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Ethnonym Meaning
Ethnonym Meaning
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: SDictionary
What does ethnonym mean?
What does ethnonym mean?
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: What Does That Mean?
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Biscayne (ethnonym) Top #5 Facts
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Rishika Janaki
[Wikipedia] Afghan (ethnonym)
[Wikipedia] Afghan (ethnonym)
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: WikiTubia
How to Pronounce Ethnonym
How to Pronounce Ethnonym
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Emma Saying
How to Pronounce Ethnonym
How to Pronounce Ethnonym
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Pronunciation Guide
How to Pronounce Ethnonym
How to Pronounce Ethnonym
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Dictionary Voice
What does it mean to be English?
What does it mean to be English?
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Survive the Jive
Where Did The Name Afghanistan Come From?
Where Did The Name Afghanistan Come From?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: K Answers
Русини (українці) та москвини (русскіє)
Русини (українці) та москвини (русскіє)
Published: 2012/07/08
Channel: Zakharii
Vellezerit Gashi - Kenga e Zagrebit
Vellezerit Gashi - Kenga e Zagrebit
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Habet Lazuk
ARBERESHET - An answer to some people who sold their blood
ARBERESHET - An answer to some people who sold their blood
Published: 2009/09/17
Channel: ComandanteCrus
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Medes Were Not Kurds. Origins of Medes / Median tribes
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Azerbaijanian History
Names of the Greeks
Names of the Greeks
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Vellezerit Gashi - Kenge kurbeti
Vellezerit Gashi - Kenge kurbeti
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Habet Lazuk
Moli Jeti dy dele treqind pare
Moli Jeti dy dele treqind pare
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Habet Lazuk
How to Pronounce Ethnonyms
How to Pronounce Ethnonyms
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Emma Saying
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Shahirat Tetovar pjesa 1
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Habet Lazuk
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Hebrew instrumentals 2017
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: IsraeliteHebrewAGCY
Hunting for Siberian ibex
Hunting for Siberian ibex
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: videoart.kz
How to Pronounce Ethnonyms
How to Pronounce Ethnonyms
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Pronunciation Guide
VELLEZERIT GASHI - HAJREDIN PASHA
VELLEZERIT GASHI - HAJREDIN PASHA
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Habet Lazuk
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Hebrews? Israelites? Jews? What are we? Where did these names come from? Jewu
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: Jewish Learning
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Vindictus Hilder Episode Story pt5
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: Ethnonym
Elimdeki Kemane - Kırımçak Kızı Anara - Kırım Krim Crimea Крым Crimea Music
Elimdeki Kemane - Kırımçak Kızı Anara - Kırım Krim Crimea Крым Crimea Music
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: townundermusic
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 1 - Ahıt - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 1 - Ahıt - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 3 - Yuksek Minare - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 3 - Yuksek Minare - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
[Cool&Create] Promise Protocol
[Cool&Create] Promise Protocol
Published: 2011/03/13
Channel: Ethnonym
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 2 - Tan Yıldızı - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 2 - Tan Yıldızı - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/21
Channel: townundermusic
Gëzuar 2013 me SOFRA FESTIVE muzike live DANI dhe EDI FURRA - Komplet Emisioni
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Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Habet Lazuk
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 17 - Şu Yaltadan - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 17 - Şu Yaltadan - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 12 - Maneler - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 12 - Maneler - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Why Do Armenians Call Their Country "Hayastan"?
Why Do Armenians Call Their Country "Hayastan"?
Published: 2011/06/25
Channel: BeautySavesWorld
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Pagania and Narentians.wmv
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: RamielGodsThunder
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Barbarians - The Franks - YouTube.flv
Published: 2012/05/19
Channel: BVOSOUNDZ
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Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 7 - Uç Karanfil - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 11 - Topuzlu Şalım - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 11 - Topuzlu Şalım - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Lann Red Tyrant solo (spears)
Lann Red Tyrant solo (spears)
Published: 2011/01/10
Channel: Ethnonym
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Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: HOOD ALERT LATE NIGHT NEWS MEDIA MOORDENAAR80
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 16 - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 16 - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Украдене Імя: Чому русини стали українцями - цитати ІІ
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Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: Zakharii
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 8 - Men Anamnın bir Kızı edim - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 8 - Men Anamnın bir Kızı edim - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
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Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: Ko re
Hispanic American Culture
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Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Sophia Olivia
Fraternity and Sorority Members are NOT Greeks
Fraternity and Sorority Members are NOT Greeks
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: Xenophon Kalathas
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 10 - Bu Dunyada Bir Yar Sevdim - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Crimea Music Kırım Krim Crimea Крым 10 - Bu Dunyada Bir Yar Sevdim - Biz Kırımçaklarımız
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: townundermusic
Where Are Hispanics From
Where Are Hispanics From
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Reasonable Question
Украдене Ім
Украдене Ім'я: Чому русини стали українцями - Наконечний
Published: 2012/07/06
Channel: Zakharii
Vindictus PVP Sensei Vs Zou
Vindictus PVP Sensei Vs Zou
Published: 2011/09/04
Channel: Ethnonym
The Truth about the Scythians
The Truth about the Scythians
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: WhiteWolf
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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An ethnonym (from the Greek: ἔθνος, éthnos, "nation" and ὄνομα, ónoma, "name") is the name applied to a given ethnic group. Ethnonyms can be divided into two categories: exonyms (where the name of the ethnic group has been created by another group of people) and autonyms or endonyms (self-designation; where the name is created and used by the ethnic group itself).

