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EU Withdrawal Bill Day 7 Committee highlights
EU Withdrawal Bill Day 7 Committee highlights
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: BrexitCentral
EU Withdrawal Bill Debate Day 1
EU Withdrawal Bill Debate Day 1
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
EU Withdrawal Bill Debate (Day One): David Davis vs Keir Starmer plus some Q and A
EU Withdrawal Bill Debate (Day One): David Davis vs Keir Starmer plus some Q and A
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
LIVE: MPs debate EU (Withdrawal) Bill ahead of a vote
LIVE: MPs debate EU (Withdrawal) Bill ahead of a vote
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: RT UK
LIVE: MPs debate Brexit Bill in Parliament (Day 1)
LIVE: MPs debate Brexit Bill in Parliament (Day 1)
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: RT UK
EU Withdrawal Bill - Committee of the whole House of Commons, 13 December 2017
EU Withdrawal Bill - Committee of the whole House of Commons, 13 December 2017
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Vipi Room
WATCH Shock as Labour MP backing Brexit bill is heckled by her own party
WATCH Shock as Labour MP backing Brexit bill is heckled by her own party
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Philip Hunt
Moment May
Moment May's EU Withdrawal Bill was rejected by MPs
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: RT UK
Brexit fallout: review of the EU Withdrawal Bill Debate (Day 1)
Brexit fallout: review of the EU Withdrawal Bill Debate (Day 1)
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
Dominic Grieve MP (Con) - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, at Committee Stage (Day 1) - 14.11.2017
Dominic Grieve MP (Con) - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, at Committee Stage (Day 1) - 14.11.2017
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Dominic Naylor
MPs hold Brexit debate ahead of voting on the EU Withdrawal Bill tonight
MPs hold Brexit debate ahead of voting on the EU Withdrawal Bill tonight
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Breaking News
Ken Clarke full speech day 7 of the EU withdrawal bill committee stage. 13/12/2017
Ken Clarke full speech day 7 of the EU withdrawal bill committee stage. 13/12/2017
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Joe Smoker
'An absolute disgrace!' Brexiteer's speech provokes FURIOUS reaction from Remainer Soubry
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
Debate: European Union (Withdrawal) Bill LCM – Interim Report - 23 January 2018
Debate: European Union (Withdrawal) Bill LCM – Interim Report - 23 January 2018
Published: 2018/01/23
Channel: The Scottish Parliament
EU Withdrawal Bill Day 1 Highlights
EU Withdrawal Bill Day 1 Highlights
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: BrexitCentral
Debate on the European Union Withdrawal Bill 23 January 2018
Debate on the European Union Withdrawal Bill 23 January 2018
Published: 2018/01/23
Channel: Graham Simpson MSP
House Of Commons debates details of EU Withdrawal Bill (Nov 14, 2017)
House Of Commons debates details of EU Withdrawal Bill (Nov 14, 2017)
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Vipi Room
EU Withdrawal Bill - Committee of the whole House of Commons, 6 December 2017
EU Withdrawal Bill - Committee of the whole House of Commons, 6 December 2017
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Vipi Room
The EU Withdrawal Bill | What You Need To Know
The EU Withdrawal Bill | What You Need To Know
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: HuffPost UK
Dr Mike Gordon assesses the impact of the EU Withdrawal Bill on UK law
Dr Mike Gordon assesses the impact of the EU Withdrawal Bill on UK law
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: EU Law At Liverpool
EU Withdrawal Bill Debate (Day 2 the first 4 hours)
EU Withdrawal Bill Debate (Day 2 the first 4 hours)
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
EU Withdrawal Bill Day 2 Highlights
EU Withdrawal Bill Day 2 Highlights
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: BrexitCentral
EU (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill: Lords Amendment 1-2 Motions to disagree
EU (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill: Lords Amendment 1-2 Motions to disagree
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Philip Hunt
Brexit fallout: EU Withdrawal Bill is really a Tory power grab
Brexit fallout: EU Withdrawal Bill is really a Tory power grab
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
Conservatives will accept amendments from MPs to EU Withdrawal Bill
Conservatives will accept amendments from MPs to EU Withdrawal Bill
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: RT UK
BREAKING NEWS:    European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
BREAKING NEWS: European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Sir NIGEL FARAGE
Ken Clarke full speech EU Withdrawal Bill 14/11/2017 - House of Commons
Ken Clarke full speech EU Withdrawal Bill 14/11/2017 - House of Commons
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Joe Smoker
Ken Clarke
