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Withdrawal from the European Union
Withdrawal from the European Union
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: AFP news agency
BREXIT BEGINS! Queen fires starting gun as she signs Article 50 bill into law.
BREXIT BEGINS! Queen fires starting gun as she signs Article 50 bill into law.
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: English Briton
Eu negotiator hopes for deal on brexit bill before summit
Eu negotiator hopes for deal on brexit bill before summit
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: DANNETTE JONES
MPs react to Queen giving #BrexitBill Royal Assent
MPs react to Queen giving #BrexitBill Royal Assent
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: RT UK
Brexit Bill: Vote &  Debate highlights in the UK Parliament
Brexit Bill: Vote & Debate highlights in the UK Parliament
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Denis Hatcher
The moment Parliament discovered the Queen had signed historic Brexit Bill
The moment Parliament discovered the Queen had signed historic Brexit Bill
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: gemini48
Brexit: Ministers See Off Early EU Withdrawal Bill Challenges
Brexit: Ministers See Off Early EU Withdrawal Bill Challenges
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: News Bay
The Commons | Urgent Question: Exiting the EU: Costs - 29 Nov 2017
The Commons | Urgent Question: Exiting the EU: Costs - 29 Nov 2017
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: Vipi Room
SNP MPs sing Ode To Joy during Brexit Bill vote
SNP MPs sing Ode To Joy during Brexit Bill vote
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: The Telegraph
Rejection of animal sentience from Brexit Bill causes public outcry
Rejection of animal sentience from Brexit Bill causes public outcry
Published: 2017/12/08
Channel: Truthfal
Britain concedes on EU exit bill | World
Britain concedes on EU exit bill | World
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Financial Times
2017 02 27 UK Brexit bill Lords Committee stage (day 1) - Committee of the Whole House  chamber
2017 02 27 UK Brexit bill Lords Committee stage (day 1) - Committee of the Whole House chamber
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: This is Parliament
Can head to the eu Summit after vote failure brexit
Can head to the eu Summit after vote failure brexit
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: Latest It News
The brexit bill faces 470 amendments on its way through parliament
The brexit bill faces 470 amendments on its way through parliament
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Current Affairs
Article 50 - Scottish Parliament: 7th February 2017
Article 50 - Scottish Parliament: 7th February 2017
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: The Scottish Parliament
Short Cut: Democracy in the UK?
Short Cut: Democracy in the UK?
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Project Syndicate
2017 03 01 UK HoL Brexit bill Lords Committee stage (day 2) - Committee of the Whole House chamber
2017 03 01 UK HoL Brexit bill Lords Committee stage (day 2) - Committee of the Whole House chamber
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: This is Parliament
The Nigel Farage Show: Brexit Bill Passed! Live LBC. Feb 01 2017.
The Nigel Farage Show: Brexit Bill Passed! Live LBC. Feb 01 2017.
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: OrionPrime
Robin Walker & Fabian Picardo: full press conference
Robin Walker & Fabian Picardo: full press conference
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: GBC News
Brexit Bill, Citizens
Brexit Bill, Citizens' Rights Become Focus of Talks
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Bloomberg TV Markets and Finance
Brexit Gets Approval in U.K. Parliament
Brexit Gets Approval in U.K. Parliament
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Article 50 Amendments debate day 3 of 3
Article 50 Amendments debate day 3 of 3
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
Exclusive: britain and the eu agree brexit divorce bill
Exclusive: britain and the eu agree brexit divorce bill
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: 98AZRO
Caroline Lucas voting against Brexit Bill
Caroline Lucas voting against Brexit Bill
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Green Party of England & Wales
***LONDON ATTACK: Meant for PM Theresa May?
***LONDON ATTACK: Meant for PM Theresa May?
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: daryl lawson
Brexit Bill Clears Final Hurdle Leaving Theresa May Free To Trigger Article 50 And Leave The Eu
Brexit Bill Clears Final Hurdle Leaving Theresa May Free To Trigger Article 50 And Leave The Eu
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Latest News 24
David Davis presents Brexit bill to Parliament
David Davis presents Brexit bill to Parliament
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: Asad News