As an example, the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group in Germany is the Germans. This ethnonym is an exonym used by the English-speaking world, although the term itself is derived from Latin. Conversely, Germans themselves use the autonym of die Deutschen. Germans are indicated by exonyms in many European languages, such as French (Allemands), Italian (tedeschi), Swedish (tyskar) and Polish (Niemcy).

Variations[edit]

Numerous ethnonyms can apply to the same ethnic or racial group, with various levels of recognition, acceptance and use. The State Library of South Australia contemplated this issue when considering Library of Congress Headings for literature pertaining to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Some 20 different ethnonyms were considered as potential Library of Congress headings, but it was recommended that only a fraction of them be employed for the purposes of cataloguing.[1]

Change over time[edit]

Ethnonyms can change in character over time; while originally socially acceptable, they may come to be considered offensive. For instance, the term Gypsy has been used to refer to the Romani. Other examples include Vandal, Bushman, Barbarian, and Philistine.

The ethnonyms applied to African Americans have demonstrated a greater evolution; older terms such as colored carried negative connotations and have been replaced by modern-day equivalents such as African-American.[citation needed] Other ethnonyms such as Negro have a different status. The term was considered acceptable in its use by activists such as Martin Luther King in the 1960s,[2] but other activists took a different perspective. In discussing an address in 1960 by Elijah Muhammad, it was stated "to the Muslims, terms like Negro and colored are labels created by white people to negate the past greatness of the black race".[3]

Four decades later, a similar difference of opinion remains. In 2006, one commentator suggested that the term Negro is outdated or offensive in many quarters, similarly, the word "colored" still appears in the name of the NAACP, or National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

In such contexts, ethnonyms are susceptible to the phenomenon of the euphemism treadmill.[4]

Linguistics[edit]

In English, ethnonyms are generally formulated through suffixation; most ethnonyms for toponyms ending in -a are formed by adding -n: America, American; Austria, Austrian. In English, in many cases, the word for the dominant language of a group is identical to their English-language ethnonym; the French speak French, the Germans speak German. This is sometimes erroneously overgeneralized; it may be assumed that people from India speak "Indian",[5] despite there being no language which is called by that name.

Generally, any group of people may have numerous ethnonyms associated with the political affiliation with a state or a province, with geographical landmark, with the language, or another distinct feature. Ethnonym may be a compound word releted to origin or usage, polito-ethnonym indicates that name originated from the political affiliation, like Belgian for inhabitants of Belgium that have their own endonyms; topo-ethnonym refers to the ethnonym derived from the name of the locality, like Uralians for the inhabitants of the geographical area near the Ural mountains that have their own distinct endonyms. Classical geographers frequently used topo-ethnonyms (demonyms) as substitute for ethnonyms in general descriptions or for unknown endonyms. Compound teminology is widely used in professional literature to discriminate semantics of the terms.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aboriginal Rountable (1995): LCSH for ATSI People.
  2. ^ Jr., Martin Luther King,; Holloran, Peter; Luker, Ralph E.; Penny A. Russell (1 January 2005). The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.: Threshold of a New Decade, January 1959-December 1960. University of California Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-520-24239-5. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Message from the Wilderness of North America. A Journal for MultiMedia History article.
  4. ^ "The game of the name". Baltimore Sun. 1994-04-03. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1994-04-06. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  5. ^ Bourne, Jill; Pollard, Andrew (26 September 2002). Teaching and Learning in the Primary School. Taylor & Francis. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-203-42511-4. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 

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