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Ethical socialism
Ethical socialism
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
How many voters does it take to make socialism ethical?
How many voters does it take to make socialism ethical?
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: AdamKokesh
Dr Richard Ebeling Why Socialism Failed The Ethical and Economic Bankruptcy of the Planned Society
Dr Richard Ebeling Why Socialism Failed The Ethical and Economic Bankruptcy of the Planned Society
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: TheNassauInstitute
Ben Shapiro Explains Capitalism and Socialism
Ben Shapiro Explains Capitalism and Socialism
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Conservative Central
Jonathan Haidt on Socialism and Human Nature
Jonathan Haidt on Socialism and Human Nature
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Maglor Valinor
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: CrashCourse
Socialism? I thought this was capitalism!
Socialism? I thought this was capitalism!
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: AdamKokesh
Anatomy and Ethical Transgressions in National Socialism
Anatomy and Ethical Transgressions in National Socialism
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Harvard Museums of Science & Culture
RSA ANIMATE: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce
RSA ANIMATE: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce
Published: 2010/07/28
Channel: The RSA
Milton Friedman - Socialism is Force
Milton Friedman - Socialism is Force
Published: 2010/05/21
Channel: LibertyPen
Milton Friedman - Morality & Capitalism
Milton Friedman - Morality & Capitalism
Published: 2009/01/02
Channel: LibertyPen
Socialism and Human Nature  - Q & A
Socialism and Human Nature - Q & A
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Maglor Valinor
Milton Friedman - Greed
Milton Friedman - Greed
Published: 2007/07/14
Channel: mearbhrach
Soccer - America
Soccer - America's Path To Socialism
Published: 2011/04/19
Channel: amrevolutions
Responding to the crisis: change socialism
Responding to the crisis: change socialism's ethical standard
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: CEE Video Channel
Why Socialism Failed
Why Socialism Failed
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: TheNassauInstitute
Ethical Storytelling | Pip Desmond | TEDxWellingtonWomen
Ethical Storytelling | Pip Desmond | TEDxWellingtonWomen
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: TEDx Talks
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: The School of Life
Capitalism is Exploitation (Story 1)
Capitalism is Exploitation (Story 1)
Published: 2014/12/24
Channel: EthicalSystems
A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism Economics Politics and Ethics
A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism Economics Politics and Ethics
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: laura
The Making of British Socialism
The Making of British Socialism
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Rupert Colwell
An Introduction to John Stuart Mill
An Introduction to John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism - A Macat Politics Analysis
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: Macat
Bernie Sanders: Socialism Completely Debunked!
Bernie Sanders: Socialism Completely Debunked!
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: The Jason Stapleton Program
As Venezula crumbles, Canadian and US socialists still admire it
As Venezula crumbles, Canadian and US socialists still admire it
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Rebel Media
Provost Lecture - Axel Honneth: The Normativity of Ethical Life
Provost Lecture - Axel Honneth: The Normativity of Ethical Life
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: Stony Brook University
SOCIOLOGY - Max Weber
SOCIOLOGY - Max Weber
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: The School of Life
Reflections on Einstein
Reflections on Einstein's "Why Socialism?"
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: Thinking Thomas
Rescuing America From Radical Socialism
Rescuing America From Radical Socialism
Published: 2009/09/18
Channel: wheadIII
William F. Buckley & Margaret Thatcher: The Fight Against Socialism and Communism (1997)
William F. Buckley & Margaret Thatcher: The Fight Against Socialism and Communism (1997)
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Remember This
Sam Harris on Moral Objectivism
