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Eric Heiden - 5 Speed Skating Golds at the 1980 Olympics | Olympic Records
Eric Heiden - 5 Speed Skating Golds at the 1980 Olympics | Olympic Records
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: Olympic
1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympics Highlights Of Eric Heiden Brought By Keith Jackson  imasportsphile
1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympics Highlights Of Eric Heiden Brought By Keith Jackson imasportsphile
Published: 2016/01/07
Channel: Ima Sportsphile
Gold Medal Moments: Eric Heiden Makes History
Gold Medal Moments: Eric Heiden Makes History
Published: 2012/07/24
Channel: Team USA
1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympics Men
1980 Lake Placid Winter Olympics Men's 500m Speed Skating Finals With USA Eric Heiden imasportsphi
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: Ima Sportsphile
Eric Heiden on Training
Eric Heiden on Training
Published: 2014/06/29
Channel: Speakers.com
Speed Skating Legend Eric Heiden Wins Gold - Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympics
Speed Skating Legend Eric Heiden Wins Gold - Lake Placid 1980 Winter Olympics
Published: 2012/12/10
Channel: Olympic
US Speed Skater Eric Heiden At 1979 World Championships Via Satellite From Germany   imasportsphile
US Speed Skater Eric Heiden At 1979 World Championships Via Satellite From Germany imasportsphile
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Ima Sportsphile
Eric Heiden Interview - 1988 Subaru Cycling Series
Eric Heiden Interview - 1988 Subaru Cycling Series
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Ryan Shimabukuro
Heiden Exercises
Heiden Exercises
Published: 2011/05/15
Channel: KeilPowerSkating
World Championships Allround Inzell 1986 - interview Schenk, Heiden and Vergeer
World Championships Allround Inzell 1986 - interview Schenk, Heiden and Vergeer
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: Vid Speedska-ting
Camp Randall 100: Eric Heiden
Camp Randall 100: Eric Heiden
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Wisconsin Badgers
Eric Heiden Old La Honda Record 14:10
Eric Heiden Old La Honda Record 14:10
Published: 2011/01/30
Channel: jsoltren
Eric Heiden wins Jeepspeed Henderson 250
Eric Heiden wins Jeepspeed Henderson 250
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: 4 Wheel Parts
1717 Jeepspeed Josh Reiter Eric Heiden
1717 Jeepspeed Josh Reiter Eric Heiden
Published: 2013/08/13
Channel: Brad Schrader
Interview Eric Heiden - 1989
Interview Eric Heiden - 1989
Published: 2014/01/05
Channel: Vid Speedska-ting
Davos 1991 - Veldkamp, Heiden, Visser, Bos, Hadschieff, Blair, history, etc.
Davos 1991 - Veldkamp, Heiden, Visser, Bos, Hadschieff, Blair, history, etc.
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: Vid Speedska-ting
HEIDEN JUMPS | Area Code Baseball Training
HEIDEN JUMPS | Area Code Baseball Training
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: StudentSports
U.S. Winter Olympic Stars: Where Are They Now?
U.S. Winter Olympic Stars: Where Are They Now?
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: ThePostGame
Eric Heiden on racing at altitude
Eric Heiden on racing at altitude
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: VeloNews
Right To Play Feature with Eric Heiden
Right To Play Feature with Eric Heiden
Published: 2010/03/08
Channel: Right To Play
1985 ISU World Sprint Speed Skating Championships
1985 ISU World Sprint Speed Skating Championships
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: westnyacktwins
Eric Heiden op damsterdiep
Eric Heiden op damsterdiep
Published: 2011/10/05
Channel: The Dutch Engineer
Eric Heiden - Train Like A Champion
Eric Heiden - Train Like A Champion
Published: 2012/01/04
Channel: bpaige
Eric Heiden - pięć złotych medali, Lake Placid, 1980
Eric Heiden - pięć złotych medali, Lake Placid, 1980
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: HoodRoof
Olympian Eric Heiden: "We were jumping up and down"
Olympian Eric Heiden: "We were jumping up and down"
