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Expressionism
Expressionism
Published: 2013/03/05
Channel: Lieutenant Dan
IB1 Theatre Block H -- Expressionism
IB1 Theatre Block H -- Expressionism
Published: 2011/03/30
Channel: Ismanila VideoChannel
Kafka
Kafka's The Metamorphosis - Black Moon Theatre Company
Published: 2007/07/04
Channel: blackmoon9
05 - German Expressionism
05 - German Expressionism
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: Crush Improv
The expressionist theatre of OzFrank - Screener
The expressionist theatre of OzFrank - Screener
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: Contemporary Arts Media - Artfilms
Tenets of German Expressionism (Video Essay)
Tenets of German Expressionism (Video Essay)
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: yayap001
Abstract Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: Hype Mime Troupe
Introduction to Theatre - Final Project- Expressionism
Introduction to Theatre - Final Project- Expressionism
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: joshoftheapocalypse
'Isms - Theatre Styles in the 20th Century
Published: 2013/03/24
Channel: RTHS Ian Finley
Weirdest Video You Will EVER See
Weirdest Video You Will EVER See
Published: 2012/11/11
Channel: followthechosengeek
Expressionism
Expressionism
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Karla Segura
What is EXPRESSIONISM? What does EXPRESSIONISM mean? EXPRESSIONISM meaning & explanation
What is EXPRESSIONISM? What does EXPRESSIONISM mean? EXPRESSIONISM meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: The Audiopedia
Boy Blue Entertainment: Emancipation of Expressionism at Breakin
Boy Blue Entertainment: Emancipation of Expressionism at Breakin' Convention 2013
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Breakin' Convention BCTV
Modern Theater Examples
Modern Theater Examples
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: Gerardo Torres Nuñez
The Legacy of German Expressionism
The Legacy of German Expressionism
Published: 2012/05/01
Channel: J.P. Ackels
Expressionism: A Retrospective
Expressionism: A Retrospective
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: Krystle S.
Postmodern Theatre
Postmodern Theatre
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Gina Moore
Expressionist Theatre
Expressionist Theatre
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Katie Galluccci
Silence is Golden: German Expressionism
Silence is Golden: German Expressionism
Published: 2013/08/01
Channel: Team Brohan
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part1
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part1
Published: 2011/03/30
Channel: Ismanila VideoChannel
Postmodern Theatre Pt1
Postmodern Theatre Pt1
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Introduction to Theatre
Expressionism (Short Film)
Expressionism (Short Film)
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: CFHS Department of Theatre Arts
4 boxes- Intro (German expressionism - Surrealism)
4 boxes- Intro (German expressionism - Surrealism)
Published: 2012/01/27
Channel: Mehrdad Khameneh
4 - A Passage to India and Expressionism
4 - A Passage to India and Expressionism
Published: 2010/01/28
Channel: jonharris999
Abstract Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism
Published: 2012/05/02
Channel: Hype Mime Troupe
GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM PART I - FILM HISTORY
GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM PART I - FILM HISTORY
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: Tyrell Lisson
Bitter  and  Sweet - an expressionist drama by _MdFa International Film Institute_
Bitter and Sweet - an expressionist drama by _MdFa International Film Institute_
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: Shailendra Kumar
Intro to Theatre- Final Project- Expressionism
Intro to Theatre- Final Project- Expressionism
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: joshoftheapocalypse
expressionism in theatre essay
expressionism in theatre essay
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Юрий Турбин
Boy Blue Entertainment - Emancipation of Expressionism | Breakin
Boy Blue Entertainment - Emancipation of Expressionism | Breakin' Convention 2013
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: Breakin' Convention BCTV
The Hairy Ape: Richard Jones and Bobby Cannavale Discuss Eugene O
The Hairy Ape: Richard Jones and Bobby Cannavale Discuss Eugene O'Neill's Expressionist Drama
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Park Avenue Armory
German Expressionist Theatre Soundscape - From Morning To Midnight
German Expressionist Theatre Soundscape - From Morning To Midnight
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Lena Ray
expressionist theater
expressionist theater
Published: 2007/01/02
Channel: abumidian
German Expressionism in Film
German Expressionism in Film
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Brian Keeble
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part2
IB1 Theatre Block F: Expressionism part2
Published: 2011/03/30
Channel: Ismanila VideoChannel
Expressionism and Its Deformation in Contemporary Chinese Theatre Asian Thought and Culture
Expressionism and Its Deformation in Contemporary Chinese Theatre Asian Thought and Culture
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Justin Swenson
German Expressionism
German Expressionism
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: David Mouser
German Expressionism, Grotesque Movement and Leadership Workshop Year 1
German Expressionism, Grotesque Movement and Leadership Workshop Year 1's
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Emerge Theatre
The Future Roma Theatre | Mihaela Dragan | TEDxEroilor
The Future Roma Theatre | Mihaela Dragan | TEDxEroilor
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: TEDx Talks
Boy Blue Entertainment - Emancipation of Expressionism 2: The Voice at Breakin
Boy Blue Entertainment - Emancipation of Expressionism 2: The Voice at Breakin' Convention 2016
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Breakin' Convention BCTV
Expressionism "That was I" starring Kharyzma
Expressionism "That was I" starring Kharyzma
Published: 2010/06/19
Channel: kharyzma4u
Letting Go - Abstract Expressionism to Music by Artist Cammy Davis
Letting Go - Abstract Expressionism to Music by Artist Cammy Davis
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Cammy Davis
German Expressionism by Hannah Mc Ateer.
German Expressionism by Hannah Mc Ateer.
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Iadt Design For Stage and Screen
Naturalism/Expressionism Play
Naturalism/Expressionism Play
Published: 2007/09/23
Channel: titanbaby007
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: Leicester Museums
The Tragical History of Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionist
The Tragical History of Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionist
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Apostolos Doxiadis
Naturalism in Theatre
Naturalism in Theatre
Published: 2013/09/20
Channel: QEGS Drama
German Expressionist Christmas Pageant
German Expressionist Christmas Pageant
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: BeigeComedy
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
German Expressionism Leicester - Ishi Khan-Jackson
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: Leicester Museums
Interpreting Tennessee Williams (Working In The Theatre #331)
Interpreting Tennessee Williams (Working In The Theatre #331)
Published: 2013/10/08
Channel: American Theatre Wing
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Expressionism on the American stage: Paul Green and Kurt Weill's Johnny Johnson (1936).

