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European Union (Referendum) Act 2016 (Gibraltar)
European Union (Referendum) Act 2016 (Gibraltar)
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Brexit: Gibraltar shows EU is DESPERATE
Brexit: Gibraltar shows EU is DESPERATE
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Politics UK
Brexit fears on Gibraltar as UK prepares to trigger Article 50
Brexit fears on Gibraltar as UK prepares to trigger Article 50
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: euronews (in English)
Fabian Picardo, Chief Minister of Gibraltar, on Brexit
Fabian Picardo, Chief Minister of Gibraltar, on Brexit
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Channel Brexit
European Union Referendum Act 2015
European Union Referendum Act 2015
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
BREAKING- Gibraltar to stay British! Spain admits Rock will NOT be a deciding factor in Brexit talks
BREAKING- Gibraltar to stay British! Spain admits Rock will NOT be a deciding factor in Brexit talks
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: News 2U
Gibraltar:
Gibraltar: 'Gibraltar will never be Spanish' - chief minister after Brexit
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ruptly TV
UK-EU Dispute -  Will Gibraltar Stay With UK After BREXIT?
UK-EU Dispute - Will Gibraltar Stay With UK After BREXIT?
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Jerry Eldred
Post Brexit, Britain Reaffirms Commitment to Gibraltar
Post Brexit, Britain Reaffirms Commitment to Gibraltar
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: Wochit News
BUT FIRST: Post-Brexit Gibraltar & the Falkland Islands Oil & Gas
BUT FIRST: Post-Brexit Gibraltar & the Falkland Islands Oil & Gas
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: goingundergroundRT
We are entirely aligned with the UK on Brexit, says Gibraltar minister
We are entirely aligned with the UK on Brexit, says Gibraltar minister
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Sky News
UK Lawmaker Suggests War Over Gibralter
UK Lawmaker Suggests War Over Gibralter
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Wochit News
Gibraltar: Britons in Gibraltar vote in the EU referendum
Gibraltar: Britons in Gibraltar vote in the EU referendum
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Ruptly TV
'Gibraltar is part of the British Family' says Brexit Minister
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: GBC News
Government
Government 'to stand up' for Gibraltar's interests:Brexit
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: SH NEWS
Brexit: Spain
Brexit: Spain's plans for Gibraltar
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: gemini48
Spain tells UK not to lose its cool over Gibraltar amid Brexit talks
Spain tells UK not to lose its cool over Gibraltar amid Brexit talks
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: CGTN
Gibraltar: The European Union jurisdiction of choice - Albert Isola
Gibraltar: The European Union jurisdiction of choice - Albert Isola
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: Planet of finance
Picardo hopes to reinforce Gibraltar
Picardo hopes to reinforce Gibraltar's desire to remain in EU
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: GBC News
#1 Did the British Prime Minister David Cameron really want Britain to leave the EU?
#1 Did the British Prime Minister David Cameron really want Britain to leave the EU?
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Thinking Out Loud - by Alex
Nigel Does The Sums To Show Why €100bn Brexit Bill Is “Ridiculous”
Nigel Does The Sums To Show Why €100bn Brexit Bill Is “Ridiculous”
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: gemini48
Gibraltar: Gibraltarians fear
Gibraltar: Gibraltarians fear 'uncertain future' following Brexit
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ruptly TV
Current Brexit model would be "immensely damaging" to Gibraltar says Moody
Current Brexit model would be "immensely damaging" to Gibraltar says Moody
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: GBC News
Brexit and Gibraltar: May laughs off Spain
Brexit and Gibraltar: May laughs off Spain 'war' talk
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: 5 News
Gibraltar, Theresa May, and the Great Big Brexit Mess
Gibraltar, Theresa May, and the Great Big Brexit Mess
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: ZoominTV
Happy Brexit! Bye Bye EU!
Happy Brexit! Bye Bye EU!
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: Fobidium
UK FM: We
UK FM: We'll protect interest of Gilbraltarians
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: AP Archive
BREXIT BILL
BREXIT BILL
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Afrin Jerin
Revealed: Vote Leave
Revealed: Vote Leave's exit plan after EU referendum
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Fransico Tomcia
UK politician is slammed for
UK politician is slammed for 'sabre-rattling' over Gibraltar
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: euronews (in English)
What Is A Referendum Vote?
What Is A Referendum Vote?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
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Foreign Secretary visits Gibraltar's 'Stronger In' Campaign
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: Stefan Borge
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Main issue for the EU on Brexit is...........? MONEY
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Channel Brexit
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Published: 2016/06/18
Channel: The Still Report
European Peoples party leader says EU will support Spain in Brexit negotiations
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Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: gemini48
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Published: 2017/04/04
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France: Le Pen calls for French EU referendum after Brexit victory
France: Le Pen calls for French EU referendum after Brexit victory
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Ruptly TV
Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
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Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: David Davis MP
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Published: 2017/09/13
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Published: 2016/05/31
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Published: 2017/06/30
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Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: EU Law At Liverpool
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Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: RT
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LIVE: UK’s EU referendum - Result announcement in Manchester
Published: 2016/06/24
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Post Brexit Britain in a World of Preferential Trade Agreements
Published: 2017/03/21
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Published: 2017/04/03
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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European Union (Referendum) Act 2016
Coat of Arms of the Government of Gibraltar.svg
Parliament of Gibraltar
An act to enable the full participation of Gibraltar in the United Kingdom’s referendum on whether it should remain a member of the European Union, and to provide for the making of subsidiary legislation in connection therewith and for matters connected thereto, including amending primary legislation by subsidiary legislation as the circumstances require.
Citation Act Number 2016-01
(Legislation Number (L.N.) 2016/034, as amended by L.N. 2016/035, L.N. 2016/082 and L.N. 2016/120)
Territorial extent Gibraltar
Date of Royal Assent 28 January 2016
(Governor's assent,
Granted by the Governor of Gibraltar)
Date commenced 26 January 2016
Status: Spent
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum (Gibraltar)
Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?
Location United Kingdom
Gibraltar
Date 23 June 2016
Results
Votes  %
Remain 19,322 95.91%
Leave 823 4.09%
Valid votes 20,145 99.87%
Invalid or blank votes 27 0.13%
Total votes 20,172 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 24,119 83.64%

