computing at VMworld U.S. 2015
VMware End-User Computing at VMworld U.S. 2015
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: VMware
VMware End User Computing Overview
VMware End User Computing Overview
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: Tech Data Technical Services
VMware is Hiring - End-User Computing Positions Worldwide
VMware is Hiring - End-User Computing Positions Worldwide
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: VMware Careers
End User Computing Exam Paper
End User Computing Exam Paper
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Sarah Geronimo
VMware End User Computing
VMware End User Computing
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: PCMTVonline
End-user Computing Risk  - The elephant in the room
End-user Computing Risk - The elephant in the room
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: ClusterSeven
Unifying End-User Computing with EUC CTO, Kit Colbert
Unifying End-User Computing with EUC CTO, Kit Colbert
Published: 2014/08/20
Channel: VMware
VMware TV @ VMworld: Shawn Bass Shares the Latest End-User Computing Trends
VMware TV @ VMworld: Shawn Bass Shares the Latest End-User Computing Trends
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: VMware AirWatch
End-User Computing Keynote with Sanjay Poonen at VMworld 2014 US
End-User Computing Keynote with Sanjay Poonen at VMworld 2014 US
Published: 2014/09/30
Channel: VMware
VMware
VMware's End User Computing can change your life, just watch!
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: VMworld
vForum Mumbai Sanjay Poonen End-User Computing Keynote
vForum Mumbai Sanjay Poonen End-User Computing Keynote
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: VMware End-User Computing
VMworld 2014 - End User Computing Keynote - CloudVolumes
VMworld 2014 - End User Computing Keynote - CloudVolumes
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: VMware
DAMA International Presents: Data Governance for End User Computing
DAMA International Presents: Data Governance for End User Computing
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: DATAVERSITY
Leadership Perspectives: Sanjay Poonen, VMware EVP, End-User Computing
Leadership Perspectives: Sanjay Poonen, VMware EVP, End-User Computing
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: VMware
Federation End-User Computing Destroys Complexity!
Federation End-User Computing Destroys Complexity!
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: Dell EMC
Theresa Miller: End User Computing – To the Cloud!
Theresa Miller: End User Computing – To the Cloud!
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: TECHunplugged
VMworld 2014 Europe: End-User Computing
VMworld 2014 Europe: End-User Computing
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: VMware
Live Stream - VMware VDI End User Computing Update
Live Stream - VMware VDI End User Computing Update
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: Tech Data Technical Services
OCSL: The Future of End User Computing from Microsoft, Citrix and VMware - June 2013
OCSL: The Future of End User Computing from Microsoft, Citrix and VMware - June 2013
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: OCSL UK
Training Camp - Horizon View End User Computing
Training Camp - Horizon View End User Computing
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: Tech Data Technical Services
End-User-Computing der cellent AG
End-User-Computing der cellent AG
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: cellent GmbH
End User Computing in Education
End User Computing in Education
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: ComputerWorld Group
end user computing a:  learning unit 4a:  common tools and programs [theory]
end user computing a: learning unit 4a: common tools and programs [theory]
Published: 2012/03/04
Channel: julianrosebank
VMware is Hiring - VMware View - End User Computing Team (Video Job Posting)
VMware is Hiring - VMware View - End User Computing Team (Video Job Posting)
Published: 2011/06/03
Channel: VMware Careers
End User Computing  Launch Overview - Q4 2014
End User Computing Launch Overview - Q4 2014
Published: 2014/10/14
Channel: VMwarePartnerTV
End user computing & IT procurement are working together at Chicago Public Schools
End user computing & IT procurement are working together at Chicago Public Schools
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Flexera
NWN Client Management Solution – End User Computing
NWN Client Management Solution – End User Computing
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: NWN Corporation
VMware X Amidas - Delivering End User Computing
VMware X Amidas - Delivering End User Computing
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: VMware Hong Kong
VMworld San Francisco Sanjay Poonen End-User Computing Keynote
VMworld San Francisco Sanjay Poonen End-User Computing Keynote
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: VMware End-User Computing
Past, Present and Future of End User Computing - Scott Davis, CTO of EUC
Past, Present and Future of End User Computing - Scott Davis, CTO of EUC
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: VMwarePartnerTV
Improve End-user Computing Experiences with Anexinet
Improve End-user Computing Experiences with Anexinet
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Anexinet
VMware End User Computing Demo - VMworld 2011
VMware End User Computing Demo - VMworld 2011
Published: 2011/09/04
Channel: vmwjourney
Dell XC Series HCI for end-user computing (EUC) | Whiteboard Video
Dell XC Series HCI for end-user computing (EUC) | Whiteboard Video
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: MicroAge
Anexinet: Improve End-User Computing Experiences
Anexinet: Improve End-User Computing Experiences
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: IMS360 Group
VMworld Europe Sanjay Poonen End-User Computing Keynote
VMworld Europe Sanjay Poonen End-User Computing Keynote
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: VMware End-User Computing
Seclore External Collaboration – Securing The New Normal Of End User Computing
Seclore External Collaboration – Securing The New Normal Of End User Computing
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: seclore
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Within a computer program or website, a user is often represented by an abstract icon of a person

A user is a person who uses a computer or network service. Users generally use a system or a software product[1] without the technical expertise required to fully understand it.[1] Power users use advanced features of programs, though they are not necessarily capable of computer programming and system administration.[2][3]

A user often has a user account and is identified to the system by a username (or user name). Other terms for username include login name, screenname (or screen name), nickname (or nick) and handle, which is derived from the identical Citizen's Band radio term.

