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House of Commons: EU Referendum Bill debate (June 2015)
House of Commons: EU Referendum Bill debate (June 2015)
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: John Moore
European Union Referendum Bill passed | first hurdle crossed !!!
European Union Referendum Bill passed | first hurdle crossed !!!
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: News Express
James Wharton MP - EU Referendum Bill - 5 July 2013
James Wharton MP - EU Referendum Bill - 5 July 2013
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: James Wharton
European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013–14
European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013–14
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: WikiWikiup
James Wharton MP - EU Referendum Bill - Third Reading (29 Nov 2013)
James Wharton MP - EU Referendum Bill - Third Reading (29 Nov 2013)
Published: 2013/12/06
Channel: James Wharton
European Union Notification of Withdrawal Bill : The Vote 1 Feb 17
European Union Notification of Withdrawal Bill : The Vote 1 Feb 17
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Philip Hunt
MPs back EU referendum bill in House of Commons
MPs back EU referendum bill in House of Commons
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: KaranlikDamlalar2
British MPs vote in favour of EU Referendum Bill | World | News7 Tamil
British MPs vote in favour of EU Referendum Bill | World | News7 Tamil
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: News7 Tamil
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 12
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 12
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
EU referendum bill
EU referendum bill
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: Flickdrummond
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 3
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 3
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 2
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 2
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 2
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 2
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 10
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 10
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
EU referendum bill tabled in Commons by Conservative MP James Wharton new HD
EU referendum bill tabled in Commons by Conservative MP James Wharton new HD
Published: 2013/07/06
Channel: ByFiKoDaiLyNeWs
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 4
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 4
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 11
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 11
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Nigel Dodds   EU Referendum Bill Debate
Nigel Dodds EU Referendum Bill Debate
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: Democratic Unionist Party
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 5
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 5
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 3
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 3
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
UK: Conservatives to publish draft EU referendum bill
UK: Conservatives to publish draft EU referendum bill
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: euronews (in English)
EU referendum bill tabled in Commons by Conservative MP James Wharton
EU referendum bill tabled in Commons by Conservative MP James Wharton
Published: 2013/07/07
Channel: Robert Piris
James Wharton confusion over EU referendum bill
James Wharton confusion over EU referendum bill
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: Scrapbook TV
Cameron: Fresh Attempt For European Union Referendum Bill
Cameron: Fresh Attempt For European Union Referendum Bill
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: FlipMedia
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 1
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 1
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Conor intervenes in EU Referendum Bill debate
Conor intervenes in EU Referendum Bill debate
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: Conor Burns
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 4
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 4
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 2
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 2
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Aidan speaks in EU Referendum Bill debate
Aidan speaks in EU Referendum Bill debate
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: Aidan Burley
Dr Paul Monaghan MP - Sputnik Radio - Referendum Bill
Dr Paul Monaghan MP - Sputnik Radio - Referendum Bill
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Paul Monaghan
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 7
Electoral Referendum Bill - Third Reading - Part 7
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: inthehouseNZ
EU Referendum bill  Martin Horwood and James Wharton 2
EU Referendum bill Martin Horwood and James Wharton 2
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: evidancenews4
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 5
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 5
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
EU Referendum Bill may be lost in Lords says Browning
EU Referendum Bill may be lost in Lords says Browning
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: news
Owen Paterson on EU Referendum Bill (09 Jun 15)
Owen Paterson on EU Referendum Bill (09 Jun 15)
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: ghanimah
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 6
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 6
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
Cameron To Publish In Out EU Referendum Bill
Cameron To Publish In Out EU Referendum Bill
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: NightwalkersView
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 7
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 7
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
David Cameron meets leaders as EU Referendum Bill launched
David Cameron meets leaders as EU Referendum Bill launched
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: Almeda Modzelewski
William Hague  EU Referendum Bill off to
William Hague EU Referendum Bill off to 'a good start'
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: KaranlikDamlalar2
Adam Afriyie on BBCQT Talking About His EU Referendum Bill 10/10/2013
Adam Afriyie on BBCQT Talking About His EU Referendum Bill 10/10/2013
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: smtm: Entertainment
EU Referendum Bill badly drafted says Lord Foulkes
EU Referendum Bill badly drafted says Lord Foulkes
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: JOHNSON BOY
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 9
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 9
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
22: An in/out EU referendum
22: An in/out EU referendum
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Conservative Home
House Of Lords Will Debate European Union Referendum Bill
House Of Lords Will Debate European Union Referendum Bill
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: NewsReport24
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 8
Electoral Referendum Bill - First Reading - Part 8
Published: 2010/04/22
Channel: inthehouseNZ
PARLIAMENT :REFERENDUM BILL
PARLIAMENT :REFERENDUM BILL
Published: 2015/02/03
Channel: Mrtv English Channel
Results: EU Bill at second reading + Labour amendment (12Sep17)
Results: EU Bill at second reading + Labour amendment (12Sep17)
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: BLIGHTY TV
BBC News EU referendum question change for James Whartons bill
BBC News EU referendum question change for James Whartons bill
Published: 2013/10/31
Channel: Bbcworldnewslive225
mitv - Parliament: Referendum Bill On 2008 Constitution
mitv - Parliament: Referendum Bill On 2008 Constitution
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: mitv
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013-14
Crowned Portcullis.svg
Parliament of the United Kingdom
A Bill to make provision for the holding of a referendum in the United Kingdom on the United Kingdom’s membership of the European Union.
Citation HL Bill 63
Considered by Parliament of the United Kingdom
Legislative history
Introduced by James Wharton
First reading 19 June 2013
Second reading 5 July 2013
Third reading 29 November 2013
Status: Not passed