Sam Harris on Moral Objectivism
Published: 2011/01/17
Channel: EnEvighet7
The Decline of the West | Oswald Spengler
The Decline of the West | Oswald Spengler
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: Oswald Spengler
Sidney J Gluck: Humanism and Socialism
Sidney J Gluck: Humanism and Socialism
Published: 2013/02/24
Channel: Joe Friendly
Gold nugget highlights from Jordan Peterson on the Joe Rogan Experience #877
Gold nugget highlights from Jordan Peterson on the Joe Rogan Experience #877
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Ethical Anarchism Articulated
Ayn Rand on Socialism, Facism and Statism, From
Ayn Rand on Socialism, Facism and Statism, From 'Capitalism The Unknown Ideal'
Published: 2011/02/21
Channel: AudibleSuperfan
The Three Best Arguments against Liberal Capitalism
The Three Best Arguments against Liberal Capitalism
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: Atlas Society
PHILOSOPHY - Sartre
PHILOSOPHY - Sartre
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: The School of Life
The Partial Truths of Libertarianism and Socialism 04/05/2017
The Partial Truths of Libertarianism and Socialism 04/05/2017
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Arthur D. Schwartz
The Philosophy of Rick and Morty – Wisecrack Edition
The Philosophy of Rick and Morty – Wisecrack Edition
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: Wisecrack
The Real Adam Smith: Ideas That Changed The World - Full Video
The Real Adam Smith: Ideas That Changed The World - Full Video
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Free To Choose Network
Liberal Nihilism and the Hollowing-Out of Discourse
Liberal Nihilism and the Hollowing-Out of Discourse
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: IvanTheHeathen
Neo-Distractionism | Flat Earth, Eric Dubay, Socialism, Hitler & "Europe for Europeans"???
Neo-Distractionism | Flat Earth, Eric Dubay, Socialism, Hitler & "Europe for Europeans"???
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: 卐 Na Kara 卐
Lawrence O
Lawrence O'Donnell: A Good Week for Bad Socialism (USA)
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: Wolf Éirinn
Ethics and the Will of God: The Legacy of Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Ethics and the Will of God: The Legacy of Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Published: 2012/05/06
Channel: Eric Masters
What Is Anarchism Noam Chomsky Interview 2017 on Capitalism, Socialism, Free Markets 3
What Is Anarchism Noam Chomsky Interview 2017 on Capitalism, Socialism, Free Markets 3
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: TheChomsky2017
The Ethics of Capitalism Part I (Capitalism & Morality Seminar 2012) - Stefan Molyneux
The Ethics of Capitalism Part I (Capitalism & Morality Seminar 2012) - Stefan Molyneux
Published: 2013/01/12
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
Veganism: Logic of Morality or Democracy of Ethics?
Veganism: Logic of Morality or Democracy of Ethics?
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: FriendEd
INDIVIDUALISM & SOCIALISM – Why Individuals Matter – CHAINSMOKE SERIES
INDIVIDUALISM & SOCIALISM – Why Individuals Matter – CHAINSMOKE SERIES
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Semiogogue
Ayn Rand explains why monopolies are impossible in a truly free market system
Ayn Rand explains why monopolies are impossible in a truly free market system
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: AudibleSuperfan
2010 ARI ASIA TRENDS - Lifelines: The Ethics of Blood Banking for Family and Beyond
2010 ARI ASIA TRENDS - Lifelines: The Ethics of Blood Banking for Family and Beyond
Published: 2010/08/06
Channel: NUScast
Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35
Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: CrashCourse
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Ethical socialism is a political philosophy that appeals to socialism on ethical and moral grounds as opposed to economic, egoistic, and consumeristic grounds.[1] It emphasizes the need for a morally conscious economy based upon the principles of service, cooperation, and social justice while opposing possessive individualism.[2] Therefore, in contrast to socialism inspired by rationalism, historical materialism, neoclassical economics and Marxist theory which base their appeals for socialism on grounds of economic efficiency, rationality, or historical inevitability; ethical socialism focuses on the moral and ethical reasons for advocating socialism.