Expressionism is a modernist movement in drama and theatre that developed in Europe (principally Germany) in the early decades of the 20th century and later in the United States. It forms part of the broader movement of Expressionism in the arts.

History[edit]

There was a concentrated Expressionist movement in early 20th century German theatre of which Georg Kaiser and Ernst Toller were the most famous playwrights. Other notable Expressionist dramatists included Reinhard Sorge, Walter Hasenclever, Hans Henny Jahnn, and Arnolt Bronnen. They looked back to Swedish playwright August Strindberg and German actor and dramatist Frank Wedekind as precursors of their dramaturgical experiments.

Oskar Kokoschka's Murderer, the Hope of Women was the first fully Expressionist work for the theatre, which opened on 4 July 1909 in Vienna.[1] In it, an unnamed man and woman struggle for dominance. The Man brands the woman; she stabs and imprisons him. He frees himself and she falls dead at his touch. As the play ends, he slaughters all around him (in the words of the text) "like mosquitoes." The extreme simplification of characters to mythic types, choral effects, declamatory dialogue and heightened intensity would become characteristic of later Expressionist plays. The first full-length Expressionist play was The Son by Walter Hasenclever, which was published in 1914 and first performed in 1916.[2]

In the 1920s, Expressionism enjoyed a brief period of popularity in the theatre of the United States, including plays by Eugene O'Neill (The Hairy Ape, The Emperor Jones and The Great God Brown), Sophie Treadwell (Machinal), Lajos Egri (Rapid Transit) and Elmer Rice (The Adding Machine).

