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Ethical socialism
Ethical socialism
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
How many voters does it take to make socialism ethical?
How many voters does it take to make socialism ethical?
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: AdamKokesh
Dr Richard Ebeling Why Socialism Failed The Ethical and Economic Bankruptcy of the Planned Society
Dr Richard Ebeling Why Socialism Failed The Ethical and Economic Bankruptcy of the Planned Society
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: TheNassauInstitute
Is Capitalism Moral?
Is Capitalism Moral?
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: PragerU
Poverty & Our Response To It: Crash Course Philosophy #44
Poverty & Our Response To It: Crash Course Philosophy #44
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: CrashCourse
1. The Politically Incorrect Guide to Socialism
1. The Politically Incorrect Guide to Socialism
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: Politically Incorrect
A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism Economics Politics and Ethics
A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism Economics Politics and Ethics
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: laura
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: The School of Life
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: CrashCourse
What is Socialism?: Explaining Bernie Sanders and Myths of Socialism
What is Socialism?: Explaining Bernie Sanders and Myths of Socialism
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Emma Capps
Socialism? I thought this was capitalism!
Socialism? I thought this was capitalism!
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: AdamKokesh
Milton Friedman -  How  "Socialism is a Failure" in America!
Milton Friedman - How "Socialism is a Failure" in America!
Published: 2012/12/19
Channel: Braden Barty
Inside The Life Of A
Inside The Life Of A 'Virtuous' Paedophile
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Barcroft TV
Socialism and Human Nature  - Q & A
Socialism and Human Nature - Q & A
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Maglor Valinor
Ethics of Consumption - cultural capitalism
Ethics of Consumption - cultural capitalism
Published: 2011/11/20
Channel: rowansforclass
Socialism Does NOT Work | John Redwood | Oxford Union
Socialism Does NOT Work | John Redwood | Oxford Union
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: OxfordUnion
Jonathan Haidt on Socialism and Human Nature
Jonathan Haidt on Socialism and Human Nature
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Maglor Valinor
Why Socialism Failed
Why Socialism Failed
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: TheNassauInstitute
Is Batman v Superman; Capitalism v Socialism? - Myth
Is Batman v Superman; Capitalism v Socialism? - Myth
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Pop Culture Mythology
"What is the Continuing Appeal of Socialism?" - Ethical Perspectives on the News 4.30.2017
"What is the Continuing Appeal of Socialism?" - Ethical Perspectives on the News 4.30.2017
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Inter-Religious Council of Linn County
Responding to the crisis: change socialism
Responding to the crisis: change socialism's ethical standard
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: CEE Video Channel
RSA ANIMATE: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce
RSA ANIMATE: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce
Published: 2010/07/28
Channel: The RSA
SOCIALISM IS NOT LIBERTARIAN
SOCIALISM IS NOT LIBERTARIAN
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: Listen_To_Reason
Sidney J Gluck: Humanism and Socialism
Sidney J Gluck: Humanism and Socialism
Published: 2013/02/24
Channel: Joe Friendly
socialism revisionism and neo revisionism
socialism revisionism and neo revisionism
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: StMarksGov&Politics
David Boaz: "Socialism vs Capitalism"
David Boaz: "Socialism vs Capitalism"
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: The Future of Freedom Foundation
Anatomy and Ethical Transgressions in National Socialism
Anatomy and Ethical Transgressions in National Socialism
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Harvard Museums of Science & Culture
Wilbur Ross Picked Own Ethics Officer To Approve His Non-Existent Ethics
Wilbur Ross Picked Own Ethics Officer To Approve His Non-Existent Ethics
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: The Majority Report with Sam Seder
socialism core themes