Ken Clark on the folly of triggering Article 50
Ken Clark on the folly of triggering Article 50
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Nicholas Robin
Exclusive: britain and the eu agree brexit divorce bill
Exclusive: britain and the eu agree brexit divorce bill
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: Oliver
Nigel Farage "We will abolish the House of Lords soon"
Nigel Farage "We will abolish the House of Lords soon"
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Believe In Brexit Britain
Brexit, [Article 50] Bill Debate - Stephen Gethins 31 Jan 2017
Brexit, [Article 50] Bill Debate - Stephen Gethins 31 Jan 2017
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: SkyEcho7
Brexit Bill May Reach  £39 Billion
Brexit Bill May Reach £39 Billion
Published: 2017/12/08
Channel: Wochit Politics
UK PM Theresa May
UK PM Theresa May's spokesman: We do not recognize reported 40 billion euro Brexit bill
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: UK 44
Theresa May dodges questions on Brexit bill in Brussels
Theresa May dodges questions on Brexit bill in Brussels
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Newzify
Exclusive: britain and the eu agree brexit divorce bill
Exclusive: britain and the eu agree brexit divorce bill
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: Krast1k
Brexit Live: Triggering Article 50 (House Of Commons) BBC News
Brexit Live: Triggering Article 50 (House Of Commons) BBC News
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Ronald Swartz
The Nigel Farage Show: OUTRAGE Lords vote for veto on Brexit. Live LBC. 7th March 2017
The Nigel Farage Show: OUTRAGE Lords vote for veto on Brexit. Live LBC. 7th March 2017
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Matthew Roorda
Clegg on Article 50 bill, Labour splits and Theresa May
Clegg on Article 50 bill, Labour splits and Theresa May's US visit
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Sky News
Breaking News:  House of Lords Brexit Bill debate. Feb 21.  2017.
Breaking News: House of Lords Brexit Bill debate. Feb 21. 2017.
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: Brianna Lauren
N.K.A -Brexit vote: Clive Lewis quits shadow cabinet as MPs back bill
N.K.A -Brexit vote: Clive Lewis quits shadow cabinet as MPs back bill
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: N.K.A
MPs vote on Brexit Bill after 13 hour debate_News Hashmi
MPs vote on Brexit Bill after 13 hour debate_News Hashmi
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: News Hashmi
May
May 'confident' of winning vote on Brexit bill
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: UK Top News
Theresa May plays hardball REFUSING to pay Brexit bill unless top trade deal offered
Theresa May plays hardball REFUSING to pay Brexit bill unless top trade deal offered
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: NEWS 24
Theresa may tells eu: i’m still in control despite brexit bill vote defeat
Theresa may tells eu: i’m still in control despite brexit bill vote defeat
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: 98AZRO
Smug FT Lionel Barber called
Smug FT Lionel Barber called 'Daily Remainer' by Michael Portillo
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: SCD Observer
Brexit: Ministers see off early EU Withdrawal Bill challenges | breaking news today |BBC news
Brexit: Ministers see off early EU Withdrawal Bill challenges | breaking news today |BBC news
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Breaking News MKT
Daily News - Labour Remainer plot EXPOSED: Anti-Brexit MPs plot to change bill to STOP UK leaving EU
Daily News - Labour Remainer plot EXPOSED: Anti-Brexit MPs plot to change bill to STOP UK leaving EU
Published: 2017/12/22
Channel: Daily News
'Fighting the EU referendum is a great error' says William Hague
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: RT UK
John Bercow welcomes MP Chloe Smith and her baby into Commons for Brexit  vote
John Bercow welcomes MP Chloe Smith and her baby into Commons for Brexit vote
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: EDP24
Scottish parliament rejects triggering of Brexit in symbolic vote
Scottish parliament rejects triggering of Brexit in symbolic vote
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Audio Newspaper
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017
Act of Parliament
Long title An Act to Confer power on the Prime Minister to notify, under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, the United Kingdom's intention to withdraw from the EU.
Citation 2017 c. 9
Introduced by David Davis, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union
Territorial extent United Kingdom
Dates
Royal assent 16 March 2017
Other legislation
Relates to European Communities Act 1972
European Union Referendum Act 2015
Status: Spent
History of passage through Parliament
Text of statute as originally enacted
UK Prime Minister Theresa May who triggered Article 50 on Wednesday 29 March 2017.

