1
IB1 Theatre Block H -- Expressionism
IB1 Theatre Block H -- Expressionism
DATE: 2011/03/30::
2
Expressionism
Expressionism
DATE: 2013/03/05::
3
Kafka
Kafka's The Metamorphosis - Black Moon Theatre Company
DATE: 2007/07/04::
4
Expressionism: A Retrospective
Expressionism: A Retrospective
DATE: 2010/11/28::
5
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part1
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part1
DATE: 2011/03/30::
6
Silence is Golden: German Expressionism
Silence is Golden: German Expressionism
DATE: 2013/08/01::
7
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part2
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part2
DATE: 2011/03/30::
8
05 - German Expressionism
05 - German Expressionism
DATE: 2011/02/12::
9
The expressionist theatre of OzFrank - Screener
The expressionist theatre of OzFrank - Screener
DATE: 2013/04/26::
10
4 boxes- Intro (German expressionism - Surrealism)
4 boxes- Intro (German expressionism - Surrealism)
DATE: 2012/01/27::
11
German Expressionism Panel Discussion
German Expressionism Panel Discussion
DATE: 2012/10/19::
12
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
DATE: 2014/07/17::
13
Naturalism/Expressionism Play
Naturalism/Expressionism Play
DATE: 2007/09/23::
14
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
DATE: 2014/10/02::
15
expressionist theater
expressionist theater
DATE: 2007/01/02::
16
Black Moon Theatre Company
Black Moon Theatre Company
DATE: 2009/06/16::
17
Expressionism "That was I" starring Kharyzma
Expressionism "That was I" starring Kharyzma
DATE: 2010/06/19::
18
German Expressionism, Grotesque Movement and Leadership Workshop Year 1
German Expressionism, Grotesque Movement and Leadership Workshop Year 1's
DATE: 2014/02/18::
19
The Tragical History of Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionist
The Tragical History of Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionist
DATE: 2012/08/20::
20
4 Boxes-Intro II Act(German Expressionism- Nosferatu, A Symphony of Horror by F.W. Murnau
4 Boxes-Intro II Act(German Expressionism- Nosferatu, A Symphony of Horror by F.W. Murnau
DATE: 2012/01/27::
21
Auburn University Theatre Presents Machinal
Auburn University Theatre Presents Machinal
DATE: 2010/11/12::
22
SPRING AWAKENING | Springfield Contemporary Theatre
SPRING AWAKENING | Springfield Contemporary Theatre
DATE: 2015/04/23::
23
German Expressionist Christmas Pageant
German Expressionist Christmas Pageant
DATE: 2013/12/22::
24
A Christmas Carol: the silent bah-humbug
A Christmas Carol: the silent bah-humbug
DATE: 2011/11/26::
25
Apo - German Expressionism Film - Student Project
Apo - German Expressionism Film - Student Project
DATE: 2012/09/17::
26
"   Satire Theater  "   expressionist Sarkis Yerevanci
" Satire Theater " expressionist Sarkis Yerevanci
DATE: 2011/10/13::
27
Whose Line UK 1x11 (1/3)
Whose Line UK 1x11 (1/3)
DATE: 2008/07/29::
28
RED Promo - American Stage Theatre Company
RED Promo - American Stage Theatre Company
DATE: 2015/05/18::
29
Stuart Styron - The Hairy Ape by Eugene O
Stuart Styron - The Hairy Ape by Eugene O'Neill / Theater Scene
DATE: 2012/08/09::
30
Spring Awakening at Deaf West Theatre
Spring Awakening at Deaf West Theatre
DATE: 2015/03/13::
31
UW-Green Bay Theatre and Dance, Music present
UW-Green Bay Theatre and Dance, Music present 'Spring Awakening'
DATE: 2014/11/12::
32
The Legacy of German Expressionism
The Legacy of German Expressionism
DATE: 2012/05/01::
33
DAS CABINET DES DR. CALIGARI (Masters of Cinema) 2014 Theatrical Teaser Trailer
DAS CABINET DES DR. CALIGARI (Masters of Cinema) 2014 Theatrical Teaser Trailer
DATE: 2014/06/04::
34
Spring Awakening at The Wallis!
Spring Awakening at The Wallis!
DATE: 2015/05/15::
35
SME Theatre Machinal
SME Theatre Machinal
DATE: 2010/10/25::
36
Expressionism
Expressionism
DATE: 2010/11/17::
37
The Living Theatre
The Living Theatre
DATE: 2010/02/10::
38
Dybbuk between two worlds funny horror puppet theater show
Dybbuk between two worlds funny horror puppet theater show
DATE: 2010/04/25::
39
German Expressionism: Film History and Motifs
German Expressionism: Film History and Motifs
DATE: 2014/10/02::
40
BBL Episode 4: German Expressionism
BBL Episode 4: German Expressionism
DATE: 2008/08/07::
41
Six Lips Theatre presents House of Tragic She Fundraiser
Six Lips Theatre presents House of Tragic She Fundraiser
DATE: 2014/02/01::
42
Spring Awakening at the Roxy Regional Theatre
Spring Awakening at the Roxy Regional Theatre
DATE: 2012/05/03::
43
My Clockwork Heart trailer - Unity Theatre
My Clockwork Heart trailer - Unity Theatre
DATE: 2015/04/14::
44
Abstract Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism
DATE: 2012/11/12::
45
'The (really) dark arts' - BODY ART THEATRE (BAT) at RAW Melbourne presents ENCOMPASS 21 11 13
DATE: 2014/01/04::
46
The Studios: RED by John Logan, Produced by Blank Space Theatre
The Studios: RED by John Logan, Produced by Blank Space Theatre
DATE: 2014/03/05::
47
NOSFERATU HD Restoration 2013 Theatrical Trailer (Masters of Cinema)
NOSFERATU HD Restoration 2013 Theatrical Trailer (Masters of Cinema)
DATE: 2013/10/02::
48
Surrealism/Expressionism in Film
Surrealism/Expressionism in Film
DATE: 2014/04/10::
49
Body Art Theatre Performance @ RAW Melbourne Pavilion 21Nov2013 1080p25 WKWong
Body Art Theatre Performance @ RAW Melbourne Pavilion 21Nov2013 1080p25 WKWong
DATE: 2014/07/09::
50
The Country Doctor - trailer
The Country Doctor - trailer
DATE: 2014/05/31::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Expressionism on the American stage: Paul Green and Kurt Weill's Johnny Johnson (1936).