Some software products provide services to other systems and have no direct end users.

End user[edit]

End users are the ultimate human users (also referred to as operators) of a software product. The term is used to abstract and distinguish those who only use the software from the developers of the system, who enhance the software for end users.[4] In user-centered design, it also distinguishes the software operator from the client who pays for its development and other stakeholders who may not directly use the software, but help establish its requirements.[5][6] This abstraction is primarily useful in designing the user interface, and refers to a relevant subset of characteristics that most expected users would have in common.

In user-centered design, personas are created to represent the types of users. It is sometimes specified for each persona which types of user interfaces it is comfortable with (due to previous experience or the interface's inherent simplicity), and what technical expertise and degree of knowledge it has in specific fields or disciplines. When few constraints are imposed on the end-user category, especially when designing programs for use by the general public, it is common practice to expect minimal technical expertise or previous training in end users.[7] In this context, graphical user interfaces (GUIs) are usually preferred to command-line interfaces (CLIs) for the sake of usability.[8]

The end-user development discipline blurs the typical distinction between users and developers. It designates activities or techniques in which people who are not professional developers create automated behavior and complex data objects without significant knowledge of a programming language.

Systems whose actor is another system or a software agent have no direct end users

User account[edit]

A user's account allows a user to authenticate to a system and potentially to receive authorization to access resources provided by or connected to that system; however, authentication does not imply authorization. To log into an account, a user is typically required to authenticate oneself with a password or other credentials for the purposes of accounting, security, logging, and resource management.

Once the user has logged on, the operating system will often use an identifier such as an integer to refer to them, rather than their username, through a process known as identity correlation. In Unix systems, the username is correlated with a user identifier or user id.

Computer systems operate in one of two types based on what kind of users they have:

  • Single-user systems do not have a concept of several user accounts.
  • Multi-user systems have such a concept, and require users to identify themselves before using the system.

Each user account on a multi-user system typically has a home directory, in which to store files pertaining exclusively to that user's activities, which is protected from access by other users (though a system administrator may have access). User accounts often contain a public user profile, which contains basic information provided by the account's owner. The files stored in the home directory (and all other directories in the system) have file system permissions which are inspected by the operating system to determine which users are granted access to read or execute a file, or to store a new file in that directory.

While systems expect most user accounts to be used by only a single person, many systems have a special account intended to allow anyone to use the system, such as the username "anonymous" for anonymous FTP and the username "guest" for a guest account.

Username format[edit]

Various computer operating-systems and applications expect/enforce different rules for the format.

In Microsoft Windows environments, for example, note the potential use of:[9]

  • User Principal Name (UPN) format - for example: UserName@orgName.com
  • Down-Level Logon Name format - for example: DOMAIN\accountName

Some online communities, such as Kik Usernames[10], use usernames as nickname for the account holders. In some cases, a user may be better known by their username than by their real name, such as CmdrTaco (Rob Malda), founder of the website Slashdot

Terminology[edit]

Some usability professionals have expressed their dislike of the term "user", proposing it to be changed.[11] Don Norman stated that "One of the horrible words we use is 'users'. I am on a crusade to get rid of the word 'users'. I would prefer to call them 'people'."[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jargon File entry for "User". Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Power Users' Guide". sap.com. Retrieved 2015-01-14. 
  3. ^ "Windows Confidential: Power to the Power User". microsoft.com. 2012. Retrieved 2015-01-14. 
  4. ^ "The State of the Art in End-User Software Engineering" (PDF). media.mit.edu. 2011-10-12. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  5. ^ "Understanding Organizational Stakeholders for Design Success". 2004-05-06. Retrieved 2016-08-31. 
  6. ^ Rigsbee, Sarah, and William B. Fitzpatrick. "User-Centered Design: A Case Study on Its Application to the Tactical Tomahawk Weapons Control System."Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest 31.1 (2012): 76-82.
  7. ^ "What is end user?". Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  8. ^ Andisheh Feizi; Chui Yin Wong (2014-09-18). "Usability of User Interface Styles for Learning Graphical Software Applications" (PDF). cscjournals.org. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2015-01-11. The development of GUI software applications has been one of the noteworthy improvements in programming field that reduce the difficulty of remembering syntax and semantics with the guidance of menu-based interactive properticccces it delivers. [...] Command Line Interfaces (CLI) are considered quite inconvenient environment for new generation of users since they are substantially used to GUIs. 
  9. ^ "User Name Formats". MSDN. Developer technologies. Microsoft. Retrieved 2016-01-11. The down-level logon name format is used to specify a domain and a user account in that domain [...]. 
  10. ^ "Kik Usernames - Online community where users can share Kik Usernames". Retrieved 2017-06-01. 
  11. ^ Don Norman. "Words Matter. Talk About People: Not Customers, Not Consumers, Not Users". 
  12. ^ "Don Norman at UX Week 2008 © Adaptive Path". Retrieved 8 November 2010. 

This article is based on material taken from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing prior to 1 November 2008 and incorporated under the "relicensing" terms of the GFDL, version 1.3 or later.

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