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: Witnify
7-11 cycling video
7-11 cycling video
Published: 2008/09/28
Channel: longbeachgary
Olympian Eric Heiden Overslept For His Race After the Miracle on Ice
Olympian Eric Heiden Overslept For His Race After the Miracle on Ice
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Witnify
2014 GP Cycliste de Québec: Dr. Eric Heiden Recognized
2014 GP Cycliste de Québec: Dr. Eric Heiden Recognized
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: BMCProTeam
Eric Heiden sets WR
Eric Heiden sets WR
Published: 2015/02/21
Channel: IMG Replay
200 Free Relay, Lane 2, 7th   Eric, Hayden, Logan, Kevin
200 Free Relay, Lane 2, 7th Eric, Hayden, Logan, Kevin
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Cindy Bao
2013 USBHOF Inductee Beth Heiden
2013 USBHOF Inductee Beth Heiden
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: DavisMediaAccess
SYND 14 2 77 WORLD SPEED SKATING CHAMPIONSHIP IN HEERENVEEN
SYND 14 2 77 WORLD SPEED SKATING CHAMPIONSHIP IN HEERENVEEN
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
Eric Heiden
Eric Heiden
Published: 2010/02/12
Channel: m1thousand1000
Cast Protectors and Cast Covers- Waterguard Cast and Skin Protectors- Eric Heiden Endorsement-Leg
Cast Protectors and Cast Covers- Waterguard Cast and Skin Protectors- Eric Heiden Endorsement-Leg
Published: 2010/08/31
Channel: Henry Deutsch
Millie vs. Eric Heiden
Millie vs. Eric Heiden
Published: 2016/05/29
Channel: Jason Frith
HighPerformanceHandbook.com: Band-Resisted Heiden
HighPerformanceHandbook.com: Band-Resisted Heiden
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Eric Cressey
Eric Heiden, NOT!
Eric Heiden, NOT!
Published: 2009/03/13
Channel: mattanpam
Highlights of the 1980 Olympics from Lake Placid New York and Moscow.
Highlights of the 1980 Olympics from Lake Placid New York and Moscow.
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: On'ry Waymore
Heiden Continuous Squats
Heiden Continuous Squats
Published: 2010/10/09
Channel: Darryl Nelson
SYND 19 2 79 MEN AND WOMAN 500 METRE SPEED SKATING EVENT IN INZELL
SYND 19 2 79 MEN AND WOMAN 500 METRE SPEED SKATING EVENT IN INZELL
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
Cast Protectors and Cast Covers-Waterguard Cast and Skin Protectors- Eric Heiden Endorsement
Cast Protectors and Cast Covers-Waterguard Cast and Skin Protectors- Eric Heiden Endorsement
Published: 2010/08/31
Channel: Henry Deutsch
Eric Heiden II
Eric Heiden II
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Scott Kuechenmeister
Eric Heiden 299 4/02/12
Eric Heiden 299 4/02/12
Published: 2012/04/03
Channel: CobraThumb
Eric Heiden - Wiki Videos
Eric Heiden - Wiki Videos
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Wiki Videos
I Love Schaatsen: de vijf meest bijzondere schaatspakken
I Love Schaatsen: de vijf meest bijzondere schaatspakken
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Schaatsen.nl
45 Degree Heiden Jumps
45 Degree Heiden Jumps
Published: 2011/08/12
Channel: mapo10za
Eric Heiden
Eric Heiden
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Precious Highbear
1987 American Lung Association TransAmerica Bike Trek PSA (Eric Heiden Spokesperson)
1987 American Lung Association TransAmerica Bike Trek PSA (Eric Heiden Spokesperson)
Published: 2009/12/23
Channel: cowgirlinthesand13
Flying down Clear Acre
Flying down Clear Acre
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Phil A. Ming Dong
Slideboard Technique
Slideboard Technique
Published: 2006/12/11
Channel: dinobott71
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Eric Heiden
Eric Heiden2.jpg
Heiden in 2007
Personal information
Birth name Eric Arthur Heiden
Nationality American
Born (1958-06-14) June 14, 1958 (age 59)
Madison, Wisconsin
Height 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
Weight 84 kg (185 lb)
Sport
Country USA
Sport Speed skating
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s) 500 m: 37.63 (1980)
1000 m: 1:13.60 (1980)
1500 m: 1:54.79 (1980)
3000 m: 4:06.47 (1980)
5000 m: 6:59.15 (1979)
10 000 m: 14:28.13 (1980)