The European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013–14 was a private member's bill of the Parliament of the United Kingdom designed to make provision for a referendum on membership of the European Union to be held in 2017 following renegotiation of terms between the European Union and the United Kingdom government. The bill ceased to be considered by Parliament after January 2014 and did not become law.[1] However, a subsequent bill with the same objective, the European Union Referendum Act 2015, was introduced by the newly elected Conservative government in May 2015 was passed and received royal assent on 17 December 2015.

Origins[edit]

The issue of the United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union had been ongoing for many years before the 2010 general election, arguably since the United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975. In 2013 David Cameron pledged to renegotiate the United Kingdom's terms of membership with the European Union.[2] In May 2013, the Conservative Party published a draft EU referendum bill and outlined their plans for renegotiation and then an in-out vote if returned to office in 2015.[3] The draft bill stated that the referendum must be held no later than 31 December 2017.[4] The draft was taken forward as a private member's bill in the House of Commons by the Conservative member James Wharton[5] who had come top of a ballot of backbench MPs, entitling him to introduce a bill during the 2013–14 parliamentary session. His bill attempted to enshrine the Conservative Party Position into law before the 2015 general election. A spokesman for prime minister and Leader of the Conservative Party, David Cameron, said he was "very pleased" and would ensure the bill was given "the full support of the Conservative Party".[6]

Details of the Bill[edit]

The Bill set out the foundations for the timetable and question (Section 1), the electorate (Section 2), and the cost (Section 5).[7]

Referendum question[edit]

Originally the bill gave the question to appear on ballot papers:

Do you think that the United Kingdom should be a member of the European Union?

and in Welsh:

Ydych chi'n credu y dylai'r Deyrnas Unedig fod yn aelod o'r Undeb Ewropeaidd?

permitting a simple YES/NO answer (to be marked with a single (X)).

Revised question recommendations[edit]

In the autumn of 2013 the Electoral Commission published a report which studied and tested the wording of the proposed question contained within the bill and presented two possible revised options.

Recommendation One[edit]

The first recommendation was an amended question which kept the yes/no response options:

Do you think that the United Kingdom should remain a member of the European Union?

and in Welsh:

A ddylai'r Deyrnas Unedig aros yn aelod o'r Undeb Ewropeaidd?

permitting a simple YES/NO answer (to be marked with a single (X)).

This option was presented as the oringal proposed question within the European Union Referendum Act 2015.

Recommendation Two[edit]

The second recommendation was an amended question which changed the responses from the yes/no options:

Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?

with the responses to the question (to be marked with a single (X)):

Remain a member of the European Union
Leave the European Union

and in Welsh:

A ddylai'r Deyrnas Unedig aros yn aelod o'r Undeb Ewropeaidd neu adael yr Undeb Ewropeaidd?

with the responses (to be marked with a single (X)):

Aros yn aelod o'r Undeb Ewropeaidd
Gadael yr Undeb Ewropeaidd

The Electoral Commission tested this option but were unable to fully able to explore its full viability in the time available however it would later go on to be the exact wording and responses that was used and appreared on ballot papers for the 2016 EU Referendum under the European Union Referendum Act 2015.[8]

Concerns regarding the possibility of a Hung Parliament[edit]

Regarding the ability of the bill to force the next parliament into holding a referendum, a parliamentary research paper noted that:

"The Bill simply provides for a referendum on continued EU membership by the end of December 2017 and does not otherwise specify the timing, other than requiring the Secretary of State to bring forward orders by the end of 2016. These orders would need both Houses to agree to the detailed rules for the poll and the date. If no party obtained a majority at the next general election due in 2015, there might be some uncertainty about the passage of the orders in the next Parliament. Unless the orders are passed, it would not appear possible to hold the referendum, since the day and the conduct of the poll would not have received parliamentary assent."[9]

Progress through Parliament[edit]

The bill's first reading in the House of Commons was made on 19 June 2013.[10] It received its second reading on 5 July 2013 by 304 votes to none after almost all Labour MPs and all Liberal Democrat MPs abstained.[11] It then progressed through its Committee and Report Stages between July and November 2013 and finally cleared the Commons in November 2013.