Ken Clarke's full speech on the European Union withdrawal bill 07/09/2017
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Joe Smoker
If you vote down the EU withdrawal bill, you will end up with a chaotic exit from the EU
If you vote down the EU withdrawal bill, you will end up with a chaotic exit from the EU
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Leave Means Leave
[WATCH] UK Government wins vote on EU withdrawal bill
[WATCH] UK Government wins vote on EU withdrawal bill
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Eyewitness News
European Union Notification of Withdrawal Bill : The Vote 1 Feb 17
European Union Notification of Withdrawal Bill : The Vote 1 Feb 17
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Philip Hunt
E U (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill report stage  on Tue 07 /03/17
E U (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill report stage on Tue 07 /03/17
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Philip Hunt
BREAKING - Government wins first votes on EU Withdrawal Bill – despite fears over exit date REVOLT
BREAKING - Government wins first votes on EU Withdrawal Bill – despite fears over exit date REVOLT
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: News 2U
'Get on with it!' - Conor Burns full speech - EU Withdrawal bill
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: BrexitCentral
Update about European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Update about European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Rachel Maclean for Redditch
The House of Lords and the EU Withdrawal Bill
The House of Lords and the EU Withdrawal Bill
Published: 2018/01/23
Channel: Institute for Government
Brexit Secretary David Davis on the EU (Withdrawal) Bill
Brexit Secretary David Davis on the EU (Withdrawal) Bill
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: BrexitCentral
Ministerial Statement: European Union Withdrawal Bill - 12 September 2017
Ministerial Statement: European Union Withdrawal Bill - 12 September 2017
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: The Scottish Parliament
⚖️  Brexit - Why are Remain MPs Trying to Trash the EU Withdrawal Bill? ⚖️
⚖️ Brexit - Why are Remain MPs Trying to Trash the EU Withdrawal Bill? ⚖️
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Jeff Taylor
Frank Field debates on EU Withdrawal Bill, The Commons (Nov 14, 2017)
Frank Field debates on EU Withdrawal Bill, The Commons (Nov 14, 2017)
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Vipi Room
European Union Notification of Withdrawal Bill Kate Hoey MP
European Union Notification of Withdrawal Bill Kate Hoey MP
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Philip Hunt
Brexit: UK lawmakers back EU withdrawal bill
Brexit: UK lawmakers back EU withdrawal bill
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: FRANCE 24 English
Ronnie Cowan MP - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Ronnie Cowan MP - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Ronnie Cowan MP
BrExit: EU Withdrawal Bill (Repeal Bill) Keir Starmer 7 Sep 2017 [3]
BrExit: EU Withdrawal Bill (Repeal Bill) Keir Starmer 7 Sep 2017 [3]
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: SkyEcho7
BrExit: Repeal Bill - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
BrExit: Repeal Bill - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: SkyEcho7
David Davis warns MPs not to vote against EU withdrawal bill
David Davis warns MPs not to vote against EU withdrawal bill
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Original Jedi Watching
Channel 4 News MPs to vote on EU withdrawal bill
Channel 4 News MPs to vote on EU withdrawal bill
Published: 2017/09/16
Channel: Philip Hunt
Alex Salmond MP, second reading of the EU (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill
Alex Salmond MP, second reading of the EU (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Indy Matters
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Michelle Donelan MP
European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill - Michelle Donelan MP
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Michelle Donelan
ALERT! EU WITHDRAWAL BILL AMENDMENTS LOL REALLY?STEALTH MODE
ALERT! EU WITHDRAWAL BILL AMENDMENTS LOL REALLY?STEALTH MODE
Published: 2017/10/22
Channel: HOPEFOR TRUTH
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19
Crowned Portcullis.svg
Parliament of the United Kingdom
A Bill to Repeal the European Communities Act 1972 and make other provision in connection with the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU.
Territorial extent United Kingdom
(England and Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland)
Gibraltar (with some extensions[a])
Legislative history
Bill citation HC Bill 5 2017-19
Bill published on 13 July 2017
Introduced by David Davis, Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union
First reading 13 July 2017
(in the House of Commons)
Second reading 7 and 11 September 2017
[1]
(in the House of Commons)
Third reading 17 January 2018 (in the House of Commons)
White paper [2] [3]
Related legislation
European Communities Act 1972