Eric Arthur Heiden (born June 14, 1958) is an American physician and a former long track speed skater, road cyclist and track cyclist. Heiden won an unprecedented five individual gold medals, and set four Olympic records and one world record at the 1980 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, New York, United States. He was the most successful athlete at those Olympic Games, single-handedly winning more gold medals than all nations except for the Soviet Union (10) and East Germany (9).[1] He is the most successful Winter Olympian from a single edition of any Winter Olympics. He delivered the Athlete's Oath at those same 1980 Games.

Heiden is an icon in the speed skating community. His victories are significant, as few speed skaters (and athletes in general) have won competitions in both sprint and long-distance events. Heiden is the only athlete in the history of speed skating to have won all five events in a single Olympic tournament and the only one to have won a gold medal in all events. He is considered by some to be the best overall speed skater (short and long distances) in the sport's history. Heiden ranked No. 46 in ESPN's SportsCentury 50 Greatest Athletes of the 20th Century in 1999, the only speed skater to make the list. In 2000, a Dutch newspaper called him the greatest skater ever.[2]

Early life, education and family[edit]

Heiden was born Madison, Wisconsin. His sister, Beth Heiden, is also an accomplished cyclist, speed skater and cross-country skier. In their hometown Shorewood Hills, Wisconsin (a suburb of Madison), Eric and his sister Beth were the driving forces[citation needed] behind the creation of the Heiden Haus, a small outpost where local children can warm up after skating or playing hockey on the ice rink (complete with underground clay platform).

After starting his undergraduate education at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, Heiden transferred to Stanford University in California, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in 1984 and a medical degree in 1991.

Athletic career[edit]

Speed skating[edit]

Heiden won the World Junior Speed Skating Championships in 1977 and 1978. During his short speed skating career, Heiden won three World Allround Championships and four World Sprint Championships. Three times he broke the world record in the 1000 metres, twice in the 3000 metres, and once each in the 1500 metres and 10000 metres. He also broke the points world record in both allround and the sprinting distances.

Heiden finished his speed skating career by finishing second behind Hilbert van der Duim at the 1980 World Allround Championships in Heerenveen. He stood at the top of the Adelskalender, a ranking system for long-track speed skating,for a record 1,495 days,[3] and he won the Oscar Mathisen Award four times in a row from 1977 until 1980. As of 2016, he still is the only skater who has won the award four times.[3]

He received the 1980 James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. In 1983, he was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame.

He was elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 1990.

World records[edit]

Heiden in 1977
Heiden in 1980
Heiden in 1977
Eric and Beth Heiden in 1977 in Alkmaar, the Netherlands

Over the course of Heiden's career he skated 15 world records:

Discipline Time Date Location
1500 m junior 2.02,75 January 18, 1976 Madonna di Campiglio
5000 m junior 7.30,23 February 20, 1977 Inzell
1500 m junior 1.59,46 February 20, 1977 Inzell
Allround junior 168.716 February 19–20, 1977 Inzell
3000 m junior 4.16,2 February 4, 1977 Montreal
Allround junior 166.584 February 4–5, 1977 Montreal
5000 m junior 7.23,54 February 5, 1978 Montreal
3000 m 4.07,01 March 2, 1978 Inzell
1000 m 1.14,99 March 12, 1978 Savalen
Big combination 162.973 February 11, 1979 Oslo
1000 m 1.14,99 February 17, 1979 Inzell
3000 m 4.06,91 March 18, 1979 Savalen
1000 m 1.13,60 January 13, 1980 Davos
Sprint combination 150.250 January 13, 1980 Davos
1500 m 1.54,79 January 19, 1980 Davos
10000 m 14.28,13 February 23, 1980 Lake Placid

[4]

Cycling[edit]

After his speed-skating career Heiden became a professional cyclist.