Style[edit]

Expressionist plays often dramatise the spiritual awakening and sufferings of their protagonists and are referred to as Stationendramen (station dramas), modeled on the episodic presentation of the suffering and death of Jesus in the Stations of the Cross. August Strindberg had pioneered this form with his autobiographical trilogy To Damascus (1898-1904). Early expressionism in particular testified to the failure of social values[3] with a predilection for ecstasy and despair and hence a tendency towards the inflated and the grotesque; a mystical, even religious element with frequent apocalyptic overtones; an urgent sense of the here and now.[4]

The plays often dramatise the struggle against bourgeois values and established authority[citation needed], often personified in the figure of the Father. In Reinhard Sorge's The Beggar (Der Bettler), the young hero's mentally ill father raves about the prospect of mining the riches of Mars and is eventually poisoned by his son. In Arnolt Bronnen's Parricide (Vatermord), the son stabs his tyrannical father to death, only to have to fend off the frenzied sexual overtures of his mother. In Expressionist drama, the speech is heightened, whether expansive and rhapsodic, or clipped and telegraphic. Director Leopold Jessner became famous for his Expressionistic productions, often unfolding on stark, steeply raked flights of stairs (an idea originally developed by Edward Gordon Craig), which quickly became his trademark.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berghaus (2005, 55-57).
  2. ^ Rorrison (1998, 475) and Schürer (1997b, ix, xiv).
  3. ^ Styan, J.L., (1981) “Expressionism and Epic Theatre”: Modern Drama in Theory and Practice, vol. 3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Furness, R.S., (1973) Expressionism (Critical Idiom), London: Methuen Young Books.

Sources[edit]

  • Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43437-8.
  • Berghaus, Günter. 2005. Theatre, Performance, and the Historical Avant-Garde. Palgrave Studies in Theatre and Performance History ser. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-61752-0.
  • Brockett, Oscar G. and Franklin J. Hildy. 2003. History of the Theatre. Ninth edition, International edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. ISBN 0-205-41050-2.
  • Cardullo, Bert and Robert Knopf, eds. 2001. Theater of the Avant-Garde 1890-1950: A Critical Anthology. New Haven and London: Yale UP. ISBN 0-300-08526-5.
  • Carlson, Marvin. 1993. Theories of the Theatre: A Historical and Critical Survey from the Greeks to the Present. Expanded ed. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8154-6.
  • Kuhns, David F. 1997. German Expressionist Theatre: The Actor and the Stage. New ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2006. ISBN 978-0-521-03522-4.
  • Ritchie, J[ames] M[cPherson], ed. 1968. Seven Expressionist Plays. Trans. J. M. Ritchie and H. F. Garten. German Expressionism ser. London: John Calder. ISBN 978-0-7145-4343-7.
  • Rorrison, Hugh. 1998. "Hasenclever, Walter." In Banham (1998, 475).
  • Schürer, Ernst, ed. 1997a. German Expressionist Plays. The German Library ser. vol. 66. New York: Continuum. ISBN 978-0-8264-0950-8.
  • ---. 1997b. Introduction. In Schürer (1997a, vii-xxi).
  • Styan, J[ohn]. L. 1981. Expressionism and Epic Theatre. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-29630-4. Vol. 3 of Modern Drama in Theory and Practice. 3 vols.
  • Szondi, Peter. 1965. Theory of the Modern Drama: A Critical Edition. Ed. and trans. Michael Hays. Theory and History of Literature ser. vol. 29. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1987. ISBN 0-8166-1285-4.
  • Toten Beard, DeAnna M. 2005. "American Experimentalism, American Expressionism, and Early O'Neill." In The Companion to Twentieth-Century American Drama, David Krasner, Ed. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-4051-1088-0
  • Walker, Julia A. Expressionism and Modernism in the American Theatre: Bodies, Voices, Words. Cambridge Studies in American Theatre and Drama ser. vol. 21. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-10891-1.
  • Yasami, Fatemeh. 2011. Expressionism and Expressionist Theatre: A Comparative Study of Rice's The Adding Machine and Kaiser's From Morn to Midnight. ISBN 978-3-639-33301-5.

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