The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill,[b] also known as the Repeal Bill or the Great Repeal Bill,[3] is a bill of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that proposes to implement the country’s exit from the European Union (Brexit) by repealing the European Communities Act 1972 which first brought the UK into what became the EU. This will 'cut off the source of EU law in the UK... and remove the competence of EU institutions to legislate for the UK.'[4] As such, 'It is the most significant constitutional bill which has been introduced by the Government since the Bill for the European Communities Act itself in 1972'.[4]

To provide legal continuity, it will also transpose directly-applicable already-existing EU law into UK law,[5] and so 'create a new category of domestic law for the United Kingdom: retained EU law'.[4] It will also give ministers the power to adapt and remove laws that are no longer relevant.

The bill was read the first time in the House of Commons on 13 July 2017, and completed its passage through the Commons on 17 January 2018, by passing the Third Reading by 324 votes to 295. It has completed First and Second Readings in the House of Lords, and Committee Stage is scheduled to begin on 21 February 2018.

Objectives[edit]

A white paper published on 30 March 2017 stated three objectives for the proposed Repeal Bill:

Legislative history[edit]

In October 2016 the Prime Minister, Theresa May, promised a "Great Repeal Bill", which would repeal the European Communities Act 1972 and restate in UK law all enactments previously in force under EU law. It would smooth the transition by ensuring that all laws remain in force until specifically repealed.[8]

House of Commons First and Second Readings[edit]

On 13 July 2017, David Davis, the Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, introduced the bill in the House of Commons. As a government bill, this first reading was pro forma, with the first debate taking place on the second reading.[9]

The second reading and debate on the bill began on 7 September 2017.[10][11] The debate and second reading resumed on 11 September.[11][12] Shortly after midnight on 12 September, the second reading passed by a margin of 326 to 290, a majority of 36 votes,[11][13] after an amendment proposed by the Labour Party was rejected by a margin of 318 to 296.[14] A motion to put the Bill under eight days of Committee scrutiny passed 318 to 301.[14]

House of Commons Committee Stage[edit]

The Committee stage was originally scheduled to take place after MPs returned to Parliament following the conclusion, in October, of their respective party conferences.[10] However, House of Commons leader Andrea Leadsom announced on 26 October that the committee stage was to begin on 14 November.[15] Committee stage began as scheduled on 14 November[16] as a Committee of the Whole House, and completed on 20 December 2017.

MPs tabled more than 470 amendments to the bill,[16] and one of these provided Theresa May's government with its first defeat on government business, as MPs voted by 309 to 305 to give Parliament a legal guarantee of a vote on the final Brexit deal struck with Brussels.[17] The government had originally suggested that as the bill will be a major focus of the parliamentary debate on Brexit as a whole, it would provide an alternative to a vote on the deal agreed in the Brexit negotiations.[18] However, on 13 November 2017 the government announced that it would introduce a separate Withdrawal Agreement and Implementation Bill to deal separately with examining an agreement from the negotiations between the UK and EU, if any is reached, which would provide Parliament with a vote, but this did not prevent the amendment to the bill being passed.