Ethical socialism is a form of liberal socialism closely related to Christian socialism, and had a profound impact on the social democratic movement and reformism during the later half of the 20th century, particularly in Great Britain.[3][1] Ethical socialism is distinct in its focus on criticism of the ethics of capitalism, and not merely criticism of the economic, systemic, and material issues of capitalism.[1]

The term "ethical socialism" initially originated as a pejorative by the Marxist economist Rosa Luxemburg against reformist revisionist Marxist Eduard Bernstein and his supporters, who evoked Kantian liberal ideals and ethical arguments in favor of socialism.[4] Soon self-recognized ethical socialists arose in Britain, such as R. H. Tawney, a British Christian socialist, and its ideals were connected to Christian socialist, Fabian, and guild socialist ideals.[5] Ethical socialism was an important ideology within the British Labour Party.[6] Ethical socialism has been publicly supported by British Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald,[7] Clement Attlee,[8] and Tony Blair.[6]

When the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) renounced Marxism during the Godesberg Program in the 1950s, ethical socialism became the official philosophy within the SPD.[9]

Themes[edit]

Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (1945–1951)

Ethical socialist thought emphasizes the need for a morally conscious economy based upon the principles of service, cooperation, and social justice while opposing possessive individualism.[2] Ethical socialism is distinct in its focus on criticism of the ethics of capitalism, and not merely criticism of economic and material issues of capitalism.[1]

R. H. Tawney denounced self-seeking amoral and immoral behaviour that he claimed is supported by capitalism.[1] Tawney opposed what he called the "acquisitive society" that causes private property to be used to transfer surplus profit to "functionless owners" – capitalist rentiers.[2] However Tawney did not denounce managers as a whole, believing that management and employees could join together in a political alliance for reform.[2] Tawney supported the pooling of surplus profit through means of progressive taxation to redistribute these funds to provide social welfare, including public health care, public education, and public housing.[2] He supported nationalization of strategic industries and services.[2] Tawney supported worker participation in the business of management in the economy as well as consumer, employee, employer, and state cooperation in regulating the economy.[2]

Though Tawney supported a substantial role for public enterprise in the economy, he stated that where private enterprise provided a service that was commensurate with its rewards that was functioning private property, then a business could be usefully and legitimately be left in private hands.[10] Ethical socialist Thomas Hill Green the right of equal opportunity for all individuals to be able freely appropriate property, but claimed that acquisition of wealth did not imply that an individual could do whatever they wanted to once that wealth was in their possession.[11] Green opposed "property rights of the few" that were preventing the ownership of property by the many.[11]

Ethical socialism was advocated and promoted by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair who has been influenced by John Macmurray who himself was influenced by Green.[12] Blair has defined ethical socialism with similar notions promoted by earlier ethical socialists, such as emphasis on the common good, rights and responsibilities, and support of an organic society in which individuals flourish through cooperation.[12] Blair believes that the Labour Party ran into problems in the 1960s and 1970s when it abandoned ethical socialism, and believes that the Labour Party's recovery required a return to the ethical socialist values last promoted by the Attlee Labour government.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 52.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 58-59.
  3. ^ John Dearlove, Peter Saunders. Introduction to British politics. Wiley-Blackwell, 2000. Pp. 427.
  4. ^ Steger, The Quest for Evolutionary Socialism, pg. 115.
  5. ^ Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 52, 58, 60.
  6. ^ a b Stephen D. Tansey, Nigel A. Jackson. Politics: the basics. Fourth Edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2008. Pp. 97.
  7. ^ Kevin Morgan. Ramsay MacDonald. London, England, UK: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2006. 29.
  8. ^ David Howell. Attlee. London, England, UK: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2006. 130-132.
  9. ^ Dietrich Orlow. Common destiny:a comparative history of the Dutch, French, and German social democratic parties, 1945-1969. Berghahn Books, 2000. Pp. 190.
  10. ^ Noel W. Thompson. Political economy and the Labour Party: the economics of democratic socialism, 1884-2005. 2nd edition. Oxon, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2006. Pp. 60-61.
  11. ^ a b Matt Carter. T.H. Green and the development of ethical socialism. Exeter, England, UK; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2003. Pp. 35.
  12. ^ a b Matt Carter. T.H. Green and the development of ethical socialism. Exeter, England, UK; Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2003. Pp. 189-190.
  13. ^ Mark Bevir. New Labour: a critique. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2005. Pp. 72.

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