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What is FALSE ETYMOLOGY? What does FALSE ETYMOLOGY mean? FALSE ETYMOLOGY meaning
What is FALSE ETYMOLOGY? What does FALSE ETYMOLOGY mean? FALSE ETYMOLOGY meaning
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: The Audiopedia
False etymology Meaning
False etymology Meaning
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: SDictionary
What does false etymology mean?
What does false etymology mean?
Published: 2014/12/30
Channel: What Does That Mean?
ANUNNAKI WEEK / Lazarus Effect PODCASTING
ANUNNAKI WEEK / Lazarus Effect PODCASTING
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Lazarus Effect Media PODCASTING
If the Anunnaki Created Us, Who are the Annunaki ? 2015
If the Anunnaki Created Us, Who are the Annunaki ? 2015
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: High Strangeness
Folk etymology Meaning
Folk etymology Meaning
Published: 2015/04/15
Channel: SDictionary
The Truth About Alcohol: Etymology & Symbolism. PLEASE SHARE! Sequel Cmg Soon!
The Truth About Alcohol: Etymology & Symbolism. PLEASE SHARE! Sequel Cmg Soon!
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
Cannabis SCIENCE, Cosmology, Etymology and Symbolism! PLEASE SHARE.
Cannabis SCIENCE, Cosmology, Etymology and Symbolism! PLEASE SHARE.
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
Occult Secrets of Saturn EL: Etymology, Theology, Symbolism, the Deepest You
Occult Secrets of Saturn EL: Etymology, Theology, Symbolism, the Deepest You'll Find!
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
Syncretics and Esoteric Etymology: connecting hidden meanings
Syncretics and Esoteric Etymology: connecting hidden meanings
Published: 2014/09/28
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
Warning #11 Etymology
Warning #11 Etymology
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: BIBLEisMARKofBEAST
Evolution of filibustering - pirates, invaders, and delayers | Engaging Etymology
Evolution of filibustering - pirates, invaders, and delayers | Engaging Etymology
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: The Cynical Historian
NAGA, NEGUS, RA (Re), RAS & ETHIOPIA (Tobiya) In Right & Exact Etymology | ET Killuminati True Light
NAGA, NEGUS, RA (Re), RAS & ETHIOPIA (Tobiya) In Right & Exact Etymology | ET Killuminati True Light
Published: 2010/05/07
Channel: EthiopianWorldNET
Israelites & Gentiles: Etymology: The Origin of Words In The KJVA 1611, & Rev. 13:18-19 (2)
Israelites & Gentiles: Etymology: The Origin of Words In The KJVA 1611, & Rev. 13:18-19 (2)
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Ytyyah Yisrael
The Mountain of the Lord (1993)
The Mountain of the Lord (1993)
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Hard-to-Find Mormon Videos
Etymology
Etymology
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: BIBLEisMARKofBEAST
What is FOLK ETYMOLOGY? What does FOLK ETYMOLOGY mean? FOLK ETYMOLOGY meaning & explanation
What is FOLK ETYMOLOGY? What does FOLK ETYMOLOGY mean? FOLK ETYMOLOGY meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: The Audiopedia
Etymology of Culture/ Society,  PLEASE SHARE!
Etymology of Culture/ Society, PLEASE SHARE!
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
Fibonacci, Musical Notes, Etymology, Astrology & the 12 Signs of the Zodiac
Fibonacci, Musical Notes, Etymology, Astrology & the 12 Signs of the Zodiac
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: MrAstrotheology
SACRED NAME: JESUS VERSUS YESHUA: Parts 1 (Etymology) and 2 (Scriptural Testimony)
SACRED NAME: JESUS VERSUS YESHUA: Parts 1 (Etymology) and 2 (Scriptural Testimony)
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: Corner Fringe Ministries
Symbols of Power Pt 1: Skull & Bones, Monarch Symbolism
Symbols of Power Pt 1: Skull & Bones, Monarch Symbolism
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
Etymology of words in english & the germanic language family
Etymology of words in english & the germanic language family
Published: 2009/01/28
Channel: DerPoltergeist13
The Anti-Christ or The False Word:Spelling Spell Reloaded
The Anti-Christ or The False Word:Spelling Spell Reloaded
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: unplugem
Language, Etymology & Government: Cullen Smith on Cosmic Awakening
Language, Etymology & Government: Cullen Smith on Cosmic Awakening
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: Lifting The Veil / Cullen Smith
[Pt.1] Origins of the name Jesus: JESUS = EARTH PIG in Greek-Latin
[Pt.1] Origins of the name Jesus: JESUS = EARTH PIG in Greek-Latin
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Sword of the Spirit
Abdullah Bey - Etymology and the bible part 1.mov
Abdullah Bey - Etymology and the bible part 1.mov
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: BeyVideos
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Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Rastafari Studies
DSM LANGUAGE | Etymology of Swear Words: The Big Three
DSM LANGUAGE | Etymology of Swear Words: The Big Three
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: DarkStarMedia
Ancestral Religion IS Spirituality: Etymology of Religion and Spirit
Ancestral Religion IS Spirituality: Etymology of Religion and Spirit
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: Odwirafo
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What Is The Study Of Etymology?
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: tell sparky
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What is FORLORN HOPE? What does FORLORN HOPE mean? FORLORN HOPE meaning, definition & explanation
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
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Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: The Arch Warlock
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Why Do We Call Parents Mom and Dad Instead of Their Names?
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Today I Found Out
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Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: The Audiopedia
Enjambment: Definition, Etymology & Examples
Enjambment: Definition, Etymology & Examples
Published: 2015/10/18
Channel: English Literature Hub
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Published: 2014/01/02
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Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Behind The Netra
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Published: 2013/04/21
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The Etymology of the word NICE part 1 by Rasiadonis Tafari
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Published: 2009/12/21
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Published: 2009/04/17
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Published: 2015/02/22
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Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Pronounce words
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Published: 2010/05/12
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What is OMICS? What does OMICS mean? OMICS meaning, definition & explanation
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: The Audiopedia
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To the Edenics Word, Phonetics, Etymology Expert. Speaking to I. Mozeson. A checkmate!
Published: 2017/10/11
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Climax of Pseudo-Macedonism - "Macedon(sk)ians are Slavs, Veneti and Pelasgians"
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Channel: MACEDONIA FOREVER GREEK
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A false etymology (popular etymology, etymythology,[1] pseudo-etymology, or par(a)etymology), sometimes called folk etymology – although the latter is also a technical term in linguistics - is a popularly held but false belief about the origin or derivation of a specific word.