Although the bill is planned to be enacted during the Brexit negotiations, it will not come into force until 'exit day'. As originally tabled, the bill did not give a date for 'exit day', but said that " 'exit day' means such day as a Minister of the Crown may by regulations appoint".[19] If no time is specified, it was to be "the beginning of that day".[19] However, the government tabled an amendment in Committee Stage so the bill now says " 'exit day' means 29 March 2019 at 11.00 p.m". To avoid a second possible defeat,[20] the government accepted a further amendment that "A Minister of the Crown may by regulations amend the definition of 'exit day' ",[19] allowing for flexibility in the event of a transitional deal, or extra time being needed in the negotiations.

There was a total of 40 divisions during Committee Stage.[21] Proposed amendments that were not passed include:

  • An amendment to exclude the section of the bill which states that the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union will not be part of domestic law after exit day, was defeated by 311 votes to 301.[22] On 5 December the Government had published an analysis setting out how each article of the charter will be reflected in UK law after Brexit.[23]
  • An amendment to allow the UK to remain in the EU Customs Union was defeated by 320 votes to 114.[24]
  • An amendment to hold a referendum on whether to: (1) accept the final exit deal agreed with the EU; or (2) remain in the EU, was defeated by 319 votes to 23.[25]

House of Commons Report Stage and Third Reading[edit]

The Report Stage and Third Reading happened on 16 and 17 January 2018.[26] The bill passed Third Reading by 324 votes to 295.[27]

House of Lords First and Second Readings[edit]

The bill had its First Reading in the Lords on 18 January 2018,[28] and Second Reading on 30 and 31 January 2018,[26] and committed to a Committee of the Whole House. This is scheduled to last for ten days between 21 February and 26 March.[26]

Henry VIII clauses[edit]

In March 2017, a report by Thomson Reuters identified 52,741 pieces of legislation that have been passed since 1990. Transferring European legislation into British law is the quickest way to ensure continuity.[29][30] Because these may refer to EU institutions that the UK will no longer belong to, or use phrasing assuming that the UK is an EU member state, they cannot simply be directly converted into law. Redrafting all of the tens of thousands of laws affected and voting on them through Parliament would be an impossibly time-consuming process, so the bill includes provisions, informally known as Henry VIII clauses, which would allow ministers to make secondary legislation to amend or remove these laws (both primary and secondary legislation) to resolve "deficiencies" by making statutory instruments.

The powers are divided between two sections. Section 7 makes provision for ministers to correct "deficiencies" in law (including references to EU institutions that the UK is no longer a member of, EU treaties that are no longer relevant, and redundancies), and expires two years after the UK leaves the EU. These proposed powers could not be used to make secondary legislation for

  • Imposing or increasing taxation.
  • Making retrospective provision.
  • Creating a relevant criminal offence.
  • Amending, repealing or revoking the Human Rights Act 1998 or any subordinate legislation made under it.
  • Amending or repealing the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (with some limited exceptions).[2]:§7

Section 9 offers ministers substantially broader powers to make changes to legislation. This grants the ability to "make any provision that could be made by an Act of Parliament (including modifying this Act)", "if the Minister considers that such provision should be in force on or before exit day". The same restrictions apply to these powers (except that they can be used to amend or repeal the Northern Ireland Act 1998), and they expire on the day the UK leaves the EU.[2]:§9

Although some safeguards are included to limit the situations in which law can be modified, the provisions granting these powers have been criticised for being too wide-ranging; in particular section 9, which de facto gives ministers the ability to create or repeal any law (including itself) and could be used to bypass a Parliamentary vote in the final days of negotiations.[31] While pro-Remain and Soft Brexit parties have criticised the powers it gives the government, Dominic Cummings of Vote Leave instead criticised the clause for giving too much power to the EU – as section 9 powers can be used to modify the Bill itself, it would empower the government to "ditch almost [the] entire Bill via final agreement with EU" and backtrack on parts of withdrawal in the final days of negotiations.[32]

