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Is Capitalism Moral?
Is Capitalism Moral?
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: PragerU
Ethical socialism
Ethical socialism
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
What is ETHICAL SOCIALISM? What does ETHICAL SOCIALISM mean? ETHICAL SOCIALISM meaning & explanation
What is ETHICAL SOCIALISM? What does ETHICAL SOCIALISM mean? ETHICAL SOCIALISM meaning & explanation
Published: 2018/01/22
Channel: The Audiopedia
How many voters does it take to make socialism ethical?
How many voters does it take to make socialism ethical?
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: AdamKokesh
Is Socialism Ethical?
Is Socialism Ethical?
Published: 2017/12/30
Channel: Radcapradio
Victor D Hanson & Bill O
Victor D Hanson & Bill O'Reilly Talk the Moral & Ethical Collapse of the FBI
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Conservative Resurgence
Peter Hitchens shatters the lefts myth of socialism
Peter Hitchens shatters the lefts myth of socialism
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: RobinHoodUKIP
Socialism? I thought this was capitalism!
Socialism? I thought this was capitalism!
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: AdamKokesh
Banned TED Talk: Nick Hanauer "Rich people don
Banned TED Talk: Nick Hanauer "Rich people don't create jobs"
Published: 2012/05/18
Channel: Zubenelgenubiii
John Locke & Karl Marx: Whose Capitalism? Whose Socialism?
John Locke & Karl Marx: Whose Capitalism? Whose Socialism?
Published: 2013/10/25
Channel: Benedictine University - Mesa Theology Channel
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: The School of Life
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: CrashCourse
Milton Friedman -  How  "Socialism is a Failure" in America!
Milton Friedman - How "Socialism is a Failure" in America!
Published: 2012/12/19
Channel: Braden Barty
What is Socialism?: Explaining Bernie Sanders and Myths of Socialism
What is Socialism?: Explaining Bernie Sanders and Myths of Socialism
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Emma Capps
Poverty & Our Response To It: Crash Course Philosophy #44
Poverty & Our Response To It: Crash Course Philosophy #44
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: CrashCourse
Understanding Postmodernism: The 3 Stages to Today´s Insanity (Stephen Hicks)
Understanding Postmodernism: The 3 Stages to Today´s Insanity (Stephen Hicks)
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: PhilosophyInsights
"What is the Continuing Appeal of Socialism?" - Ethical Perspectives on the News 4.30.2017
"What is the Continuing Appeal of Socialism?" - Ethical Perspectives on the News 4.30.2017
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Inter-Religious Council of Linn County
Anatomy and Ethical Transgressions in National Socialism
Anatomy and Ethical Transgressions in National Socialism
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Harvard Museums of Science & Culture
David Boaz: "Socialism vs Capitalism"
David Boaz: "Socialism vs Capitalism"
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: The Future of Freedom Foundation
Surprise! You
Surprise! You're a capitalist! (former Bernie Sanders supporter converted)
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: AdamKokesh
Most Famous Ethical Puzzle: The Frege-Geach Problem - Philosophy Tube
Most Famous Ethical Puzzle: The Frege-Geach Problem - Philosophy Tube
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Philosophy Tube
RSA ANIMATE: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce
RSA ANIMATE: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce
Published: 2010/07/28
Channel: The RSA
Jonathan Haidt on Socialism and Human Nature
Jonathan Haidt on Socialism and Human Nature
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Maglor Valinor
A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism Economics Politics and Ethics
A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism Economics Politics and Ethics
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: laura
Responding to the crisis: change socialism
Responding to the crisis: change socialism's ethical standard
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: CEE Video Channel
Why Socialism Failed
Why Socialism Failed
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: TheNassauInstitute
Inside The Life Of A
Inside The Life Of A 'Virtuous' Paedophile