The European Union (Referendum) Act 2016 is an Act of the Gibraltar Parliament, which implements the United Kingdom’s European Union Referendum Act 2015 in Gibraltar.[1] It was the first time a referendum has been held in Gibraltar on the issue of continued EU membership since the territory joined along with the United Kingdom in 1973 and was also the first time the British Overseas Territory had participated in a UK-wide referendum. The Act commenced on 26 January 2016, and received assent from the Governor of Gibraltar on 28 January 2016.

Origin[edit]

On 1 January 1973, Gibraltar along with the rest of the United Kingdom joined what was then known as the European Communities (EC), the main component of which was known as the European Economic Community (EEC), but all collectively known informally but commonly and generally in the United Kingdom as the Common Market which later became the European Union. Gibraltar's accession to the EC was determined in legislation as part of the UK's membership under the European Communities Act 1972. When the territory joined it was completely isolated from the rest of the EC as neighbouring Spain did not become an EC member until January 1 1986, some thirteen years later. Gibraltar did not participate in the 1975 UK European Communities membership referendum even though the result directly impacted on its membership and didn't participate in any European Parliamentary Elections between 1979 and 1999 but in 2002 legislation was passed by the British Parliament which allowed Gibraltar to formally take part in the 2004 European Parliament election as part of the South West European Parliament constituency in all subsequent European elections. Following the surprise election victory by the Conservatives in May 2015 it was announced that Gibraltar would fully participate in the proposed referendum on continuing EU membership and was legislated for in the European Union Referendum Act 2015.

The referendum[edit]

The act legislated for a referendum to be held in Gibraltar on whether or not to remain a member of the European Union (EU), which was a single majority vote conducted and overseen by the Electoral Commission with the result in the territory fed into the South West England regional count area in line with European Elections under the European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 as the overall outcome depends on how the rest of the United Kingdom votes under the terms of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and allows for a "Counting Officer (CO)" to be appointed within the territory to oversee and officiate the local count. The referendum was held on the same day as in the rest of the United Kingdom on Thursday 23 June 2016. It also gave the UK Electoral Commission the legal power and authority to oversee the referendum within the territory.