Expressionism is a modernist movement in drama and theatre that developed in Europe (principally Germany) in the early decades of the 20th century and later in the United States. It forms part of the broader movement of Expressionism in the arts.

History[edit]

There was a concentrated Expressionist movement in early 20th century German theatre of which Georg Kaiser and Ernst Toller were the most famous playwrights. Other notable Expressionist dramatists included Reinhard Sorge, Walter Hasenclever, Hans Henny Jahnn, and Arnolt Bronnen. They looked back to Swedish playwright August Strindberg and German actor and dramatist Frank Wedekind as precursors of their dramaturgical experiments.

Oskar Kokoschka's Murderer, the Hope of Women was the first fully Expressionist work for the theatre, which opened on 4 July 1909 in Vienna.[1] In it, an unnamed man and woman struggle for dominance. The Man brands the woman; she stabs and imprisons him. He frees himself and she falls dead at his touch. As the play ends, he slaughters all around him (in the words of the text) "like mosquitoes." The extreme simplification of characters to mythic types, choral effects, declamatory dialogue and heightened intensity would become characteristic of later Expressionist plays. The first full-length Expressionist play was The Son by Walter Hasenclever, which was published in 1914 and first performed in 1916.[2]

In the 1920s, Expressionism enjoyed a brief period of popularity in the theatre of the United States, including plays by Eugene O'Neill (The Hairy Ape, The Emperor Jones and The Great God Brown), Sophie Treadwell (Machinal), Lajos Egri (Rapid Transit) and Elmer Rice (The Adding Machine).