socialism core themes
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: StMarksGov&Politics
Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness - A Course In Ethics
Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness - A Course In Ethics
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: Gregory B. Sadler
The Ethical Argument for Free Trade - Daniel Hannan on Brexit
The Ethical Argument for Free Trade - Daniel Hannan on Brexit
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: ReasonTV
Universally Preferable Behaviour: A Rational Proof of Secular Ethics (UPB)
Universally Preferable Behaviour: A Rational Proof of Secular Ethics (UPB)
Published: 2013/09/09
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
Socialist Bernie Sanders Will Ruin America
Socialist Bernie Sanders Will Ruin America
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: The Jason Stapleton Program
What is Democratic Socialism? And WHy Bernie Sanders?
What is Democratic Socialism? And WHy Bernie Sanders?
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: Truth and Edutainment
The Philosophy of Rick and Morty – Wisecrack Edition
The Philosophy of Rick and Morty – Wisecrack Edition
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: Wisecrack
Joseph Badaracco - John Shad Professor of Business Ethics at Harvard Business School
Joseph Badaracco - John Shad Professor of Business Ethics at Harvard Business School
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: speakerchannel
Stateless Socialism, Anarchism by Mikhail Bakunin
Stateless Socialism, Anarchism by Mikhail Bakunin
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: ComradePearl
Roderick Ferguson: Socialism in Black Queer Time
Roderick Ferguson: Socialism in Black Queer Time
Published: 2014/01/06
Channel: Barnard Center for Research on Women
The Real Adam Smith: Ideas That Changed The World - Full Video
The Real Adam Smith: Ideas That Changed The World - Full Video
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Free To Choose Network
Democratic Socialism = Revisionism
Democratic Socialism = Revisionism
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Jymee
The Price of Civilization: economics and ethics after the fall
The Price of Civilization: economics and ethics after the fall
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
Provost Lecture - Axel Honneth: The Normativity of Ethical Life
Provost Lecture - Axel Honneth: The Normativity of Ethical Life
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: Stony Brook University
National Socialism - Natural Law And Order
National Socialism - Natural Law And Order
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Spank The Monkey
"American Socialism Reconsidered": A Forum at the National Press Club
"American Socialism Reconsidered": A Forum at the National Press Club
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: The Freda Utley Foundation
Understanding Postmodernism: The 3 Stages to Today´s Insanity (Stephen Hicks)
Understanding Postmodernism: The 3 Stages to Today´s Insanity (Stephen Hicks)
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: PhilosophyInsights
Marx and Morality
Marx and Morality
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Philosophical Overdose
CRISPR Babies: Eugenics, Ethics, and Why Regulation Efforts Could Be Too Late
CRISPR Babies: Eugenics, Ethics, and Why Regulation Efforts Could Be Too Late
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Big Think
Lawrence O
Lawrence O'Donnell: A Good Week for Bad Socialism (USA)
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: Wolf Éirinn
Another Socialism Failure - this time, India!
Another Socialism Failure - this time, India!
Published: 2010/12/10
Channel: RR4401
Drones Are Not Ethical And Effective | Prof Jeremy Waldron | Oxford Union
Drones Are Not Ethical And Effective | Prof Jeremy Waldron | Oxford Union
Published: 2013/05/03
Channel: OxfordUnion
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Ethical socialism is a political philosophy that appeals to socialism on ethical and moral grounds as opposed to economic, egoistic, and consumeristic grounds.[1] It emphasizes the need for a morally conscious economy based upon the principles of service, cooperation, and social justice while opposing possessive individualism.[2] Therefore, in contrast to socialism inspired by rationalism, historical materialism, neoclassical economics and Marxist theory which base their appeals for socialism on grounds of economic efficiency, rationality, or historical inevitability; ethical socialism focuses on the moral and ethical reasons for advocating socialism.