The European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017 (c. 9) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to empower the Prime Minister to give to the Council of the European Union the formal notice – required by Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union – for starting negotiations for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union.[1][2][3]

The Act gives effect to the result of the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum held on 23 June in which 51.9% of voters chose to leave the European Union and also directly follows the decision of the (United Kingdom) Supreme Court on 24 January 2017 in the judicial review case of R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.

The Act[edit]

"The Prime Minister may notify, under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, the United Kingdom's intention to withdraw from the EU."
Clause 1(1) of the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Act 2017, as introduced on 26 January 2017 [5]
"Any Member State may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements."
Article 50(1) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), as amended (Treaty of Maastricht, as amended by the Treaty of Lisbon)

The Act's long title is To Confer power on the Prime Minister to notify, under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, the United Kingdom's intention to withdraw from the EU. The Act confers on the Prime Minister the power to give the notice required under the Treaty when a member state decides to withdraw.[4] Section 1(2) states that no provision of the European Communities Act 1972 or other enactment prevents the (notification) act taking effect.

The Act's first reading as a bill in Parliament was on 26 January 2017, after the Supreme Court, in the Miller case, dismissed the government's appeal against the High Court's declaratory order, dated 7 November 2016, that "The Secretary of State does not have power under the Crown's prerogative to give notice pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union for the United Kingdom to withdraw from the European Union."[5] David Davis, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, formally introduced the bill for first reading in the House of Commons, and two days in the following week were allocated for the second reading debate.[6]

Progress through Parliament[edit]

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said: "I am asking all our MPs not to block Article 50 and make sure it goes through next week".[7] However, several Labour MPs were intending to rebel against the whip, including several of Corbyn's fellow opposition frontbenchers.[8][9]

House of Commons[edit]

The vote for the bill's second reading was carried on 1 February by 498 to 114,[10] and the bill was committed to a Committee of the Whole House, with a three-day programme for the conclusion of all proceedings up to and including third reading.[11] 47 of 229 Labour MPs voted against the bill (in defiance of the party's three-line whip), including 10 junior shadow ministers and 3 whips from the party. One Conservative (Kenneth Clarke) voted against the bill, and 2 of the 9 Liberal Democrat MPs abstained.[12] Diane Abbott, the shadow home secretary whose constituency voted to remain in the EU, was accused of having "Brexit flu" as she did not attend the vote on Article 50 due to illness, despite attending a debate in Westminster Hall three hours before the vote.[13][14]

In the parliamentary debates on the bill before enactment, members expressed concerns about the prospective effects on trade and the economy, financial services, and research and innovation policy and the rights of UK citizens in or entering the EU, and EU citizens in or entering the UK.[15]

The House of Commons agreed to hold the Committee stage on 6, 7 and 8 February, followed by the report stage and third reading on 8 February.[16] Topics covered by the amendments submitted by MPs and selected for debate at the Committee stage included: Parliamentary scrutiny, the devolved administrations (Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland), and the status of citizens of the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA) (and also that of Swiss nationals) in the UK, and that of expatriate British citizens in other parts of the EU and the EEA outside of the UK (and also in Switzerland).[17] All amendments were withdrawn or outvoted in Committee.

At third reading, the Commons passed the bill by 494 to 122 on 8 February 2017,[18] and the bill was sent for debate in the House of Lords.