Style[edit]

Expressionist plays often dramatise the spiritual awakening and sufferings of their protagonists and are referred to as Stationendramen (station dramas), modeled on the episodic presentation of the suffering and death of Jesus in the Stations of the Cross. August Strindberg had pioneered this form with his autobiographical trilogy To Damascus (1898-1904). Early expressionism in particular testified to the failure of social values[3] with a predilection for ecstasy and despair and hence a tendency towards the inflated and the grotesque; a mystical, even religious element with frequent apocalyptic overtones; an urgent sense of the here and now.[4]

The plays often dramatise the struggle against bourgeois values and established authority, often personified in the figure of the Father. In Reinhard Sorge's The Beggar (Der Bettler), the young hero's mentally ill father raves about the prospect of mining the riches of Mars and is eventually poisoned by his son. In Arnolt Bronnen's Parricide (Vatermord), the son stabs his tyrannical father to death, only to have to fend off the frenzied sexual overtures of his mother. In Expressionist drama, the speech is heightened, whether expansive and rhapsodic, or clipped and telegraphic. Director Leopold Jessner became famous for his Expressionistic productions, often unfolding on stark, steeply raked flights of stairs (an idea originally developed by Edward Gordon Craig), which quickly became his trademark.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berghaus (2005, 55-57).
  2. ^ Rorrison (1998, 475) and Schürer (1997b, ix, xiv).
  3. ^ Styan, J.L., (1981) “Expressionism and Epic Theatre”: Modern Drama in Theory and Practice, vol. 3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Furness, R.S., (1973) Expressionism (Critical Idiom), London: Methuen Young Books.

Sources[edit]

  • Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43437-8.
  • Berghaus, Günter. 2005. Theatre, Performance, and the Historical Avant-Garde. Palgrave Studies in Theatre and Performance History ser. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-61752-0.
  • Brockett, Oscar G. and Franklin J. Hildy. 2003. History of the Theatre. Ninth edition, International edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. ISBN 0-205-41050-2.
  • Cardullo, Bert and Robert Knopf, eds. 2001. Theater of the Avant-Garde 1890-1950: A Critical Anthology. New Haven and London: Yale UP. ISBN 0-300-08526-5.
  • Carlson, Marvin. 1993. Theories of the Theatre: A Historical and Critical Survey from the Greeks to the Present. Expanded ed. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8154-6.
  • Kuhns, David F. 1997. German Expressionist Theatre: The Actor and the Stage. New ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2006. ISBN 978-0-521-03522-4.
  • Ritchie, J[ames] M[cPherson], ed. 1968. Seven Expressionist Plays. Trans. J. M. Ritchie and H. F. Garten. German Expressionism ser. London: John Calder. ISBN 978-0-7145-4343-7.
  • Rorrison, Hugh. 1998. "Hasenclever, Walter." In Banham (1998, 475).
  • Schürer, Ernst, ed. 1997a. German Expressionist Plays. The German Library ser. vol. 66. New York: Continuum. ISBN 978-0-8264-0950-8.
  • ---. 1997b. Introduction. In Schürer (1997a, vii-xxi).
  • Styan, J[ohn]. L. 1981. Expressionism and Epic Theatre. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-29630-4. Vol. 3 of Modern Drama in Theory and Practice. 3 vols.
  • Szondi, Peter. 1965. Theory of the Modern Drama: A Critical Edition. Ed. and trans. Michael Hays. Theory and History of Literature ser. vol. 29. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1987. ISBN 0-8166-1285-4.
  • Walker, Julia A. Expressionism and Modernism in the American Theatre: Bodies, Voices, Words. Cambridge Studies in American Theatre and Drama ser. vol. 21. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-10891-1.
  • Yasami, Fatemeh. 2011. Expressionism and Expressionist Theatre: A Comparative Study of Rice's The Adding Machine and Kaiser's From Morn to Midnight. ISBN 978-3-639-33301-5.
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