The bill also allows ministers to make statutory instruments without presenting drafts to Parliament in certain cases deemed urgent.[2]:sch.7, pt.3 These instruments expire after one month. Labour has threatened to oppose the bill unless the scope of these statutory instruments is reduced.[33]

Impact on devolution[edit]

In devolved administrations, the powers currently exercised by the EU in relation to common policy frameworks would return to the UK, allowing the rules to be set in the UK by democratically-elected representatives. Ministers of devolved administrations would be given the power to amend devolved legislation to correct law that would not operate appropriately following Brexit.[7]:ch.4 However, the bill also prevents devolved administrations from making changes that are "inconsistent" with those made by the UK government.[2]:sch.2, pt.3(2) This significantly limits the power of the devolved governments by making it impossible for them to, for example, choose to retain a piece of EU law that has been modified by the UK government.[31] The First Ministers of Scotland and Wales, Nicola Sturgeon and Carwyn Jones, issued a joint statement calling the bill a "naked power grab" and threatening to withhold Legislative Consent Motions unless the bill was redrafted.[34]

EU case law[edit]

At present, case law from the European Court of Justice (ECJ) is binding on UK courts. The bill will have ECJ case law retained as law, but allow the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and Scotland's High Court of Justiciary to depart from it, after applying the same test as they would apply in deciding whether to depart from their own case law. ECJ judgments made after the date of exit will no longer automatically become binding in the United Kingdom.[2]:§6

Human rights laws[edit]

The bill makes explicit that the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union will cease to be a part of UK law after Brexit.[2]:§5(4) Retaining this charter was one of the demands of Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Keir Starmer, and Labour and the Liberal Democrats have threatened to withhold support as long as this provision remains.[33][35]

In the explanatory notes to the bill, one example given of the possible uses of the Henry VIII clauses was to "modify, limit or remove the rights which domestic law presently grants to EU nationals" if no deal was reached, although the legality of this would depend on whether EU citizens' rights were deemed a deficiency, and whether removing existing rights (by delegated (secondary) legislation) might possibly constitute potentially impermissible retrospective legislation.[36]:p.10[37]

Additional repeals[edit]

In addition to the repeal of the European Communities Act 1972, the bill also proposes to repeal the following Acts:

Amendments[edit]