On 17 February 2017 the House of Commons Library issued a briefing paper on "Parliament's role in ratifying treaties", which quoted David Jones, Minister of State for Exiting the EU, as confirming in the debate the government's commitment to bringing forward a motion, for the approval of both Houses, that will cover the withdrawal agreement and the future relationship with the European Union, and as stating that the government expected and intended this will be before the European Parliament debates and votes on the final agreement.[19]

House of Lords[edit]

Before adjourning on 8 February 2017, the House of Lords gave the bill, as brought from the Commons, a first reading.[20] The House of Lords announced that Lord Bridges of Headley would move the bill's second reading for debate on 20 and 21 February, and that the Lord Privy Seal (Baroness Evans of Bowes Park) would move that Standing Orders be dispensed with so as to allow manuscript amendments to be tabled and moved for the third reading.[21]

"Within three months of exercising the power under section 1(1), Ministers of the Crown must bring forward proposals to ensure that citizens of another European Union or European Economic Area country and their family members, who are legally resident in the United Kingdom on the day on which this Act is passed, continue to be treated in the same way with regards to their EU derived-rights and, in the case of residency, their potential to acquire such rights in the future."
House of Lords amendment, 1 March 2017.[6]

In the second reading debate, one of the cross bench peers, Lord Hope, who had been a Supreme Court Justice from 2009 until his retirement in 2013, mentioned that the wording of the bill sufficed for giving notice of withdrawal, as the Supreme Court’s decision in the Miller case required, but it said nothing about the process of the two further stages stated in article 50: negotiation, and the concluding of an agreement between the Union and the state that was withdrawing.[22]

At the end of the second reading debate the House agreed that the bill would be considered by a committee of the whole house.[23] This was timetabled for 27 February and 1 March 2017.[24]

On 1 March, the House of Lords, debating in Committee, made an amendment to protect EU nationals living in the UK regardless of the rights of UK nationals continuing to live in member states of the EU. The amendment was voted for by 358 with 256 against. Eight other major amendments were rejected.[25] The amendment adds to the bill a requirement that the government will introduce proposals within three months of the withdrawal notification to ensure EU citizens in the UK have the same residence rights after Brexit as before. Published statistics show many more EU nationals live in the UK (the greater numbers coming from Poland and the Republic of Ireland) than UK nationals living in other EU member states (the greater numbers in Spain and the Republic of Ireland).[26] After the Committee debate, the bill was formally reported to the House with the amendment.[27]

The House of Lords announced that the report stage would continue on 7 March, and, if concluded, the bill's third reading would be on the same day.[28]

In advance of the continuation of debate, the House of Lords published on 4 March a report discussing financial and legal complexities involved in negotiating withdrawal, including settlement of outstanding financial liabilities and division of assets.[29] The report stated that if there is no post-Brexit deal at the end of the two-year negotiating period, the UK could withdraw without payment of a "divorce bill" to the EU.[30]

At report stage on 7 March 2017, the Lords voted against the government for a second amendment (passed by 366 votes to 268), adding a new clause to the bill, headed "Parliamentary approval for the outcome of negotiations with the European Union". Lord Forsyth of Drumlean, opposing the amendment, compared it to Gulliver, in trying to tie down the Prime Minister—by hair, arms and legs—in order to prevent her from getting an agreement for the UK before leaving the European Union.[31] The new clause was:

"(1) The Prime Minister may not conclude an agreement with the European Union under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, on the terms of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union, without the approval of both Houses of Parliament. (2) Such approval shall be required before the European Parliament debates and votes on that agreement. (3) The prior approval of both Houses of Parliament shall also be required in relation to an agreement on the future relationship of the United Kingdom with the European Union. (4) The prior approval of both Houses of Parliament shall also be required in relation to any decision by the Prime Minister that the United Kingdom shall leave the European Union without an agreement as to the applicable terms.".[31]

At third reading, the Lords rejected a proposal presented by the Liberal Democrats for the Lords to decline "to allow the bill to pass, because the bill does not provide a mechanism for the people of the United Kingdom to have a vote, prior to the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union, on the terms of the new relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union”. The proposal was outvoted by 340 to 95.[32]

The Lords completed third reading on 7 March and voted to return the bill to the Commons with the two amendments.[32]

Lords and Commons[edit]

The Brexit Secretary, David Davis, stated that the government aimed to overturn the Lords amendments in the House of Commons.[33] On 13 March the Commons voted against the first Lords amendment by 335 to 287 and against the second by 331 to 286. The bill passed both Houses of Parliament unamended.