Campaign period[edit]

The act and the European Union Referendum Act 2015 legislates that the official referendum campaign period up until polling day will be of ten weeks duration (April 15 to June 23, 2016) just as it will be within the United Kingdom with an official PPERA period where all government and public bodies in Gibraltar are unable to comment or publish information specifically in regard to the referendum for a period of four weeks duration (27 May to 23 June 2016) up until polling day. During the campaign period the two lead campaign groups in Gibraltar just as they were in the United Kingdom are Britain Stronger in Europe who are advocating a "Remain" vote and Vote Leave who are advocating a "Leave" vote.

Campaign spending[edit]

Under the act and the European Union Referendum Act 2015 all political parties in Gibraltar were limited to a maximum upper limit of £700,000.

Party policies[edit]

Chief Minister of the Gibraltar Parliament Fabian Picardo led the case for a "remain" vote in Gibraltar

All the political parties and every politician within the Gibraltar Parliament supported a "remain" vote during the referendum campaign.

Position Political parties

(Gibraltar)

Ref
Remain Gibraltar Social Democrats [2]
Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party [3]
Liberal Party of Gibraltar [3]

Referendum question[edit]

A sample of the ballot paper which was used in the referendum in the United Kingdom and Gibraltar

The question that appeared on ballot papers in the referendum before the electorate as set out under the act and the European Union Referendum Act 2015 was:

Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?

with the responses to the question to be (to be marked with a single (X)):

Remain a member of the European Union
Leave the European Union

Franchise[edit]

The right to vote in the referendum is defined by the legislation as limited to residents of Gibraltar who were also either Commonwealth citizens under the British Nationality Act 1948 (which include British citizens and most other British nationals), or were also citizens of the Republic of Ireland, or both.

Residents of Gibraltar who were citizens of other EU countries (other than the United Kingdom) were not allowed to vote unless they were citizens (or were also citizens) of the Republic of Ireland, of Malta or of the Republic of Cyprus.

The minimum age for voters in the referendum is 18 years, a figure in line with elections which are held in the UK. Polling Stations on the day of the referendum were open from 07:00 until 22:00 CEST (Thursday 23 June 2016) but counting did not begin until 23:00 CEST when polling stations close in the rest of the United Kingdom.

Eligible voters[edit]

On Tuesday 21 June 2016 the Electoral Commission announced the official number of eligible voters who are entitled to vote in the referendum on Thursday 23 June under the provisions of the act in Gibraltar following the closing date for registration on Thursday June 9, 2016, these figures include all Commonwealth and Irish citizens.[4] The final number of eligible voters was published after 9pm on Thursday 23 June 2016 by the Electoral Commission.[5]

The following shows both the provisional figure and the final figure in heavy bold brackets.

Country Eligible voters
Gibraltar 24,117 (24,119)

Result[edit]

The referendum result within Gibraltar was declared early on Friday 24 June 2016 by the counting officer and Clerk to the Gibraltar Parliament Paul Martinez at the University of Gibraltar at 0040 CEST making it the first of the 382 voting areas to declare and its result was fed into the South West England regional count and then the overall national count. The result saw the single biggest "Remain" vote of all the 382 voting areas with only 4% of Gibraltarian voters opting to leave on a very high turnout of 84% with large queues reported at the Polling stations.

Flag of Gibraltar.svg
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Gibraltar
Choice Votes  %
Remain a member of the European Union 19,322 95.91%
Leave the European Union 823 4.09 %
Vaild votes 20,145 99.87 %
Invalid or blank votes 27 0.13 %
Total votes 20,172 100.00 %
Registered voters and turnout 24,119 83.64 %
Source: Electoral Commission
Gibraltar referendum result (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
823 (4.1%)
Remain:
19,322 (95.9%)

Outcome[edit]

The United Kingdom overall voted narrowly by 51.9% to 48.1% to leave the European Union. Despite the overwhelming vote to remain in the European Union the overseas territory of Gibraltar will be leaving the European Union as it was a single majority vote of the whole of the UK with no double majority of the constituent countries or Gibraltar required for any kind of "Leave" vote.

The United Kingdom triggered Article 50 on 29 March 2017 which included Gibraltar although the territory was not specifically mentioned in the Article 50 that was sent to the European Union by the UK Government.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Confirmed: Gibraltar to vote in European referendum". Gibraltar Panorama. 26 May 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "Feetham urges joint strategies with Govt on key issues". Gibraltar Chronicle. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Garcia flags constitutional reform and Brexit in New Year message". Gibraltar Chronicle. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Provisional electorate figures published ahead of the EU referendum". Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "EU Referendum results". Retrieved 13 July 2016. 

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