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Barcroft TV
The Remarkable Rise of Bernie Sanders
The Remarkable Rise of Bernie Sanders
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Wuji Shiu
Kibbutz As a Paragon of Socialism
Kibbutz As a Paragon of Socialism's Failure - Dr. Yaron Brook
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Past Patriot
[184] Exclusive Interview with Bolivian VP, What Socialism Could Look Like in America
[184] Exclusive Interview with Bolivian VP, What Socialism Could Look Like in America
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: breakingtheset
The Ethics of Capitalism Part I (Capitalism & Morality Seminar 2012) - Stefan Molyneux
The Ethics of Capitalism Part I (Capitalism & Morality Seminar 2012) - Stefan Molyneux
Published: 2013/01/12
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35
Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: CrashCourse
Jonathan Haidt: The Globalist Blind-Spot
Jonathan Haidt: The Globalist Blind-Spot
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: PhilosophyInsights
Richard D. Wolff explains the USSR / Soviet Socialism
Richard D. Wolff explains the USSR / Soviet Socialism
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: KindaGamey
Joe Rogan - Jordan Peterson Isn
Joe Rogan - Jordan Peterson Isn't a Bigot
Published: 2018/02/09
Channel: JRE Clips
Whole Foods CEO John Mackey on ending poverty, being libertarian, and more (full video)
Whole Foods CEO John Mackey on ending poverty, being libertarian, and more (full video)
Published: 2018/02/09
Channel: Big Think
Rescuing America From Radical Socialism
Rescuing America From Radical Socialism
Published: 2009/09/18
Channel: wheadIII
Damien Marie AtHope Interviews Aron Ra
Damien Marie AtHope Interviews Aron Ra
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Damien AtHope
The Price of Civilization: economics and ethics after the fall
The Price of Civilization: economics and ethics after the fall
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
What you need to know about ethical immigration policy
What you need to know about ethical immigration policy
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: AdamKokesh
Which Countries Have Democratic Socialism?
Which Countries Have Democratic Socialism?
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: Abdullah Lang
Dr Richard Ebeling Why Socialism Failed The Ethical and Economic Bankruptcy of the Planned Society
Dr Richard Ebeling Why Socialism Failed The Ethical and Economic Bankruptcy of the Planned Society
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: TheNassauInstitute
Drones Are Ethical And Effective | Kenneth Anderson | Oxford Union
Drones Are Ethical And Effective | Kenneth Anderson | Oxford Union
Published: 2013/05/03
Channel: OxfordUnion
The Three Best Arguments against Liberal Capitalism
The Three Best Arguments against Liberal Capitalism
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: Atlas Society
The Ethics of Abortion
The Ethics of Abortion
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: The Rubin Report
Is the Death Penalty Ever Moral?
Is the Death Penalty Ever Moral?
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: PragerU
An Experiment in Socialism: RAC
An Experiment in Socialism: RAC's Free Food Program
Published: 2010/11/22
Channel: supersonicdebbie
Ethics of Consumption - cultural capitalism
Ethics of Consumption - cultural capitalism
Published: 2011/11/20
Channel: rowansforclass
Ethics of Collateral Damage | Philosophy Tube
Ethics of Collateral Damage | Philosophy Tube
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: Philosophy Tube
Ayn Rand - Objectivist  Ethics
Ayn Rand - Objectivist Ethics
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: LibertyPen
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Ethical socialism is a political philosophy that appeals to socialism on ethical and moral grounds as opposed to economic, egoistic, and consumeristic grounds.[1] It emphasizes the need for a morally conscious economy based upon the principles of service, cooperation, and social justice while opposing possessive individualism.[2] Therefore, in contrast to socialism inspired by rationalism, historical materialism, neoclassical economics and Marxist theory which base their appeals for socialism on grounds of economic efficiency, rationality, or historical inevitability; ethical socialism focuses on the moral and ethical reasons for advocating socialism.