Ethical socialism is a form of liberal socialism closely related to Christian socialism, and had a profound impact on the social democratic movement and reformism during the later half of the 20th century, particularly in Great Britain.[3][1] Ethical socialism is distinct in its focus on criticism of the ethics of capitalism, and not merely criticism of the economic, systemic, and material issues of capitalism.[1]

The term "ethical socialism" initially originated as a pejorative by the Marxist economist Rosa Luxemburg against reformist revisionist Marxist Eduard Bernstein and his supporters, who evoked Kantian liberal ideals and ethical arguments in favor of socialism.[4] Soon self-recognized ethical socialists arose in Britain, such as R. H. Tawney, a British Christian socialist, and its ideals were connected to Christian socialist, Fabian, and guild socialist ideals.[5] Ethical socialism was an important ideology within the British Labour Party.[6] Ethical socialism has been publicly supported by British Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald,[7] Clement Attlee,[8] and Tony Blair.[6]

When the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) renounced Marxism during the Godesberg Program in the 1950s, ethical socialism became the official philosophy within the SPD.[9]

Themes[edit]

Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (1945–1951)

Ethical socialist thought emphasizes the need for a morally conscious economy based upon the principles of service, cooperation, and social justice while opposing possessive individualism.[2] Ethical socialism is distinct in its focus on criticism of the ethics of capitalism, and not merely criticism of economic and material issues of capitalism.[1]

R. H. Tawney denounced self-seeking amoral and immoral behaviour that he claimed is supported by capitalism.[1] Tawney opposed what he called the "acquisitive society" that causes private property to be used to transfer surplus profit to "functionless owners" – capitalist rentiers.[2] However Tawney did not denounce managers as a whole, believing that management and employees could join together in a political alliance for reform.[2] Tawney supported the pooling of surplus profit through means of progressive taxation to redistribute these funds to provide social welfare, including public health care, public education, and public housing.[2] He supported nationalization of strategic industries and services.[2] Tawney supported worker participation in the business of management in the economy as well as consumer, employee, employer, and state cooperation in regulating the economy.[2]

Though Tawney supported a substantial role for public enterprise in the economy, he stated that where private enterprise provided a service that was commensurate with its rewards that was functioning private property, then a business could be usefully and legitimately be left in private hands.[10] Ethical socialist Thomas Hill Green the right of equal opportunity for all individuals to be able freely appropriate property, but claimed that acquisition of wealth did not imply that an individual could do whatever they wanted to once that wealth was in their possession.[11] Green opposed "property rights of the few" that were preventing the ownership of property by the many.[11]

Ethical socialism was advocated and promoted by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair who has been influenced by John Macmurray who himself was influenced by Green.[12] Blair has defined ethical socialism with similar notions promoted by earlier ethical socialists, such as emphasis on the common good, rights and responsibilities, and support of an organic society in which individuals flourish through cooperation.[12] Blair believes that the Labour Party ran into problems in the 1960s and 1970s when it abandoned ethical socialism, and believes that the Labour Party's recovery required a return to the ethical socialist values last promoted by the Attlee Labour government.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 52.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 58-59.
  3. ^ John Dearlove, Peter Saunders. Introduction to British politics. Wiley-Blackwell, 2000. Pp. 427.
  4. ^ Steger, The Quest for Evolutionary Socialism, pg. 115.
  5. ^ Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 52, 58, 60.
  6. ^ a b Stephen D. Tansey, Nigel A. Jackson. Politics: the basics. Fourth Edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2008. Pp. 97.
  7. ^ Kevin Morgan. Ramsay MacDonald. London, England, UK: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2006. 29.
  8. ^ David Howell. Attlee. London, England, UK: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2006. 130-132.
  9. ^ Dietrich Orlow. Common destiny:a comparative history of the Dutch, French, and German social democratic parties, 1945-1969. Berghahn Books, 2000. Pp. 190.
  10. ^ Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 60-61.
  11. ^ a b Matt Carter. T.H. Green and the development of ethical socialism. Exeter, England, UK; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2003. Pp. 35.
  12. ^ a b Matt Carter. T.H. Green and the development of ethical socialism. Exeter, England, UK; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2003. Pp. 189-190.
  13. ^ Mark Bevir. New Labour: a critique. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2005. Pp. 72.

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