In late 2013, Conservative MP Adam Afriyie tabled an amendment to the bill bring forward the date of the referendum to 2014[12] but his amendment was defeated in the House of Commons.[13]

The bill was introduced to the House of Lords in December 2013 and had its Second Reading there on 10 January 2014.[14] At the time it was suggested that the Bill would not 'make it through the Lords alive'.[15] The last consideration of the bill was its examination by committee on 31 January 2014[1] and the debate ended at that committee stage. Peers voted by 180 to 130 not to allow more time for a debate in the Lords and no further days were scheduled. The rejection by the House of Lords effectively blocked the bill[16] and killed off the proposed legislation.[17]

After the bill failed to pass the House of Lords, James Wharton blamed Labour and Liberal Democrat obstructionism; however the Liberal Democrats argued that the Conservatives themselves had not assigned the bill enough time whilst Labour responded by stating that the bill was in the Conservative Party's interest rather than the national one.[18] Wharton has since argued that his Private Member's Bill was designed to put the issue to rest.[19]

Criticism[edit]

The Bill received numerous opposition particularly from the House of Lords where the bill was blocked as well as from Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats.

Former EU commissioner Lord Mandelson criticised the bill at the time by describing it as government "grandstanding to the UKIP gathering" and also said "We need to concentrate on using all of our influence and energy in building up Britain's influence in Europe, not driving Britain out of Europe."

Liberal Democrats peer Baroness Falkner of Margravine told peers that the legislation was too "important to rush through" and although she trusted the public to make the right decision accused the government of picking the proposed 2017 date as "arbitrarily plucked out of the air".

Labour peer Baroness Quinn also criticisesd the bill by describing the proposed commitment as "alarming" and was "highly irregular in singling out a date".[20]

The Bill was also described as "economically devastating",[21] and "biased and vague".[22]

Outcome[edit]

In May 2015 the Conservative Party led by then Prime Minister David Cameron won a small but unexpected overall majority in the 2015 UK general election which contained a manifesto promise to hold a renegotiation of the UK's membership of the EU to be followed by a in-out referendum. It was fulfilled when the Referendum Bill was contained in the Queens speech three weeks after the election with both Labour and the Liberal Democrats dropping their previous opposition. The renegotiation was completed in February 2016 and the referendum was held on 23 June of the same year in which 51.9% of voters chose to Leave the European Union compared with 48.1% of voters who chose to Remain a member of the European Union.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013-14". www.parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Nicholas Watt. "Eurosceptic: Cameron won't negotiate real change – so we're on way out of EU". the Guardian. 
  3. ^ "David Cameron: EU referendum bill shows only Tories listen". British Broadcasting Corporation. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "European Union (Referendum) Bill (HC Bill 11)". UK Parliament. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Private Members' Bills". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "EU referendum: Tory MP will take forward bill". British Broadcasting Corporation. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Text of the Bill Parliament.uk
  8. ^ Advice of the Electoral Commission on the referendum question included in the European Union (Referendum) Bill
  9. ^ European Union (Referendum) Bill, Bill 11 of 2013–14 Research Paper 13/41 (PDF) (Report). 28 June 2013. p. 1. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Presentation of Bills". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  11. ^ McTague, Tom (5 July 2013). "EU referendum: MPs vote unanimously for 2017 poll but Commons bill branded "complete stunt"". The Mirror. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  12. ^ Afriyie, Adam. "The Man who would be king". Economist. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  13. ^ Mason, Rowena (22 November 2013). "MPs reject early EU referendum". Guardian. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  14. ^ Stages of Bill Parliament.uk
  15. ^ EU referendum bill is not a done deal BBC News
  16. ^ Rigby, Elizabeth; Pickard, Jim (31 January 2014). "EU referendum bill blocked in Lords". Financial Times. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "Cameron says Tories will bring back failed EU bill". BBC News. BBC. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  18. ^ "Cameron says Tories will bring back failed EU bill - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-09-08. 
  19. ^ EU referendum bill to be put forward by Tory MP | Politics. theguardian.com.
  20. ^ Peers clash over EU referendum Bill BBC News
  21. ^ EU Referendum Bill clears first Lords hurdle amid delay warnings BBC News
  22. ^ The EU referendum question included in the Conservatives’ private members’ Bill is both highly biased and vague: it would actively misinform UK voters LSE

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