Ethical socialism is a form of liberal socialism closely related to Christian socialism, and had a profound impact on the social democratic movement and reformism during the later half of the 20th century, particularly in Great Britain.[3][1] Ethical socialism is distinct in its focus on criticism of the ethics of capitalism, and not merely criticism of the economic, systemic, and material issues of capitalism.[1]

The term "ethical socialism" initially originated as a pejorative by the Marxist economist Rosa Luxemburg against reformist revisionist Marxist Eduard Bernstein and his supporters, who evoked Kantian liberal ideals and ethical arguments in favor of socialism.[4] Soon self-recognized ethical socialists arose in Britain, such as R. H. Tawney, a British Christian socialist, and its ideals were connected to Christian socialist, Fabian, and guild socialist ideals.[5] Ethical socialism was an important ideology within the British Labour Party.[6] Ethical socialism has been publicly supported by British Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald,[7] Clement Attlee,[8] and Tony Blair.[6]

When the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) renounced Marxism during the Godesberg Program in the 1950s, ethical socialism became the official philosophy within the SPD.[9]

Themes[edit]

Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (1945–1951)

Ethical socialist thought emphasizes the need for a morally conscious economy based upon the principles of service, cooperation, and social justice while opposing possessive individualism.[2] Ethical socialism is distinct in its focus on criticism of the ethics of capitalism, and not merely criticism of economic and material issues of capitalism.[1]

R. H. Tawney denounced self-seeking amoral and immoral behaviour that he claimed is supported by capitalism.[1] Tawney opposed what he called the "acquisitive society" that causes private property to be used to transfer surplus profit to "functionless owners" – capitalist rentiers.[2] However Tawney did not denounce managers as a whole, believing that management and employees could join together in a political alliance for reform.[2] Tawney supported the pooling of surplus profit through means of progressive taxation to redistribute these funds to provide social welfare, including public health care, public education, and public housing.[2] He supported nationalization of strategic industries and services.[2] Tawney supported worker participation in the business of management in the economy as well as consumer, employee, employer, and state cooperation in regulating the economy.[2]

Though Tawney supported a substantial role for public enterprise in the economy, he stated that where private enterprise provided a service that was commensurate with its rewards that was functioning private property, then a business could be usefully and legitimately be left in private hands.[10] Ethical socialist Thomas Hill Green the right of equal opportunity for all individuals to be able freely appropriate property, but claimed that acquisition of wealth did not imply that an individual could do whatever they wanted to once that wealth was in their possession.[11] Green opposed "property rights of the few" that were preventing the ownership of property by the many.[11]

Ethical socialism was advocated and promoted by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair who has been influenced by John Macmurray who himself was influenced by Green.[12] Blair has defined ethical socialism with similar notions promoted by earlier ethical socialists, such as emphasis on the common good, rights and responsibilities, and support of an organic society in which individuals flourish through cooperation.[12] Blair believes that the Labour Party ran into problems in the 1960s and 1970s when it abandoned ethical socialism, and believes that the Labour Party's recovery required a return to the ethical socialist values last promoted by the Attlee Labour government.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 52.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 58-59.
  3. ^ John Dearlove, Peter Saunders. Introduction to British politics. Wiley-Blackwell, 2000. Pp. 427.
  4. ^ Steger, The Quest for Evolutionary Socialism, pg. 115.
  5. ^ Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 52, 58, 60.
  6. ^ a b Stephen D. Tansey, Nigel A. Jackson. Politics: the basics. Fourth Edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2008. Pp. 97.
  7. ^ Kevin Morgan. Ramsay MacDonald. London, England, UK: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2006. 29.
  8. ^ David Howell. Attlee. London, England, UK: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2006. 130-132.
  9. ^ Dietrich Orlow. Common destiny:a comparative history of the Dutch, French, and German social democratic parties, 1945-1969. Berghahn Books, 2000. Pp. 190.
  10. ^ Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 60-61.
  11. ^ a b Matt Carter. T.H. Green and the development of ethical socialism. Exeter, England, UK; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2003. Pp. 35.
  12. ^ a b Matt Carter. T.H. Green and the development of ethical socialism. Exeter, England, UK; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2003. Pp. 189-190.
  13. ^ Mark Bevir. New Labour: a critique. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2005. Pp. 72.

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