Englishtown was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 4, 1888, from portions of Manalapan Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was named for James English, an early settler.
At the Battle of Monmouth, an American Revolutionary War battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, American General Charles Lee led the advance and initiated the first attack on the column's rear. When the British turned to flank him, he ordered a general retreat without so as much as firing a shot at the enemy, and his soldiers soon became disorganized. General George Washington continued the battle, earning respect for the Continental Army troops under his command. In the dining room of the Village Inn, located in the center of Englishtown, General Washington and Lord Stirling drew up the court martial papers citing Lee for his conduct during and after the battle.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.586 square miles (1.517 km2), including 0.569 square miles (1.474 km2) of land and 0.017 square miles (0.043 km2) of water (2.85%).
There were 621 households, of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the borough, 25.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $70,795 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,336) and the median family income was $86,484 (+/- $8,333). Males had a median income of $65,625 (+/- $10,588) versus $43,333 (+/- $8,417) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,313 (+/- $2,456). About 1.5% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
There were 643 households out of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.51.
In the borough the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 11% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $57,557, and the median income for a family was $73,750. Males had a median income of $50,694 versus $33,068 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,438. About 4% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
Englishtown is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Englishtown, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2015[update], the Mayor of the Borough of Englishtown is Republican Thomas Reynolds, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Englishtown Borough Council (with committee chairmanships listed in parentheses) are Council President Maryanne Krawiec (R, 2015; Public Safety and Police), Lori Cooke (R, 2015; Administration, Finance and Personnel), Cindy Robilotti (R, 2017; Public Utilities), Rudy Rucker (R, 2017; Public Buildings and Grounds), Lou E. Sarti, Jr. (R, 2016; Legislative, Insurance and Licenses) and Gregory W. Wojyn (R, 2016; Code Enforcement, Public Health, Welfare and Public Events).
On March 28, 2012, Jayne Carr's seat on the Borough Council was officially vacated in accordance with state law after she failed to appear at eight consecutive meetings of the Borough Council dating back to December 2011. Carr claimed that she had stayed away from council meetings after receiving a death threat, and had informed the Monmouth County Prosecutor regarding the incident. As of May 4, 2012, no official statement has ever been made from any law enforcement agency at the local, state, or federal level confirming Carr's claims. In November 2011, Carr had been censured "for conduct detrimental to the orderly conduct of borough governance and violating standards of decorum and debate of a public body", based on statements that she had made accusing a council member and borough employee of breaking state law, and of having claimed to have chaired meetings of the Englishtown Development Committee. According to official records, the meetings Carr claimed to have chaired were never held.
On April 25, 2012, the Council selected Lou Sarti, a retired police officer and long-time resident of Englishtown who had served as President of the Englishtown Fire Department, to fill the unexpired term of the vacated seat.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,115 registered voters in Englishtown, of which 238 (21.3%) were registered as Democrats, 252 (22.6%) were registered as Republicans and 625 (56.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 54.3% of the vote (428 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 44.5% (351 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (9 votes), among the 794 ballots cast by the borough's 1,281 registered voters (6 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 62.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 52.1% of the vote (411 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 45.2% (357 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (8 votes), among the 789 ballots cast by the borough's 1,118 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.6%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 55.8% of the vote (387 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 42.7% (296 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (5 votes), among the 693 ballots cast by the borough's 1,010 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 72.7% of the vote (320 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 23.6% (104 votes), and other candidates with 3.6% (16 votes), among the 443 ballots cast by the borough's 1,283 registered voters (3 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.5%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.2% of the vote (358 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 22.9% (117 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.9% (30 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (4 votes), among the 510 ballots cast by the borough's 1,083 registered voters, yielding a 47.1% turnout.
^Manalapan High School 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 29, 2016. "Manalapan High School is a fully accredited comprehensive high school serving a community of nearly 39,000 residents living primarily in the Township of Manalapan and the Borough of Englishtown. One of six high schools in the Freehold Regional High School District, which opened in 1971, Manalapan High School has enjoyed an outstanding reputation throughout the state for its academic and extracurricular programs."
^Staff. "ICONic Boyz lighting up program on MTV", News Transcript, May 4, 2011. Accessed July 31, 2013. "Englishtown's own ICONic Boyz are making history on MTV's Season 6 of 'Randy Jackson Presents America's Best Dance Crew.'"
^"Krawiec Earns a Home-Town Win at Englishtown", Harley-Davidson Drag Racing press release, June 4, 2012. Accessed August 14, 2012. "Harley-Davidson® Screamin' Eagle®/Vance & Hines rider Ed Krawiec rode a Harley-Davidson® V-Rod® motorcycle to an emotional Pro Stock Motorcycle class win at the 43rd annual Toyota NHRA SuperNationals at Old Bridge Township Raceway Park. A native of the area and the former manager of the racetrack, Krawiec had never scored a Pro Stock win at the venerable New Jersey drag strip."
^Staff. "Board awards Narozanick 'Freeholder Emeritus' title ", the hub, December 29, 2006. Accessed August 14, 2012. "Narozanick served on the Englishtown Borough Council for seven years and was elected mayor in 1954, a post he held for 12 years while also serving on the Manalapan-Englishtown Regional School District Board of Education."