Royal assent[edit]

The act came into effect when royal assent was signified on the morning of 16 March 2017.[34]

Notification as authorised[edit]

The Act authorised the letter from Theresa May invoking Article 50 on the Treaty of European Union

On Wednesday 28 March 2017 with the authority given by the act Prime Minister Theresa May signed a letter that, on the following day, 29 March 2017, was handed to the President of the European Council Donald Tusk in Brussels by Sir Tim Barrow, the Permanent representative of the United Kingdom to the European Union which invoked Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union and started the withdrawal process of the United Kingdom from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community that was also mentioned in the letter.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill 2017". parliament.uk. 
  2. ^ "Brexit: Article 50 legislation published". BBC News. 26 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Brexit trigger bill laid in front of Parliament". Sky News. 26 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Explanatory Notes". 25 January 2017. 
  5. ^ In the Supreme Court, Written Case for Birnie and others (the "Expat Interveners") para. 2.[1]
  6. ^ "Progress of European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill 2016-17". 
  7. ^ "Jeremy Corbyn tells his Labour MPs they must trigger Brexit". Sky News. 26 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Brexit: Labour tensions as Article 50 bill published". BBC. 26 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Shadow Welsh secretary quits over Brexit vote". BBC. 27 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Brexit vote: Boris Johnson says 'history has been made' after MPs pass Bill to trigger Article 50 by 498 votes to 114". 
  11. ^ "House of Commons. OP No.103: Part 1, 1 February 2017" (PDF). 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  12. ^ Chorley, Matt (2 February 2017). "Brexit is an instrument of torture for Labour". The Times. Retrieved 4 February 2017. (Subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ Syal, Rajeev (2 February 2017). "Diane Abbott accused by Labour MP of 'bottling' article 50 vote". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  14. ^ 'Steerpike' (2 February 2017). "Diane Abbott gives Article 50 a miss". Coffee House. The Spectator. 
  15. ^ Hansard, debates: Commons second reading, committee, report, third reading; Lords second reading, committee, report, third reading; Commons disagrees Lords amendments).[2]
  16. ^ "Bill stages — European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill 2016-17 — UK Parliament". 
  17. ^ reporter, Jessica Elgot Political (6 February 2017). "What happens next with the Brexit bill?" – via The Guardian. 
  18. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  19. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  20. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  21. ^ Lords, Minute Office, House of. "House of Lords Business (Tuesday 14 March 2017)". 
  22. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  23. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  24. ^ "Lords examines European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - News from Parliament". 
  25. ^ "Theresa May defiantly insists her timetable for triggering Brexit will not be blown off course despite suffering first defeat in House of Lords". The Telegraph. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "Ministers will seek to overturn Brexit bill defeat". 3 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  27. ^ "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  28. ^ Lords, Minute Office, House of. "House of Lords Business (Monday 6 March 2017)". 
  29. ^ European Union Committee Brexit and the EU budget 15th Report of Session 2016-17 - published 4 March 2017 - HL Paper 125, Chapter 3, Potential demands. [3]
  30. ^ BBC News, 4 March 2017, "Brexit: UK 'not obliged' to pay divorce bill say peers".[4]
  31. ^ a b "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  32. ^ a b "European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Hansard Online". 
  33. ^ "Article 50 bill: Theresa May suffers defeat on 'meaningful vote' amendment as peers back the change by 366 to 268". 
  34. ^ "Queen gives royal assent to Article 50 Bill, clearing way for Theresa May to start European Union exit talks". The Telegraph. 16 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

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