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1
IB1 Theatre Block H -- Expressionism
IB1 Theatre Block H -- Expressionism
::2011/03/30::
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2
The Legacy of German Expressionism
The Legacy of German Expressionism
::2012/05/01::
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3
Kafka
Kafka's The Metamorphosis - Black Moon Theatre Company
::2007/07/04::
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4
Expressionism: A Retrospective
Expressionism: A Retrospective
::2010/11/28::
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5
Love
Love
::2009/10/09::
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6
4 boxes- Intro (German expressionism - Surrealism)
4 boxes- Intro (German expressionism - Surrealism)
::2012/01/27::
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7
German Expressionism Panel Discussion
German Expressionism Panel Discussion
::2012/10/19::
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8
Black Moon Theatre Company
Black Moon Theatre Company
::2009/06/16::
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9
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part1
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part1
::2011/03/30::
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10
The expressionist theatre of OzFrank - Screener
The expressionist theatre of OzFrank - Screener
::2013/04/26::
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11
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part2
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part2
::2011/03/30::
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12
Bitter  and  Sweet - an expressionist drama by _MdFa International Film Institute_
Bitter and Sweet - an expressionist drama by _MdFa International Film Institute_
::2013/04/21::
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13
05 - German Expressionism
05 - German Expressionism
::2011/02/12::
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14
Naturalism/Expressionism Play
Naturalism/Expressionism Play
::2007/09/23::
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15
Expressionism "That was I" starring Kharyzma
Expressionism "That was I" starring Kharyzma
::2010/06/19::
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16
The Genius Code, A Surreal SoReal Theatre Workshop production
The Genius Code, A Surreal SoReal Theatre Workshop production
::2013/05/15::
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17
Expressionism
Expressionism
::2013/03/05::
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18
The Tragical History of Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionist
The Tragical History of Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionist
::2012/08/20::
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19
groundtocloudminitour.mov
groundtocloudminitour.mov
::2010/10/11::
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20
Apo - German Expressionism Film - Student Project
Apo - German Expressionism Film - Student Project
::2012/09/17::
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21
Step 2 8th Expressionism
Step 2 8th Expressionism
::2014/02/28::
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22
4 Boxes-Intro II Act(German Expressionism- Nosferatu, A Symphony of Horror by F.W. Murnau
4 Boxes-Intro II Act(German Expressionism- Nosferatu, A Symphony of Horror by F.W. Murnau
::2012/01/27::
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23
"   Satire Theater  "   expressionist Sarkis Yerevanci
" Satire Theater " expressionist Sarkis Yerevanci
::2011/10/13::
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24
'Isms - Theatre Styles in the 20th Century
::2013/03/24::
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25
German Expressionism
German Expressionism
::2010/02/22::
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26
expressionist theater
expressionist theater
::2007/01/02::
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27
Expressionism Slideshow
Expressionism Slideshow
::2008/09/22::
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28
The making of RED: Behind the Scenes at the Maltz Jupiter Theatre
The making of RED: Behind the Scenes at the Maltz Jupiter Theatre
::2012/02/13::
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29
german expressionism
german expressionism
::2013/04/17::
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30
Auburn University Theatre Presents Machinal
Auburn University Theatre Presents Machinal
::2010/11/12::
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31
Six Lips Theatre presents House of Tragic She Fundraiser
Six Lips Theatre presents House of Tragic She Fundraiser
::2014/02/01::
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32
1/4: August Strindberg - There Are Crimes And Crimes
1/4: August Strindberg - There Are Crimes And Crimes
::2013/12/07::
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33
Sessions with Freud at Taproot Theatre
Sessions with Freud at Taproot Theatre
::2012/04/05::
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34
Om Eurepica Challenge från Belarus Free Theatre
Om Eurepica Challenge från Belarus Free Theatre
::2010/04/16::
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35
Glow Flow 1 - The Psychedelic Theatre
Glow Flow 1 - The Psychedelic Theatre
::2012/10/22::
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36
Psychedelic theatre Show
Psychedelic theatre Show
::2012/06/12::
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37
Art-video, only for  aesthetes
Art-video, only for aesthetes
::2010/04/09::
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38
Machinal by Sophie Treadwell at Wheaton College
Machinal by Sophie Treadwell at Wheaton College
::2011/04/06::
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39
Theatre : Presentation on Theatre
Theatre : Presentation on Theatre
::2008/11/27::
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40
Catawba College Theatre History II: DaDa!
Catawba College Theatre History II: DaDa!
::2008/02/18::
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41
Theatre Encounter presents WAITING FOR GODOT (Promo Video 2min).
Theatre Encounter presents WAITING FOR GODOT (Promo Video 2min).
::2012/05/31::
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42
actual art, contemporary art,
actual art, contemporary art,
::2010/04/17::
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43
Expressionism
Expressionism
::2012/12/13::
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44
Brecht and Epic theatre Slideshow
Brecht and Epic theatre Slideshow
::2012/10/18::
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45
Naturalism
Naturalism
::2011/03/13::
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46
PNTA: Audience Behavior in a Live Theatre versus a Movie Theater
PNTA: Audience Behavior in a Live Theatre versus a Movie Theater
::2012/09/08::
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47
Expressionist "Overture", Dir. Sandra Powers
Expressionist "Overture", Dir. Sandra Powers
::2010/04/21::
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48
Arthur Robins Modern Expressionism at Sherwood Design Studio
Arthur Robins Modern Expressionism at Sherwood Design Studio
::2008/07/28::
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49
1/2: August Strindberg - The Creditors
1/2: August Strindberg - The Creditors
::2013/07/27::
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Dybbuk between two worlds funny horror puppet theater show
Dybbuk between two worlds funny horror puppet theater show
::2010/04/25::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Expressionism on the American stage: Paul Green and Kurt Weill's Johnny Johnson (1936).