The bill proposes amendments to the following Acts:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Section 18(2): "Any provision of this Act which amends or repeals an enactment has the same extent as the enactment amended or repealed."
    Section 18(3): "Regulations under section 7 or 17 may make provision which extends to Gibraltar—(a) modifying any enactment which—(i) extends to Gibraltar and relates to European Parliamentary elections, or (ii) extends to Gibraltar for any purpose which is connected with Gibraltar forming part of an electoral region, under the European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002, for the purposes of such elections, or (b) which is supplementary, incidental, consequential, transitional, transitory or saving provision in connection with a modification within paragraph (a)."
  2. ^ Full reference European Union (Withdrawal) Bill [HC], Bill 5, 2017-19; that is, House of Commons bill number 5 of parliamentary session 2017–2019.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hansard[1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "European Union (Withdrawal) Bill (HC Bill 5)". Public Bills before Parliament 2017-19. UK Parliament. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Repeal bill: All you need to know". 13 July 2017 – via www.bbc.com. The day after triggering Brexit, the government published details of its 'Great Repeal Bill'…. It is now being introduced to Parliament, with the formal title of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill. 
  4. ^ a b c House of Commons Library Briefing Paper on Second Reading https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-8079
  5. ^ Stewart, Heather (12 July 2017). "Labour threat to defeat Theresa May over Brexit bill" – via The Guardian. 
  6. ^ "Brexit: Government to set out plans to end dominance of EU law". Sky News. 30 March 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Legislating for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union" (PDF). Department for Exiting the European Union. 30 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Mason, Rowena (2 October 2016). "Theresa May's 'great repeal bill': what's going to happen and when?". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19". Bills before Parliament 2017-19 > Public Bills. UK Parliament. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 
  10. ^ a b "EU repeal bill wins first Commons vote". 12 September 2017 – via www.bbc.com. 
  11. ^ a b c (now), Andrew Sparrow; (earlier), Nicola Slawson (12 September 2017). "Government wins vote on EU withdrawal bill with majority of 36 - as it happened" – via www.theguardian.com. 
  12. ^ "May's Flagship Brexit Bill On Course to Pass First Hurdle". 11 September 2017 – via www.bloomberg.com. 
  13. ^ "Brexit: EU repeal bill wins first Commons vote". BBC News. 12 September 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Clark, Natasha; Davidson, Lynn (11 September 2017). "Theresa May wins crushing victory in landmark Brexit battle despite Jeremy Corbyn's bid to block EU withdrawal bill". The Sun. Retrieved 31 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "EU withdrawal bill back before MPs on November 14". 26 October 2017. 
  16. ^ a b "Labour attacks Brexit date 'gimmick' as MPs begin scrutiny". 14 November 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  17. ^ "Brexit bill: Government loses key vote after Tory rebellion". 13 December 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  18. ^ Anushka Asthana (20 December 2016). "Theresa May indicates MPs will not be given vote on final Brexit deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  19. ^ a b c "European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19 — UK Parliament". services.parliament.uk. 
  20. ^ "Theresa May vows not to delay Brexit after exit date climbdown". Sky.com. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  21. ^ Hansard Division search
  22. ^ Committee Stage Division 45 http://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2017-11-21/debates/4BD8BD60-F424-4132-871D-D26E6E326DE9/EuropeanUnion(Withdrawal)Bill#division-9227
  23. ^ Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU: Right by Right Analysis
  24. ^ Committee Stage Division 81 http://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2017-12-20/debates/EDBDFC17-C424-4348-A515-78BD8203367E/EuropeanUnion(Withdrawal)Bill#division-9503
  25. ^ Committee Stage Division 86 http://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2017-12-20/debates/EDBDFC17-C424-4348-A515-78BD8203367E/EuropeanUnion(Withdrawal)Bill#division-9508
  26. ^ a b c "Bill Stages - European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  27. ^ "Brexit: EU Withdrawal Bill clears House of Commons to pass to peers". sky.com. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  28. ^ "European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Remaining Stages". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  29. ^ "Brexit live: PM told divorce first then trade 10:17". Sky News. 30 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "EU Laws introduced in the UK over last 25 years highlights scale of challenge facing lawmakers following Brexit". Thomson Reuters. 28 March 2017. 
  31. ^ a b Dunt, Ian (13 July 2017). "Small print of repeal bill creates unprecedented new powers for Brexit ministers". politics.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  32. ^ Stone, Jon; Woodcock, Andrew (17 July 2017). "David Davis is as 'thick as mince' and as 'lazy as a toad', says Vote Leave chief". The Independent. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  33. ^ a b Stewart, Heather (12 July 2017). "Brexit: Labour threatens to defeat Theresa May over 'great repeal bill'". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  34. ^ Stewart, Heather; MacAskill, Ewen; Walker, Peter (13 July 2017). "Brexit bill to cause constitutional clash with Scotland and Wales". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  35. ^ Stewart, Heather (13 July 2017). "'Great repeal bill' human rights clause sets up Brexit clash with Labour". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  36. ^ "EUROPEAN UNION (WITHDRAWAL) BILL EXPLANATORY NOTES" (PDF). House of Commons. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  37. ^ Daly, Paul (13 July 2017). "Empty Threats: The Explanatory Notes to the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill". Administrative Law Matters. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: interim report] (published 7 September 2017)

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