Track cycling[edit]

As a track cyclist Heiden competed at the 1981 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in Brno, but was not successful. He finished 19th and last in the men's individual pursuit event.

Road bicycle racing[edit]

Heiden became a professional racing cyclist. He was one of the first cross-over athletes, becoming a founding member of the 7-Eleven Cycling Team. Together with his former speed skating coach (and ex-bike racer), Jim Ochowicz, he conceived of the idea of a European-style sponsored team for North American riders.[1] Heiden won a few American professional races. He finished the 1985 Giro d'Italia and took part in the 1986 Tour de France, although he did not complete the race, crashing on a downhill stretch and suffering a concussion five days from the finish.[3]

Heiden is believed to have recorded one of the fastest times at 14:10 (1986 or 1987) on one of the local benchmark climbs in Woodside, California: Old La Honda Road.[5] In 1985, Heiden won the first U.S. Professional Cycling Championship, becoming the American road race champion.

In 1999, Heiden was inducted into the United States Bicycling Hall of Fame.

Medical career[edit]

Heiden completed orthopedic residency training at University of California, Davis in 1996 then spent a year at a sports medicine clinic in Birmingham, Alabama. He returned to California to practice as an orthopedic surgeon in Sacramento. At that time, he also served as team physician for the NBA's Sacramento Kings and the Sacramento Monarchs of the WNBA. In 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014[6] he was team physician for the US Olympic speed skating team. He opened a sports medicine-based practice at The Orthopedic Specialty Hospital (TOSH) in Murray, Utah and expanded Heiden Orthopaedics with an additional office in Park City, Utah.

He has followed in the footsteps of his father, Jack Heiden, a longtime orthopedic surgeon in Madison, Wisconsin.

In 2008, Heiden and Dr. Massimo Testa published Faster, Better, Stronger, a book about exercise science and exercise programs.[3]

In 2009, Heiden was one of the team of doctors assisting US speed skater J.R. Celski as the latter recovered from a very bad speed skating crash during the U.S. Olympic trials. Despite cutting himself to the bone and requiring 60 stitches, Celski was able to recover in time for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, where he won the bronze medal in both men's 1500 m and 5000 m relay.[7]

Personal life[edit]

A number of American former gold medal winners, including Heiden, were asked to participate in the ceremonies for the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City, Utah, but Heiden declined after he was passed over for the honor of lighting the Olympic torch. The 1980 US Hockey Team, which won the gold medal at the 1980 games, was given the honor instead. Said Heiden "I was probably just too stubborn. I figured if they don’t appreciate what I did as a skater, if they don’t appreciate now what I am doing as a human being, I’d just as soon hang out with my buddies and watch it. I did not mean to slight the Olympic hockey team in any way."[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aquitania, Ray E. (2010). Jock-Docs: World-Class Athletes Wearing White Coats. ISBN 9781609106126. 
  2. ^ Woldendorp, Johan (February 4, 2000). "Vrouwen snellen Heiden nu voorbij". Trouw (in Dutch). Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Eric Heiden". sports-reference.com. 
  4. ^ "Eric Heiden". SpeedSkatingStats.com. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Training World-class Racers And Weekend Warriors. BikeRadar (2008-09-20). Retrieved on 2012-11-18.
  6. ^ Rebate wars. Findarticles.com. Retrieved on 2012-11-18.
  7. ^ J.R. Celski. sports-reference.com
  8. ^ Longman, Jere (September 30, 2009). "Former Speedskating Champion Heiden Is Staying Close to the Ice". The New York Times. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wangrin, Mark (1999). "Eric Heiden: True Gold". In ESPN SportsCentury. New York: Hyperion-ESPN Books. pp. 252–3.

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Norway Sten Stensen
Oscar Mathisen Award
1977–1980
Succeeded by
Norway Amund Sjøbrend
Preceded by
United Kingdom Sebastian Coe
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1980
Succeeded by
United Kingdom Sebastian Coe
Preceded by
United States Kurt Thomas
James E. Sullivan Award
1980
Succeeded by
United States Carl Lewis

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