Expressionism is a modernist movement in drama and theatre that developed in Europe (principally Germany) in the early decades of the 20th century and later in the United States. It forms part of the broader movement of Expressionism in the arts.

History[edit]

There was a concentrated Expressionist movement in early 20th century German theatre of which Georg Kaiser and Ernst Toller were the most famous playwrights. Other notable Expressionist dramatists included Reinhard Sorge, Walter Hasenclever, Hans Henny Jahnn, and Arnolt Bronnen. They looked back to Swedish playwright August Strindberg and German actor and dramatist Frank Wedekind as precursors of their dramaturgical experiments.

Oskar Kokoschka's Murderer, the Hope of Women was the first fully Expressionist work for the theatre, which opened on 4 July 1909 in Vienna.[1] In it, an unnamed man and woman struggle for dominance. The Man brands the woman; she stabs and imprisons him. He frees himself and she falls dead at his touch. As the play ends, he slaughters all around him (in the words of the text) "like mosquitoes." The extreme simplification of characters to mythic types, choral effects, declamatory dialogue and heightened intensity would become characteristic of later Expressionist plays. The first full-length Expressionist play was The Son by Walter Hasenclever, which was published in 1914 and first performed in 1916.[2]

Style[edit]

Expressionist plays often dramatise the spiritual awakening and sufferings of their protagonists and are referred to as Stationendramen (station dramas), modeled on the episodic presentation of the suffering and death of Jesus in the Stations of the Cross. August Strindberg had pioneered this form with his autobiographical trilogy To Damascus (1898-1904).

The plays often dramatise the struggle against bourgeois values and established authority, often personified in the figure of the Father. In Reinhard Sorge's The Beggar (Der Bettler), the young hero's mentally ill father raves about the prospect of mining the riches of Mars and is eventually poisoned by his son. In Arnolt Bronnen's Parricide (Vatermord), the son stabs his tyrannical father to death, only to have to fend off the frenzied sexual overtures of his mother. In Expressionist drama, the speech is heightened, whether expansive and rhapsodic, or clipped and telegraphic. Director Leopold Jessner became famous for his Expressionistic productions, often unfolding on stark, steeply raked flights of stairs (an idea originally developed by Edward Gordon Craig), which quickly became his trademark.

In the 1920s, Expressionism enjoyed a brief period of popularity in the theatre of the United States, including plays by Eugene O'Neill (The Hairy Ape, The Emperor Jones and The Great God Brown), Sophie Treadwell (Machinal), Lajos Egri (Rapid Transit) and Elmer Rice (The Adding Machine).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berghaus (2005, 55-57).
  2. ^ Rorrison (1998, 475) and Schürer (1997b, ix, xiv).

Sources[edit]

  • Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43437-8.
  • Berghaus, Günter. 2005. Theatre, Performance, and the Historical Avant-Garde. Palgrave Studies in Theatre and Performance History ser. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-61752-0.
  • Brockett, Oscar G. and Franklin J. Hildy. 2003. History of the Theatre. Ninth edition, International edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. ISBN 0-205-41050-2.
  • Cardullo, Bert and Robert Knopf, eds. 2001. Theater of the Avant-Garde 1890-1950: A Critical Anthology. New Haven and London: Yale UP. ISBN 0-300-08526-5.
  • Carlson, Marvin. 1993. Theories of the Theatre: A Historical and Critical Survey from the Greeks to the Present. Expanded ed. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8154-6.
  • Kuhns, David F. 1997. German Expressionist Theatre: The Actor and the Stage. New ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2006. ISBN 978-0-521-03522-4.
  • Ritchie, J[ames] M[cPherson], ed. 1968. Seven Expressionist Plays. Trans. J. M. Ritchie and H. F. Garten. German Expressionism ser. London: John Calder. ISBN 978-0-7145-4343-7.
  • Rorrison, Hugh. 1998. "Hasenclever, Walter." In Banham (1998, 475).
  • Schürer, Ernst, ed. 1997a. German Expressionist Plays. The German Library ser. vol. 66. New York: Continuum. ISBN 978-0-8264-0950-8.
  • ---. 1997b. Introduction. In Schürer (1997a, vii-xxi).
  • Styan, J[ohn]. L. 1981. Expressionism and Epic Theatre. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-29630-4. Vol. 3 of Modern Drama in Theory and Practice. 3 vols.
  • Szondi, Peter. 1965. Theory of the Modern Drama: A Critical Edition. Ed. and trans. Michael Hays. Theory and History of Literature ser. vol. 29. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1987. ISBN 0-8166-1285-4.
  • Walker, Julia A. Expressionism and Modernism in the American Theatre: Bodies, Voices, Words. Cambridge Studies in American Theatre and Drama ser. vol. 21. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-10891-1.
  • Yasami, Fatemeh. 2011. Expressionism and Expressionist Theatre: A Comparative Study of Rice's The Adding Machine and Kaiser's From Morn to Midnight. ISBN 978-3-639-33301-5.
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