Such etymologies often have the feel of urban legends, and can be much more colorful and fanciful than the typical etymologies found in dictionaries, often involving stories of unusual practices in particular subcultures (e.g. Oxford students from non-noble families being supposedly forced to write sine nobilitate by their name, soon abbreviated to s.nob., hence the word snob).[2][3] Many recent examples are "backronyms" (acronyms made up to explain a term), as in snob, and posh for "port outward, starboard homeward"; many other sourced examples are listed in the article on backronyms.

Source and influence of false etymologies[edit]

Erroneous etymologies can exist for many reasons. Some are reasonable interpretations of the evidence that happen to be false. For a given word there may often have been many serious attempts by scholars to propose etymologies based on the best information available at the time, and these can be later modified or rejected as linguistic scholarship advances. The results of medieval etymology, for example, were plausible given the insights available at the time, but have often been rejected by modern linguists. The etymologies of humanist scholars in the early modern period began to produce more reliable results, but many of their hypotheses have also been superseded.

Other false etymologies are the result of specious and untrustworthy claims made by individuals, such as the unfounded claims made by Daniel Cassidy that hundreds of common English words such as baloney, grumble, and bunkum derive from the Irish language.[4][5]

Association with urban legends[edit]

Some etymologies are part of urban legends, and seem to respond to a general taste for the surprising, counter-intuitive and even scandalous. One common example has to do with the phrase rule of thumb, meaning "a rough guideline". An urban legend has it that the phrase refers to an old English law under which a man could legally beat his wife with a stick no thicker than his thumb.[6][a]

In the United States, some of these scandalous legends have had to do with racism and slavery; common words such as picnic,[7] buck,[8] and crowbar[9] have been alleged to stem from derogatory terms or racist practices. The "discovery" of these alleged etymologies is often believed by those who circulate them to draw attention to racist attitudes embedded in ordinary discourse. On one occasion, the use of the word niggardly led to the resignation of a US public official because it sounded similar to the unrelated word nigger.[10]

Derivational-Only Popular Etymology (DOPE) versus Generative Popular Etymology (GPE)[edit]

Ghil'ad Zuckermann proposes a clear-cut distinction between Derivational-Only Popular Etymology (DOPE) and Generative Popular Etymology (GPE):[1]

  • "DOPE consists of etymological reanalysis of a pre-existent lexical item [...] The DOPE producer is applying his/her Apollonian Tendency, the wish to describe and create order, especially with unfamiliar information or new experience [...], the craving for meaningfulness."[1] DOPE is "merely passive", "mistaken derivation, where there is a rationalization ex postfacto."[1]
  • GPE, on the other hand, involves the introduction of a new sense (meaning) or a new lexical item - see, for example, Phono-semantic matching.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Zuckermann, Ghil'ad (2003). Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1403917232. 
  2. ^ "nouns – Etymology of "snob" – English Language & Usage Stack Exchange". English.stackexchange.com. Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  3. ^ "What is the origin of the word 'snob'? – Oxford Dictionaries Online". Oxforddictionaries.com. 2013-08-21. Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  4. ^ Zwicky, Arnold (2007-11-09). "Language Log: Gullibility in high places". Itre.cis.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  5. ^ Liberman, Mark (2006-07-06). "Language Log: The bunkum of "The Bunkum of Bunkum"?". Itre.cis.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  6. ^ a b "World Wide Words: Rule of thumb". Quinion.com. 1999-11-13. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  7. ^ "Etymology on the word picnic". Snopes.com. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  8. ^ "Etymology on the phrase 'passing the buck'". Snopes.com. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  9. ^ "Etymology of Crowbar". Snopes.com. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  10. ^ "Is "niggardly" a racist word?". The Straight Dope. 2000-01-03. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Centuries ago, under common law a man might chastise his wife in moderation, as he might a servant or child. In 1782 Judge Sir Francis Buller appears to have codified this as a thin stick: chastisement compared to bludgeoning.[6]

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